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HomeMy Public PortalAbout2021-12-08 Item 03 District Based Elections Public Hearing 3City of Millbrae Districting 2021-2022 Agenda Things we will cover: •Traditional Districting/Redistricting Principles •The Fair Maps Act •Communities of Interest •Next steps Traditional Districting Principles There are a number of criteria that have been used nationally and upheld by courts. •Relatively equal size –people, not citizens •Contiguous –districts should not hop/jump •Keep districts compact –appearance/function •Maintain “communities of interest” •Follow city/county/local government lines Preventing a Districting from Becoming a Gerrymander Communities of Interest Communities of interest are the building blocks of districts. A community of interest includes ethnic and language minorities and other groups. •Subjective •Open-ended to be as inclusive as possible Examples of Voting Rights Act Communities •Latinos •Asians •African Americans Bringing like people together for representation Communities of Interest Communities of interest are the building blocks of districts. A community of interest includes ethnic and language minorities and other groups. •Subjective •Open-ended to be as inclusive as possible Examples of Voting Rights Act Communities •Latinos •Asians •African Americans While communities of interest may include race, it cannot be the predominant factor in drawing district boundaries. Bringing like people together for representation Communities of Interest A community of interest includes ethnic and language minorities and other groups. Other Communities, example are: •People living near an industry (farming, higher education, manufacturing) •Senior Citizens or Students •Downtown / Urban •Rural or Agricultural •Homeowners or Renters Bringing like-minded people together for representation Communities of Interest Three Critical Questions in Defining YOUR Community Communities can be best described by answering these three questions: •Does the community have a shared culture, characteristics or bond? •Is the community geographic in nature? Is the community able to be mapped? •What is the community’s relationship with the jurisdiction being districted? How is it affected by the policy decisions made by the elected officials? Traditional Districting Principles Starting in 2020, cities and counties doing redistricting have additional criteria they must follow under the California Fair Maps Act. •Process/transparency when conducting redistricting •Not using incumbent or candidate residence as a Community of Interest •Not drawing districts to advantage a political party Preventing a Districting from becoming a Gerrymander Next Steps Feedback From Council •Council should determine whether there will be four or five City Council seats •Council should provide Redistricting Partners with information as to where neighborhoods or communities are that should remain whole, and other criteria to prioritize as draft maps are created. Next Steps Upcoming Hearings Dec. 8, 2021 Council should Determine whether there will be four or five City Council seats Jan 11, 2022 Presentation of Draft Maps Jan 25, 2022 Review Draft Maps Feb. 22, 2022 Final Vote on Maps ® REDISTRICTING ®® PARTNERS Current Populations 52% MILLBRAE Population Deviation Deviation % Other Other % Latino Latino % Asian Asian % Black Black % 23,228 0 0.0% 8,276 35.6% 2,625 11.3% 12,155 52.3% 172 0.7% Total CVAP Other CVAP Other CVAP % Latino CVAP Latino CVAP % Asian CVAP Asian CVAP % Black CVAP Black CVAP % 15,935 7,306 45.8% 1,678 10.5% 6,792 42.6% 160 1.0% 2020 Census 0% AIAN % 11% Latino% Asian% 0% Black % Citizen Voting Age Population 0% AIAN % 10% Latino % 42% Asian % 1% Black% REDISTRICTING PARTNERS