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Exhibit MSD 51 - NACWA 2017 Survey2017 NACWA Financial Survey A National Survey of Clean Water Agency Financing and Management Final Report, August 2018 Exhibit MSD 51 2 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒTable of Contents ACKNOWLEDGMENTS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �6 PREFACE � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 7 INTRODUCTION � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �8 Section A - General Information � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �9 POPULATION SERVED � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 10 Service Population Trends ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������11 Retail versus Wholesale Populations �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������11 CUSTOMER ACCOUNTS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 12 SEWER SERVICE AREA � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 14 Combined Sewer Service Area ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15 Combined Sewer Service Area Trends ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15 SEWER SYSTEM LENGTH � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 16 Collector and Interceptor Systems���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������17 Sewer System Length Trends �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������17 TYPES OF SERVICES PROVIDED � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 18 Reclaimed Water Services ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������18 Box 1: Definitions for Services Provided ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������19 PLANT INFLUENT FLOW SOURCES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �20 Influent Flow Source Trends ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������20 Flow Trends Per Person Served �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������21 PLANT FLOWS AND TREATMENT LEVELS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �22 Pump Stations ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������22 PLANT CAPACITY AND TREATMENT TRENDS� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �24 Reclaimed Flows �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������25 DISINFECTION METHODS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �26 Disinfection Trends �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������27 TREATMENT OF CONVENTIONAL POLLUTANTS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �28 BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED / DISPOSAL METHODS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �30 Biosolids Disposal / Reuse Trends ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������31 USE OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �32 Benchmarks (2016 data) �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������33 REGULATORY COST DRIVERS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �35 Consent Decrees �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������35 Administrative Orders ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������35 Total Maximum Daily Loads �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������36 Watershed and Other Programs �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������36 Section B - Financing � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �37 FUNDING SOURCES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �38 Federal and State Assistance ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������40 Funding for Operation and Maintenance ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������41 Funding for Capital Improvements �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������41 Funding for Debt Service ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������42 EXPENDITURES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �44 Expenditure Trends ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������45 Capital expenditure ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������46 Per Capita Expenditure ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������46 Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILOT) or Franchise Fees ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������47 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE EXPENSE � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �48 O&M Expenses by Agency Function �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������49 3A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒTable of Contents O&M Expense by Cost Category ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������50 O&M Cost Category Trends ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������51 O&M Cost Per Million Gallons Treated ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������52 O&M Expense Per Million Gallons Treated – Benchmark Trends ������������������������������������������������������������������53 Collection System Cost Per Sewer Mile �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������54 Trends in Collection System Costs per Mile ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������56 Biosolids Management Costs Per Dry Ton ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������56 Trends in Biosolids Management Costs ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������57 Chemical Costs Per Million Gallons Treated��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������58 Trends in Chemical Costs per Volume Treated ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������59 Electricity Costs Per Million Gallons Treated �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������59 Trends in Electricity Costs per Volume Treated �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������60 LONG-TERM DEBT AND DEBT SERVICE � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �61 Long-term debt �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������61 Long-Term Debt Trends ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������62 Debt Service (Principal and Interest Payments) ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������63 Debt Service Payment Trends ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������64 Frequency Distribution of Debt ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������65 Senior versus Subordinate Lien ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������66 Fixed versus Variable Rate Debt ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������66 Per Capita Long-Term Debt ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������67 CREDIT RATINGS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 68 Collections / Delinquent customer strategies � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 69 Shut-off Policies and Procedures ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������71 FIVE-YEAR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT BUDGETS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �72 Per Capita Five-Year CIP Budget ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������73 Breakdown of Capital Improvement Program Budgets �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������74 CapItal Improvement Budget Trends �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������76 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �77 Fiscal Year End Date ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������77 Consolidated Balance Sheet ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������77 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �79 Financial Statement Analysis ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������80 Current Ratio �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������82 Operating Ratio ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83 Debt Ratio �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84 POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 85 Plan Types �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85 Financing Method �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85 Financial Reporting ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85 FINANCIAL POLICIES / TARGETS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 87 O&M Reserves ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87 Total Debt Service Coverage ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87 Debt Ratio ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87 Working Capital ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87 Permissable Investments �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Senior Debt Service Coverage ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Maximum Debt ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Approved Rate Setting Policy ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Cash-financed Capital������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Unrestricted Cash ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Assets Financed by Debt vs Cash �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Terms of Bonds by Asset Type �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 4 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒTable of Contents Section C - Rates and Charges � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �89 EFFECTIVE DATE OF CURRENT RATES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �90 RESIDENTIAL WATER USE AND WASTEWATER VOLUME � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 91 Estimating Residential Volume ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������92 RESIDENTIAL RATES AND STRUCTURES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 93 Flat Rates �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������94 Flat Rate Trends �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������95 Volume Rates �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������96 Volume Rate Structure ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������97 Inside versus Outside City Rates ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������97 Tax Rates ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������97 RESIDENTIAL CHARGES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �98 Maximum Residential Charge ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������98 Minimum Residential Charge �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������99 Average Residential Charge ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������100 Average Residential Charge Trends �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������101 Average Residential Charge at 90,000 Gallons per Year Usage ������������������������������������������������������������������������������102 RESIDENTIAL FEES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 103 Residential Connection Fee ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������103 Residential Facility / Impact Fee ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������104 New Account Fee �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������105 Late Fee (Flat Charge) ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������106 Late Fee (as a Percent of Overdue Amount) ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������107 RESIDENTIAL BILLING FREQUENCY � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 108 COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 109 Eligibility for Community Assistance ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������110 INDUSTRIAL FLAT RATES AND VOLUME RATES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �111 EXTRA STRENGTH CHARGES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 113 Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������114 Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������115 Carbonaceous BOD ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������116 Suspended Solids (SS) ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������117 Ammonia Nitrogen �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Total Phosphorus ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������120 Fats, Oils, and Greases (FOGs) ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������121 Industrial Surcharge Levels �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������122 Industrial Billing Frequency ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������123 COMMERICAL AND INDUSTRIAL FEES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 124 commerical/industrial fees ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������124 Connection Fees ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������125 WHOLESALE CHARGES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 126 RESIDENTIAL SEPTIC TANK DISCHARGE � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 127 Residential Septic Tank Discharge Rate Trends �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������128 RECLAIMED WATER RATES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 129 Flat Rates ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129 Volume Rates ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129 5A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒTable of Contents Section D- Staffing and Salaries � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �131 AGENCY STAFF SIZE � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 132Staff Breakdown by Function ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132 Trends in Agency Staffing Levels �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134 Agency Staffing Benchmarks �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135 Private Contractors �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������138 STAFF SALARIES � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 139 Labor Union vs� Non-Unionized Labor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������150 Salary Trends �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������151 Section E - Energy Use/Costs and Materials Recovery � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 153 ELECTRICAL ENERGY USE � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 154 Overall Electrical Energy Use ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������154 Energy Usage - Plant versus Collection System ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155 Plant Energy Use per Volume Treated ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155 Trends in Plant Energy Use (kWh/MG treated) ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������156 Collection System Energy Use (kWh) per Sewer Mile �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������157 Annual Biogas Use ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������158 ELECTRICAL ENERGY COST � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 159 Trends in Energy Costs ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������160 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �161 Percentage Electricity Generated Onsite �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������162 Power Generation Capacity �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������163 Electricity Production Costs, Rates, and Revenue ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������163 ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 165 Energy Conservation and Cost Savings ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������166 Recent Projects To Optimize Plant Processes and Operations ���������������������������������������������������������������������������167 MATERIALS RECOVERY � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 168 Recent Projects In Materials Recovery ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������168 ENERGY CREDITS � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 169 What is a Renewable Energy Credit (REC) ? �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������169 Appendix A - General Information Survey Data � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �171 Appendix B - Financing Survey Data � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �215 Appendix C - Rates and Charges Survey Data � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �281 Appendix D - Staffing and Salaries Survey Data � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �317 Appendix E - Energy Use/Costs Materials Recovery Survey Data � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �341 6 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The NACWA 2017 Financial Survey… A National Survey of Clean Water Agency Financing and Managments (Financial Survey) was produced and published by the National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA) under the general direction of the NACWA Board of Directors� The 2017 Financial Survey is the latest edition of NACWA’s triennial Financial Survey� The 2017 Survey provides analysis of the most recent clean water financial data and updates and expands upon the content of past surveys, specifically the 2014 Financial Survey� 2017 NACWA Financial Survey: A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management Trends (© 2018) This work is protected by copyright owned by the National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA) and may not be reproduced, stored, or transmitted in any form or by any means without the consent of NACWA� Persons desiring to reproduce this work should contact NACWA to discuss the intended use and to obtain appropriate permission� 7A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PREFACE WHAT IS THE FINANCIAL SURVEY? Since 1981, the National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA) has performed a triennial financial survey of its membership to provide utilities, government officials, and the public, a comprehensive knowledge base on financing, rates, staffing and key utility management initiatives of U�S� clean water utilities� The 2017 NACWA Financial Survey is the twelfth triennial report to be published since the original development of the survey and covers data for 2016� WHY IS IT IMPORTANT? The NACWA Financial Survey is a unique source of information on clean water utilities, their financials, rates and billing, staffing, and energy use and cost� This information can be used by utilities and others to guide national, state and local policy development through comparative analysis and tracking of national trends� HOW ARE SURVEY RESULTS PROVIDED? NACWA publishes three different products summarizing the results of the Financial Survey� A published Executive Highlights document provides overarching summary information for utility Board members and other high ranking officials, and/or the public� An electronic version of the full report (see www�nacwa�org) provides more extensive analyses for each survey question and can be used as a reference tool by utility analysts and decision- makers� An electronic spreadsheet is also made available for those utilities and researchers that wish to perform their own custom analyses for internal performance tracking� HOW IS THE SURVEY CONDUCTED? The Financial Survey is designed as a voluntary survey of NACWA’s membership� All NACWA members receive a copy of the five-part survey form and are invited to participate� The five parts to the 2017 NACWA Financial Survey include: • Part A, the General Section of the survey, provides utility information on population served, size of service areas, length of pipe in ground, wholesale and retail customers, type and amount of treatment capacity, volume treated and characterization of its influent� This information provides profiles of the survey group; • Part B, the Financial Section of the survey, looks at revenue, expenses and long-term debt as listed by all respondents� Capital improvement needs, programs, and revenues (including SRFs) are analyzed for 2017-2021� Post-employment benefits are reported and financial statement data is summarized; • Part C, the Rate Section of the survey, compares the type and level of rates, rate structures and the frequency of billing for both residential and industrial customers across all agency respondents; • Part D, the Staffing and Salary Section of the survey, contains information on staff size by function, and salary information for entry-level and senior positions for various occupations in the industry, and; • Part E, the Energy Use/Costs and Materials Recovery Section of the survey, contains information on the energy use, costs, and production, as well as recent efforts to minimize energy use� This report presents descriptive tabular summaries for numerous financing and management indicators� Data presented in the table summaries are, in a majority of cases, based on the prior year’s operating results (i�e�, data provided in the 2017 Survey is derived from 2016 or a respondent’s most recently completed fiscal year)� These table summaries also report the number of responding agencies that responded to the particular question, which will not necessarily equal the total number of respondents to the survey since not every respondent answered every question� There were 126 agencies representing over 81 million people served by centralized sewer service that responded to the 2017 Survey� A list of the 2017 respondents and accompanying data can be found in Appendices A through E� 8 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 READER NOTE: While the NACWA membership provides sewer services to a majority of the sewered popula- tion in the United States, this survey does not attempt to statistically extrapolate results or trends to all clean water utilities nationwide. In some sections, the report does present descriptive statistics for a common set of agencies that responded to a particular question over multiple survey years. While the data are useful for comparative purposes and are an indicator of trends, readers are cautioned not to construe it as a definitive study of, or guide to financing and rate setting for a large municipal agency. INTRODUCTION Not since the Construction Grants Program in the 1970s has there been so much discussion of the need to invest in the nation’s drinking water and wastewater infrastructure� The overall condition of the country’s infrastructure and the need for additional investment have been regular themes for political discourse for years, but water infrastructure—starting during the runup to the 2016 election—has been spotlighted more than ever before in recent infrastructure conversations� In February 2018, President Trump released the principles for his administration’s infrastructure investment package, and water was front and center� But the need for water infrastructure investment is not a new concept for the thousands of water and wastewater utilities across the country� In fact, more than 95 percent of the current investment in drinking water and wastewater systems comes from the local level� Even if a new infrastructure package is passed by Congress, the local share of the amount invested will likely remain the same� Clean water utilities—guided by the requirements of the Clean Water Act—have enjoyed major success over the past 40-plus years in reducing pollutant loadings and sewer overflows, resulting in improved water quality nationwide� Despite this progress, we all know there is more work to be done� Aging infrastructure and increasing regulatory requirements must be addressed� Also, with the low-hanging fruit of pollutant reduction now largely behind us, the remaining water quality challenges are more difficult to solve and present communities with higher cost burdens� As we look to address these future challenges, today’s clean water utility managers must act as both environmental and fiscal stewards, looking for a balance between making necessary investments, maintaining rates that are affordable for their most financially-challenged populations, and not placing an undue burden on ratepayers more broadly� It is with this balance in mind that NACWA has worked to conduct its Financial Survey every three years since 1981 to document rising cost pressures, the resulting impacts on rates and financing, and actions that utilities are taking to optimize operations and agency-wide management� A total of 126 clean water agencies representing over 81 million people served by centralized wastewater treatment, including some who provide stormwater management services as well, responded to the 2017 Financial Survey� The data detailed in this document and the larger Survey report are largely drawn from the 2016-to-mid-2017 timeframe and follow trends in revenues, expenditures, rates, staffing, and energy use, as in previous surveys� 9A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information SECTION A - GENERAL INFORMATION 10 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.1 - Population served, millions, 1995–2016 POPULATION 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Population Served 81.57 82.02 69.14 67.30 81.63 87.60 81.11 80.54 - Agencies Responding1 120 116 109 97 138 126 116 105 - Maximum 8.43 8.41 8.18 8.01 8.00 8.00 7.38 7.32 - Average 0.68 0.71 0.63 0.69 0.59 0.70 0.70 0.77 - Median 0.28 0.29 0.28 0.30 0.25 0.29 0.26 0.36 - Minimum 0.02 0.02 <0.01 0.02 <0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 Figure A.1 - Population distribution of responding agencies, 1995 & 2016 TABLES EXPLAINED The data in a majority of the tables within the report, are values from the year previous to the Surveys being performed (e�g� 2016 data listed for 2017 Financial Survey)� In the tables, the actual data year is listed� In addition, most summary tables present the “number of responding agencies,” which indicates the number of agencies that responded to the question, and does not always equal the total number of respondents to the survey� The 2017 survey included the participation of 126 clean water utilities, representing a total population over 81 million� The largest respondent utility, measured by population served, was the New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), which serves 8�4 million people, and the smallest respondent utility was the Secaucus Municipal Utilities Authority, serving 16,300 people in the state of New Jersey� Table A�1 presents summary population statistics of responding agencies for the 1996 to 2017 surveys, while Figure A�1 shows a distribution of population served for the 1996 and 2017 survey respondents� The data show that a wide range of utility sizes are represented in the survey with 23 percent serving less than 100,000 and 17 percent serving over one million persons� Most of the respondents (60 percent) serve between 100,000 and one million people� POPULATION SERVED 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 10,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Service PopulationPercent of Agencies Below Value 1. Represents the number of agencies that responded to the question. See “Tables Explained” Box above for an explanation. 1995 2016 Survey respondents from 120 public agencies represent over 81 million people served 11A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information NOTE: Three-year percentage changesis shown for 52 common respondents to the 1996 and 2017 Surveys The changes in service populations among 52 agencies that responded to the 1996 and 2017 surveys were analyzed to assess trends in nationwide service populations� During this 21-year period, the utility population served increased nearly 18 percent—an average population growth of 0�8 percent per year� For comparison, the overall U�S� population has grown from 266 million to 323 million from 1995 to 2016—an average growth rate of 0�9 percent per year2 (Figure A�2)� SERVICE POPULATION TRENDS Figure A.2 - Clean water utility service population trend vs. U.S. population, 1995 - 2016 (common respondents) Service population annual growth averages 0.8 percent per year, leading to additional capital and maintenance costs as plant capacities are increased and collection systems are extended RETAIL VERSUS WHOLESALE POPULATIONS Respondents were requested to provide a breakdown of wholesale versus retail population served� Retail populations were considered those that are directly billed by the respondent agency, whereas wholesale popu- lations are served via an intermediary municipality or utility that provides wastewater collection and/or billing services� Figure A�3 illustrates the breakdown of retail vs� wholesale service populations for 120 responding agencies� Figure A.3 - Retail vs. wholesale, 2016 (120 respondents serving 81 million) 2. U.S. Census Bureau (2017). National intercensal estimates (https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/popest/intercensal-national.html) and Monthly population estimates, (https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2017/demo/popest/nation-detail.html#ds) 17.8% 21.4% 0�0% 5�0% 10�0% 15�0% 20�0% 25�0% Clean water utilities U�S� PopulationPecentage change from 1995 to 2016Wholesale Population Retail Population 26% 74% 12 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.2 - Retail versus wholesale service (number of agencies) TYPE OF SERVICE 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Number of Responding Agencies 123 114 109 97 130 121 113 104 - Exclusively Retail Service 57 66 62 55 61 62 46 32 - Exclusively Wholesale 22 19 19 18 21 20 22 14 - Both Retail & Wholesale 44 29 28 24 48 39 45 58 Wastewater collection/treatment agencies providing retail service bill their individual customers (family residences, commercial and industrial customers) directly� Agencies providing wholesale service bill customer communities (i�e�, satellite collection systems) for the cost of providing treatment and/or collection services to a portion of, or the entire community� Generally, the customer community then bills individual customers for the cost of both collection and treatment services� Table A�2 presents the number of agencies providing exclusively retail, exclusively wholesale, or providing both services� Figure A�4 charts the distribution of the number of retail accounts for all agencies that responded to the 1996 and 2017 Surveys� As shown on the chart, a broad range of utility sizes are represented in the Surveys� In the 2017 Survey, the number of retail accounts for 91 respondents ranged from 840 to 1�6 million, with an average number of retail accounts at 159,000, and median number of retail accounts at 82,000� CUSTOMER ACCOUNTS Figure A.4 - Distribution of retail accounts, 1995 and 2016 (all respondents) Note: The maximum value of 1.6 million is not shown on the chart. 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Retail Accounts Percent of Agencies Below Value 1995 2016 13A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Wholesale AccountsPercent of Agencies Below Value Figure A.5 - Distribution of wholesale accounts, 1995 and 2016 (all respondents) Note: The maximum value of 550 is not shown on the chart. 1995 2016 Figure A�5 charts the distribution of the number of wholesale accounts for all agencies that responded to the 1996 and 2017 Surveys� In the 2017 Survey, the number of wholesale accounts for 48 respondents ranged from one to 550, with an average number of retail accounts at 23, and median number of wholesale accounts at six� 14 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.3 - Separate and combined sewer service areas, 1995-2016 (all respondents) SEPARATE SEWER SERVICE AREA 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Total Service Area (Sq. Miles)22,040 20,390 22,715 23,282 28,070 28,033 29,067 28,899 - Agencies Responding 96 94 91 88 119 112 106 101 - Maximum 1,538 862 1,100 1,850 3,117 3,117 2,560 1,453 - Average 230 217 250 265 236 250 274 286 - Median 131 123 132 165 125 128 137 136 - Minimum 7 13 3 12 3 3 9 6 COMBINED SEWER SERVICE AREA 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Total Service Area (Sq. Miles)2,935 1,860 2,277 2,041 2,608 2,848 1,824 2,205 - Agencies Responding 35 31 36 32 40 37 36 37 - Maximum 968 400 525 375 904 904 375 680 - Average 84 60 63 64 65 77 51 60 - Median 26 30 27 27 20 20 20 19 - Minimum 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 Respondents were requested to indicate the total wholesale and retail sewer service area served by their agency, and provide a breakdown of areas served by separate and combined sewers� The total sewered area serviced for 100 responding agencies is 24,975 square miles (slightly larger than the size of West Virginia)� The overall percentage of combined sewer service area is 11�8 percent� Table A�3 presents summary statistics on separate and combined sewer service areas for the 1996 to 2017 Surveys� Illustrated in Figure A�6 is the total (separate & combined) service area distribution for all agencies responding to the 1996 and 2017 Surveys� SEWER SERVICE AREA 1 10 100 1,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Total Sewer Service Area (sq� mi�) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure A.6 - Total sewer service area distribution, 1995 and 2016 (all respondents) Note: The maximum values of 1,453 and 1,538 are not shown on the chart. 1995 2016 15A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information COMBINED SEWER SERVICE AREA TRENDS To assess trends in combined sewer services, 19 agencies that responded to both the 2002 and 2017 Surveys and provided data on combined sewer service areas were compared� From 2001 to 2016, the reported combined sewer service area for these agencies increased by seven percent (Figure A�8) A majority of these agencies indicated no change in combined sewer service area over the past 15 years� Five agencies did indicate a decrease in combined sewer service area, and four agencies reported larger combined service areas in 2016 than in 2001� Figure A.7 - Distribution of percent combined sewer service area, 1995 & 2016 (all respondents with CSOs) 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 2001 2016 Combined Sewer Service Area (sq� mi�) Figure A.8- Combined sewer service area, 2001 & 2016 (19 common respondents) Combined sewer service (CSS) areas comprise less than half of total sewer service area for 28 out of 35 CSO communities. COMBINED SEWER SERVICE AREA Figure A�7 presents a distribution of combined sewer service area for those agencies that reported either all or a portion of their service area as combined storm and sanitary sewer� There were 35 agencies that responded to the 2017 Survey indicating combined sewer systems in their service area (out of 126, i�e� 28%)� As shown in Figure A�7 below, 28 out of these 35 agencies report that less than half of their total sewer service area is comprised of a combined sewer system� Only three agencies indicated that their sewer area was 100 percent combined sewers� 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Combined Sewer Service Area (% of Total Area) Percent of Agencies Below Value 1995 2016 16 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.4 - Separate and combined sewer pipe lengths, 1995-2016 (all respondents) SEPARATE SEWER SERVICE LENGTH 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Separate Sewer Length (Miles)108,393 113,799 115,453 113,888 137,099 125,565 117,649 100,091 - Agencies Responding 103 103 97 92 132 116 102 82 - Maximum 5,375 5,624 5,400 6,169 6,500 6,500 6,500 6,500 - Average 1,052 1,105 1,190 1,237 1,039 1,083 1,153 1,221 - Median 599 643 675 695 598 599 668 763 - Minimum 10 10 10 15 15 6 10 1 COMBINED SEWER SERVICE LENGTH 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Separate Sewer Length (Miles)33,633 31,793 38,206 37,278 22,823 35,449 34,686 31,382 - Agencies Responding 34 27 31 30 38 36 33 26 - Maximum 15,500 15,500 15,500 15,500 4,620 15,500 15,500 15,500 - Average 989 1,178 1,232 1,243 601 985 1,051 1,207 - Median 152 167 170 286 176 173 200 263 - Minimum 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 Figure A.1 - Population distribution of responding agencies (2011) The total separate and combined sewer pipe length managed for 107 respondent agencies is 142,026 miles (enough to circle the Earth nearly six times)� Of this total, 24 percent is combined (sanitary and storm) sewer pipe� Table A�4 presents summary statistics on separate and combined sewer pipe length for the 1996 to 2017 Surveys� Illustrated in Figure A�9 is the total (separate & combined) sewer pipe length distribution for all agencies responding to the 1996 and 2017 Survey� The average sewer pipe length (separate and combined sewers) operated by each agency among the 107 responding agencies was 1,327 miles, with a median pipe length of 654 miles� SEWER SYSTEM LENGTH 10 100 1,000 10,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Total Sewer Length (miles)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure A.9 - Total sewer pipe length distributions, 1995 and 2016 (all respondents) Note: The maximum value of 19,900 is not shown on the chart. Forty percent (40%) of survey respondents operate and maintain more than 1,000 miles of sewer pipe 1995 2016 17A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information 10 100 1,000 10,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Total Sewer Length (miles)Percent of Agencies Below Value SEWER SYSTEM LENGTH TRENDS To assess sewer system growth trends, 57 common agencies that responded to the 2002 and 2017 Surveys and provided data on sewer pipe lengths were compared� From 2001 to 2016, the overall (separate and combined) sewer system length for these agencies rose from a total of 87,415 to 91,218 miles, i�e� a four percent increase in pipe lengths operated and maintained over 15 years� Figure A�11 illustrates this trend� Figure A.10 - Distribution of sewer pipe lengths for agencies with and without collection services, 2016 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 2001 2016 Total Sewer System Length (Miles) Figure A.11 - Increase in total sewer system lengths, 2001 & 2016 (57 common respondents) COLLECTOR AND INTERCEPTOR SYSTEMS The aggregation of agencies that provide collection system services (i�e�, to the house laterals) and agencies that provide regional interceptor sewer services (i�e�, transport of wastewater from customer community collection systems to a treatment facility) as shown in Figure A�9 masks differences in sewer lengths operated between these two types of agencies3� Figure A�10 below separates the distributions of sewer pipe lengths for two different types of agencies: those that maintain collection systems and provide treatment services and those agencies that provide regional interceptor/treatment services, but do not maintain collection systems� As shown, a lower overall sewer length is maintained by regional interceptor/treatment agencies (20 respondent agencies), with a median pipe length of 198 miles versus a median of 1,055 miles for agencies providing collection system services (81 respondent agencies)� Agencies with only Interceptor Services Agencies with Collection Services Average annual growth of sewer system network length was 0.3 percent per year from 2001 to 2016 3. See Box 1, page 19 for a description of different types of services provided. 18 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.5 - Type of service provided (% of all respondents) The 126 agencies responding to NACWA’s 2017 Financial Survey represent a range of wastewater service types� Agencies were requested to indicate which services they provide among a list of services including: collection, interceptors, treatment, reclaimed water, stormwater, wholesale drinking water, and drinking water distribution� Table A�5 summarizes the number of responding agencies providing each service listed for the 1996 to 2017 Surveys� The definitions in Box 1 below highlight the services provided by responding agencies� TYPES OF SERVICES PROVIDED SERVICES PROVIDED 2017 2014 2011 2008 2005 2002 1999 1996 - Agencies Responding 119 116 110 101 138 135 118 105 - Collection 82%82%81%80%77%76%67%70% - Interceptors 92%95%98%94%91%90%89%91% - Treatment 97%98%98%99%98%96%98%99% - Reclaimed 40%41%35%34%33%30%18%NR - Stormwater 30%34%32%30%23%NR NR NR - Wholesale Drinking Water 31%29%26%26%22%NR NR NR - Drinking Water Distribution 38%38%39%33%30%NR NR NR RECLAIMED WATER SERVICES The data presented in Table A�5 indicates that two out of five utility respondents provide at least some reclaimed water services� One-half (50%) of the agencies that provide reclaimed water service are located in the states of California, Florida, Nevada, and Texas� Overall, respondent agencies in 21 states reported reclaimed water services in 2017� Figure A�12 shows the prevalence of agencies providing reclaimed services among the Survey respondents by state� Figure A.12 - Prevalence of reclaimed systems, 2016 (all respondents) High Prevalence Zero or No Data Low Prevalence NOTE: Map is limited to agencies responding to 2017 NACWA Financial Survey. High prevalence indicates more than 50 percent of utility respondents in the state reported reclaimed water services being provided 19A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information BOX 1: DEFINITIONS FOR SERVICES PROVIDED • Collection Services: Agencies that are responsible for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of all or a portion of the publicly-owned sewer pipe network within an agency service area� Many municipal jurisdictions can be defined as collection- only systems, whereby the municipality retains responsibility for the sewer collection system within its jurisdiction, but transfers its wastewater to a separately owned and operated regional treatment facility� • Interceptor Services: Agencies that own and operate large diameter sewer pipes designed to collect wastewater from surrounding community collection systems for transport to the treatment facilities� • Treatment Services: Agencies that are responsible for planning, construction, operation, and maintenance of treatment facilities� Treatment-only wastewater utilities provide wholesale treatment to the surrounding communities within their service area� • Reclaimed Water Services: For the purposes of the Survey, reclaimed water is defined as any effluent that is not discharged at a single point and where the service itself is considered a separate cost center� Examples of reclaimed water uses for agencies providing this service include: agricultural or landscape irrigation, industrial recycling, groundwater recharge, augmentation of water supplies, etc� • Stormwater: Agencies that are responsible for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of all or a portion of the separate storm sewer system� • Wholesale Drinking Water: Agencies that are responsible for the planning, construction, operation, and maintenance of water treatment facilities, and provide finished drinking water to homes and businesses, or sell finished drinking water to other communities� • Drinking Water Distribution: Agencies that are responsible for the planning, construction, operation, and maintenance of all, or a portion of, the water distribution pipe network that provides finished drinking water to homes and businesses� 20 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Figure A.13 - Sources of influent flow, 2016 (9.6 billion gallons per day) Residential sanitary flows were the largest influent flow sources for most utilities, however six utilities indicated commercial/industrial flows over 50 percent of influent flow� DEFINITION USED FOR INFILTRATION / INFLOW Infiltration includes the inflow of groundwater into a sewer as result of faults or damage in the sewer pipe or joints� Inflow includes unaccounted sanitary or stormwater flows into a separate sewer system via manholes, vent covers, foundation drains, cross-connections, etc� Survey respondents were requested to indicate the average volume of wastewater received from four source categories: 1) inflow/infiltration; 2) residential flows; 3) commercial and industrial flows, and; 4) stormwater conveyed via combined sewers� The total daily volume of wastewater received by 110 agencies that fully completed this question was 9�6 billion gallons per day� Figure A�13 summarizes the flows received from the four source categories� PLANT INFLUENT FLOW SOURCES Residential Sanitary Inflow / Infiltration Commercial / Industrial Stormwater 18% 61% 5% 16% Over the past four survey cycles, no discernable influent flow trends could be identified� Infiltration and inflows have averaged from 15 to 20 percent of source flows, while residential sanitary flows have averaged from 57 to 62 percent of wastewater flows treated by respondents� Commercial and industrial flows have averaged from 16 to 19 percent� INFLUENT FLOW SOURCE TRENDS Residential sanitary flows comprise nearly two-thirds of flows received 21A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information FLOW TRENDS PER PERSON SERVED Over the past 18 years, the average influent flow per person served has decreased from 166 to 133 gallons per person per day (for 34 common respondents)� Similarly, median values have decreased from 163 to 133 gallons per person per day (for 34 common respondents)� Continued water conservation efforts by households and more efficient fixtures have likely been the major factor in this decreasing trend which is depicted in Figure A�14 below� 166 150 144 133 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1998 2004 2010 2016Flow Treated per person (gallons per day)Average flow rates per person served have been reduced by 20 percent over the past 18 years Figure A.14 - Distribution of average influent flow per person served 1998-2016 (34 common respondents) 22 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.6 - Plant flows and treatment levels, 2016 PERCENT CAPACITY USED The percent capacity used is obtained by dividing the average daily flow by the plant design capacity� Since only the average dry weather plant design capacity is reported (the Survey does not request information on peak design flows), and the average daily flow includes wet weather peak flows averaged over the year, the Percent Capacity Used presented below will be higher than actual dry weather capacity used� Table A�6 summarizes the levels of treatment provided by 109 responding agencies, the design capacity of these plants, the average daily flow treated in 2016, the portion of flows reclaimed for other uses, and percent capacity used by treatment category� The average daily flow treated is calculated by dividing the total annual flow (including wet weather flows) by 365 days� The 2017 Survey data indicate that overall average daily flows across all treatment categories is 58 percent of dry weather design capacity� Figure A�15 illustrates the distribution of average flows for agencies responding to the 1996 and 2017 Surveys and Figure A�16 illustrates the flows treated by each treament level� PLANT FLOWS AND TREATMENT LEVELS FLOW CATEGORY PRIMARY SECONDARY ADVANCEDSECONDARY TERTIARY ALL TREATMENT LEVELS - Number of Agencies 5 51 41 57 110 - Number of Plants 8 124 76 118 343 - Plant Design Capacity (MGD)1,276 9,583 3,315 4,162 18,313 - Average Daily Flow (MGD)462 5,280 2,015 2,361 10,269 - Reclaimed Flow (MGD)40 153 86 177 456 - Percent Capacity Used (%)64%55%66%55%58% PUMP STATIONS In addition to operating treatment facilities, 36 agencies reported maintaining a total 1,969 pump stations� Agencies reported a range of two to 402 pump stations maintained with an average of 55 pump stations maintained and a median value of 27 pump stations maintained� Seventeen agencies (17) reported a total pumping capacity of 9�6 billion gallons per day� 23A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Forty-three percent (43%) of all flows are treated to higher than secondary treatment levels Clean water utilities nationwide continue to improve the performance of their treatment plants through upgrades and expansions� In 2016, the flows treated to levels above secondary treatment standards (e�g�, via biological nutrient removal or tertiary treatment processes) comprised 43 percent of all flows treated by 117 Survey respondents� Figure A.15 - Distribution of average flow treated, 1995 and 2016 (all respondents) Primary Secondary Advanced Secondary Tertiary 1 10 100 1,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Average Daily Flow (MGD) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure A.16 - Percent of flow treated by treatment level, 2016 (10.3 billion gallons per day) 20% 5% 23% 52% 1995 2016 24 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.7 - Plant flow trends, 2004-2016 (59 common respondents) Figure A.17 - Flow treated to above secondary levels, 2004-2016 (59 common respondents) There were 59 common agencies that responded to the 2005, 2011 and 2017 Surveys and provided data on plant design capacities� From 2004 to 2016, the overall plant design capacity for these agencies rose from 8,184 MGD to 9,346 MGD, representing a 14 percent increase in plant design capacity in 12 years� Table A�7 presents these data� For these same 59 common respondents, the quantity of flow treated to levels above secondary (i�e�, advanced secondary or tertiary treatment) remained steady at 2�3 billion gallons per day from 2004 to 2016� While flows treated to higher levels have remained steady, average flow has de- creased from 5�6 to 5�3 billion gallons per day from 2004 to 2016 result- ing in a four percentage point increase in flows treated above secondary levels� Figure A�17 illustrates this trend� PLANT CAPACITY AND TREATMENT TRENDS FLOW CATEGORY 2016 2010 2004 - Number of Agencies 59 59 59 - Number of Plants 189 185 193 - Plant Design Capacity (MGD)9,346 8,652 8,184 - Average Daily Flow (MGD)5,297 5,770 5,658 - Percent Capacity Used (%)57%67%69% - Primary Treatment (MGD)342 675 314 - Secondary Treatment (MGD)2,784 3,060 3,260 - Advanced Secondary or Teritiary (MGD)2,377 2,345 2,341 Plant design capacity has increased by 14% since 2004 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 2004 2010 2016Flow Treated (MGD)Flows treated to above secondary levels have increased from 39 to 43 percent of total flows since 2004. Above Secondary Primary and Secondary 25A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information RECLAIMED FLOWS Respondents were requested to provide information on the percentage of flows that are reclaimed for different purposes� Reclaimed flows totaled 456 MGD and comprised 4�4 percent of total plant flow (10,304 MGD) for all 117 respondent utilities� Since 2001, the overall percentage of treated flows that are reclaimed has ranged from 2�4 to 4�4 percent among survey respondents with no discernable trend� A majority of reclaimed flows are used for groundwater recharge and landscaping (Figure A�18)� Other reuses, such as golf course irrigation, dust control, and geothermal injection also comprised a significant portion of reuse flows� Figure A.18 - Reclaimed water uses (40 respondents) A majority of reported reclaimed flows are used for groundwater recharge. 5% 9% 11% 16% 22% 22% 53% 0%20%40%60% Wetlands restoration Industrial Agricultural Onsite plant Landscape Other Reuse Groundwater recharge Percentage of reclaimed water use 26 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Figure A.19- Disinfection methods used, 2004-2016 (all respondents) Survey respondents were requested to indicate whether their agency uses one of four following disinfection methods - gaseous chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, ultraviolet, or ozone� This information was originally requested to determine whether there was a declining trend in the use of chlorine gas� Figure A�19 shows the number of agencies utilizing each disinfection method for the 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, and 2017 Surveys (124, 89, 104, 110 and 113 respondents, respectively)� Some agencies indicated the use of more than one type of disinfection method� DISINFECTION METHODS Table A�8 presents summary statistics on disinfection methods, days used, and flows treated� Total annual flow treated was derived by multiplying the time that disinfection was used by the average daily flow rate� Sodium hypochlorite is the most prevalent method used by agency respondents, and is used for a majority of flows (71%) disinfected by respondents� Table A.8 - Disinfection methods summary, 2016 (all respondents) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Chlorine Gas SodiumHypochlorite UV Ozone OtherNumber of Agencies Using Method 2013 2010 2007 2004 DISINFECTION CHLORINE GAS SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE ULTRAVIOLET OZONE - Number of Agencies 23 68 52 1 - Use 365 Days/Year 19 51 41 1 - Use 180 to 365 Days/Year 3 14 10 0 - Use 0 to 179 Days/Year 1 3 1 0 - Total Annual Flow Treated (MG)434,676 2,011,345 407,066 11,790 More than 70 percent of flows are disinfected with sodium hypochlorite NOTE: Not all respondents provided number of days used. 2016 NOTE: Many agencieis reported using more than one disinfection method across all plants operated, thus chart totals do not add to the number of respondents in each survey year. 27A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Figure A�20 presents a breakdown of disinfection methods for 49 com- mon respondents to the 2008, 2011, 2014, and 2017 Surveys� As can be seen from the figure and from Table A�8, the number of agencies using chlorine gas comprises 20% of the 49 respondents shown in the figure (as well as 20% of all the 113 agencies that responded in 2017), how- ever, there is a clear trend towards the diminishing use of chlorine gas disinfection methods and flows treated with chlorine gas� While sodium hypochlorite is the most commonly used method reported, the use of ultraviolet disinfection methods has risen from 31 percent to 43 percent of common respondent agencies since 2007� DISINFECTION TRENDS The use of chlorine gas disinfection has decreased to less than 20 percent of agency respondents 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 2007 2010 2013 2016Percent of Agencies Using MethodFigure A.20 - Disinfection methods, 2007-2016 (49 common respondents) NOTE: Percentages will add up to more than 100 because agencies can use more than one disinfection method. Chlorine Gas Sodium Hypochlorite Ultraviolet 28 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.9 - Treatment removal efficiency, 2016 (all respondents) The Survey has tracked trends in the treatment of conventional pollutants since 1987, requesting information on average influent and effluent conventional pollutant concentrations, and treatment plant flow rates� From these data, flow-weighted average influent and effluent loadings can be derived, and average removal efficiencies for treated flows calculated4� Table A�9 summarizes the average influent and effluent concentrations and corresponding average removal efficiencies for all 2017 Survey respondents� During the period from 1995 to 2016, there has been a decreasing trend in average effluent concentrations for conventional pollutants� Notably, average BOD effluent concentrations for survey respondents decreased from 20 to 8 mg/l from 1995 to 2016, and average sus- pended solids concentrations decreased from 15 to 9 mg/l in the same time period (Figure A�21)� Improvements in operations and increasing advanced treatment and resulting higher removal efficiences have likely spurred this trend� From 1998 to 2016, average removal for BOD has risen from 89 to 97 percent, for suspended solids from 93 to 97 percent, and for phosphorus from 65 to 78 percent� TREATMENT OF CONVENTIONAL POLLUTANTS POLLUTANT NUMBER OF AGENCIES FLOW-WEIGHTED AVERAGE INFLUENT CONCENTRATION (MG/L) FLOW-WEIGHTED AVERAGE EFFLUENT CONCENTRATION (MG/L) FLOW-WEIGHTED REMOVAL EFFICIENCY (%) Ammonia Nitrogen 72 22.2 9.2 58.4 BOD 55 266.8 8.3 96.9 CBOD 47 166.5 7.7 95.4 Chlorine 60 NA 0.5 NA Phosphorous 59 6.9 1.5 78.1 Suspended Solids 93 298.9 9.1 97.0 TKN 45 42.2 12.9 69.3 4. Influent concentrations, effluent concentrations, and removals were calculated only for those agencies providing influent, effluent, and flow data for a given pollutant. From these data, an average flow-weighted influent value and flow-weighted average effluent value was determined for each pollutant and used to calculate a flow-weighted removal efficiency. Nearly 97 percent of BOD and TSS loadings, and 80 percent of phosphorus loadings are removed by NACWA respondents 29A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information 0 5 10 15 20 25 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 2013 2016Average Effluent Concentation (mg/l)BOD CBOD SS NH3-N TKN P Chlorine Figure A.21 - Average effluent concentrations, 1995-2016 (all respondents) Average BOD and suspended solids effluent concentrations have steadily decreased since 1995 and averaged less than 10 mg/l in 2016 30 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.10 - Biosolids produced and yield, 1998-2016 (all respondents) BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED (DRY TONS / DAY)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 - Agencies Responding 91 98 91 81 125 111 100 - Maximum 342.9 364.0 616.4 610.2 624.5 578.7 647.7 - Average 50.5 45.3 52.7 58.1 50.6 59.5 66.4 - Median 26.6 21.2 17.2 22.1 20.9 25 28 - Minimum 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.3 0.4 0.1 1.1 - Total 4,600 4,439 4,794 4,703 6,321 6,609 6,645 BIOSOLIDS YIELD (DRY TONS PER MG)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 - Agencies Responding 91 93 91 81 124 110 100 - Maximum 6.15 3.33 2.76 2.55 8.20 2.99 2.76 - Average 0.71 0.65 0.64 0.64 0.72 0.67 0.68 - Median 0.56 0.52 0.54 0.54 0.58 0.54 0.58 - Minimum 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.22 0.14 0.04 0.10 Survey respondents were requested to indicate the quantity of biosolids produced per day, provide a breakdown of disposal/reuse methods employed, and indicate the percentage of biosolids meeting Class A or B specifications� In the 2017 Survey, 91 agencies reported a daily biosolids production of 4,600 dry tons per day (or 1�7 million dry tons per year)� The yield ranged from 0�06 to 6�15 dry tons of biosolids produced per million gallons of wastewater treated, with an average yield of 0�71� Table A�10 presents summary statistics on total biosolids produced and average yield� BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED / DISPOSAL METHODS 31A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information BIOSOLIDS DISPOSAL / REUSE TRENDS Figure A�22 shows the breakdown of biosolids disposal/reuse options by percent of total biosolids disposed/reused for 63 common respondents to the 2011, 2014, and 2017 Surveys� Data suggest that percentage of biosolids that is land applied has decreased from 44 to 31 percent of biosolids reuse/disposal from 2010 to 2016 (by weight), at least for respondents providing information in these three Surveys, while landfill disposal and heat drying/pelletization reuse are increasing� 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Land App Compost Landfill Heat Dry Incinerate Surface OtherPercent of Biosolids Disposed Figure A.22 - Biosolids reuse and disposal methods, 2010-2016 (63 common respondents) A total of 106 agencies reported their method(s) of biosolids reuse/disposal within seven categories: land application, composting, heat drying/pelletization, landfilling, incineration, surface disposal, or other� Table A�11 presents summary statistics for disposal/reuse methods and quantities of Class A and B biosolids produced� Thirty-five percent (35 percent) of the biosolids reused/disposed from 106 agencies is land- applied or composted� Of the 1,317 dry tons per day destined for land application, 18 percent is rated as Class A, while 80 percent is rated as Class B5� Table A.11 - Biosolids reuse/diposal methods, 2016 (all respondents) The quantity of biosolids that is land applied decreased from 44 to 31 percent of biosolids disposed / reused from 2010 to 2016 METHOD OF BIOSOLIDS DISPOSAL/ REUSE # OF AGENCIES TOTAL DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS B DRY TONS PER DAY - Land Application 56 1,317 231 1,049 - Composting 20 568 514 0 - Heat Dry/Pelletization 9 554 554 0 - Landfilling 53 1,514 143 379 - Incineration 16 868 31 0 - Surface Disposal 3 133 0 131 - Other 14 401 44 130 - Total 1066 5,355 1,517 1,689 5. Five respondents did not indicate whether the total percentage of land-applied biosolids is classifed as Class A or Class B (37 dry tons per day). 6. Some agencies use more than one biosolids disposal method. 2016 2013 2010 32 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information USE OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS Sixty-four percent (64%) of agency respondents reported the use of one or more performance benchmarks in 2017 1% 8% 24% 32% 46% 59% 25% 28% 31% 37% 53% 11% 14% 17% 18% 44% 46% 46% 51% 53% 52% 55% 65% 2% 15% 15% 21% 27% 29% 39% 44% 45% 52% 58% 61% 22% 24% 26% 32% 45% 56% 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70% Stormwater charge collection efficiency Sanitary sewer charge collection efficiency First call resolution time Commercial/industrial charges Residential charge Odor complaints / events Percent effluent reused Percent energy needs produced onsite Percent digester gas reused Percent biosolids reused Energy - kWh per MG Collection system O&M cost per mile of pipe Green infrastructure investment Lab cost per MG CIP $ per capita Chemical cost per MG Electricty cost per MG Operating reserve O&M cost per MG Total cost per MG Long-term debt (debt ratio) Debt service coverage Budget vs actuals Percent combined sewers separated Percent storm water inlets cleaned CSO frequency Change orders / claims as percent construction Percent capacity Percent collection system cleaned / inspected Blockages (by source) Percent sewer pipe replaced / relined SSO frequency Planned maintenance ratio Permit compliance rate Work orders Employees per account or MGD Benefits / salary ratio Overtime vs base pay Vacancy rate (%) Training hours per employee Injuries / accidents Either as a product of utility management initiatives, financial policies, or disparate performance measurement efforts, nearly two-thirds of utilities now report using one or more performance benchmarks� These benchmarks can be used to assess operational performance and trends, compared with industry averages, and/or compared with other similar size/service level utilities� Figure A�23 shows the frequency of common performance benchmarks in five categories including: staffing, operations and performance, financing and costs, energy and reuse, and customer service� Staffing Operations and Performance Financing and costs Energy and reuse Customer Figure A.23 - Use frequency of common performance indicators (out of 126 agencies) 33A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information The percent of utilities using performance benchmark tools did not increase from 2014 to 2017, though only 50 percent of respondent utilities reporting using benchmarks in 2008� Four benchmarks that are being increasingly used since 2014 include: • Staff vacancy ratio (25% to 33% of agency respondents using) • Debt service coverage (45% to 55% of agency respondents using) • Days operating reserve (33% to 46% of agency respondents using) • Odor complaints (48% to 58% of agency respondents using) Some agencies implement benchmarks selectively, while others report using a specific system or approach� Twenty-one out of 80 respondent agencies (26%) using indicators reported using a benchmarking system� The AWWA/WEF Qualserve and the Balanced Scorecard approach were the most frequently used systems� Other systems cited include Effective Utility Management, Managing for Results, Strategic Plan/Internal Key Performance Indicators, NACWA Financial Survey comparisons, Performance Plus, AMWA, and benchmarking that is integrated with Asset Management� UTILITY BENCHMARKS # OF AGENCIES MAXIMUM AVERAGE MEDIAN MINIMUM Staffing Benefits versus Wages/salary Expense Ratio 94 1.21 0.49 0.47 0.19 Staff Employees (FTEs) Per 10,000 Population Served - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 107 82 22 20.6 20.6 13.3 5.5 6.0 3.5 4.2 5.2 3.0 0.2 0.2 1.3 Customer Accounts per Staff FTE- Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment- Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 867112 21,66621,6661,766 901921861 579542842 104104205 Staff Employees (FTEs) per MGD- Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment- Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 1068121 44.144.15.3 5.35.93.1 4.14.52.8 0.10.10.3 Treatment/Biosolid Staff Employees (FTEs) Per MGD - Agencies Treating Greater Than 50 MGD - Agencies Treating 50 MGD or Less 100 33 57 13.2 5.3 13.2 1.9 1.6 2.2 1.6 1.4 1.9 0.2 0.4 0.2 Collection Staff Employees (FTEs) Per 100 Retail Sewer Miles - Agencies Serving > 500,000 - Agencies Serving 500,000 or Less 75 25 50 32.1 25.4 32.1 5.9 6.7 5.6 4.8 5.1 4.8 0.1 1.2 0.1 BENCHMARKS (2016 DATA) Table A�12 below and on the next page summarizes some commonly used utility benchmarks using the data provided by 2017 NACWA Financial Survey respondents in the areas of staffing, financing and costs, customer service, and energy use� Table A.12 - Summary statistics for common benchmarks, 2016 (all respondents) 34 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Table A.12 (continued) - Summary statistics for common benchmarks, 2016 (all respondents) UTILITY BENCHMARKS # OF AGENCIES MAXIMUM AVERAGE MEDIAN MINIMUM Total and Operating Costs Total Cost ($) Per Million Gallons Treated - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 109 84 22 47,020 47,020 11,483 6,339 6,436 5,040 5,212 5,512 4,743 1,125 1,125 1,515 O&M Cost ($) Per Million Gallons Treated - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment- Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 957419 22,79122,7913,148 2,5612,7601,914 2,1242,2001,788 171171943 Biosolids Costs ($) Per Dry Ton Biosolids Produced - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment- Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 392711 742742468 274274272 271279271 181891 Collection System OM Cost ($) Per Retail Sewer Mile - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 68 57 8 342,762 99,995 342,762 23,411 12,759 72,114 6,948 6,592 17,031 2,245 2,245 5,329 Total O&M Cost ($) Per Pound BOD Removed - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 51 38 11 11.45 11.45 1.48 1.38 1.50 1.07 1.07 1.08 1.07 0.25 0.25 0.70 Total O&M Cost ($) Per Pound TSS Removed - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 89 67 19 12.53 11.17 3.07 1.45 1.41 1.07 1.15 1.17 0.97 0.16 0.16 0.28 Chemical Cost ($) Per MG Treated - Agencies Treating Less Than 50 MGD - Agencies Treating Greater Than or Equal to 50 MGD 92 70 19 357 357 330 99 98 113 87 87 118 1 1 5 Electrical Cost ($) Per MG Treated - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 94 72 19 500 500 301 198 206 171 184 187 167 30 53 30 Financing Long-term debt (debt ratio)103 0.98 0.42 0.43 0.03 CIP$ per capita 94 2,294 600 474 18 Current ratio 103 22.8 4.4 3.7 0.5 Energy and Reuse kWh per MG- Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment- Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 825822 13,04113,0413,361 2,1322,1652,086 1,8551,8322,038 456639456 Percent of energy needs produced onsite 46 136 38 31 <1 Customer Residential Sewer Charge, average annual ($)7 - Agencies Providing Collection and Treatment - Agencies Not Providing Collection Services 88 71 15 1,309 1,309 967 453 462 427 430 436 432 113 117 113 7. While the NACWA Financial Survey requests information on average annual residential charges, the data includes only Financial Survey respondents and is collected once every three years. However, NACWA produces a separate trend analyses of average annual residential sewer charges every year which includes a larger data set of responses. The reader is referred to the NACWA Cost of Clean Water Index survey available at www.nacwa.org for trends in average residential sewer service charges. 35A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information Survey respondents were requested to indicate whether their agency is negotiating or operating under a consent decree, administrative order, TMDL limitations, a Federal or state watershed program, or other mandates� Forty-eight out of 126 (38%) survey respondents indicated that their agency is subject to federal or state enforcement efforts or regulatory-requirements to address impaired waters� The aggregate total capital cost of compliance to meet these requirements for these 48 agencies is $39 billion from 1998 to 2038, and an aggregate annual O&M cost of $349 million� CONSENT DECREES As a result of litigation, a number of utilities have entered into negotiated Federal, state, or private citizen settlements approved by the Court (i�e�, consent decrees)� These court-ordered requirements to enhance or improve utility collection and treatment systems generally comprise of multi-year, capital intensive projects, and may include additional operational and maintenance requirements intended to enhance the performance� Twenty-two agencies (18 percent of respondents) reported that their agency is operating under a Federal or state consent decree� Seventeen (17) agencies reported a total cost of compliance of $29 billion� Nearly the entire $29 billion is focused on combined sewer overflow (CSO) and sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) abatement� These 17 agencies represent nearly 15 million people and the estimated compliance cost per capita is nearly $1,900� Consent decrees that were reported range from a start date in 1998 and an end date of 2038� Time periods for consent decrees ranged from five to 33 years, with a median of 21 years � ADMINISTRATIVE ORDERS Fourteen (11 percent of respondents) reported that their agency is operating under a Federal or state administrative order� Nine agencies reported a total cost of compliance of $6�6 billion, again with nearly the entire $6�6 billion focused on combined sewer overflow (CSO) and sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) abatement� Other requirements include enhanced treatment for nutrient reduction, PCBs, sediment control, and replacement of aging infrastructure, These nine agencies represent six million people and the estimated compliance cost per capita is $1,050� Administrative orders that were reported range from a start date in 2006 and an end date of 2036� Time periods for administrative orders ranged from one to 25 years, with a median of four years� REGULATORY COST DRIVERS A majority of consent decree and administrative order compliance costs are focused on CSO and SSO abatement 36 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart A - General Information TOTAL MAXIMUM DAILY LOADS Total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) are mandated by Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act and are developed by States to determine the maximum amount of a pollutant that a water body can receive and still meet water quality standards� The implications of TMDLs for clean water utilities include more stringent effluent requirements as a result of wasteload allocations, and the potential need for additional treatment infrastructure� Twenty (16 percent of respondents) reported that their agency is operating under a Federal or state TMDL� Six agencies reported a total cost of compliance of $3�5 billion, with a majority devoted to meeting requiremens for nitrogen and phosphorus reduction� Other TMDLs impacting costs include bacteria and mercury� These six agencies represent three million people and the estimated compliance cost per capita is nearly $1,200� WATERSHED AND OTHER PROGRAMS Five mid-sized agencies (population 50,000 to 500,000) indicated that their agency is part of a regional or local watershed program, or have other regulatory requirements impacting their capital and/or annual O&M costs� These programs focus on BOD, ammonia-nitrogen, dissolved oxygen, chlorides, nutrients, selenium and sulfate� Four agencies reported a total cost of compliance of $285 million� These four agencies represent 0�33 million people and the estimated compliance cost per capita over $800� Regulatory impacts that were reported range from a start date in 2015 and an end date of 2026� Table A.17- Regulatory cost drivers (all respondents) Regulatory cost drivers amount to $39 billion in capital costs from 48 agencies with a cost per capita of $1,587. 8. Several agencies reported multiple regulatory cost drivers, thus the sum of individual cost drivers is higher than the total. REGULATORY COST DRIVER # OF AGENCIES TOTAL COST OF COMPLIANCE (US$ BILLION) NUMBER OF YEARS (MEDIAN) ANNUALIZED COST(US$ BILLION) COMPLIANCE COST PER CAPITA - Consent Decrees 22 28.9 21 0.7 $1,895 - Administrative Orders 14 6.6 4 0.5 $1,050 - TMDLs 20 3.5 15 1.0 $1,175 - Watershed and Other 5 0.3 4 0.7 $802 - Total 488 39.2 15 2.8 $1,587 37A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing SECTION B - FINANCING 38 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing FUNDING SOURCES The NACWA Financial Survey requests information on the sources of operating funds for the provision of wastewater services� Survey respondents are requested to estimate the amount and the percent of funding from each source that is used to cover the costs of operation and maintenance (O&M), capital improvements, and debt service� There are 20 separate funding source categories that are monitored� Figure B�1 shows the relative contributions of each funding source towards 2016 expenditures as reported by 111 agency respondents� As in past surveys, the dominant funding source is user charges, comprising $12�7 billion out of a total of $19�5 billion in 2016 (65 percent of funds)� Overall, over 75 percent of utility funds are generated directly from system users via user charges, taxes, fees, and assessments� Repayable (by system users) debt financing through bonds, state revolving fund loans, and other debt instruments comprise 18 percent of funding in 2016� Table B�1 presents a frequency distribution of all funding sources by percent of agency funding� Table B�2 indicates trends by presenting the overall amounts collected from these different source categories from 2001 to 2016� Highlights of the data include: ƒ A total of 111 agencies serving 81 million people reported total wastewater collection and treatment related funding of $19�5 billion in 2016� ƒThe percentage of funding sourced from federal and state sponsored grants and loans increased from 3�6 to 4�0 percent of overall funding from 2013 to 2016 ($780 million)� ƒData suggest reduced borrowing is occuring with funding from all debt instruments decreasing from 26 to 19 percent of overall funding from 2010 to 2013, and from 19 to 18 percent from 2013 to 2016� ƒHook-up fees have contributed an increasing amount of funding rising from 1�5 to 3�1 percent of funds used from 2010 to 2016� 2 25 30 32 39 45 54 93 147 194 226 251 415 570 615 616 709 910 1,989 12,678 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 Local Subsidies Penalties Product Sales (Reuse) Federal Grants State Grants Permits/Inspection Fees Special Operating Levies Product Sales (non-Reuse) Interest Earned Sales Tax Developer Contributions G�O� Bonds Other Other Debt Instruments Hookup Fees Assessments SRF Loans Ad Valorem Taxes Revenue Bonds User Charges 2016 Sources of funding, millions (111 agencies) Figure B.1 - Funding source contributions, 2016 ($19.5 billion) Revenue from user charges comprised nearly 65 percent of overall funding in 2016. 39A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing 2016 FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION (NUMBER OF AGENCIES)PERCENT OF TOTAL AGENCY FUNDINGUSER CHARGEAV TAXPRODUCT SALESSPECIAL LEVYINTEREST EARNEDASSESS-MENTSPERMIT FEESHOOK-UP FEESDEVELPRCONTRIBRESERVEOTHERPENALT-IESFEDERAL GRANTSSTATE GRANTSSRF LOANSREVENUE BONDSG.O. BONDSOTHER DEBT91-100190000300000000000081-90180000000000000000071-80230000000000000010061-70201000000000000000051-60112100100100000220041-5070000000000000200131-4032000101211000120021-3050110004110000282211-2006020101244300162401-1027254991556543188028211215714039384104129055407297278390988389104104NUMBER OF AGENCIES RESPONDING (GREATER THAN $0 REVENUE)# of Agencies1081827799215671391484282113282277$ (millions)12,6789109354147616456152262884162532397091,989251570 Note: Numbers exclude agencies that provided only partial data (e.g., no total revenue value)YEARUSER CHARGEAV TAXPRODUCT SALESSPECIAL LEVYINTEREST EARNEDASSESS-MENTSPERMIT FEESHOOK-UP FEESDEVELPRCONTRIBRESERVEOTHERPENALT-IESFEDERAL GRANTSSTATE GRANTSSRF LOANSREVENUE BONDSG.O. BONDSOTHER DEBT% Total (’01)57.1%4.0%0.1%0.2%5.0%0.4%0.2%3.5%1.0%7.5%--0.7%0.5%3.5%11.8%1.8%3.0%% Total (’04)60.7%1.5%0.2%0.2%1.8%0.6%0.2%3.9%2.2%0.0%3.5%0.0%0.3%0.2%5.6%13.5%1.3%2.3%% Total (’07)56.7%4.9%0.2%0.1%3.7%0.7%0.2%3.3%3.0%3.9%2.5%0.1%0.1%0.0%4.2%12.3%1.9%2.1%% Total (’10)59.9%4.0%0.3%0.1%1.7%2.9%1.0%1.5%0.8%1.0%1.7%0.1%0.4%0.7%6.6%13.6%1.2%4.8%% Total (’13)63.1%4.5%0.2%0.3%1.3%3.0%0.7%2.2%0.7%3.1%1.3%0.1%0.1%0.4%3.1%12.9%1.2%1.7%% Total (‘16)64.9%4.7%0.5%0.3%0.8%3.2%0.2%3.1%1.2%1.5%2.1%0.1%0.2%0.2%3.6%10.2%1.3%2.9%’13-’16 Increase (Decrease)1.8%0.2%0.3%0.0%-0.5%0.2%-0.5%1.0%0.4%-1.6%0.8%0.0%0.0%-0.2%0.6%-2.7%0.1%1.2.%Table B.1 - Frequency distribution of funding sources, 2016Table B.2 - Comparison of percentageof total funding, 2001-2016 40 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing FEDERAL AND STATE ASSISTANCE The survey tracks federal and state assistance in the form of grants and loans� Previous trends had shown that the amount of federal and state assistance being used by NACWA survey respondents had steadily declined since the early 1990s, dropping to a low of 4�3 percent of total utility funding in 2007, but rising to 7�7 percent in 2010� However, in 2013, use of Federal and state assistance fell to 3�6 percent of utility respondent funding, the lowest percentage recorded to date� Though from 2013 to 2016, Federal and state assistance rose from 3�6 to 4�0 percent of utility funding sources� The rise and fall of Federal and state assistance is shown in Figure B�2 which also shows increasing reliance on user charges and taxes (from 60 to 71 percent of funding sources from 1998 to 2016)� Other highlights derived from Tables B�1 and B�2 concerning federal and state financing include: ƒFederal and state grants comprised 0�4 percent ($71 million) of total funding ($19�5 billion) for respondent agencies in 2016� ƒState revolving fund loans comprised 3�5 percent of overall agency funding support in 2016, which is on the lower end of the historcial 15-year range of 3�1 to 6�6 percent of agency funds (2001 to 2016). 5%5%6%4%8% 4%4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 2013 2016Percent of total funding sourcesFigure B.2 - Changes in funding source contributions 1998-2016 Federal and state assistance increased from 3.6% to 4.0% of overall funding from 2013 to 2016. User charges and taxes Commercial debt financing Federal or state grants and loans Other revenue sources 41A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing FUNDING FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Respondents were requested to indicate the percentage of funding from each funding source that is used for O&M, capital improvements, and debt service expenditure� There were 61 agencies that provided information on funding sources for these three expense categories� The responses for this expense breakdown account for $3�5 billion in funding in 2016� Figure B�3 indicates that 85 percent of funding for O&M is derived from user charges and ad valorem taxes� Assessments accounted for six percent of O&M funding, while income from reserves provided another one percent to O&M� 62% 85% 8% 6% User charges and taxes Reserves/Transfers Assessments All other 1% Figure B.3 - Funding sources for operations and maintenance ($3.5 billion, 61 agencies) FUNDING FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS Figure B�4 shows that a majority (56%) of the funding sources for capital improvements in 2016 were derived from debt instruments (revenue bonds, SRF loans, and all other debt instruments)� Revenue bonds are shown to be the most common form of debt financing, while SRF loans make up a significant portion of financing for capital improvements� The 2016 data also show that 44 percent of the funding for capital improvements came from non-debt financing (e�g�, user charges, hookup fees, taxes, etc�), a large increase in pay-as-you-go financing, which was 35 percent of capital funding in 2013� Developer contributions and hookup fees made up six percent of capital improvement funding, relatively unchanged since 2013 when these contributions and fees made up five percent of capital improvement funding� 62% 36%9% 10% 19%User charges and taxes Revenue Bonds Federal or state grants and loans G.O. bonds and other debt instruments All other sources 27% Figure B.4 - Funding sources for capital improvements ($3.0 billion, 60 agencies) Nearly 85 percent of funding for O&M is from user charges and taxes. Debt financing comprised 56 percent of capital improvement funding in 2016. 42 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing FUNDING FOR DEBT SERVICE Figure B�5 illustrates the funding sources for payments to debt service by 62 agencies in 2016� The data indicate that 62 percent of funding for debt service is derived from user charges and ad valorem taxes, while hookup fees and assessments comprise 16 percent� 62% 47%8% 14% 16%User charges Ad valorem taxes Hookups and Assessments Other debt All other sources 15% Figure B.5 - Funding sources for debt service ($2.9 billion 62 agencies) 43A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing 44 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing EXPENDITURES The NACWA Financial Survey requests information on how clean water agencies allocate their expenditures among five different expense categories, including: 1) Operation and Maintenance; 2) Capital Improvements; 3) Debt Service; 4) Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILOT) or Franchise Fees, and; 5) Miscellaneous and Other� A total of 115 agencies serving over 80 million people reported total wastewater treatment related expenses of $19�1 billion in 2016� Figure B�6 shows the breakdown of 2016 utility expenditures among the five expense categories� Operation and maintenance expenses comprised the highest expense category at 41 percent of expenditures in 2016� 62% Operation and maintenance Capital improvements Debt service (principal and interest) Payments in lieu of taxes (PILOT) fees 41%29% 1% Miscellaneous and other 28% 1% Figure B.6 - Breakdown of clean water agency expenditures, 2016 ($19.1 billion) Table B�3 summarizes the historical breakdown of agency expenditures from 2001 to 2016� There are some variations in the breakdown of expenses over the historical period, espcially between capital improvement and debt service expense, but overall trends in expenditure have remained relatively stable� In proportion to total costs, operation and maintenance costs have remained steady at 40 to 41 percent of total expenditures, while debt service costs have fluctuated between 22 to 29 percent of total expenditures, and capital expenses between 27 to 33 percent of expenditures� Table B.3 - Breakdown of clean water agency expenditures, 2001-2016, (all respondents) EXPENDITURE (MILLIONS $)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 Agencies responding 115 117 106 92 133 119 Total expenditure 19,091 18,182 14,797 10,723 12,410 12,171 - % Operation and maintenance 41%41%41%40%40%41% - % Capital improvements 28%27%29%28%31%33% - % Debt service 29%27%26%28%25%22% - % Miscellaneous and other 1%4%3%2%3%4% - % PILOT fees 1%1%1%1%NA NA Forty-one percent (41%) of expenditures are dedicated to operation and maintenance. 45A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing Table B�4 provides additional detail on the distribution of 2016 agency expenditures among the five different expense categories� Table B.4 - Expenditure distribution among expense categories, 2016 PERCENT OF AGENCY EXPENDITURES NUMBER OF AGENCIES O&M DEBT SERVICE CAPITAL IMPROV.MISC. AND OTHER PILOT AND FRANCHISE FEES 91-100 3 0 0 0 0 81-90 6 0 0 0 0 71-80 6 0 2 0 0 61-70 10 1 2 0 0 51-60 23 2 9 0 0 41-50 29 9 10 1 0 31-40 20 24 20 1 0 21-30 16 29 29 0 0 11-20 1 23 22 3 1 1-10 1 16 14 17 22 0 0 11 7 93 92 SUMMARY STATISTICS Total 2016 (Million $)7,782.3 5,459.7 5,439.8 280.2 129.3 % of Expenses (2016)40.8%28.6%28.4%1.5%0.7% Note: Numbers exclude agencies that provided only partial data (e.g., no total expenditure value) EXPENDITURE TRENDS Total expenditures for 92 common utility respondents to the 2014 and 2017 Surveys increased at less than one percent per year from 2013 to 2016, with rising capital and O&M expenditures offset slightly by decreasing debt service (principal and interest) costs� By comparison, a four percent increase in total expenditure from 2010 to 2013 was reported in 2014, and double-digit percentage increases were reported in previous survey cycles� Table B.5 - Expenditure trends (2007 - 2016) EXPENDITURES 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 Common Respondents 73 83 92 Total Expenditure (% Change)28.4%4.2%1.7% - O&M Expenditure (% Change)30.8%5.2%1.8% - Capital Improvement Expenditure (% Change)41.7%-10.7%3.5% - Debt Service Expenditure (% Change)33.2%13.1%-2.5% Change in Consumer Price Index (% CPI Change)9 15.5%6.8%3.0% Total expenditures increased on average by less than one percent per year from 2013 to 2016. 9. U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics (2018). Consumber Price Index [Supplemental Files]. (https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/supplemental-files/home.htm). 46 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing CAPITAL EXPENDITURE Total capital expenditures of $5�4 billion were reported by 108 Survey respondents for fiscal year 2016� Capital expenditure for 92 common utility respondents to the 2014 and 2017 Surveys increased by over three percent, (i�e�, 1�1 percent per year) from $4�6 to $4�7 billion from 2013 to 2016� This increase in capital spending represents a shift from the decreasing trend shown in the previous Survey report for the 2010 to 2013 timeframe, where capital spending fell by 11 percent� The US Census Bureau data on construction spending confirms this uptick in capital spending, reporting a slight one percent increase in construction spending for clean water utilities nationwide from 2013 to 2016�10 PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE To further analyze trends in expenditures, the reported total expenditures for 2016 were divided by service population to derive a per capita expenditure for each agency respondent� Table B�6 shows summary statistics for annual per capita expense for survey years since 2002� Overall, the average per capita expenditure rose on average 3�0 percent per year from 2001 to 2016 (note: the same upward trend is shown for 59 common respondents to the 2002 and 2017 Surveys)� Figure B�7 shows the distribution of annual per capita expenditure for responding agencies for 2010, 2013 and 2016 � Table B.6 - Per capita expenditure, 2001-2016 PER CAPITA EXPENSE ($/YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 110 113 98 89 129 117 - Maximum $834 $1,451 $915 $825 $559 $792 - Average $240 $232 $224 $195 $171 $154 - Median $199 $198 $190 $172 $146 $125 - Minimum $33 $36 $42 $49 $18 $15 $0�00 $100�00 $200�00 $300�00 $400�00 $500�00 $600�00 $700�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Per Capita Expenditure ($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.7 - Distribution of per capita expense, 2010-2016 ($ per year) Note: Maximum values of $834, $1,451, and $915 for 2016, 2013, and 2010, respectively are not shown on the chart Average per capita expenditure was $240 in 2016. 10. U.S. Census Bureau. (2018). Seasonally-adjusted construction spending for sewage and waste disposal – 12-month differences starting in May 2017 [statistics]. (https://www.census.gov/econ/currentdata). Capital expenditures increased by over three percent for common agency respondents from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 2010 47A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing PAYMENT IN LIEU OF TAXES (PILOT) OR FRANCHISE FEES Respondents were requested to indicate the amount paid by their utility to local city/county governments in the form of Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILOT) and/or franchise fees in 2016� • PILOTs are payments made by a public utility to finance goods or services provided by a city/county government and are similar to the tax payments that would be made by a private utility� PILOTs are used by many local governments to raise revenue for the general fund and to obtain services for the municipality� • Franchise fees are charges levied by a city/county government on a utility for the use of city/county streets and right of ways, and other properties for locating pipes, access points, etc�, and for the right to do business in the city/county� These charges may or may not be passed on directly to customers� The percentage of responding agencies that were required to pay PILOT or franchise fees was 18 percent (23 out of 126 respondents) in 2016� In 2016, PILOT or franchise fees ranged from $85,000 to $23 million and ranged from $0�15 to $25�92 per capita� Average and median payments were $9�33 and $8�74 per capita, respectively� Figure B�8 shows the distribution of PILOT and franchise fees per capita from 2010 to 2016� $0 $5 $10 $15 $20 $25 $30 $35 $40 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100PILOT or Franchsie Fee ($/year per capita) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.8 - Distribution of PILOT and franchise fees per capita, 2010-2016 Nearly 20 percent of utility respondents paid PILOT or franchise fees in 2016. 2016 2013 2010 48 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE EXPENSE Operation and maintenance (O&M) costs include recurring costs necessary for management and daily operation of collection systems and treatment facilities, and costs such as: staff salaries (and benefits), supplies, electricity, chemicals, and inter-departmental or contracted services� A total of 98 respondents reported $5�6 billion in O&M costs for wastewater collection and treatment services in 2016 (not including storm drainage, solid waste, or other services)� This total cost does not include depreciation expenses of $1�4 billion reported by 65 agencies� Table B�7 presents a summary of reported operation and maintenance expenses for 2001 to 2016� The overall average and median O&M costs per agency in 2016 were $56�9 million and $27�1 million, re- spectively� Figure B�9 illustrates the distribution of wastewater operating costs for 2010, 2013, and 2016� Unitized O&M costs per million gallons treated are presented in a subsequent discussion in this section and are presented in Tables B�10 to B�12, and Figure B�14� Table B.7 - Operation and Maintenance Costs, 2001-2016 O&M EXPENSE (MILLIONS $/YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 98 108 107 89 128 118 - Maximum 414.1 423.7 356.4 366.3 189.3 229.9 - Average 56.9 50.0 .43.8 41.3 29.3 30.1 - Median 27.1 26.6 $21.7 23.1 17.2 14.0 - Minimum 1.9 2.5 $1.4 1.2 1.3 0.9 - Total 5,575 5,400 4,571 4,350 4,425 3.587 $1,000,000 $10,000,000 $100,000,000 $1,000,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100O&M Expenditures ($/Year)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.9 - Distribution of operation and maintenance expenses, 2010-2016 ($/year) 2016 2013 2010 49A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing O&M EXPENSES BY AGENCY FUNCTION Survey respondents were requested to allocate their O&M expenses among four different functional ar- eas: administration, collection, treatment, and biosolids� Separate analyses were conducted for agencies that provide collection with treatment services and agencies that do not provide collection services (i�e�, provide interceptor/treatment, or treatment only services)� For 67 respondent agencies that provide collection services, Figure B�10 shows that administrative costs accounted for 33 percent of O&M expenses� Administrative costs include all executive staff, finance, billing and collections, engineering, information systems, legal, human resources, customer service, and clerical staff expenses� For these same agencies, collection system costs accounted for 24 percent of costs, while treatment and biosolids costs combined accounted for 43 percent of O&M costs� Reclaimed water costs accounted for less than 0�5% of total costs and are not shown on the chart� 62% Administration Collection/interceptor Treatment Biosolids 33% 24% 39% 4% Figure B.10 - O&M costs by functional category, 2016 (agencies with collection service - $3.7 billion) For 16 respondent agencies that do not provide collection services, Figure B�11 shows that collection system costs (presumably for interceptors) comprise only nine percent of O&M expenses, while administrative costs accounted for 30 percent of O&M expenses� For these same agencies, treatment and biosolids expenses combined accounted for 60 percent of total O&M expenses� 62% Administration Collection/interceptor Treatment Biosolids 30% 9% 47% 13% Figure B.11 - O&M Costs by functional category, 2016 (agencies without collection service - $788 million) Administrative costs comprise approximately one-third of total costs for all respondent utilities. 50 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing O&M EXPENSE BY COST CATEGORY Survey respondents were also requested to provide a breakdown of O&M costs in twelve cost categories� Wages and salary was the largest O&M cost category making up nearly one-third of total O&M costs� All personnel costs, which include wages, salary, and benefits, comprise 45 percent of total operating and main- tenance costs� Table B�8 provides a summary of cost categories for 98 respondents to this question, while Figure B�12 provides a graphical summary of these data� Only eleven of the categories are shown and personnel costs (wages and salary + benefits) are shown as an aggregate� Depreciation expense was reported by 65 agen- cies, totaling $1�4 billion in 2016� Due to differences in how depreciation was categorized and expensed, these costs are not shown in the analysis below� Table B.8 - O&M costs by category, 2016 (98 utilities, $5.6 billion) O&M COSTS CATEGORY 2016 O&M COST (MILLION $)% OF TOTAL (2016) - Wages and Salary (32%) + Benefits (13%)2,470 45.0% - Private Sector Services11 734 13.4% - Electric Power12 415 7.6% - Supplies and Materials 376 6.9% - Services By Other Depts.373 6.8% - Chemicals 218 4.0% - Other Utilities 144 2.6% - Utility Management 103 1.9% - Insurance 38 0.7% - Other Costs 615 11.2% 2,470 734 414 376 373 218 144 103 39 615 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 Wages &Benefits Private Sector ElectricPower Supplies andMaterials Services ByOther Depts�Chemicals Other Utilities UtilityManagement Insurance Other CostsWastewater Operating Costs (million $)Figure B.12 - O&M cost by cost category, 2016 (all respondents) Personnel costs (wages, salary, and benefits) comprise 45 percent of O&M costs. 11. Private sector services may include contract services for biosolids or plant operations, as well as specialty maintenance work. 12. Additional costs that may not be reflected in this category include natural gas purchased for co-generation engine power production. 51A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing O&M COST CATEGORY TRENDS Figure B�13 shows the distribution of spending in each cost category for 75 agencies that responded to both the 2014 and 2017 Surveys and provided a breakdown of O&M costs� Table B�9 lists the percent change in spending under each category for these same 75 agencies� Personnel costs (wages, salaries, and benefits) increased 18�5 percent in three years, with a larger percent increase in wages and salaries (20 percent) than benefits (13 percent)� Utility management costs and cost of supplies have risen the most of all cost categories, with an average increase of over ten percent for utility management costs per year from 2013 to 2016, while supply and material costs have risen by an average of eight percent per year� Table B.9 - Changes in O&M costs, 2013-2016 (75 common respondents) O&M COSTS CATEGORY 2013-2016CHANGE AVERAGE CHANGEPER YEAR (2013-2016) - Wages and Salary, and Benefits 18.5%5.8% - Private Sector Services 18.2%5.7% - Electric Power 7.2%2.4% - Supplies and Materials 24.1%7.5% - Services By Other Depts.-14.1%-5.0% - Chemicals 5.1%1.7% - Other Utilities 18.0%5.7% - Utility Management 32.5%9.8% - Insurance13 -- - Other Costs 36.3%10.9% 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 Wages &Benefits PrivateSector ElectricPower Supplies &Materials Other Depts Chemicals OtherUtilities UtilityManagement Insurance OtherWastewater Operating Costs (million $)Figure B.13 - O&M Cost by cost category, 2013-2016 (75 common respondents) 2016 2013 13. Insurance costs were requested in 2016, but not in 2013, thus there is no trend3 52 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing O&M COST PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED Total annual (2016) O&M cost (from Question B�5) was divided by annual flow to derive O&M costs per mil- lion gallons treated for 95 agencies� Table B�10 provides summary statistics for O&M cost per million gallons treated for these agencies� Depreciation expense is not included in this calculation, however if depreciation expenses were included, the average and median values for 2016 would increase to $3,375 per million gallons, and $2,405 per million gallons, respectively� Figure B�14a illustrates the distribution of O&M costs per million gallons of wastewater treated for those agen- cies that provide at least treatment services� Table B.10 - O&M costs per million gallons treated, 2001-2016 O&M EXPENSE PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED ($/MG)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 95 98 101 86 128 112 - Maximum ($/MG)$22,791 $21,554 $18,841 $6,663 $5,464 $2,684 - Average ($/MG)$2,561 $2,406 $2,100 $1,747 $1,484 $1,129 - Median ($/MG)$2,125 $1,913 $1,676 $1,503 $1,252 $1,050 - Minimum ($/MG)$171 $591 $578 $486 $301 $350 $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 $3,500 $4,000 $4,500 $5,000 $5,500 $6,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100O&M Cost per MG Treated ($/MG) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.14a - Wastewater O&M cost per million gallons treated, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values above $6000 are not shown on the chart. Average O&M cost per million gallons treated was over $2,561 in 2016. 2016 2013 2010 53A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing Table B�11 shows only statistics for those agencies that provide treatment or treatment and interceptor services only (no collection)� Table B.11 - O&M costs per million gallons treated (treatment/interceptor service providers only), 2001-2016 O&M COSTS PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 19 23 27 24 31 29 - Maximum ($/MG)$3,093 $3,093 $2,862 $2,809 $2,203 $1,607 - Average ($/MG)$1,625 $1,625 $1,542 $1,449 $1,180 $961 - Median ($/MG)$1,400 $1,400 $1,526 $1,275 $1,121 $930 - Minimum ($/MG)$714 $714 $713 $624 $556 $427 O&M EXPENSE PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED – BENCHMARK TRENDS A performance metric used by half of respondent utilities for assessing operation and maintenance costs is O&M cost per million gallons (MG) treated� This metric is used over time to track internal cost perfor- mance or is compared with utilities of similar size/service levels to determine the relative cost efficiency of the organization� The changes in O&M expenses per MG treated were assessed for all respondents and also among agencies that responded to two successive surveys� Table B�12 summarizes data from 2007 to 2016 for common respondents, while Figure B�14b shows data trends for all respondents� Data indicate that O&M expenditures per MG treated have risen over five percent per year on average from 1998 to 2016, but have risen more slowly recently, at an average of 2�5 percent per year between 2013 to 2016� Table B.12 - O&M expense per million gallons treated trends, 2007-2016 (common respondents) O&M EXPENSE PER MG TREATED 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 9-YEAR CHANGE 2007-2016 - Common Agencies responding 70 67 71 61 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +23.5%+10.7%+7.4%+38.5% $977 $1,132 $1,486 $1,747 $2,100 $2,378 $2,561 $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 2013 2016O&M cost per million gallons treatedFigure B.14b - Average O&M cost per million gallons treated, 1998-2016 (all respondents) Operation and maintenance expense per volume treated rose six percent per year from 1998 to 2016. 54 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing COLLECTION SYSTEM COST PER SEWER MILE Total annual collection/interceptor system costs (2016) were divided by the number of sewer miles to derive collection system cost per sewer mile for 65 respondent agencies� Of these agencies, fifty-seven (57) provide collection system services in addition to treatment services, while eight agencies provided only interceptor/ treatment services� Table B�13 presents collection system cost per sewer mile statistics for those agencies providing collection system and treatment services� Figure B�15 illustrates the distribution of collection system costs per sewer mile maintained for these same respondents� Large changes in minimum and maximum values from year to year are primarily due to slight changes in the respondent pool from a particular survey year to a subsequent survey year� Table B.13 - Collection system cost per sewer mile, 2001-2016 (for agencies reporting collection services) COLLECTION SYSTEM COST ($) PER RETAIL SEWER MILE 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 57 57 53 52 72 73 - Maximum ($/mile)$99,995 $49,555 $19,456 $16,800 $18,461 $57,322 - Average ($/mile)$12,759 $8,297 $5,890 $4,904 $5,126 $5,126 - Median ($/mile)$6,592 $5,522 $4,124 $4,297 $3,779 $3,706 - Minimum ($/mile)$2,245 $2,003 $1,743 $801 $831 $305 $0 $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $20,000 $25,000 $30,000 $35,000 $40,000 $45,000 $50,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Collection Cost per Sewer Mile ($/mile) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.15 - Collection system cost per sewer mile, 2010-2016 (for agencies reporting collection services) Note: Maximum value of $99,995 for 2016 is not shown on the chart Median O&M costs per retail sewer mile were $6,592 in 2016 for agencies providing collection services. 2016 2013 2010 55A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing In the 2017 Survey, eight respondents indicated that their agencies provided only interceptor/treatment services (no collection system services), and also furnished data on collection/interceptor system cost, and sewer miles maintained� Table B�14 presents interceptor system cost per sewer mile statistics for these agencies that do not provide collection system service� Figure B�16 illustrates the distribution of interceptor system costs per mile maintained for these same respondents� Table B.14 - Interceptor system cost per sewer mile, 2001-2016 (for agencies reporting interceptor/treatment services only) INTERCEPTOR COST PER MILE MAINTAINED ($/MILE)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 8 10 13 10 18 15 - Maximum ($/mile)$342,762 $146,268 $154,774 $76,375 $341,254 $384,011 - Average ($/mile)$72,114 $27,255 $27,367 $20,909 $37,432 $42,487 - Median ($/mile)$17,031 $15,586 $17,597 $18,167 $11,665 $12,842 - Minimum ($/mile)$5,329 $4,788 $980 $2,952 $2,372 $2,585 $0 $20,000 $40,000 $60,000 $80,000 $100,000 $120,000 $140,000 $160,000 $180,000 $200,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Interceptor System Cost per Mile ($/mile) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.16 - Interceptor system cost per sewer mile, 2010-2016 (for agencies reporting interceptor/treatment services only) Note: Maximum value of $342,762 for 2016 is not shown on the chart 2016 2013 2010 56 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing TRENDS IN COLLECTION SYSTEM COSTS PER MILE The changes in collection system costs per mile among agencies that provide collection system services and responded to two successive surveys were analyzed for trends� Table B�15 summarizes these data from 2007 to 2016� Average collection system costs have increased by 20 percent from 2013 to 2016, and increased 41 percent from 2007 to 2016 (i�e�, on average 3�9 percent per year)� A similar analysis was conducted for those agencies providing only interceptor/treatment services, however, the number of common respondents between survey years are too few to present meaningful data� Table B.15 - Collection system cost per sewer mile trends, 2007-2016 (for agencies reporting collection service) COLLECTION SYSTEM COST PER SEWER MILE 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 9-YEAR CHANGE 2007-2016 - Common Agencies responding 40 41 40 31 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +12.6%+8.7%+20.0%+40.8% BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT COSTS PER DRY TON Biosolids management costs (2016) were divided by the total amount of biosolids produced in 2016 to derive biosolids management costs per dry ton for 39 agencies that provided this information and provided at least treatment services� Table B�16 provides summary statistics for biosolids management costs per ton biosolids produced for all respondents� Figure B�17 illustrates the distribution of biosolids management costs per ton biosolids produced� Table B.16 - Biosolids management costs per dry ton, 2001-2016 BIOSOLIDS MGMT COSTS PER TON PRODUCED ($/TON) 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 39 39 46 36 65 63 - Maximum ($/ton)$742 $2,513 $2,842 $3,089 $2,620 $2,610 - Average ($/ton)$274 $308 $371 $348 $250 $220 - Median ($/ton)$271 $258 $222 $224 $186 $139 - Minimum ($/ton)$18 $21 $21 $22 $6 $10 Average biosolids management costs per ton produced was $274 in 2016. Collection system costs per mile have increased on average 3.9% per year from 2007 to 2016. 57A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 $350 $400 $450 $500 $550 $600 $650 $700 $750 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Management Cost per Ton Biosolids ($/ton)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.17 - Biosolids managment costs per dry ton, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values above $750 are not shown on the chart TRENDS IN BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT COSTS To assess trends in biosolids management costs, a comparison of biosolids management costs per dry ton was performed for agencies that responded to two successive surveys� Table B�17 summarizes these data from 2007 to 2016� As shown in the table, average biosolids management costs have increased by 16 percent from 2013 to 2016, and increased 18 percent from 2007 to 2016 (i�e�, on average 1�9 percent per year)� Table B.17 - Biosolids management costs per dry ton, 2007-2016 (common respondents) BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT COSTS PER TON 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 9-YEAR CHANGE 2007-2016 - Common Agencies responding 33 29 28 20 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +6.0%+6.9%+16.5%+18.4% 2016 2013 2010 Biosolids management costs per ton have increased on average 1.9% per year from 2007 to 2016. 58 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing CHEMICAL COSTS PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED Total annual (2016) chemical costs were divided by annual flow to derive chemical costs per million gallons treated for 92 agencies� Table B�18 provides summary statistics for chemical costs per million gallons treated for all respondents� Figure B�18 illustrates the distribution of chemical costs per mil- lion gallons treated for those agencies that provide at least treatment services� Table B.18 - Chemical costs per million gallons treated, 2001-2016 CHEMICAL COSTS PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED ($/MG)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 92 94 99 84 105 107 - Maximum ($/MG)$357 $407 $366 $367 $678 $252 - Average ($/MG)$99 $99 $97 $83 $60 $56 - Median ($/MG)$86 $82 $72 $57 $40 $41 - Minimum ($/MG)<$1 $4 $5 <$1 <$1 <$1 $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Chemical Cost per MG Treated ($/MG) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.18 - Distribution of chemical costs per million gallons treated, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values above $300 are not shown on the chart The average chemical costs per million gallons treated was $99 in 2016. 2016 2013 2010 59A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing TRENDS IN CHEMICAL COSTS PER VOLUME TREATED To assess trends in chemical costs, a comparison of chemical costs per million gallons treated was performed for agencies that responded to two successive surveys� Table B�19 summarizes these data from 2007 to 2016� As shown in the table, average chemical costs per million gallons have decreased by three percent from 2013 to 2016, while over the longer term, costs increased 30 percent from 2007 to 2016 (i�e�, on average 3�0 percent per year)� Previous trends from 1998 to 2013 indicated that chemical costs were rising on average 5�3 percent per year� Table B.19 - Chemical costs per million gallons treated trends, 2007-2016 CHEMICAL COST PER MG TREATED 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 9-YEAR CHANGE 2007-2016 - Common Agencies responding 65 66 66 20 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +8.9%+15.2%-2.7%+30.0% ELECTRICITY COSTS PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED Total annual electricity costs were divided by annual flow to derive electric costs per million gallons treated for 94 agencies� Table B�20 provides summary statistics for electricity costs per million gal- lons treated for all respondents� Figure B�19 illustrates the distribution of electricity costs per mil- lion gallons treated for those agencies that provide at least treatment services� Table B.20 - Electricity costs per million gallons treated, 2001-2016 ELECTRICITY COSTS PER MILLION GALLONS TREATED ($/MG)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 94 96 101 84 106 107 - Maximum ($/MG)$500 $932 $892 $441 $619 $304 - Average ($/MG)$197 $200 $189 $166 $128 $113 - Median ($/MG)$183 $171 $157 $148 $11 $101 - Minimum ($/MG)$30 $7 $3 $3 $2 <$1 Chemical cost per volume treated have increased on average 3.0% per year from 2007 to 2016. 60 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 $350 $400 $450 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Electric Cost per MG Treated ($/MG) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.19 - Distribution of electricity costs per million gallons treated, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values above $450 are not shown on the chart TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY COSTS PER VOLUME TREATED To assess trends in electricity costs, a comparison of electricity costs per million gallons treated was per- formed for agencies that responded to two successive surveys� Table B�21 summarizes these data from 2007 to 2016� As shown in the table, average electricity costs per million gallons have decreased by nearly five percent from 2013 to 2016, while over the longer term, costs have increased 19 percent from 2007 to 2016 (i�e�, on average 1�9 percent per year)� Previous trends from 1998 to 2013 indicated that chemical costs were rising on average 5�2 percent per year� Table B.21 -Electricity costs per million gallons treated trends, 2007-2016 ELECTRICITY COSTS PER MG TREATED 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 9-YEAR CHANGE 2007-2016 - Common Agencies responding 66 69 70 50 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +13.8%+8.5%-4.7%+18.6% 2016 2013 2010 Electricity costs per volume treated have increased on average 1.9% per year from 2007 to 2016. 61A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing LONG-TERM DEBT AND DEBT SERVICE LONG-TERM DEBT Total long-term debt as of January 1, 2017 for 103 responding agencies was reported at $57 billion� Table B�22 provides summary statistics for long-term debt from 2002 to 2017 for agencies that respond- ed to the Survey in these years� Five agencies (5%) reported zero long-term debt� Figure B�20 illustrates the distribution of outstanding debt for respondents to the 2011 to 2017 Surveys� Table B.22 - Long-term debt, (in millions $), 2002-2017 (all respondents) LONG-TERM DEBT (AS OF JANUARY 1)2017 2014 2011 2008 2005 2002 - Agencies responding 103 106 105 89 126 119 - Maximum (millions $)$5,193 $5,848 $5,845 $10,310 $7,790 $6,435 - Average (millions $)$550 $518 $438 $460 $333 $306 - Median (millions $)$143 $112 $119 $111 $79 $69 - Minimum (millions $)$0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 - TOTAL $56,622 $54,959 $46,012 $40,964 $41,943 $36,410 $1,000,000 $10,000,000 $100,000,000 $1,000,000,000 $10,000,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Outstanding Debt Principal ($) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.20 - Outstanding debt principal (as of January 1), 2011-2017 2017 2014 2011 Outstanding debt totaled $57 billion for 103 respondent agencies 62 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing Survey respondents were requested to indicate both the outstanding debt and debt service expense for six categories of long-term debt� These include general obligation (G�O�) bonds, revenue bonds, state revolv- ing fund (SRF) loans, short-term loans, long-term capital lease obligations, and other debt� Figure B�21 illustrates the breakdown of outstanding debt on January 1, 2017 in these six categories� Revenue bonds continue to be the preferred debt financing source representing 71 percent of total debt, while 15 percent of debt is from state revolving loan funds, and 14 percent in general obligation bonds and other financing instruments� 62% 71%9% 15% 4% Revenue bonds SRF loans G.O. bonds Other debt instruments Short-term (commerical paper/notes) Long-term (capital lease obligations) <1%1% Figure B.21 - Breakdown of outstanding long-term debt on January 1, 2017 ($57 billion, 103 agencies) Forty-two agencies indicated the use of “other” debt instruments� These included: Commercial Paper, Certificates of Participation, current value credits, capital lease, water district bonds, state participation, subordinate loans, and Virginia Resources Authority loans� LONG-TERM DEBT TRENDS The changes in long-term debt among agencies that responded to two successive surveys were analyzed to assess trends� Table B�23 summarizes these data from 2008 to 2017� The data show that long-term debt has increased by nearly six percent from 2014 to 2017, while over the longer term, utility debt has increased 54 percent from 2008 to 2017 (i�e�, on average 4�9 percent per year)� Table B.23 - Trend in long-term debt, 2008-2017 OUTSTANDING DEBT 2008-2011 2011-2014 2014-2017 9-YEAR CHANGE 2008-2017 - Common Agencies responding 71 74 78 55 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +23.6%+4.4%+5.7%+54.1% Long-term debt as increased on average 4.9 percent per year from 2008 to 2017. 63A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing DEBT SERVICE (PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST PAYMENTS) Total debt service payments for 104 responding agencies was reported at $4�5 billion for 2016� Table B�24 provides summary statistics for debt service from 2001 to 2016 for agencies that responded to the Survey in these years� Figure B�22 illustrates the distribution of debt service payments for respondents to the 2011 to 2017 Surveys� Table B.24 - Debt service payments (in millions $), 2001-2016 (all respondents) DEBT SERVICE (MILLIONS $)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 104 106 106 90 127 118 - Maximum (millions $)$294 $305 $232 $676 $234 $168 - Average (millions $)$44 $43 $32 $38 $20 $19 - Median (millions $)$16 $12 $12 $10 $7 $7 - Minimum (millions $)$0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 - TOTAL $4,532 $4,543 $3,424 $3,376 $2,583 $2,274 $10,000 $100,000 $1,000,000 $10,000,000 $100,000,000 $1,000,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Debt Service ($) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.22 - Debt service payments, 2010-2016 2016 2013 2010 64 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing A breakdown of debt service payments for the six categories of debt financing is illustrated in Figure B�23� As with outstanding debt, revenue bonds comprise the majority (66 percent) of debt service payments� 62% 66% 8% 16% 10% Revenue bonds SRF loans G.O. bonds Other debt instruments Short-term (commerical paper/notes) Long-term (capital lease obligations) Figure B.23 - Breakdown of debt service, 2016 ($4.5 billion) Note: Both short-term and long-term capital lease obligations comprise less than 0.1% of debt service. DEBT SERVICE PAYMENT TRENDS Debt service payments, which are comprised of both loan principal and interest payments, are directly affected by overall debt levels� The changes in debt service among agencies that responded to two successive surveys were analyzed to assess trends in debt service payments� Table B�25 summarizes these data from 2007 to 2016� The data show that debt service payments decreased by nearly three percent from 2013 to 2016, while over the longer term, utility debt service payments have increased 35 percent from 2007 to 2016 (i�e�, on average 3�4 percent per year)� Table B.25 - Trends in debt service expense, 2007-2016 (common respondents) DEBT SERVICE 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 9-YEAR CHANGE 2007-2016 - Common Agencies responding 69 74 78 54 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value +26.3%+20.5%-2.5%+35.1% Historical average debt service as a percent of total expense for all respondents is shown in Table B�2614 Percentages were calculated based on total debt service and total expenses for all respondents� The data show that the average debt service as a percent of total expense has ranged from 25 to 29 percent of total expenses from 2001 to 2016� Table B.26 - Debt service as a percent of total expenses, 2001-2016 DEBT SERVICE AS PERCENT OF TOTAL EXPENSE 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies responding 115 117 106 92 128 119 - Average 29%27%26%28%27%25% Debt service payments increased on average 3.4 percent per year from 2007 to 2016. 14. Data sourced from Question B.3 of the Financial Survey 65A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF DEBT Table B�27 summarizes the distribution of outstanding debt among G�O� bonds, revenue bonds, SRF loans, and other debt instruments� Short-term debt and long-term leases were excluded from this analysis� The number of agencies using each source of financing, as well, as the total, average, and median debt values are provided for each debt financing method� Table B.27 - Frequency distribution of debt (as of January 1, 2017) PERCENT OF TOTAL AGENCY DEBT NUMBER OF AGENCIES G.O. BOND REVENUE BOND SRF OTHER 90-100 3 35 16 2 80-90 2 5 2 1 70-80 1 8 2 1 60-70 1 4 3 0 50-60 1 4 3 0 40-50 1 3 5 1 30-40 2 0 3 0 20-30 3 2 7 1 10-20 3 5 8 3 0-10 6 1 17 19 0 75 29 32 70 SUMMARY STATISTICS - Total Agencies (non-zero)23 67 66 28 - Total (million $)5,380 40,065 8,476 2,388 - Average (million $)179 541 116 68 - Median (million $)17 243 32 3 Note: Numbers exclude agencies that provided only partial data (e.g., no total expenditure value). Summary statistics based on number of responses to each category. Also, table does not include $312 million in short-term debt and long-term capital lease obligations. 66 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing SENIOR VERSUS SUBORDINATE LIEN Utilities may issue debt that is secured by different liens on their net revenues� Survey respondents were re- quested to indcate what portion of their outstanding debt and debt service could be attributed to senior debt (i�e�, secured by a first lien on revenues), versus subordinate debt (i�e�, secured by a junior lien)� The major difference being that in the event of default, the senior debt is paid first� Figure B�24 shows an aggregate breakdown of senior versus subordinate debt for 47 utilities that provided information� Nearly three-quar- ters of $36�3 billion in outstanding debt is issued as senior debt� 62% 74%26% Senior debt Subordinate debt Figure B.24 - Senior vs. subordinate debt, 2017 ($36.3 billion, 47 utilities) FIXED VERSUS VARIABLE RATE DEBT Respondents were requested to indicate what portion of their outstanding debt and debt service could be at- tributed to a fixed rate of interest versus a variable rate� Fifty-one agencies, with $35�9 billion in long-term debt, indicated that 89 percent of outstanding debt is subject to a fixed interest rate� 62% 89% 11% Fixed rate debt Variable rate debt Figure B.25 - Fixed versus variable rate debt, 2017 ($35.9 billion, 51 utilities) 67A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing PER CAPITA LONG-TERM DEBT To compare capital financing structures among agencies, a ratio of per capita debt can be used as one measurement tool� Total outstanding debt (as of January 1, 2017) was divided by population served (Question A�4) to derive per capita debt� Table B�28 provides summary statistics for per capita debt while Figure B�26 illustrates the distribution of per capita debt for the 2011, 2014, and 2017 Surveys� Table B.28 - Per capita debt, 2002-2017 PER CAPITA DEBT ($/PERSON SERVED)2017 2014 2011 2008 2005 2002 - Agencies responding 93 98 95 85 121 112 - Maximum $4,967 $4378 $2,951 $2,939 $1,916 $1,684 - Average $816 $741 $642 $560 $471 $390 - Median $597 $508 $450 $413 $349 $267 - Minimum $5 $9 <$1 $10 <$1 $3 $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1,000 $1,200 $1,400 $1,600 $1,800 $2,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Per Capita Debt ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.26 - Distribution of per capita debt, 2011-2017 Note: Maximum values greater than$2,000 per capita are not shown. Average per capita debt was $816 in 2017.2017 2014 2011 68 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing CREDIT RATINGS Municipal bond ratings used to establish credit worthiness in the investment market provide a measure of fiscal health� Fifty-seven (57) out of 75 respondents use more than one rating service, with both Standard and Poor’s and Moody’s ratings being most prevalent and used by 85 percent of respondents to this ques- tion� Respondent utilities continue to receive very strong credit ratings from all three major rating services� Twenty-nine (29) out of 75 respondents received the highest “AAA” rating from S&P, Moody’s or Fitch rat- ing services (Figure B�27)� No major shifts in clean water utility credit ratings from 2014 are reported with nearly 90 percent of all respondents receiving better than an “A+/A1” rating (i�e�, above average creditwor- thiness)� 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 AAA/Aaa AA+/Aa1 AA/Aa2 AA-/Aa3 A+/A1 A/A2 A-/A3Number of agenciesFigure B.27 - Credit ratings (senior debt), 2017 Standard & Poors (S&P) Moody’s Fitch 69A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing COLLECTIONS / DELINQUENT CUSTOMER STRATEGIES Survey respondents were requested to provide the total annual delinquent account write-off (bad debt ex- pense), as well as the percentage of total revenue that was considered as delinquent account write-off in 2016� The total annual delinquent account write-off for 91 agencies providing wholesale or retail service was $98�4 million, with $90�3 million from 71 agencies providing at least some retail services�15 These 71 agencies had an average bad debt of 0�14 percent16 of total revenues� Table B�28 provides summary statistics for agency delinquent write-off for 2016� Table B.28 - Bad debt write-off, 2016 BAD DEBT WRITE-OFF 2016 BAD DEBT EXPENSE (RETAIL SERVICES) 2016 BAD DEBT EXPENSE (ALL RESPONDENTS) PERCENT (%) OF TOTAL REVENUE - Agencies responding 71 91 66 - Total $90,327,304 $98,472,473 - - Maximum $17,986,820 $17,986,820 52.0% - Average $1,272,216 $1,082,115 1.33%13 - Median $105,934 $59,998 0.16% - Minimum $0 $0 0.0% Respondents were requested to indicate one or more actions that are taken against customers that do not pay their bills within the time frame specified by their Utility� Actions included: ƒShutting off water service; ƒShutting off sewer service; ƒPlacing a lien on the property; ƒNotifying a collection agency; ƒNotifying a credit bureau; ƒWrite-off to bad debts, and; ƒSeek court judgements� Table B�29 provides the number and percent of agencies using each of the listed actions� Other additional actions noted by respondents included: file lawsuit, add fees, add to property taxes, auto- mated calls, debt setoff, keep deposit, notify law department, payment plans, state tax set off, rescind permit, small claims court, and Teeter Plan� 15. Agencies providing exclusively wholesale service were not included in the analysis because these agencies do not bill household customers directly. 16. This percent value was calculated by dividing the total bad debt write-off for all respondents in 2016 by the total reported revenues for these 74 respondents from Question B.2 of the survey. This bad debt percentage can be different than the average of the individually reported bad debt percentages reported in Question B.7 and shown in Table B.28 70 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing Table B.29 - Collection actions used, 2016 COLLECTION ACTION NUMBER OF AGENCIES PERCENT OF RESPONDENTS (OF 126) - Cut Off Water 66 52% - Cut Off Sewer 19 15% - Place Lien 52 41% - Collection Agency 50 40% - Credit Bureau 11 9% - Write Off 63 50% - Seek court judgements 11 9% - Sell bundled liens 1 1% - Other 22 18% Figure B�28 illustrates the distribution of bad debt write-off as a percent of total revenue for all respondents providing retail services� 0�00 0�25 0�50 0�75 1�00 1�25 1�50 1�75 2�00 2�25 2�50 2�75 3�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Percent Bad Debt Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.28 - Distribution of bad debt as a percent of total revenue, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values greater than three percent of total revenue are not shown. 2016 2013 2010 71A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing SHUT-OFF POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Thirty utilities responded to a new question that asked respondents to describe their shut-off policies and procedures due to delinquency� Only 24 of these respondents actually implement shut-off procedures, as two were wholesaler treatment agencies that only bill customer municipalities, three only placed liens on property of delinquent accounts, and one city indicated that it no longer performs shut-off as a result of delinquency� Five key aspects of shut-off policies and procedures were described by the remaining 24 respondents includ- ing: ƒThreshold amount needed to trigger shutoff: This is the amount of a past due account needed to trigger shut-off procedures� This may be the result of one bill or an accumulated amount from multiple bills� Fifteen of the 24 respondents (63%) indicated account thresholds of $25 to $300, with an average and median threshold of $113 and $75, respectively� ƒTime between first due date and shut-off: This is the minimum amount of time in days from the first bill due date when the threshold amount is met, to when a service shut-off actually may occur� There may be multiple interim actions prior to shut-off, including, but not limited to: a past due notice on the following month’s bill, separately mailed late notices, posting notice (i�e�, door tags), etc�, prior to actual shut-off� Based on the described procedures of 19 of 24 respondents (79%), a range of 14 days to two years time between the first bill due date and shut-off was reported, though a majority (15 out of 19) of respondents indicated that shut-offs occur between 20 and 60 days from the first bill due date� The median number of days between first bill due date and shut-off for all 19 respondents was 36 days� ƒPosting: Seven utilities indicated that part of their shut-off procedures included posting (i�e�, hanging of door tags - red color was noted) of properties prior to shut-off� Four utilities indicated the number of days from posting to shut-off which ranged from two to 15 days� Three utilities indicated that this was part of their procedure for multi-unit family dwellings (i�e�, a tag must be placed on every door) due to owner delinquency� ƒTreatment of single vs� multiple-family units: Four utilities indicated that single and multiple-family units are treated the same, and five utilities indicated that all tenants had to be contacted or provided notice prior to shut-off� ƒSeasonality: Respondents were requested to indicate whether shut-offs were seasonal or all year round� Ten out of 13 respondents indicated that shut-offs occur all year� Two utilities exclude the winter months (December - March) and one excluded times during extreme periods of weather� One utility mentioned that shut-offs occur only three times per year� Also, one utility mentioned that shut-offs do not occur on Fridays, holidays, or during holiday seasons� 72 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing FIVE-YEAR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT BUDGETS Capital improvement programs (CIP) define and prioritize capital needs and budgets for new construction, and repair and rehabilitation requirements to meet population growth, demand for increased services, and costs of compliance� A majority of CIP budget planning horizons fall in the range of five to 10 years� A total of 98 agencies provided information on their CIP budgets with an aggregate total of $63 billion, most of this from 2017 to 2026, but with a few programs extending beyond 2030� Since CIP budget time periods can vary, respondents were requested to provide their five-year 2017-2021 CIP budget, so that total aggregate budget for all agencies could be captured� A total of 97 agency respondents reported $35�6 billion in five-year capital improvement budgets for 2017- 2021� Table B�30 provides summary statistics for five-year capital needs from each of the past five Surveys� Both average and median budgets increased more than 20 percent since the 2014 Survey� Figure B�29 shows the distribution of total five-year capital improvement budgets� Table B.30 - Five-year CIP budget (millions) FIVE-YEAR CIP BUDGET 2017-2021(MILLIONS $)2014-2018(MILLIONS $)2011-2015(MILLIONS $)2008-2012(MILLIONS $)2005-2009(MILLIONS $) - Agencies responding 97 101 94 83 119 - Maximum (millions $)$2,085 $2,026 $1,734 $1,902 $3,811 - Average (millions $)$367 $307 $283 $315 $234 - Median (millions $)$157 $125 $115 $115 $88 - Minimum (millions $)$1 $2 $1 $1 $2 - TOTAL $35,600 $31,037 $26,619 $26,139 $27,843 $1,000,000 $10,000,000 $100,000,000 $1,000,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1005-Year Capital CIP Budget ($) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.29 - Five-year capital improvement program budgets, 2011-2017 Note: Maximum values of $2.1 billion, $2.0 billion, and $1.7 billion for 2017, 2014, and 2011 are not shown. 2017-2021 2014-2018 2011-2015 73A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing PER CAPITA FIVE-YEAR CIP BUDGET In addition to total five-year CIP budgets, an analysis of per capita five-year CIP budgets was performed for those agencies that provided both CIP budget data and service population� Table B�31 provides summary statistics for per capita five-year CIP budgets from each of the past five Surveys� Figure B�30 shows the distribution of per capita five-year capital improvement needs from the 2017, 2014, and 2011 Surveys� Table B.31 - Per capita five-year CIP budgets PER CAPITA FIVE-YEAR NEEDS ($/CAPITA/YEAR)2017-2021 2014-2018 2011-2015 2008-2012 2005-2009 - Agencies responding 94 99 88 80 117 - Maximum $2,294 $2,636 $2,425 $4,392 $1,799 - Average $600 $539 $502 $567 $416 - Median $474 $367 $365 $416 $315 - Minimum $18 $23 $1 $25 $34 $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1,000 $1,200 $1,400 $1,600 $1,800 $2,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Per Capita 5-Year CIP Budget ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.30 - Distribution of per capita five-year CIP budget Note: Maximum values of $2,294, $2,636, and $2,425 for 2017, 2014, and 2011, respectively are not shown. Five-year budgets for capital improvement programs averaged $600 per capita in 2017. 2017-2021 2014-2018 2011-2015 74 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing BREAKDOWN OF CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGETS To highlight specific areas of future capital spending, respondents were also requested to provide a breakdown of capital improvement program budgets in 12 categories, including: ƒPrimary Treatment (New or Expanded Facilities) ƒSecondary Treatment (New or Expanded Facilities) ƒTertiary Treatment (New or Expanded Facilities) ƒBiosolids Management ƒInfiltration / Inflow Correction ƒReplacement / Rehabilitation - Existing Collection System and Pump Stations ƒReplacement / Rehabilitation - Treatment Facilities ƒNew Collector Sewers and Pump Stations ƒNew Interceptors and Pump Stations ƒCombined Sewer Overflows ƒStormwater ƒAir Toxics/Air Quality� Figure B�31 shows the breakdown by dollar amount of five-year CIP budgets reported in 12 categories for 2017- 2021� The distribution of five-year capital program budgets shows that: ƒThe highest five-year capital program budget areas are for replacement and repair of existing sewers, pump stations, and treatment facilities (41 percent of total needs) – similar to results reported in the 2014 Survey; ƒCapital program budgets for advanced treatment decreased from 11 to 8 percent of total CIP budgets, despite new and increasingly stringent permit requirements (as compared to 2014 Survey), and; ƒCapital needs for combined sewer overflow correction increased from 12 to 14 percent of total needs since the 2014 Survey�17 Figure B.31 - Distribution of five-year capital improvement budgets, 2017-2021 ($35.6 billion, 97 agency respondents) 24% 17% 14%13% 8% 5%4%4%3%3%2%2% <1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Replace/rehabsewers andpump stations Replace/rehabtreatmentfacilities Combinedsewer overflowcorrection Other Advancedtreatment Secondarytreatment New collectorsewers I/I Correction Stormwatermanagement Newinterceptors Biosolidsmanagement Primarytreatment Air ToxicsPercent of five-year CIP budgets17. Twenty-six out of 97 respondents to this question reported CIP budgets for CSOs. Out of 126 Survey respondents, 35 agencies indicated service areas that include combined sewers. Legacy replacement/rehabilitation comprise 41 percent of planned capital budgets and exceed all other areas of planned capital spending. 75A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing Table B�32 provides summary data for five-year CIP budget categories over the past five Surveys� The data indicate a continued emphasis on inflow/infiltration (I/I) control and replacement and rehabilitation of sewers, pump stations, and treatment facilities� These three needs categories make- up 45% of all capital program budgets, an increase from the 2008 survey when these three categories made up 33% of all capital needs� Table B.32 - Trends in five-year capital improvement budgets FIVE-YEAR CIP BUDGET NEW OR EXPANDED PRIMARYFACILITIES NEW OR EXPANDED SECONDARYFACILITIES NEW OR EXPANDED TERTIARYFACILITIES BIOSOLIDMANAGE-MENT I/ICORR-ECTION REPLACE & REHABSEWERS & PUMP STATIONS REPLACE & REHABTREATMENT FACILITIES NEW COLLECTOR SEWERS NEW INTERCEP-TORS CSO MITIGATION STORM-WATER AIR TOXICS/ QUALITY OTHER Number of Agencies Responding (2005-2009)24 43 38 -44 98 81 49 53 29 -21 47 Number of Agencies Responding (2008-2012)20 34 30 -31 67 62 32 40 19 -13 35 Number of Agencies Responding (2011-2015)28 36 29 -31 75 65 33 36 17 -12 46 Number of Agencies Responding (2014-2018)25 35 29 -29 82 72 37 32 19 -15 53 Number of Agencies Responding (2017-2021)27 30 30 29 31 83 64 30 24 26 13 14 56 Total 2005-2009 (Millions $)433 2,190 2,052 -619 4,750 6,778 1,764 2,291 3,689 -310 2,305 Total 2008-2012 (Millions $)1,056 1,847 3,906 -578 3,290 4,036 1,463 2,831 2,857 -105 1,847 Total 2011-2015 (Millions $)1,051 1,599 3,132 -1,062 4,820 3,822 734 1,351 2,801 -21 2,430 Total 2014-2018 (Millions $)755 1,483 2,785 -1,435 5,923 4,583 1,638 1,222 3,683 -192 1,856 Total 2017-2021 (Millions $)755 1,674 2,640 757 1,356 8,185 5,989 1,505 1,060 4,744 1,146 114 4,536 Total 2005-2009 (% of CIP)1.6%8.1%7.6%-2.3%17.5%24.9%6.5%8.4%13.6%-1.1%8.5% Total 2008-2012 (% of CIP)4.4%7.8%16.4%-2.4%13.8%16.9%6.1%11.9%12.0%-0.4%7.8% Total 2011-2015(% of CIP) 4.6%7.0%13.7%-4.7%21.1%16.7%3.2%5.9%12.3%-0.1%10.6% Total 2014-2018(% of CIP)3.0%5.8%10.9%-5.6%23.2%17.9%6.4%4.8%14.4%-0.8%7.3% Total 2017-2021(% of CIP)2.2%4.9%7.7%2.2%3.9%23.8%17.4%4.4%3.1%13.8%3.3%0.3%13.2% 2014 Survey to 2017 Survey Increase (Decrease) (0.8%)(0.9%)(3.2%)-1.7%0.6%(0.5%)(2.0%)(1.7%)(0.6%)-(0.5%)5.9% 76 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT BUDGET TRENDS To assess trends in capital budgets, a comparison of five-year CIP budgets was performed for agencies that responded to two successive surveys� Table B�33 summarizes these data from 2008 to 2017� As shown in the table, CIP budgets have increased by 22 percent from 2014 to 2017, while over the longer term, capital bud- gets increased only six percent from 2008 to 2017 (i�e�, on average less than one percent per year)� The large increase in CIP budgets by 22 percent from 2014 to 2017 represents a shift from the decreasing trend in 2011, and moderate increases in capital budgets shown in 2014� Table B.33 - Trends in five-year CIP budgets FIVE-YEAR CIP BUDGET CHANGE 2008-2011 2011-2014 2014-2017 9-YEAR CHANGE 2008-2017 - Common Agencies responding 62 68 70 48 - Percentage (%) Change in Average Value -11.4%+12.0%+21.8%+6.1% Five-year capital improvement budgets among common survey respondents increased 22 percent from the 2014 to 2017. 77A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Survey respondents were requested to provide information from their financial statements to better assess the financial position and financing trends of clean water agencies nationwide� Several financial ratios are also presented to allow agencies to compare their financial position with other similar agencies� FISCAL YEAR END DATE Because there is a range of fiscal year ending dates used by clean water agencies, respondents were requested to provide their financial data for the fiscal year ending in the calendar year 2016� Respondents were also asked to provide their fiscal year ending date� A breakdown of fiscal year end dates is shown in Figure B�32� Over 80 percent of agencies have a June 30 or December 31 fiscal year end date� Fiscal year end dates aggregated into the ‘other’ category included April 30 (six agencies), and October 31 (two agencies)� 62% 30 June 30 September 31 December Other 47% 11% 35% 7% Figure B.32 - Breakdown of fiscal year end dates, 2016 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET Balance sheets present the financial position of an organization at a specific date (e�g�, fiscal year end)� This statement provides information about the nature and quantity of resources (assets) and obligations (liabilities), with the difference reported as net assets� Over time, increases and decreases in net assets can serve as an indicator as to whether the financial position of an organization is improving or deteriorating� Survey respondents were requested to provide a balance sheet at their fiscal year end date in 2016� Using data received from 76 agencies that completed all parts of the balance sheet, a consolidated balance sheet was derived for these 76 agencies and is presented as Table B�34� A total of $100 billion in “book” assets are reported for these agencies� Most utility respondents end their fiscal year on June 30 or December 31. 78 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing Table B.34 - Consolidated balance sheet (76 NACWA member agencies) FISCAL YEAR ENDING 2016 (IN MILLIONS)PERCENT OF TOTAL (%) ASSETS AND DEFFERED OUTFLOWS OF RESOURCES Current assets (non-restricted)10,041 10.0% Current restricted assets 2,951 3.0% Other current assets 374 0.4% Total current assets 13,366 13.5% Capital assets 106,858 106.9% Less depreciation -29,075 -29.1% Net capital Assets 77,783 77.8% Other noncurrent assets 6,024 6.0% Total noncurrent assets 83,807 83.8% Total assets 97,173 97.2% Pension-related outflows 778 0.8% Other deferred outflows 2,006 2.0% Total deferred outflows 2,783 2.8% Total assets and deferred outflows of resources 99,956 100.0% LIABILITIES AND DEFERRED INFLOWS OF RESOURCES Current Liabilities 4,068 7.4% Bonds and loans payable 43,279 78.2% Other long-term liabilities 7,331 13.3% Total liabilities 54,679 98.9% Deferred inflows on pension 268 0.5% Other deferred inflows 364 0.7% Total deferred inflows 632 1.1% Total iabilities and deferred inflows of resources 55,311 100.0% NET POSITION Invested in capital assets, net of related debt 34,694 77.7% Restricted for capital projects 1,584 3.5% Restricted for debt service 1,630 3.6% Other restricted 921 2.1% Unrestricted 5,817 13.0% Total net position 44,646 100.0% Total liabilities, deferred inflows and net position 99,956 100.0% Seventy- six agencies (representing 49 million people served) reported $100 billion in total assets for their fiscal years ending in 2016 79A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES The statement of revenues, expenses, and changes in net assets (or fund balance) (SRE statement) presents the results of business activities over the course of the fiscal year and information as to how net assets changed during the year� Survey respondents were requested to provide an SRE statement for their fiscal year ending in 2016� Using data received from 100 agencies with $14 billion in revenue that completed all parts of the SRE statement, an aggregated SRE was derived for these 100 agencies and is presented as Table B�35� From the data, a positive change in net assets of $2�8 billion was reported for these agencies� Table B.35 - Consolidated statement of revenues and expenses (100 NACWA member agencies) FY ENDING IN 2016 (IN MILLIONS) REVENUES: Operating Revenue $ 13,210 Other Non-operating Income 924 Total Revenues 14,134 EXPENSES: Operating Expenses $ 7,718 Depreciation 2,628 Other Non-operating Expense 1,827 Total Expenses 12,173 CAPITAL CONTRIBUTIONS: Property Owner Assessments, Developer Contributions 828 Change in Net Assets / Fund Balance 2,789 Note: It was not possible to provide an aggregate SRE of the 76 agencies that provided complete balance sheet information since some agencies that completed the balance sheet portion of the survey did not complete the SRE portion of the survey. 80 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS Financial statements provide data to assess the financial strength of an organization in comparison to industry norms and to assess trends over time� NACWA has requested financial statement data since the 2005 Survey, however, due to the low number of common respondents that comprehensively complete the requested information, only 2013 and 2016 are used below to assess industry trends� Clean water utility balance sheets for the end of fiscal years 2013 and 2016 suggest only a slight upward trend in financing of assets through long-term debt� An aggregated balance sheet for 46 clean water utilities with nearly $54 billion in assets in 2016 (Table B�36) shows that the average debt ratio (total liabilities divided by total assets) rose from 0�51 to 0�53 between 2013 and 2016 indicating slightly increasing indebtedness (debt ratios greater than 0�5 indicate that an operation’s assets are financed primarily through debt)� The average current ratio liquidity measure (current assets divided by current liabilities) fell slightly from 3�0 to 2�9 from 2013 to 2016� These values indicate continuing strength in the ability to pay short-term obligations (current ratios above 1�0 indicate that short-term obligations can be met with readily available current assets)� Table B.36 - Aggregated balance sheet summary in millions USD, 2013-2016 (46 common respondents) END FY 2016 END FY 2013 (MILLIONS)(MILLIONS) ASSETS Current Assets $ 6,736 $ 6,655 Noncurrent assets 47,105 41,856 Total assets 53,841 48,512 LIABILITIES AND NET ASSETS Total current liabilities $ 2,315 $ 2,213 Long-term liabilities 26,008 22,634 Net assets 26,577 23,664 Total liabilities and net assets 54,901 48,513 The average debt ratio (i.e., total liabilities divided by total assets) rose slightly from 0.51 to 0.53 between 2013 and 2016. * NOTE: 2016 data do not show $1,245 million in deferred outflows, and $185 million in deferred inflows. 81A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing Table B.37- Aggregated balance sheet summary as percentage of assets, 2013-2016 (46 common respondents) END FY 2016 END FY 2013 (%)(%) ASSETS Current Assets 12.5%13.7% Noncurrent assets 87.5%86.3% Total assets 100.0%100.0% LIABILITIES AND NET ASSETS Total current liabilities 4.3%4.6% Long-term liabilities 48.3%46.7% Net assets 49.4%48.9% Total liabilities and net assets 102.0%*100.0% Aggregate statements of revenues and expenses (SRE) for the end of fiscal years 2013 and 2016 were compiled for 51 agencies that provided complete SRE data (Table B�38)� The trend data for these 51 agencies shows that, despite rising operations costs, utilities continue to generate adequate revenue to cover operational expenses� The average operating ratio (operating revenue divided by operating expense) remained at 1�6 indicating that despite rising operations costs, utilities continue to generate adequate revenue to cover operational expenses� Table B.38- Aggregated statement of revenues and expenses, 2013-2016 (51 common respondents) END FY 2016 END FY 2013 (MILLIONS)(MILLIONS) REVENUES Operating revenue $ 2,567 $ 2,161 Interest and other non-operating income 274 215 Total revenues 2,841 2,376 EXPENSE Operating expense $ 1,592 $ 1,372 Depreciation 748 657 Special and other non-operating expenses 275 289 Total expenses 2,615 2,318 CAPITAL CONTRIBUTIONS $ 444 $ 271 CHANGE IN NET ASSETS $ 672 $ 339 Despite rising operations costs, utilities continue to generate adequate revenue to cover operational expenses. * NOTE: 2016 data do not show $1,245 million in deferred outflows, and $185 million in deferred inflows. 82 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing CURRENT RATIO The current ratio is a liquidity measure that is used to judge the current bill-paying ability of an organization, i�e�, its ability to meet its current obligations� The ratio is calculated by dividing current assets by current liabilities� For clean water agencies, the ratio is somewhat more complicated to accurately calculate in that some current assets may be restricted, and thus not available to meet current liabilities� Likewise, some current liabilities may be targeted for restricted funds� Ideally, the ratio would exclude both restricted current assets, and current liabilities that will be paid using restricted assets� Since information on current liabilities that will be paid from restricted assets was not requested in the survey, the current ratio is presented here as total current assets divided by total current liabilities� Table B�39 provides summary statistics on the current ratio for all agencies responding to the Survey from 2005 to 2017� Figure B�33 illustrates the distribution of the current ratio for all respondents during the past three surveys� Table B.39 - Current ratio CURRENT RATIO 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies responding 103 100 94 82 99 - Maximum 22.84 16.57 31.01 39.63 24.45 - Average 4.38 4.49 5.16 5.29 4.95 - Median 3.73 3.40 3.56 3.94 3.29 - Minimum 0.50 0.41 0.27 0.20 0.19 0�0 2�0 4�0 6�0 8�0 10�0 12�0 14�0 16�0 18�0 20�0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Current RatioPercent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.33 - Current ratio distribution, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values greater than 20 are not shown. 2016 2013 2010 83A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing OPERATING RATIO The operating ratio is a measure of operational sustainability and can be used to judge whether revenues from operations are adequate to cover operational expenses� The ratio is calculated by dividing operating revenues by operating expenses (excluding depreciation)� Ratio values greater than one indicate that annual revenues were adequate to cover expenses during the year� Table B�40 provides summary statistics on the operating ratio for all agencies responding to the Survey from 2005 to 2017� Figure B�34 illustrates the distribution of operating ratios for the respondents for the last three surveys� Table B.40 - Operating ratio OPERATING RATIO 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies responding 108 112 100 84 103 - Maximum 24.65 3.60 3.53 2.86 3.03 - Average 1.99 1.70 1.66 1.59 1.59 - Median 1.74 1.62 1.57 1.54 1.54 - Minimum 0.5 0.11 0.7 0.21 0.34 0�00 0�25 0�50 0�75 1�00 1�25 1�50 1�75 2�00 2�25 2�50 2�75 3�00 3�25 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Operating RatioPercent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.34 - Operating ratio distribution, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values greater than 3.25 are not shown. 2016 2013 2010 84 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing DEBT RATIO This ratio estimates what proportion of an organization’s assets are being financed through debt� The ratio is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets� Both of these values are found on an organization’s balance sheet� The lower the value, the lower the utility’s indebtedness� Some utilities may use variations of this ratio including: a debt/equity ratio, or equity/debt ratio� Each ratio provides similar information regarding overall debt financing� The debt ratio and its variations are useful in comparing risk levels, and tracking indebtedness over time� Table B�41 provides summary statistics on the debt ratio for agencies responding to the Surveys from 2005 to 2017� Figure B�35 illustrates the distribution of debt ratio for respondents to the last three surveys� Table B.41 - Debt ratio DEBT RATIO 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies responding 103 104 95 83 99 - Maximum 0.98 1.02 1.00 0.88 0.84 - Average 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.39 0.39 - Median 0.43 0.40 0.42 0.34 0.37 - Minimum 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0�00 0�10 0�20 0�30 0�40 0�50 0�60 0�70 0�80 0�90 1�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Debt RatioPercent of Agencies Below Value Figure B.35 - Debt ratio distribution, 2010-2016 2016 2013 2010 85A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS In addition to salaries, many utility employees earn benefits over their years of service that will not be received until their employment ends due to retirement or other reasons� The 2017 Survey requested information concerning pension plans and other post-employment benefits (OPEB) plans, such as group health care� PLAN TYPES The majority (greater than 90 percent) of utility respondents implement defined benefit plans for both pensions and OPEB that specify the amount of benefits to be provided to employees after the end of their employment� Only one-third of respondent utilities use pension contribution plans that specify only the amount contributed by the employer to a plan member’s account, but do not specify the amount of benefits that employees will receive (e�g�, Individual Retirement Accounts, or 401(k) plans)� Many respondent utilities (31 percent), however, use both types of pension plans concurrently, e�g�, switching to defined contribution plans for all new employees� FINANCING METHOD Most respondent utilities (94 percent)18 report using an actuarial method to finance pension plans� This approach entails paying into a pension plan/fund an amount that is expected to be sufficient, if invested, to finance the benefits of employees after they are no longer working for the utility� For OPEB however, more than one-half of utility respondents (60 percent) report using the pay-as-you-go method� This approach entails paying an amount each year equal to the benefits distributed or claimed in that year� A few respondent utilities (four percent) report using both approaches for OPEB� FINANCIAL REPORTING As per the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB),19 costs associated with pension and OPEB benefits must be reported as costs as these benefits are earned� This means that the cost of these future benefits is factored into the cost of providing utility services for today’s customers� Accounting standards for pensions were issued in 1994 and for OPEB in 2004, with additional regulations20 to require that these obligations appear as net liabilities in employer financial statements starting in fiscal years ending after June 30, 2014� These regulations as well as economic factors, have highlighted large unfunded retirement liabilities that governments and public agencies alike must take into account and plan for in future budgeting� Accrued liabilities for benefits already earned in the past, amounted to $24�7 billion in pensions (for 40 utilities) and $3�0 billion in OPEB costs (for 37 utilities)� Overall average funded ratios21 (i�e�, assets valuation / accrued liabilities) for pensions and OPEB liabilities are 67 percent and 23 percent, respectively� Average funded ratios (i.e. assets valuation / accrued liabilities) for pensions and OPEB liabilities are 67 percent and 23 percent, respectively. 18. Calculated from a total of 62 respondents to this question. 19. Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB). Statement Nos. 25, 27, 43, 45, 67 and 68. Washington, DC. (http://www.gasb.org). 20. Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB). Statement Nos. 67 and 68. Washington, DC. (http://www.gasb.org). 21. For respondent utilities. 86 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing Table B.42 - Aggregate summary of retirement and post-employment benefits BENEFIT CATEGORY PENSION OPEB PLAN TYPES Utility respondents 73 37 Defined benefit plan (% of utilities using)93%97% Defined contribution plan (% of utilities using)36%16% Both defined benefit and contribution plans (% of utilities)31%8% COVERAGE Utility respondents 73 59 Retirement 99%7% Post-employment life insurance (% of utilities responding)67%15% Post-employment disability (% of utilities responding)60%5% Post-employment healthcare (% of utilities provding)12%95% FINANCIAL METHOD Utility respondents 62 5722 Actuarial approach (% of utilities using)94%44% Pay-as-you-go (% of utilities responding)6%60% FINANCIAL REPORTING Utility respondents 4023 3724 Asset valuation (millions $)16,589 697 Accrued liability (millions $)24,697 3,003 Funded ratio (of totals above)67%23% Funded ratio (range / average)0-105% / 75%0-108% / 28% Covered payroll (millions $)2,495 2,412 Annual cost (millions$)631 135 22. Two utilities indicated using both an actuarial and pay-as-you-go approach, thus percentages do not add to 100 percent. 23. Excludes three utilities that reported on large cost sharing pension plans (Orange County, CA, Central Marin Sanitation Agency, CA, and Toho Water Authority, FL). 24. Excludes four utilities that reported on large cost sharing OPEB plan (Sacramento County, CA, Miami-Dade County, FL, Central Marin Sanitation Agency, CA, and Narragansett Bay Commission, RI). 87A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart B - Financing FINANCIAL POLICIES / TARGETS Organizational policies that establish target levels for indicators such as reserve amounts, working capital, debt service coverage, and other financial indicators are established to guide decision-making and maintain the financial health of the organization� Respondents were requested to indicate the existence of 13 different financial policies/targets, and indicate target values used� Among 13 indicators, O&M reserve target is the most frequently used indicator and used by more than half of survey respondents� Figure B�36 shows the prevalence of different policies used by utility respondents� 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 O&Mreserves Total debtcoverage Debt ratio Workingcapital Permissableinvestments Senior debtservicecoverage Approvedrate-settingpolicy Maximumdebt Cash financedcapital Other Unrestrictedcash Assetsfinanced bydebt vs� cash Terms ofbonds byasset type RiskmanagementNumber of respondentsFigure B.36 - Percent of respondents that indicate the existence of policy or target, 2017 O&M RESERVES Operation and maintenance reserve targets are defined by number of days, dollar amount, or percent of budget/expenses� Twenty-one agencies reported operating reserve in number of days which ranged from 45 to 365� TOTAL DEBT SERVICE COVERAGE Total (senior and subordinate) debt service coverage ratios were reported for 52 agencies ranging from 1�0 to 2�5� The average and median debt service coverage target among the 54 agencues was 1�4 and 1�25, respectively� DEBT RATIO Target debt ratios were reported for 22 agencies ranging from 0�4 to 2�94� WORKING CAPITAL Working capital targets are defined by number of days, dollar amount, or percent of budget/expenses� Nine agencies reported working capital targets in number of days ranging from 60 to 365� Five agencies reported dollar amounts ranging from $5 to $150 million� A majority of responding agencies have established policies or targets for O&M reserves and debt service coverage. Target/policy stipulated in formal document Target/policy exists, but not in formal document 88 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part B- Financing PERMISSABLE INVESTMENTS Seventeen (17) agencies indicated the existence of an investment policy that defines permissable investments� SENIOR DEBT SERVICE COVERAGE Sixteen (16) respondent utilities indicated a target for senior debt service coverage� MAXIMUM DEBT Fifteen (15) respondent utilities indicated a maximum debt target� Three agencies provided a fixed dollar ceiling limit, while others indicated that the debt maximum was a percentage of net property or other asset value� APPROVED RATE SETTING POLICY Fifteen (15) agencies indicated the existence of an approved rate-setting policy� CASH-FINANCED CAPITAL Nine agencies indicated use of a target while seven agencies indicated cash-financed capital targets of 25 to 65 percent� UNRESTRICTED CASH Eight agencies indicated use of a target, while three agencies indicated unrestricted cash reserve targets of 180 to 400 days� One respondent provided a fixed dollar amount� ASSETS FINANCED BY DEBT VS CASH Eight agencies indicated use of a target, while three agencies indicated a target value of 15 to 30 percent use of cash� TERMS OF BONDS BY ASSET TYPE Seven respondent utilities indicated a policy on terms of bonds� Two indicated maximum bond terms of either 20 or 30 years, while one agency indicated that the bond term should match useful life of the financed asset� 89A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges SECTION C - RATES AND CHARGES 90 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges The 2017 NACWA Financial Survey shows that on average, 77 percent of a utility’s revenue originates directly from user fees and charges� Further, for many utilities this percentage can be greater than 90 percent of revenue, highlighting the importance of establishing and periodically reviewing rates and charges to reasonably assure adequate funds are generated to cover capital and O&M expenses� These fees and charges are based on the rates and rate structures set by the utility, and the types and vol- ume of wastewater discharged by residences, businesses, and industry� Recognizing that utility rates and rate structures vary widely, the NACWA Financial Survey has attempted to characterize the main elements of rate structures and quantify the range of charges used by clean water utilities� EFFECTIVE DATE OF CURRENT RATES As capital and maintenance costs change over time, there is a need to periodically reassess and adjust rates and rate structures� Fifty-five percent (55%) of survey respondents indicated that current rates have been in effect for one year or less, indicating that many agencies modify their rates on an annual basis� Eighty- five percent (85%) of respondent agencies have had rates in effect for 2 years or less� On average, rates have been in effect for 14 months, with a range from less than one month to more than six years� The distribu- tion in time rates have been in effect is shown in Figure C�1� Figure C.1 - Number of years current rates have been in effect As of July 1, 2017 Fifty-five percent (55%) of agencies have modified their rates in the past year and over 85% of agencies have modified their rates in the past two years. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Number of Years Current Rates in Effect Percent of Agencies Below Value 91A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges RESIDENTIAL WATER USE AND WASTEWATER VOLUME In the design of clean water agency rates and structures, overall system costs are allocated among different users in the system (i�e�, residential, commercial, etc�) in proportion to the cost of services received (i�e� flow volume, wastewater strength, etc�)� Average water use for single-family residences are often used to estimate the volume of wastewater discharged� This number of single-family accounts and average water use, or a por- tion thereof, may then be used to determine projected revenue from a proposed set of volume-based charges� In the 2017 Survey, the annual volume of water used for wastewater rate design was reported by 91 agen- cies� Figure C�2 illustrates the distribution of the annual volume of water used for rate design in 2007 and 2016, and illustrates a drop in distribution values for average water use over the past nine years� Table C�1 summarizes the statistics for annual volume of water used for rate design from 2004 to 2016� An analysis of common agency respondents for 2007 and 2016 confirms that average estimated water use for a single-family residence has dropped by 13�6 percent in nine years� 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 200,000 220,000 240,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Amount of Water Used (Gallons/Yr) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.2 - Distribution of annual water volumes used for rate design, 2007 & 2016 (all respondents) Table C.1 - Annual volume of water used in wastewater rate design, 2004-2016 ANNUAL VOLUME OF WATER USED FOR RATE DESIGN GALLONS PER YEAR CUBIC FEET PER YEAR 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 91 100 93 84 119 91 100 93 84 119 - Maximum 195,000 195,000 195,000 195,000 195,000 26,070 26,070 26,070 26,070 26,070 - Average 72,821 76,100 80,823 85,120 83,699 9,737 10,132 10,803 11,378 11,197 - Median 65,700 71,304 73,000 80,892 80,000 8,783 9,333 9,759 10,814 10,695 - Minimum 37,273 35,940 39,345 30,000 30,000 4,983 4,800 5,260 4,011 4,011 Estimated water use dropped 14% from 2007 to 2016 (for 49 common agency respondents) 2016 2007 92 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges Figure C�3 shows a breakdown of the three most common methods used by clean utilities to estimate residential contributed wastewater volume� These methods are used by agencies that base some portion of their residential wastewater revenue on a volume charge (77% of Survey respondents)� As shown in Figure C�3, the most predominant method for determining the amount of wastewater discharged is the use of 100 percent of metered water volume� Many agencies also use winter water use volume as an indicator of residential wastewater volume because summer water use includes outdoor activities (i�e�, lawn and garden watering, car washing, swimming pools, etc�) that do not result in wastewater discharge� As an example, an agency may record the most recent average monthly water use for the December through March time period, and then apply the winter average during the remaining portion of the billing year� The survey data suggest that the winter water use method is prevalent in the states of Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, and Utah� A small proportion of agencies use a fixed percentage of metered water calculation for determining wastewater volumes ranging from 80 to 99 percent of metered water volume� FIgure C.3 - Methods to estimate residential wastewater volume Agencies that do not base their residential sewer bills on volume, implement flat or fixed rates, and/or tax rates to recover costs of residential wastewater treatment� These rate structures will be discussed in a subsequent portion of this section� ESTIMATING RESIDENTIAL VOLUME 53% 7% 40%Winter Water Use 100% Metered Water Other % Water Use 93A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges RESIDENTIAL RATES AND STRUCTURES The NACWA Financial Survey has consistently shown that local user charges are the primary source of revenue generated by NACWA agencies� While nearly all NACWA agencies depend heavily on user charges for their revenue stream, the rate structures for these charges are diverse� Agencies can use any one or a combination of fixed/flat charges, volume-based charges, and tax-based charges� The 2017 Survey asked respondents to indicate their annual charges for the following rate types: Flat/Fixed Rate: Charges that remain constant irrespective of the volume discharged� Flat/fixed rates can have several components� These include: Customer Service/Billing Charge: Fixed user charge designed to recover individual customer service and meter billing costs� These charges are not designed to recover conveyance or treatment costs� Usage and Infiltration & Inflow (I/I )25 : Fixed user charges that may or may not assume a certain quantity of water discharged (see Rate Design : Residential Water Use Volume) for a given class of users (e�g�, single family, multi-family, etc�) and recover the costs of conveyance and treatment services� In some cases, mostly for commercial or industrial users, such costs may be based on meter size� Other Flat Charges: Some agencies define additional flat charges to include costs for reserve capacity, system availability, capital and facilities, high strength waste, minimum user charges, meter and maintenance charges, etc� These charges may or may not capture the costs of service and usage as described above� Volume Rate:Charges per gallon or cubic foot of wastewater discharged (i�e�, 80 to 100% of me- tered water)� Volume rates can be uniform (fixed irrespective of quantity of waste- water discharged), or can increase or decrease with increased wastewater volume (i�e�, block rates)� Commercial or industrial users may be charged different volume rates based on customer class or category� Tax Rate:For the purposes of the Survey, respondents were requested to list tax rate charge per $1,000 of assessed value (ad valorem tax26)� Some regional treatment agencies also reported that while they could not collect taxes, they received tax revenue from wholesale customer communities� Unit Charge:Some respondents indicated alternative types of unit charges that were based on dwelling size, dwelling type, existence of disposal units, number of bedrooms, etc� 25. Infiltration/Inflow (I/I) - Groundwater infiltration via cracked pipes or manholes, or excess water inflow from stormwater roof drains connected to sewer, broken pipes, basement sump pumps, or poorly connected sewer lines. 26. Ad Valorem Tax - A tax levied on the assessed value of real or personal property less any exemptions. Commonly referred to as “Property Tax”. 94 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges In the case of regional agencies that only provide wholesale treatment services, their wastewater rate structures may only be based on treatment charges� In addition to these charges, residential users may be subject to additional charges from their local communities for wastewater collection, billing, and other services� Table C�3 summarizes the different combinations of residential sewer charges for responding agencies from 2008 to 2017� A flat rate in combination with a volume-based rate is the most commonly applied rate structure, which is used by nearly half of the respondent agencies� Table C.3 - Residential rate structures, 2008-2017 RATE STRUCTURE NUMBER OF AGENCIES PERCENT OF AGENCIES (%) 2017 2014 2011 2008 2017 2014 2011 2008 - Flat/Fixed Charge Only 17 15 12 8 18%15%12%9% - Volume Rate Only 23 22 23 19 25%22%23%22% - Flat + Volume Charge 42 52 57 51 46%51%57%59% - Tax Rate or Unit Charge 7 10 7 9 8%10%7%10% - Unit charge only 3 3 --3%3%-- - Total 92 102 99 87 100%100%100%100% FLAT RATES In the 2017 Survey, 65 responding agencies indicated that they incorporate a fixed/flat charge as part of their residential sewer service charge� These agencies use one or a combination of flat/fixed charges as listed below: ƒ30 agencies use a customer service/billing charge only; ƒ12 agencies use a usage & I/I charge only; ƒ10 agencies use an “other” flat charge only, and; ƒ13 agencies use a combination of the flat rates listed above� In addition to fixed service/billing and usage charges, agencies reporting “other” fixed/flat charges, described these charges as one of the following: ƒSystem availability / readiness to serve charge; ƒFixed unit charges (units are based on the size or type of dwelling, and other factors); ƒConservation rate; ƒMinimum rate for base water use amount� Table C�4 provides summary statistics on flat rates when used alone or in combination with other charges� Figure C�4 illustrates the distribution of flat rates for the 66 agencies that incorporate a residential fixed/ flat charge� Table C�5 provides summary statistics on individual components of flat rate charges� Nearly one-half (46%) of respondents use a rate structure that includes a fixed charge and a volume-based charge. 95A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges Table C.4 - Statistics for residental flat rates among various rate structures, 2016 ($/year) FLAT RATE STATISTIC FLAT RATE USED ALONE FLAT RATE WITH TAX FLAT RATE WITH VOLUME CHARGE FLAT RATE WITH VOLUME CHARGE AND TAX - Agencies Responding 17 0 42 3 - Maximum $954.12 -$805.92 $242.98 - Average $387.47 -$177.78 $195.59 - Median $402.84 -$138.00 $181.80 - Minimum $95.28 -$12.00 $162.00 $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Flat Charge ($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.4 - Distribution of flat rates among rate structures, 2016 (59 agencies) Note: Maximum value of $954 for flat rate used alone is not shown on the chart Table C.5 - Statistics for flat rates among different rate components ($/year), 2016 FLAT RATE COMPONENT SERVICE/BILLING CHARGE USAGE & I/I CHARGE OTHER FIXED CHARGE - Agencies Responding 37 20 19 - Maximum $495.48 $530.64 $617.40 - Average $168.09 $271.33 $157.62 - Median $123.60 $265.46 $108.00 - Minimum $11.40 $66.20 $21.71 FLAT RATE TRENDS For common survey respondents to the 2013 and 2016 Surveys, the average service/billing charge has increased by 18 percent, the average usage and I/I charge has increased eight percent, and other fixed charges have increased by 16 percent in three years� Flat rate used with volume charge Flat rate used alone The average fixed rate for service and billing in 2016 was $168. This rate has increased on average 6% per year over the last three years. 96 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges VOLUME RATES Volume rates are used by 77 percent of clean water agency respondents� Table C�6 provides summary statistics for the 80 agencies that use volume rates alone or in combination with other charges� Figure C�5 shows the distribution of volume rates for the 22 agencies that base their entire residential charge on a volume rate and for the 42 agencies where the volume rate is combined with a flat charge� Table C.6 - Statistics for residential volume rates among various rate structures ($ per 1,000 gallons), 2016 Figure C.5 - Distribution of volume rates among rate structures, 2016 (64 agencies) Note: Maximum values of $16.40 and $14.25 for volume rate used alone and volume rate used with flat charge are not shown on the chart VOLUME RATE TRENDS For common survey respondents to the 2014 and 2017 Surveys, the average volume rate when used alone, and the volume rate when used with a flat charge have risen 18% and 17%, respectively over three years� The average volume rate was $5.29 per 1,000 gallons in 2016. This volume rate has increased on average 5.5 % per year over the last three years. $0�00 $1�00 $2�00 $3�00 $4�00 $5�00 $6�00 $7�00 $8�00 $9�00 $10�00 $11�00 $12�00 $13�00 $14�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Volume Rates ($/1,000 Gallons)Percent of Agencies Below Value VOLUME RATE ($/1,000 GALLONS)USED ALONE WITH FLAT CHARGE WITH TAX WITH FLAT CHARGE AND TAX - Agencies Responding 22 42 3 3 - Maximum $16.40 $14.25 $5.63 $2.71 - Average $6.27 $5.30 $3.09 $1.91 - Median $5.29 $4.44 $2.47 $1.65 - Minimum $1.80 $0.94 $1.16 $1.38 Volume rate used with flat charge Volume rate used alone 97A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges VOLUME RATE STRUCTURE Respondents were requested to indicate whether their agency implements a uniform, ascending, or descend- ing rate structure based on usage� Out of 75 responses to this question, the majority use uniform residential volume rate structures� Figure C�6 illustrates the breakdown of uniform, ascending, and descending rate structure use� Figure C.6 - Use of variable volume rate structures, 2016 (75 agencies) INSIDE VERSUS OUTSIDE CITY RATES Seventeen respondents out of 88 (19%) reported the use of different flat charges and/or volume rates for residential customers located inside versus outside city boundaries� For 12 out of the 18 respondents (71%), flat charges and/or volume rates were higher for outside city customers than for inside city customers� The use of higher volume rates for outside city customers may reflect the increased cost of collection and inter- ceptors to service outside areas� Higher charges for outside city customers are typically used to recognize the inherent risks involved in serving the outside city (non-owner) customers, higher service costs, as well as the value of services provided by other city departments that are funded by City tax revenues� TAX RATES Six responding agencies implement taxes to collect a portion of their residential service charges, and one agency use taxes exclusively to collect their residential service charges� The actual reported tax rates vary from $0�0028 to $1�47 per $1,000 assessed, however, differences in property values, the percent of market value used in applying tax rates, the amount dedicated to wastewater services, and tax exemptions from agency to agency do not allow for a meaningful comparison of these rates� Uniform volume rates are used by 79% of the agencies that charge by usage. 20% 79% 1% Uniform volume rate Ascending volume rate Descending volume rate 98 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges RESIDENTIAL CHARGES The wide range of rate structures implemented by clean water agencies makes it difficult to directly compare rates among utilities when analyzing trends� To facilitate these comparisons, the Survey requests information regarding charges paid by single-family residential users on an annual basis� MAXIMUM RESIDENTIAL CHARGE Some wastewater rate structures that base the bill on a water meter reading assume that any usage above a given amount (the cutoff point) is not discharged to the sanitary sewer system (e�g� lawn irrigation)� Table C�7 shows 19 agencies (16%) that have indicated a maximum residential single-family sewer service charge was applied in 2016� Figure C�7 shows the distribution of the maximum annual residential charges in 2013 and 2016� Table C.7 - Maximum residential charge ($/year), 2001-2016 MAXIMUM RESIDENTIAL CHARGE ($/YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies Responding 19 25 21 20 31 29 - Maximum $6,400 $1,514 $1,344 $841 $1,085 $1,084 - Average $902 $485 $531 $388 $397 $308 - Median $495 $352 $351 $295 $277 $214 - Minimum $156 $158 $107.$132 $115 $78 Respondents were requested to report the potential maximum charge billed by their wastewater treat- ment agency� In addition to this maximum charge, residential users may be subject to ad valorem taxes imposed by the locality, or other related sanitary sewer service charges� Figure C.7 - Distribution of maximum residential charge, 2013 & 2016 (all respondents with a maximum charge) Note: Maximum value of $6,400 for 2016 is not shown on the chart 2016 2013 Fewer than 20% of agencies have a cap on residential charges. $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 $1,500 $1,600 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Maximum Residential Charge ($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value 99A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges MINIMUM RESIDENTIAL CHARGE Minimum residential charges consist of the fees charged to all residential customers for customer service/ billing with or without a usage component� As shown in Table C�8 below, 83 agencies (66%) reported a minimum residential sewer service charge for 2016� Figure C�8 shows the distribution of the minimum an- nual residential charges for 2016� When completing this question, respondents were requested to include ad valorem taxes applicable to wastewater service� In 2016, the average of minimum charges among 83 agencies was $193, which includes five agencies that reported a minimum charge of $0� Table C.8 - Minimum residential charge ($/year), 2001-2016 Figure C.8 - Distribution of minimum annual residential charges, 2013 & 2016 Note: Maximum value of $945 for 2013 is not shown on the chart For 65 common survey respondents to the 2014 and 2017 surveys, the average minimum charge has increased at an average of 2�6 percent per year, over the 3-year period� Nearly two-thirds (61%) of respondent agencies indicated the use of a minimum residential charge. 2016 2013 MINIMUM RESIDENTIAL CHARGE ($/YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies Responding 83 90 84 81 109 104 - Maximum $531 $945 $692 $513 $410 $323 - Average $193 $173 $140 $123 $111 $107 - Median $152 $137 $115 $99 $88 $82 - Minimum $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Minimum Residential Charge ($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value 100 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE The average annual single-family residential sewer service charges (inclusive of collection and treat- ment) provides a consistent benchmark to measure the price of service and changes in the price of ser- vice among clean water utilities nationwide� Methods to derive the average charge vary among agencies as average water use rates and rate structures differ from agency to agency� As shown in Table C�9 below, 88 agencies reported an average residential sewer service charge for 2016� When completing this question, respondents were requested to include ad valorem tax revenue applicable to wastewater service and charges for combined sewerage systems� Respondents were asked not to include charges for separate storm water sewer systems� Table C.9 - Average residential charge ($/year), 2002-2016 Figure C.9 - Distribution of average residential charge, 2005-2013 2013 2010 2016 27. In the 2002 and 2005 NACWA Financial Surveys, the average residential charge was requested for the current survey year. AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE ($/YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 200527 200227 - Agencies Responding 88 94 86 79 109 112 - Maximum $1,309 $1,297 $934 $694 $548 $540 - Average $453 $374 $340 $302 $263 $233 - Median $430 $351 $327 $278 $250 $224 - Minimum $114 $134 $109 $80 $80 $54 $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Average Residential Charge ($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.9a - Distribution of average residential charge, 2010-2016 (all respondents) Note: Maximum values of $1,309 and $1,297 for 2016 and 2013, respectively, are not shown on the chart 101A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE TRENDS In addition to this comprehensive Financial Survey, NACWA performs an annual survey on changes in residential sewer service rates, called the NACWA Cost of Clean Water Index (Index) to supplement the data in the Financial Survey� The NACWA Index measures the year-to-year percent change in residential sewer charges and has tracked the national trends in residential service charges since 1985� The 2017 data indicate that the average residential service charge continues to increase faster than the national rate of inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index� From 2003 to 2017, the average annual service charge doubled from $250 to $501� The Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased only 34 percent in the same period� Projections from the 2017 NACWA Index indicate that the average single-family residential service charge will exceed $550 per year in 2020, a 10 percent increase in three years� Figure C.9b - Historical and projected average single-family residential service charge (2000- 2022) The NACWA Index indicates that the long-term average annual change in residential charges was 4.9% per year from 2000 to 2017, more than double the long-term rate of inflation of 2.1% during the same time period. $222 $230 $239 $250 $262 $284 $295 $308 $324 $357 $381 $399 $412 $435 $448 $452 $479 $501 $517 $536 $558 $589 $623 $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022Average Annual Charge ($)NACWA Index Consumer Price Index (as $ amount) Notes: 2018 to 2022 projected average service charges are based on approved and anticipiated rate increases. Series data for the CPI represent the CPI as a dollar value on the chart. The annual average CPI value for 2000 was 172.2, which has been converted to $172.20. Likewise, the average annual CPI in 2017 was 245.12, which has been converted to $245.12. In 1985, the average residential sewer service charge of $102.75 and the CPI value of 107.6, were close to equivalent. 102 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE AT 90,000 GALLONS PER YEAR USAGE To determine nationwide average sewer charges, NACWA has historically requested the average annual sewer charge for a single-family residence, irrespective of water use, recognizing that water use patterns vary across the country� Since 2005, NACWA not only requested average single-family sewer charge information, but also an estimate of the residential sewer charge at a water usage of 90,000 gallons per year (approximately 12,000 cubic feet), using their rates and rate structures� A total of 92 responses were received, with an average annual charge at $600 for 90,000 gallons of use� Because water use patterns vary across the country, this calculated charge may not be reflective of actual charges paid by residential customers� Table C�10 provides summary statistics for this calculated charge, while Figure C�10 illustrates the distribution of the responses for 2013 and 2016� Table C.10 - Average residential charge at 90,000 gallons per year use ($/year), 2005- 2016 AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE ($/YEAR) AT 90,000 GALLONS/YEAR USE 2016 2013 2010 2007 2005 - Agencies Responding 86 92 87 76 110 - Maximum $1,672 $1,672 $879 $560 $567 - Average $600 $476 $406 $330 $284 - Median $547 $443 $386 $327 $273 - Minimum $176 $176 $75 $78 $78 $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 $1,500 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Average Residential Charge at 90,000 Gallons($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.10 - Distribution of average residential charge at 90,000 gallons per year use ($/year), 2013 & 2016 Note: Maximum value of $1,672 for 2016 and 2013 is not shown on the chart The average single-family residential sewer charge in 2016 was $600 at 7,500 gallons per month usage. 2016 2013 103A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE AT 90,000 GALLONS PER YEAR USAGE To determine nationwide average sewer charges, NACWA has historically requested the average annual sewer charge for a single-family residence, irrespective of water use, recognizing that water use patterns vary across the country� Since 2005, NACWA not only requested average single-family sewer charge information, but also an estimate of the residential sewer charge at a water usage of 90,000 gallons per year (approximately 12,000 cubic feet), using their rates and rate structures� A total of 92 responses were received, with an average annual charge at $600 for 90,000 gallons of use� Because water use patterns vary across the country, this calculated charge may not be reflective of actual charges paid by residential customers� Table C�10 provides summary statistics for this calculated charge, while Figure C�10 illustrates the distribution of the responses for 2013 and 2016� Table C.10 - Average residential charge at 90,000 gallons per year use ($/year), 2005- 2016 AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CHARGE ($/YEAR) AT 90,000 GALLONS/YEAR USE20162013201020072005 - Agencies Responding86928776110 - Maximum$1,672$1,672$879$560$567 - Average$600$476$406$330$284 - Median$547$443$386$327$273 - Minimum$176$176$75$78$78 $0 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 $1,500 0102030405060708090100Average Residential Charge at 90,000 Gallons($/year) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.10 - Distribution of average residential charge at 90,000 gallons per year use ($/year), 2013 & 2016 Note: Maximum value of $1,672 for 2016 and 2013 is not shown on the chart RESIDENTIAL FEES In addition to regular periodic flat charges, use-based charges, and taxes, clean water utilities may assess one-time fees associated with the provision of sewer service� Survey participants were requested to provide information on the following types of residential fees� ƒResidential Connection Fee: Charge a residential customer pays to have sewer service installed (e�g�, cost of connecting house lateral for the first-time)� ƒResidential Facility/Impact Fee One-time fees collected to offset capital improvements associated with the expansion of the system (i�e�, recover costs associated with developing system capacity)� This may also be called a system development fee, hookup fee, or capacity charge� ƒLate Fee: The amount charged for overdue sewer bill either as a flat fee or as a percent of the overdue amount� ƒNew Account Fee: The administrative fee charged to establish a new residential account� RESIDENTIAL CONNECTION FEE As shown in Table C�11 below, 79 agencies indicated a residential connection fee for connecting to the sewer system� Figure C�11 shows the distribution of the residential connection fees for 2013 and 2016� Table C.11 - Residential connection fee, 2004-2016 RESIDENTIAL CONNECTION FEE ($)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 79 79 74 61 85 - Maximum $10,944 $9,963 $10,750 $10,250 $8,750 - Average $1,699 $1,589 $1,610 $1,562 $1,236 - Median $940 $600 $523 $560 $500 - Minimum $0 $0 $0 $5 $5 Figure C.11 - Distribution of residential connection fees, 2013 and 2016 (all respondents) Note: Maximum values of $10,944 and $9,963 for 2016 and 2013, respectively are not shown on the chart. 2016 2013 Residential connection fees increased an average of 2.3% per year from 2013 to 2016. $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 $3,500 $4,000 $4,500 $5,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Residential Connection Fee ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 104 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges The change in residential connection fees among agencies that responded to both 2014 and 2017 surveys were analyzed to assess a trend in residential connection fees� Twenty-three out of 58 common respon- dents (40%) reported changes in their residential connection fees from 2013 to 2016� Overall (including agencies that did not change their fees), the average residential connection fees increased by eight percent from 2013 to 2016, for these 58 agencies� RESIDENTIAL FACILITY / IMPACT FEE As shown in Table C�12 below, 49 agencies in the 2017 Survey indicated a residential facility fee charged to new customers which is used to offset the capital cost of reserve capacity or the cost of capital improve- ments associated with expansion of the system� Figure C�12 shows the distribution of the residential facil- ity fees for 2013 and 2016� Table C.12 - Residential facility/hookup fee, 2004-2016 RESIDENTIAL FACILITY FEE ($)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 49 52 42 30 57 - Maximum $8,043 $7,750 $7,310 $6,138 $5,700 - Average $2,462 $2,059 $2,254 $2,407 $1,621 - Median $2,150 $1,482 $2,165 $2,255 $992 - Minimum $0 $0 $0 $50 $30 $0 $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Residential Facility Fee ($) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.12 - Distribution of residential facility fees, 2013 and 2016 (all respondents) The change in residential facility fees among agencies that responded to both 2014 and 2017 Surveys were analyzed to assess a trend in residential facility fees� Fifteen out of 36 common respondents (42%) reported changes in their residential facility fees from 2013 to 2016� Overall (including agencies that did not change their fees), the average residential facility fee increased by seven percent from 2013 to 2016 for these 36 agencies� Residential facility fees increased an average of 2% per year from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 105A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges NEW ACCOUNT FEE As shown in Table C�13 below, 25 agencies indicated that an account fee is charged to new customers for the administrative cost to establish a new account� Figure C�13 shows the distribution of the new account fees for 2013 and 2016� The distribution includes an additional 13 agencies (34% of responses to this question) indicating that no new account fee is charged, which are not included in Table C�14 below� Table C.13 - New Account Fees ($), 2004-2016 NEW ACCOUNT FEE ($)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 25 33 26 23 30 - Maximum $750 $375 $375 $2,500 $2,500 - Average $82 $57 $59 $169 $124 - Median $31 $25 $34 $32 $25 - Minimum $10 $3 $10 $10 $2 Figure C.13 - Distribution of new account fees, 2013 and 2016 2016 2013 $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 $350 $400 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100New Account Fee ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 106 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges LATE FEE (FLAT CHARGE) As shown in Table C�14 below, 14 agencies in the 2017 survey indicated use of an ongoing flat late fee charge from $1�50 to $50 for overdue bills� Figure C�14 shows the distribution of the flat late fees applied in 2013 and 2016� Table C.14 - Late fee as flat $ charge, 2004-2016 Figure C.14 - Distribution of late fees as flat $ charge, 2013 and 2016 LATE FEE (FLAT $ CHARGE)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 14 12 14 8 9 - Maximum $50.00 $50.00 $30.00 $30.00 $40.00 - Average $13.21 $9.28 $6.78 $8.53 $13.04 - Median $5.00 $5.00 $5.00 $4.00 $5.00 - Minimum $1.50 $1.00 $0.50 $0.85 $0.85 2016 2013 $0 $5 $10 $15 $20 $25 $30 $35 $40 $45 $50 $55 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Late Fee (Flat $ Charge)Percent of Agencies Below Value 107A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges LATE FEE (AS A PERCENT OF OVERDUE AMOUNT) More often used than a flat late fee charge, Table C�15 presents 2017 summary data for 58 agencies that use an ongoing late fee charge based on a percentage of the overdue bill� The percent charged ranges from 0 to 15 percent� Most respondents indicate that these fees are ongoing (i�e� continue to accrue for nonpayment, though five agencies indicated that the late fee is implemented as a one-time fee, ranging from one to 15 percent of the overdue amount)� Figure C�15 shows the distribution of percentages used for late fee calcula- tions in 2013 and 2016� Table C.15 - Late Fee as % of Overdue Amount, 2004-2016 Figure C.15 - Late Fee as Percentage of Overdue Amount, 2013 and 2016 The median late penalty charged is 5% of the overdue amount. LATE FEE (AS A % OF OVERDUE AMOUNT)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 58 58 51 40 61 - Maximum 15.0%18.0%18.0%12.0%14.0% - Average 5.6%5.6%5.9%6.0%5.1% - Median 5.0%5.0%5.0%5.0%5.0% - Minimum 0.0%0.8%0.1%0.4%0.0% 0�01�02�03�04�05�06�07�08�09�010�0 11�012�013�014�015�016�017�018�019�020�0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Late Fee (as a % of Overdue Amount) Percent of Agencies Below Value 2016 2013 108 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges RESIDENTIAL BILLING FREQUENCY Figure C�16 shows the distribution of various billing frequencies for residential users for 108 respondent agencies� An analysis of common respondents among the last three surveys indicates little variation in this distribution of billing frequencies over time� Figure C.16 - Residential billing frequency, 2016 Most agencies bill residential customers on a monthly basis. 15% 6% 61%15% 3% Bi-monthly Monthly Semi-annually Quarterly Annually 109A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Recognizing that rising service charges impact customers in different ways, more than half of respondent utilities (70 out of 126) reported having a program available for those customers that have difficulty in paying their bill� Information was requested for the following programs: ƒUtility Collects Funds and Distributes: The utility requests voluntary donations from customers to assist needy customers who are unable to pay their wastewater bills� ƒLifeline Rates: Low income-qualifying ratepayers are eligible for a lower rate� ƒBill Discounts: Low income-qualifying ratepayers, seniors, military, or other subgroups are eligible for a bill discount� ƒOther Community Agencies Provide Assistance: The utility has made arrangements with other community assistance groups/programs and provides referrals to needy customers� ƒPayment Plans: The utility provides the ability to set up payment plans with extended payment periods for needy customers� The most common form of assistance is payment plans where customers receive extended payment periods to pay an outstanding utility bill balance� Alternatively, lifeline rates and bill discounts (reported to be used by 23 per- cent of utilities) provide low-income qualifying customers with reduced rates or bill discounts� Table C�16 below summarizes the level of adoption of each type of program� Table C.16 - Community assistance programs, 2016 PROGRAM # OF AGENCIES PERCENTAGE (%) OF AGENCIES - Utility Collects Funds and Distributes 15 12% - Lifeline Rates 12 10% - Bill Discounts 16 13% - Other Community Agencies Provide Assistance 38 30% - Payment Plans 42 33% - Other 11 9% Twenty agencies estimated the number of customers using some form of payment assistance� These 20 agencies reported that a combined 338,000 customers use some form of payment assistance out of a total of 4�3 million (five percent)29 customers served� The range of customer assistance provided for these 20 agencies was 0�01 to 5028 percent of all customers with a median of 1�5 percent of customers using some form of payment assistance� Data suggest that approximately five percent29 of customers receive some form of assistance in bill payment 28. One agency provided an active military discount for 50 percent of its customers. 29. Five percent is the average value reported by 19 respodent utilities. One utility that provided a miltary rate discount to half of its customers, was excluded from this statistic. 110 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges A variety of other types of community assistance programs were listed by respondents� Many of these other programs appear to be slight variations of payment plans or customer contribution initiatives, or are specific local community assistance programs� Raw data descriptions of other programs are listed in Appendix C, Billing Methods and Community Assistance� ELIGIBILITY FOR COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE Target populations and institutions for community assistance generally can include seniors, low-income households, persons with disabilities, veterans, schools, homeless shelters, charities, and/or a combination thereof (e�g�, low- income seniors, disabled veterans, etc�)� Figure C�17 depicts the different types of target populations for community assistance as a percentage of utilities with community assistance programs�30 Figure C.17 - Eligibility of sub-populations for community assistance as a percentage of agencies with community assistance programs Nearly half (48%) of utility respondents perform their own customer assistance eligibility reviews, while the remaining use a social services agency or other government or non-governmental partners to perform these reviews� In addition to social services agencies, respondents listed the following other types of organizations or departments that perform these reviews: ƒEnergy utility ƒCity government ƒSenior Services ƒHuman Services Department ƒLow Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) ƒNonprofit organization (contracted) ƒNonprofit organization (managed by utility) ƒCity Finance and Human Resources Departments ƒSalvation Army ƒUnited Way� 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Seniors of any income Seniors with low income Low income customers Persons with disabilities Ratepayers eligible for energy assistance OtherPercent of Utilities with Assistance Programs30. While 70 utility respondents indicated the existence of community assistance programs, only 42 responded to the survey question on eligibility. The percentages in the chart represent the proportion of the 42 agencies with community assistance programs that responded to the eligibility question. Nearly half of utility respondents perform their own customer assistance eligibility reviews. 111A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges INDUSTRIAL FLAT RATES AND VOLUME RATES Wastewater utility rate structures for commercial and industrial dischargers are generally more diverse than those for residential dischargers� In this and in previous Surveys, utilities reported using combinations of flat/fixed charges, volume charges, high strength surcharges, peak demand charges, and combinations of charges for different industry types� In addition, volume charges can vary depending on the volume of wastewater discharged� While information concerning variable volume rates was not requested in the 2017 Survey, some utilities implement uniform volume rates (e�g�, $ per 1,000 gallons or per 100 cubic feet) that are applied to all industry classes irrespective of the volume of wastewater discharged� Other utilities implement a tiered volume rate that increases with increased discharge, or conversely, can decrease with increased discharge� Shown in Table C�17 is a summary of flat/fixed rates, volume rates, and other rates as reported by 2017 Survey respondents� Table C�18 provides a summary of volume rates for all survey respondents for the 1999 to 2017 Surveys� Figure C�18 shows the distribution of reported volume rates for 2013 and 2016� Agencies that implement tiered volume rate structures generally reported volume rates for the first tier (e�g�, 0 to 1,000 gallons per month)� Table C.17 - Industrial flat charges and volume rates, 2016 INDUSTRIAL RATES AND CHARGES NUMBER OF AGENCIES MAXIMUM RATE AVERAGE RATE MEDIAN RATE MINIMUM RATE - FlatRate: Usage & I/I ($/year)10 $475.00 $185.32 $154.32 $24.00 - Flat Rate: Customer Service ($/year)14 $1,656.00 $241.96 $128.88 $12.00 - Volume Rate ($/1,000 gallons)77 $17.61 $4.92 $4.29 $0.26 - Volume Rate ($/100 cubic feet)77 $13.17 $3.68 $3.21 $0.19 - Other Rate 31 15 ---- 31. Other types of industrial rates listed by respondents include: fees based on assessed value, meter size, industry (e.g., laundry) or sewer use class, basic facility charge, customer charge, monthly average/3-day demand charge, extra strength charges, strength charges based on SIC code, and tiered rates. 112 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges Table C.18 - Industrial volume rates $ per 1,000 gallons, 1998-2016 VOLUME RATE ($/1,000 GALLONS)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 - Agencies Responding 77 82 80 79 106 94 84 - Maximum $17.61 $10.94 $9.01 $11.16 $12.69 $7.49 $7.49 - Average $4.92 $3.66 $3.29 $2.76 $2.55 $2.17 $1.98 - Median $4.29 $3.22 $2.87 $2.54 $2.18 $1.90 $1.81 - Minimum $0.26 $0.19 $0.17 $0.13 $0.14 $0.02 $0.02 $0�00 $1�00 $2�00 $3�00 $4�00 $5�00 $6�00 $7�00 $8�00 $9�00 $10�00 $11�00 $12�00 $13�00 $14�00 $15�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Industrial Volume Rate ($/1,000 Gallons) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.18 - Industrial volume rate, ($ per 1,000 gallons), 2013 & 2016 Note: Maximum value of $17.61 for 2016 is not shown on the chart The change in industrial volume rates among agencies that responded to both 2014 and 2017 Surveys were analyzed to assess trends� Overall, the average and median industrial volume rate increased by 21% and 24%, respectively, over the three-year period� Industrial volume charges have increased an average of 6.7% per year over the past three years. 2016 2013 113A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges EXTRA STRENGTH CHARGES In order to recover the costs of treatment beyond that needed for domestic strength sewage, it is common for utilities to charge an additional high strength surcharge to commercial or industrial facilities that exceed a certain threshold concentration of a given parameter� These charges are generally expressed as a cost per quantity discharged ($ per pound)� Reported 2016 industrial rates for conventional parameters are shown in Table C�19 and distributions of these charges are shown in Figures C�19 to C�26� Threshold or “surcharge” levels above which these charges are assessed are discussed in the following Section� Table C.19 - Industrial extra strength charges, 2016 PARAMETER NUMBER OF AGENCIES MAXIMUM RATE ($/LB) AVERAGE RATE ($/LB) MEDIAN RATE ($/LB) MINIMUM RATE ($/LB) - Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)72 2.3352 0.3797 0.2950 0.0700 - Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)21 0.4940 0.1951 0.1600 0.0310 - Carbonaceous BOD 5 1.0600 0.4485 0.4300 0.1566 - Suspended Solids 88 1.6800 0.3457 0.2620 0.0358 - Ammonia Nitrogen 17 5.0300 1.6014 1.5000 0.2280 - Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen 14 1.6400 0.6901 0.5979 0.1470 - Total Phosphorus 17 36.6200 6.0295 2.8700 0.0250 - Fats, Oils, & Greases 14 3.3400 0.6764 0.2695 0.0700 114 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD) Figure C�19 illustrates the distribution of industrial BOD rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� There were 72, 75, and 68 responding agencies in 2017, 2014, and 2011 respectively� The median BOD rate for common respondents to the 2014 and 2017 surveys increased 9�7 percent in three years (Table C�20)� For comparison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�10 $0�20 $0�30 $0�40 $0�50 $0�60 $0�70 $0�80 $0�90 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100BOD Rate ($/lb) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.19 - Industrial BOD rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum values of $2.33 for 2016 and $1.62 for 2013 and 2010 are not shown on the chart Table C.20 - BOD rate trends, 2004-2016 BOD RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 55 48 55 57 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +17.9%+15.9%+1.5%+9.7% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%+6.8%+3.0% The median of BOD rate has increased an average of 3.1% per year from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 2010 115A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD) Figure C�20 illustrates the distribution of industrial COD rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 21, 21, and 18 responding agencies, respectively� The median COD rate for common respondents has increased 15�1 percent from 2013 to 2016 (Table C�21)� For com- parison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�05 $0�10 $0�15 $0�20 $0�25 $0�30 $0�35 $0�40 $0�45 $0�50 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100COD Rate ($/lb) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.20 - Industrial COD rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 Table C.21 - COD rate trends, 2004-2016 2016 2013 2010 COD RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 13 12 16 18 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +20.0%+4.0%+20.9%+15.1% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%+6.8%+3.0% 116 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges CARBONACEOUS BOD Figure C�21 illustrates the distribution of industrial CBOD rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 5, 3, and 6 responding agencies, respectively� The median CBOD rate for common respondents increased 13�1 percent from 2013 to 2016� For comparison, the in- flation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�10 $0�20 $0�30 $0�40 $0�50 $0�60 $0�70 $0�80 $0�90 $1�00 $1�10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100CBOD Rate ($/lb) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.21 - Industrial CBOD rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 2016 2013 2010 117A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges SUSPENDED SOLIDS (SS) Figure C�22 illustrates the distribution of industrial suspended solids rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 88, 88, and 82 responding agencies, respectively� The median suspended solids rate for common respondents increased 19�9 percent from 2013 to 2016 (Table C�22)� For comparison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�05 $0�10 $0�15 $0�20 $0�25 $0�30 $0�35 $0�40 $0�45 $0�50 $0�55 $0�60 $0�65 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Suspended Solids Rate ($/lb)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.22 - Distribution of industrial suspended solids rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016Note: Maximum values of $1.68 for 2016 and $1.50 for 2013 and 2010 are not shown on the chart Table C.22 - Suspended solids rate trends, 2004-2016 The median of suspended solids rates increased an average of 6.2% per year from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 2010 SUSPENDED SOLIDS RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 64 58 67 69 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +17.6%+17.5%+7.7%+19.9% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%6.8%+3.0% 118 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges AMMONIA NITROGEN Figure C�23 illustrates the distribution of industrial ammonia-nitrogen rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 17, 15, and 15 responding agencies, respectively� The median ammonia-nitrogen rate for common respondents decreased 7�3 percent from 2013 to 2016 (Table C�23)� For comparison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�50 $1�00 $1�50 $2�00 $2�50 $3�00 $3�50 $4�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Ammonia Nitrogen Rate ($/lb) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.23 - Distribution of industrial ammonia-nitrogen rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum value of $5.03 for 2016 is not shown on the chart Table C.23 - Ammonia-nitrogen rate trends, 2004-2016 2016 2013 2010 AMMONIA-NITROGEN RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 11 10 12 12 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median 0.0%+1.0%+74.7%-7.3% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%+6.8%+3.0% 119A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges TOTAL KJELDAHL NITROGEN Figure C�24 illustrates the distribution of industrial total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN) rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 14, 12, and 15 responding agencies, respec- tively� The median TKN rate for common respondents decreased 6�4 percent from 2013 to 2016 (Table C�24)� For comparison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�25 $0�50 $0�75 $1�00 $1�25 $1�50 $1�75 $2�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen Rate ($/lb)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.24 - Industrial total Kjeldahl nitrogen rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 Table C.24 - Total Kjeldahl nitrogen rate trends, 2004-2016 2016 2013 2010 TKN RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 6 8 11 11 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +4.2%+33.7%-1.6%-6.4% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%+6.8%+3.0% 120 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges TOTAL PHOSPHORUS Figure C�25 illustrates the distribution of industrial phosphorus rates (above surcharge levels) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 17, 13, and 17 responding agencies, respectively� The median phosphorus rate for common respondents has increased 3�0 percent from 2013 to 2016 (Table C�25)� For comparison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 per- cent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $1�00 $2�00 $3�00 $4�00 $5�00 $6�00 $7�00 $8�00 $9�00 $10�00 $11�00 $12�00 $13�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Phosphorus Rate ($/lb)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.25 - Industrial phosphorus rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 Table C.25 - Phosphorus rate trends, 2004-2016 The median phosphorus rate increased at the same rate as inflation from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 2010 PHOSPHORUS RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 9 10 12 13 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +5.9%+21.4%-7.6%+3.0% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%+6.8%+3.0% 121A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges FATS, OILS, AND GREASES (FOGS) Figure C�26 illustrates the distribution of industrial fats, oils, and grease (FOG) rates (above surcharge lev- els) for 2016, 2013, and 2010� These distributions represent 14, 10, and 14, responding agencies, respec- tively� The median FOG rate for common respondents has increased 40% from 2013 to 2016 (Table C�26)� For comparison, the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 3�0 percent for the same 3-year period� $0�00 $0�20 $0�40 $0�60 $0�80 $1�00 $1�20 $1�40 $1�60 $1�80 $2�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100FOG Rate ($/lb)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.26 - Fats, oils and grease rates in $ per pound, 2010-2016 Note: Maximum value of $3.34 for 2016 is not shown on the chart Table C.26 - Fats, oils and grease rate trends, 2004-2016 i The median FOG rate increased 40% from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 2010 FATS, OILS AND GREASE RATE 2004 - 2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 10 7 7 7 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +21.7%+16.7%-12.0%+40.0% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%+6.8%+3.0% 122 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges INDUSTRIAL SURCHARGE LEVELS A common approach towards setting high strength surcharges is to identify a “floor” or “threshold” con- centration (referred to in the Survey as a “surcharge concentration”) above which high strength surcharg- es are applied� These surcharge levels can vary for different parameters and in some cases can equal zero (i�e�, charges apply to any discharge of the given parameter)� Rates are usually expressed in dollars per pound ($/lb)� As an example: Industry X is discharging 100,000 gallons of wastewater a day to the hypothetical Cleanstream Utility� The Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) concentration in the industry’s discharge is 750 milligrams per liter (mg/l)� The Cleanstream Utility charges $0�25 per pound of BOD discharged in excess of 300 mg/l� To calculate Industry X’s BOD surcharges, first determine the pounds discharged in excess of the surcharge level� Second, multiply the pounds in excess of the surcharge level by the BOD rate of $0�25 per pound� - Step 1� (100,000 gal� * (750-300) mg/l) * (8�34 * 10-6 conversion constant) = 375�3 pounds/day - Step 2� (375�3 pounds/day * $0�25 per pound) = $93�80 per day - Step 3� ($93�80 per day * 365 days/year) = $34,237 per year in BOD surcharges The Survey requested information on surcharge levels for Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemi- cal Oxygen Demand (COD), Carbonaceous Biochemical Oxygen Demand (CBOD), Suspended Solids (SS), Ammonia Nitrogen (NH3), Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN), Total Phosphorus (TP), and Fats, Oils, and Greases (FOG)� Table C�27 presents a summary of surcharge levels for these parameters� Figure C�27 shows the distribution of surcharge levels for the four most common parameters (BOD, Suspended Solids, Phosphorus and Fats, Oils, and Greases)� Table C.27 - Surcharge levels, 2016 SURCHARGE LIMITS BOD COD CBOD SS NH3-N TKN TP FOG - Agencies Responding 57 16 3 65 12 10 12 14 - Maximum 1,800.0 1,800.0 250.0 1,800.0 30.0 47.0 20.0 300.0 - Average 282.5 603.5 235.0 305.9 24.3 37.2 10.8 93.6 - Median 250.0 516.0 250.0 260.0 25.0 40.0 10.0 100.0 - Minimum 0.0 0.0 205.0 0.0 19.0 20.0 5.5 0.0 In comparing surcharge levels with previous Surveys, there appears to be no significant changes to the average or median surcharge levels, or to the prevalence of one or more surcharge parameters� 123A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Surhcharge Level (mg/l) Percent of Agencies Below Value Suspended solids BOD Phosphorus Fats, oils and grease Figure C.27 - Surcharge levels, 2016 Note: Maximum value of 1,800 mg/l for BOD and suspended solids is not shown on the chart INDUSTRIAL BILLING FREQUENCY Figure C�28 shows the distribution of various billing frequencies for commercial and industrial users� Monthly billing continues to be the most common billing time period for commercial and industrial users� The percentage of respondents indicating the use of monthly industrial billing has ranged from 59 to 75 percent during the 1990-2017 Surveys� Figure C.28 - Industrial billing frequency, 2016 (102 agencies) Nearly 75% of commercial and industrial users are billed monthly.16% 4% 72% 1% Bi-monthly Monthly Semi-annually Quarterly Annually 7% 124 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges COMMERICAL AND INDUSTRIAL FEES In addition to flat/fixed rates, volume charges, and high-strength surcharges, clean water utilities may assess one-time fees associated with the provision of sewer service to commerical and industrial customers� Survey participants were requested to provide information on the following types of fees� ƒConnection Fee: Charge that a commercial or industial customer pays to have sewer service installed (e�g�, cost of connecting lateral)� This charge may be based on meter size or projected usage� ƒFacility/Impact Fee One-time fees collected to offset capital improvements associated with the expansion of the system (i�e�, recover costs associated with developing system capacity)� This may also be called a system development fee, hookup fee, or capacity charge� This charge may also be based on meter size or projected usage� ƒLate Fee: The amount charged for overdue sewer bill either as a flat fee or as a percent of the overdue amount� ƒNew Account Fee: The administrative fee charged to establish a new industry account� ƒPretreatment Fee: The administrative and permitting fees to recover the costs of pretreatment program implementation� COMMERICAL/INDUSTRIAL FEES As this is a new question in the 2017 Survey, only 2016 data is available� A summary of these data is shown in Table C�28 below� Table C.28 - Commerical/industrial fees, 2016 STATISTIC CONNECTION FEE($) FACILITY / IMPACT FEE ($) NEW ACCOUNT FEE ($) PRE- TREATMENT FEE ($) LATE FEE (AS % OF OVERDUE AMOUNT - Agencies Responding 31 10 15 3 24 - Maximum $120,000 $7,500 $2,500 $140 0.5 - Average $6,956 $3,090 $269 $80 15.0 - Median $940 $2,198 $39 $100 5.5 - Minimum $0 $0 $0 $0 5.0 Other commerical and industrial fees described by respondents include: capacity charge per thousand square feet (or per acreage), facility deposit = 2x monthly use, food service establishment surcharge, inspection fee, maximum pretreatment charge, permit fees, and sampling fee as monthly charge� 125A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges CONNECTION FEES Figure C�29 shows the distribution of the commercial / industrial connection fees for 31 respondents in 2016� Eight respondents indicated that the connection fee was dependent on meter size (ranging from 5/8 to 10 inches) and two utilities indicated the fee is dependent upon flow� $1�00 $10�00 $100�00 $1,000�00 $10,000�00 $100,000�00 $1,000,000�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Reclaimed Volume Rate ($ per 1,000 Gallons) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.29 - Distribution of commerical/industrial connection fees, 2016 (all respondents) Connection fee amounts range widely from $0 to $120,000 among utility respondents. 2016 126 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges WHOLESALE CHARGES Over 50 percent (66 out of 123) of survey respondents provide regional wholesale treatment and/or collection services� Similar to retail charges, different combinations of flat, volume-based, and unit charges are implemented� There were 23 respondents that provided information to a new question on wholesale rate structures� Eighteen of these 23 respondents (78%) use a metered volume to fully or partially determine charges for communities, and these can be combined with strength charges, and/or other charges depending on the community served� Several of these rate structures are described briefly below and their frequency shown in Figure C�30� ƒVolume rate used: A specific volume rate (e�g�, per million gallons, per 1,000 gallons, per CCF) is applied to metered flow� Several respondents indicated that volume rates vary depending on the community served, are dependent on user classes served, or different rates may apply during the wet and dry season� Additional charges are used in combination with volume rates such as account fees, cost allocations based on percent of sewers serviced, ownership percentage (for debt service), strength charges, and depreciation charges� ƒWholesale volume rate is the same as retail: No specific wholesale volume rate has been determined, though two respondents noted that a multiplier is applied to the fixed and volume charges ranging from 1�15 to 2�0� ƒWholesale rate based on metered volume and flow strength: Three respondents indicated the use of strength charges in addition to a volumetric wholesale charge� Loadings of BOD, TSS, TKN, and phosphorus are calculated and a loading rate specific for each parameter is applied to determine total wholesale charges� ƒFixed or account charges applied with a volume rate: The use of additional fixed charges to recover billing and customer service costs in addition to a wholesale volumetric charge were noted by seven respondents� ƒFixed charge per EDU: In lieu of a volume-based rate, the utility charges a flat fee to the wholesale customer (e�g�, community) based on the number of equivalent dwelling units (calculated by number of accounts and meter sizes)� Costs are recovered in billings by community� Four agencies noted the use of separate contractual agreements with each community to determine the wholesale rate� These agreements range from applying a fixed percentage of each jurisdiction’s average single family monthly bill, to different volumetric and fixed rates depending on costs for service, to more complex cost sharing plans for O&M and capital� Figure C.30- Characteristics of reported wholesale rates 0%20%40%60%80%100% Fixed charge per EDU Addition of strength charges Wholesale rate same as retail Separate contractual rates Use both flat and volume charge Metered volume rate Percent of respondents (n=23) 127A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges RESIDENTIAL SEPTIC TANK DISCHARGE Most agencies that accept residential septic tank discharges charge a volume rate� Table C�29 shows a summary of residential septic tank discharge volume rates for respondents to the 2001 to 2014 Surveys� Figure C�31 shows the distributions of residential septic volume rates for 2016, 2013, and 2010� Only one utility charged a yearly flat charge or license fee to service providers for septic tank discharges in 2016� These charges are summarized in Table C�30 for 2001 to 2016� Table C.29 - Residential septic tank discharge rates, 2001-2016 SEPTIC CHARGE ($/1,000 GAL)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies Responding 71 76 73 59 90 80 - Maximum $170.00 $291.40 $242.50 $298.53 $320.00 $228.35 - Average $68.79 $67.36 $61.29 $54.54 $52.47 $46.80 - Median $60.00 $56.00 $60.00 $48.40 $45.00 $40.00 - Minimum $0.15 $0.15 $5.11 $0.17 $0.00 $0.00 $0�00 $20�00 $40�00 $60�00 $80�00 $100�00 $120�00 $140�00 $160�00 $180�00 $200�00 $220�00 $240�00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Residential Septic Charge ($/1,000 gallons) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.31 - Distribution of residential septic tank discharge rates, 2010-2016 Table C.30 - Residential septic tank discharge flat rates, 2001-2016 FLAT SEPTIC CHARGE ($/YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 - Agencies Responding 1 2 2 2 7 5 - Maximum $100.00 $2,265 $600 $4,000 $3,800 $3,150 - Average $100.00 $1,183 $350 $2,300 $886 $1,081 - Median $100.00 $1,183 $350 $2,300 $100 $300 - Minimum $100.00 $100 $100 $600 $20 $100 2016 2013 2010 128 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges RESIDENTIAL SEPTIC TANK DISCHARGE RATE TRENDS The average septic charges in dollars per 1,000 gallons for common respondents in the 2005 to 2017 surveys were compared to determine trends in septic charges� Table C�31 indicates that septic tank discharge rates increased at levels at or above the inflation rate from 2004 to 2016� Table C.31 - Septic tank discharge rate trends, 2004-2016 SEPTIC CHARGE RATE ($/1,000 GAL)2004-2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 49 45 51 55 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change in Median +14.1%+6.9%+13.3%+3.2% - Change in Consumer Price Index (%) +9.7%+5.2%6.8%+3.0% Volume-based septic tank charges increased an average of 1.0% per year from 2013 to 2016. 129A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart C - Rates and Charges RECLAIMED WATER RATES Since the 2005 survey, respondents that provide reclaimed water service were requested to report on their reclaimed water rates� FLAT RATES Five agencies indicated the use of a flat rate alone, or in conjunction with a volume-based charge� One agency charged a flat usage rate of $1�4 million along with a volume charge of $0�87 per 1,000 gallons� One agency reported a $7,140 flat rate used alone� When used with a volume charge, the flat rates re- ported were from $38 to $1�4 million� VOLUME RATES Twenty-one (21) agencies indicated the use of a reclaimed water volume rate ranging from $0�25 to $5�27 per 1,000 gallons� The average volume charge was $1�75 per 1,000 gallons, and the median value was $1�25 per 1,000 gallons� Figure C�32 illustrates the distributions of the volume rate for reclaimed water for 2016, 2013 and 2010� $0�00 $0�50 $1�00 $1�50 $2�00 $2�50 $3�00 $3�50 $4�00 $4�50 $5�00 $5�50 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Reclaimed Volume Rate ($ per 1,000 Gallons) Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure C.32 - Distribution of reclaimed water rates in $ per 1,000 gallons, 2010-2016 Table C.32 - Reclaimed water volume rate per 1,000 gallons, 2004-2016 RECLAIMED WATER RATE PER 1,000 GALLONS 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 21 19 19 13 19 - Maximum $5.27 $4.24 $3.81 $3.28 $2.56 - Average $1.75 $1.48 $1.31 $1.24 $0.84 - Median $1.25 $1.22 $1.07 $1.07 $0.69 - Minimum $0.25 $0.25 $0.10 $0.25 $0.20 Reclaimed water rates charged by utility respondents increased an average of 5% per year from 2013 to 2016. 2016 2013 2010 130 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part C- Rates and Charges Page intentionally left blank 131A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Part D - Staffi ng and Salaries SECTION D- STAFFING AND SALARIES 132 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries Table D.1 - Overall agency staff size and benchmarks (1995-2016, all respondents) Over 31,000 clean water utility employees from 110 respondent utilities are represented in the 2017 NACWA Financing and Management Survey data� A wide range of utility sizes are represented with the smallest agency respon- dent employing three staff full-time equivalents (FTEs) and the largest utility respondent employing 2,626 employees� Over one-half of the respon- dents employ a staff of 147 persons or more� Table D�1 presents summary statistics for all respondents to the 1996 to 2017 surveys� These data represent a wide range of agency sizes and service levels� This table also includes trends for three staffing benchmarks that are discussed in more detail later in this section� AGENCY STAFF SIZE AGENCY STAFF SIZE 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 - Agencies Responding 110 111 107 95 128 120 107 106 - Total Number of FTEs 31,857 29,890 24,653 25,573 27,994 29,690 28,437 41,908 - Maximum 2,626 2,479 2,116 2,094 1,913 2,274 2,239 2,416 - Average 290 269 230 269 219 247 266 395 - Median 147 135 126 154 112 124 140 208 - Minimum 3 3 6 7 7 5 3 15 - Staffing Per 10,000 Population (Median)4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.4 5.8 - Customer Accounts Per Staff FTE (Median)579 634 612 607 554 589 598 443 - Staffing Per MGD Treated (Median)4.2 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.7 Over 31,000 utility staff are represented from a range of utilities that employ from three to over 2,000 staff. STAFF BREAKDOWN BY FUNCTION Survey respondents were requested to provide a breakdown of agency staff according to nine functional categories, including: management/administration/support, engineering, billings/customer service, collection systems, industrial pretreatment, treatment, water reuse, biosolids and stormwater� The nine categories were described as follows: ƒManagement, administration, and support includes all executive staff, finance, information systems/technology, general counsel (legal), personnel and/or human resources, public relations, communications, and clerical staff� ƒBillings and Collection / Customer Service includes all billings and bill collection and customer service staff, including support staff for these units� ƒEngineering includes planning, engineering and support staff for the department� 133A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Figure D.1 - Agency staff by function, 2016 ƒCollection includes all operations and maintenance (O&M) staff for combined and separate sewer collection systems, including interceptors and pumping stations� ƒPretreatment includes all staff involved in the implementation of the agency’s industrial waste control/ pretreatment program, including laboratory/analysis staff allocated to compliance monitoring activities� ƒTreatment includes all operations, maintenance, monitoring and laboratory-analysis staff involved in the treatment processes� Treatment processes include influent metering and sampling, screening and grit removal, primary, secondary, and tertiary treatment, and effluent filtration, disinfection and pumping� Treatment processes and functions do not include those for handling biosolids, which are defined below� ƒWater Reuse includes operations, maintenance, monitoring, and laboratory-analysis staff involved in providing reclaimed water services� These services may include additional treatment processes necessary to meet reuse requirements, storage, transport, monitoring, metering, and billing� ƒBiosolids includes all operations, maintenance, monitoring and laboratory/analysis staff involved in the biosolids processes� Biosolids processes include all solids handling processes employed after primary sludge pumping and waste activated sludge pumping, including the processes to thicken, dewater, digest, incinerate, heat-dry, compost, transport and recycle biosolids� ƒStormwater includes all staff involved in the implementation of the municipal stormwater program including operations, maintenance, and monitoring� Figure D�1 shows breakdowns by percentage of staff for each functional category for two types of agencies� The chart represents 80 agencies with collection and treatment services and 21 agencies that provide only interceptor/treat- ment services� For both types of agencies, the sum of collection and treatment staff comprise 54 to 55 percent of staff, while administrative staff averages 25 percent of total staff� 1% 1% 6% 2% 9% 3% 25% 24% 30% 0% 0% 3% 4% 6% 6% 9% 26% 45% 0%10%20%30%40%50% Stormwater Water Reuse Billing / Customer Service Biosolids Engineering Pretreatment Collection Systems Administration Treatment Percent of Total Agency Staff Interceptor/Treatment Only Collection and Treatment Services 134 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries The changes in total agency staff size among agencies that responded to two successive surveys were analyzed to assess trends in agency staffing� Table D�2 summarizes these data from 2004 to 2016� The table shows that staff- ing levels have been increasing since 2004 at a rate of 1�2 percent per year� At the same time� service populations have increased at nearly 1�0 percent per year, advanced treatment levels have increased 10 percent, and there has been higher emphasis on collection system maintenance and management� Table D.2 - Agency staff size, 2004-2016 (common respondents) TRENDS IN AGENCY STAFFING LEVELS Staffing levels have increased at an average rate of 1.2 percent per year since 2004 Table D.3 - Collection system staff, 2004-2016 (common respondents) COLLECTION STAFF 2004 - 2007 2007 - 2010 2010 - 2013 2013 - 2016 2004-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 65 62 62 69 53 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change +8.2%-1.5%-0.1%+4.0%+17.8% Table D.4 - Treatment + Biosolids staff, 2004-2016 (common respondents) TREATMENT + BIOSOLIDS STAFF 2004 - 2007 2007 - 2010 2010 - 2013 2013 - 2016 2004-2016 - Common Agencies Responding 76 70 70 78 60 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change +2.4%-4.0%-3.2%-4.9%-11.5% The same trend analysis was conducted for three functional staffing categories: collection staff, treatment staff, and biosolids staff to uncover any staffing trends within functional staff categories� Changes to the survey form in 2016 for administrative staff does not allow comparable analysis with previous surveys� Data show that while collection system staffing levels are rising, the number of treatment and biosolids staff are declining� Tables D�3 amd D�4 summarize these data, while Figure D�2 shows these data graphically� Since 2004, collection system staff have increased by 18% while treatment plant staff have decreased by 12%. Total staff Treatment staff Collection staff AGENCY STAFF SIZE 2004 - 2007 2007 - 2010 2010 - 2013 2013 - 2016 2004 - 2016 - Common Agencies Responding 76 70 79 79 63 - 3-Year Percentage (%) Change +5.0%-0.4%+1.1%+12.3%+15.7% 8�2% -1�5% -0�1% 4�0% 2�4% -4�0%-3�2% -4�9% 5�0% -0�4% 1�1% 12�3% -6% -4% -2% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14%2004-07 2007-10 2010-13 2013-16 Percent Staff Increase (Decrease)Figure D.2 - Agency staffing level trends, by function, 2004-2016 (common respondents) 135A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Staffing per MGD treated has risen 5% since 2004 for 34 common agency respondents AGENCY STAFFING BENCHMARKS Three staffing benchmarks are presented in Table D�5� The first benchmark presented is agency staffing per 10,000 population served� This benchmark has been presented in several previous Surveys, and shows an aggregate comparison of staffing levels among different size agencies and allows for the tracking of national staffing trends� This benchmark has been calculated by averaging individual agency staffing/population ratios� It is limited, however, in that the percentage of residential versus commercial/industrial flows treated can vary widely among treatment agencies� Some “industrial” POTWs can have very high staff per population served ratios, as their residential populations served will be relatively low� Thus, the reader is cautioned to consider operating variables that may impact the benchmark value. By reviewing the data in the appendices of this report, the reader may be able to find agencies where the benchmark value between agencies is meaningful� The second staffing benchmark is agency staffing level per million gallons per day (MGD) treated� This benchmark has been calculated by averaging individual agency staffing/flow treated ratios� It is not affected by the plant make-up flow (percentage residential, commercial, and industrial flows)� However, it is limited in that agencies provide different levels of service� For example, one agency may only provide treatment services, while another agency treating the same flow volume, provides treatment and collection services, and employs more staff� Again, this benchmark, while useful in comparing agency staffing levels on an aggregate national basis, should not be used for staffing comparisons between individual agencie s. The third staffing benchmark, which is similar to agency staffing per population, shows the number of retail customer accounts served per staff full-time equivalent (FTE)� This benchmark counts customer accounts from both retail and wholesale service areas, and can also be used to track national trends� For each staffing level indicator, Table D�5 present the average of all respondents for the years 2004 to 2016� In addition, the trends of these indicators are assessed by comparing the average values across these years using only the agencies that responded to every survey year (i�e� common respondents) � Table D.5 - Staffing indicators, averages for 2004-2016 STAFFING BENCHMARK 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Staffing per 10,000 Population (all respondents, average)5.5 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.6 - Staffing per 10,000 Population (35 common respondents, average)5.4 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.9 - Staffing per MGD Treated (all respondents, average) 5.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.2 - Staffing per MGD Treated (>100 MGD, average)3.3 3.4 2.7 2.5 2.4 - Staffing per MGD Treated (10-100 MGD, average)4.8 4.3 3.8 4.4 3.7 - Staffing per MGD Treated (<10 MGD, average)10.3 5.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 - Staffing per MGD Treated (agencies providing collection and treatment)5.8 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 - Staffing per MGD Treated (agencies not providing collection services)3.1 3.0 3.0 3.2 2.9 - Staffing per MGD Treated (34 common respondents, average)4.3 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.1 - Customer Accounts per Staff FTE (all respondents)901 943 762 674 629 - Customer Accounts per Staff FTE (35 common respondents, average)661 672 673 634 - 136 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries Figure D.3 - Collection staff per 100 retail sewer miles, 2010 and 2016 (all respondents) Further benchmarking analysis of staffing levels can be made on the basis of functional staff breakdowns� To compare the range of staffing levels for collection systems and treatment plants across the nation, basic statistics for two additional staffing benchmarks were calculated, including: 1) collection system staff per 100 retail sewer miles, and; 2) treatment/biosolids staff per MGD treated� The median collection system staff per 100 retail sewer miles has ranged from 4�0 to 4�8 from 2001 to 2016, while the average number of collection system staff per 100 retail sewer miles ranged from 5�2 to 6�7 (Table D�6)� A distribution of this benchmark for 2010 and 2016 is shown in Figure D�3� Collection system staffing levels may be impacted by the number and capacity of pump stations operated by the utility� Pump stations may be staffed full-time, part-time, or unstaffed� Aggregate data from the 2017 survey show that 36 agencies operate 1,973 pump stations� An analysis of staffing levels at these agencies versus agencies that did not indicate pump station operations showed conflicting information on differences in staffing� Average staffing levels were higher for those agencies with pump stations, however the median reported staffing level was lower for agencies with pump stations versus those without� Table D.6 - Collection staff per 100 retail sewer miles, 1998-2016 (all respondents) COLLECTION STAFF PER 100 RETAIL SEWER MILES 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 - Agencies Responding 75 77 75 69 95 79 70 - Maximum 32.1 41.9 24.5 20.0 33.1 33.9 40.0 - Average 5.9 6.0 5.2 5.4 5.8 6.3 6.7 - Median 4.8 4.6 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.3 5.1 - Minimum 0.1 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Collection Staff FTE per 100 Retail Sewer MilesPercent of Agencies Below Value 2016 2010 137A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Figure D.4 - Treatment + biosolids staff per MGD treated, 2010 and 2016 (all respondents) Average and median values for treatment plant staffing per MGD treated have remained relatively stable since 2001 with decreases in both the number of plant staff and plant flows from 2001 to 2016 (Table D�7)� A distribu- tion of this benchmark is shown in Figure D�4� Table D.7 - Treatment + biosolids staff per MGD, 1998-2016 (all respondents) TREATMENT AND BIOSOLIDS STAFF PER MGD TREATED 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 - Agencies Responding 100 96 102 91 126 114 102 - Maximum 13.1 5.0 10.5 4.4 4.9 6.8 7.6 - Average 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 - Median 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 - Minimum 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Treatment + Biosolids Staff per MGD TreatedPercent of Agencies Below Value 2016 2010 138 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries Thirteen (13%)* of respondents indicated the use of private contract staff to support core agency functions. * Under-estimate as some utilities operated by private contract staff did not respond to this question or to the Survey PRIVATE CONTRACTORS Beginning in 2011, the NACWA Financial Survey requested information to determine the proportion of staff that are employed by a private contract operator to provide daily operational support to the utility, the collection system, and/or treatment facilities� The responses to this question were not intended to include contractors hired to perform specific one-time projects such as: design and installation of capital facilities, information systems, specialty repair work, etc� Out of the 109 agency respondents that responded to the staffing section of the survey, 14 agencies indicated the use of private contracting for core functional support� There were a reported 446 private contractor staff out of a total of 31,857 core agency functon staff (1�4% of total staff)� It is cautioned that these numbers likely under-estimate the proportion of private contractor staff employed at clean water utilities as several utilities operated using private contract staff did not respond to this question or to the Survey. Private contractors were most prevalent in supporting biosolids management, water reuse, and collection system functions� Seven out of eight agencies reporting the use of private contractors for biosolids indicated that 100% of biosolids staff were privately contracted� Table D�8 summarizes the level of private contractor staff for each core agency function� AGENCIES USING PRIVATE CONTRACT STAFF ALL RESPONSES AGENCY FUNCTION NUMBER OF AGENCIES PRIVATE OPERATOR STAFF AGENCY STAFF1 AVERAGE % PRIVATE OPERATOR2 MINIMUM % PRIVATE OPERATOR MAXIMUM % PRIVATE OPERATOR TOTAL STAFF3 % PRIVATE OPERATOR 4 - Administration 8 38 258 15%3%100%7,406 0.5% - Billing and Customer Service 2 2 115 2%1%7%1,572 0.1% - Engineering 4 31 145 21%4%100%2,525 1.2% - Pretreatment 1 0.1 3 3%3%3%1,119 <0.1% - Collection 5 223 451 49%5%100%6,712 3.4% - Treatment 5 73 313 23%8%100%10,003 0.7% - Water Reuse 1 10 10 100%100%100%256 3.9% - Biosolids 8 70 78 90%79%100%776 9.0% - Stormwater 0 0 ----241 0.0% Total Agency 14 446 2,729 16.2%1%100%31,857 1.4% (1) Number of staff for the core function for agencies indicating the use of private contract staff (2) Average is weighted by staffing levels among agencies using private contract staff (3) Number of staff (agency staff and private contractor staff) for all survey respondents, 2017. Total is greater than sum of functional staff as several respondents did not provide a functional staff breakdown. (4) Percent of all staff that are private contractors. Table D.8 - Private contractor staff (2016) 139A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Senior level salaries are, on average, 45% higher than entry level salaries for the same position STAFF SALARIES Table D.9 - Salary information, 2016 (all respondents) POSITION AGENCY RESPONSES MINIMUM ($/YEAR) AVERAGE ($/YEAR) 25TH PCTILE($/YEAR) MEDIAN ($/YEAR) 75TH PCTILE ($/YEAR) MAXIMUM ($/YEAR) Chief Engineer- Entry Level 39 39,998 101,035 81,478 91,135 120,016 183,420 Chief Engineer - Senior Level 46 62,088 142,253 115,560 132,271 160,247 299,104 Civil Engineer- Entry Level 87 39,252 70,173 56,748 65,497 76,840 166,418 Civil Engineer - Senior Level 89 56,452 103,840 85,876 96,699 116,334 203,348 Electrical Engineer- Entry Level 37 31,262 67,490 58,642 67,668 76,474 119,184 Electrical Engineer - Senior Level 35 48,214 102,974 91,495 101,900 112,561 146,988 Mechanical Engineer- Entry Level 34 36,213 66,430 57,844 65,220 76,207 105,496 Mechanical Engineer - Senior Level 32 55,890 100,474 86,739 98,316 111,505 146,988 Process Engineer- Entry Level 36 36,213 70,42 54,846 69,102 79,919 121,311 Process Engineer - Senior Level 38 55,890 101,929 89,847 102,450 117,180 146,988 Customer Service Representative- Entry Level 37 25,383 39,177 31,011 37,336 43,555 62,712 Customer Service Representative - Senior Level 33 32,621 56,693 47,337 54,246 59,738 93,413 Accountant/Bookkeeper- Entry Level 77 31,667 53,820 42,938 50,180 61,526 110,799 Accountant/Bookkeeper - Senior Level 76 40,646 79,474 65,519 74,000 87,378 147,713 Budget Analyst- Entry Level 60 37,500 61,060 51,842 59,120 69,120 99,972 Budget Analyst - Senior Level 55 57,500 89,750 78,165 87,079 96,860 144,396 Operator (Non-Superintendent)- Entry Level 101 21,940 46,710 37,336 45,146 53,484 99,089 Operator (Non-Superintendent) - Senior Level 101 40,314 70,343 56,852 66,535 74.842 135,299 Plant Superintendent- Entry Level 79 43,826 85,202 64,772 78,403 94,861 161,858 Plant Superintendent - Senior Level 85 65,520 113,407 89,211 109,550 133,000 229,118 Biologist, Chemist, Lab Technician- Entry Level 96 27,140 50,748 41,082 48,622 57,697 85,000 Biologist, Chemist, Lab Technician - Senior Level 99 40,177 74,690 59,576 72,675 85,017 139,686 Industrial Waste Inspector- Entry Level 69 30,450 53,563 43,401 51,896 61,914 97,706 Industrial Waste Inspector - Senior Level 76 40,900 75,431 61,010 73,369 86,990 139,686 Mechanic- Entry Level 91 21,939 49,240 37,440 48,838 56,199 95,342 Mechanic - Senior Level 94 35,947 68,084 56,026 64,642 75,171 120,684 Electrician- Entry Level 88 33,100 55,617 42,860 51,416 66,982 101,563 Electrician - Senior Level 88 43,201 74,880 59,664 73,823 85,036 133,666 General Laborer- Entry Level 74 21,939 39,685 30,615 38,205 46,205 74,204 General Laborer - Senior Level 69 26,812 53,039 41,834 52,085 62,864 90,600 Field Crew (Pipeline Maintenance)- Entry Level 80 23,587 41,653 33,001 39,527 48,129 85,470 Field Crew (Pipeline Maintenance) - Senior Level 76 33,280 59,748 47,063 55,008 70,671 126,149 Truck Driver- Entry Level 36 28,260 44,747 34,636 41,377 51,448 84,615 Truck Driver - Senior Level 32 35,841 56,323 44,629 53,200 66,048 89,414 Backhoe Operator- Entry Level 18 28,918 44,738 36,433 40,793 48,168 98,228 Backhoe Operator - Senior Level 19 38,980 55,308 45,517 50,779 57,976 119,392 The Survey currently tracks 18 general job descriptions at both entry and senior levels� Entry level salaries represent the salary level for hiring a qualified person at the lowest grade of the lowest entry-level position of a particular professional or tradesperson series� A senior level position generally represents a person that leads others in their professional trade, but is not necessarily a manager� Senior staff salaries indicated are for the highest salary for a non-managerial position and highest grade level� Table D�9 presents summary statistics of salaries for various positions at both entry and senior levels� Table D�10 on the following page shows median salary information broken out by EPA region� 140 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries POSITIONREGION 1 ($)REGION 2 ($)REGION 3 ($)REGION 4 ($)REGION 5 ($)REGION6 ($)REGION 7 ($)REGION 8 ($)REGION 9 ($)REGION 10 ($)NATIONAVG. ($)Chief Engineer - Entry91,259No Data95,00082,84685,979105,16482,40892,423140,709121,35291,135Chief Engineer - Senior121,866170,201125,000114,621137,767134,638128,044119,861195,963148,902132,271Civil Engineer - Entry58,02272,65256,58760,30360,88268,29257,82760,27685,88674,40065,497Civil Engineer - Senior98,67693,569106,30286,92394,36687,02796,00093,168141,576108,59796,699Electrical Engineer - Entry63,54072,65268,98758,64261,92172,62158,42467,66877,94074,39167,668Electrical Engineer - Senior98,67693,56986,15893,49998,12791,369103,376123,167128,544109,804101,900Mechanical Engineer - Entry58,02272,65268,98755,00063,76272,62155,01364,19177,94071,51065,220Mechanical Engineer - Senior72,46593,65986,15885,000101,25494,46498,717No Data128,544110,05898,316Process Engineer - Entry54,94583,93673,26355,35072,64178,42255,01362,000104,32879,67369,103Process Engineer - Senior104,222113,803103,00078,91585,876101,90098,717104,125128,544117,675102,450Customer Service - Entry43,652No Data48,16228,97140,76639,02040,68434,09047,21237,33637,336Customer Service - Senior56,607No Data76,97148,64852,00648,31155,88948,83167,34858,97754,246Accountant/Bookkeeper - Entry49,51338,35149,18044,04854,17751,34544,41244,74471,94463,73850,180Accountant/Bookkeeper - Senior73,23365,53287,85872,64972,80965,59463,38973,26399,60681,76574,001Budget Analyst - Entry48,10046,58952,95652,58367,77957,40058,19667,54772,76967,22459,120Budget Analyst - Senior72,46569,59790,92176,918107,28676,80088,40685,88096,86087,21987,079Operator - Entry48,46845,14638,54534,60848,25338,90045,82239,14558,99245,60645,142Operator - Senior55,18262,58772,86358,05065,30256,85260,21671,56296,71869,07766,555Plant Super - Entry61,85974,57465,20068,43779,84076,98072,75078,027125,13679,67378,403Plant Super - Senior84,200113,974104,26595,070106,93677,418110,63599,258146,916109,550109,550Biologist/Lab - Entry54,97434,51647,35440,91252,22943,63443,00048,95365,00050,16048,622Biologist/Lab - Senior77,89946,79478,16260,47066,53758,34963,30067,62995,96672,38072,675Inspector - Entry59,23139,68649,83940,00051,11537,41949,60346,00963,60654,70851,896Inspector - Senior78,51459,66982,10460,67473,40054,09472,76357,11787,00073,14673,369Mechanic - Entry50,63234,64942,81936,72451,02240,07242,99738,98656,49352,20548,838Mechanic - Senior60,00059,55975,59457,73870,00056,87560,69449,33788,25463,25164,642Electrician - Entry51,18035,91046,41540,31055,16247,14839,01256,48368,57870,89251,416Electrician - Senior70,00065,53279,50860,02969,44857,59055,30274,66796,55483,49573,823Laborer - Entry46,36127,93231,67328,10739,33830,13935,70333,01651,59745,87738,205Laborer - Senior62,62035,84147,53247,56148,85933,52642,93249,65465,25154,95452,085Truck Driver - Entry49,61928,26038,39932,36541,95642,93535,64446,09360,91248,05441,377Truck Driver - Senior64,26435,84154,19145,03248,54737,51050,09557,45075,67258,37153,200Field Crew - Entry45,14431,48939,33430,44743,39734,30438,33435,74050,21646,36939,527Field Crew - Senior58,96850,37365,34144,21858,09648,03051,77151,65677,97463,69055,008Backhoe Operator - Entry42,120No DataNo Data38,08543,16235,41247,81936,00098,22866,39840,793Backhoe Operator - Senior48,693No DataNo Data54,38348,54744,78259,52544,470119,39266,39850,779Table D.10 - Median salary information by EPA region, 2016 141A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Senior- level chief engineers earn from $62,000 to $300,000 per year. Note: The maximum value of 300,000 is not shown on the chart. Note: The maximum value of 203,000 is not shown on the chart. Figures D�5 to D�22 on the following pages show the distribution of salaries within each job position� Figure D.5 - Chief engineer salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.6 - Civil engineer salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Senior Level Entry Level 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 200,000 220,000 240,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level 142 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries The median salary for entry-level engineers is over $60,000 per year. For senior level engineers the median salary is approximately $100,000 per year. Figure D.7 - Electrical engineer salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.8 - Mechanical engineer salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 143A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries The median salary for entry-level customer service representatives is $37,300 per year, while senior level representaitves earn a median salary $54,200 per year. Figure D.9 - Process engineer salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Figure D.10 - Customer service representative salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 144 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries The median salary level for entry-level accountants is $50,000, while senior level accountants earn a median salary of $74,000 Figure D.11 - Accountant/bookkeeper salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.12 - Budget analyst salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 145A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Entry-level plant operators earn a median salary of $45,100 per year, while senior-level operators earn a median of $66,100 per year. Figure D.13 - Plant operator salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.14 - Plant superintendent salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 200,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 146 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries Entry-level lab technicians earn a median salary of $48,600 per year, while senior-level lab technicians earn a median of $72,700 per year. Figure D.15 - Biologist/chemist/lab technician salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.16 - Industrial waste inspector salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 147A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries The median salary for entry-level mechanics is $48,500, while the median salary for senior-level mechanics is $64,100 The median salary for entry-level electricians is $51,400, while the median salary for senior-level electricians is $73,700 Figure D.17 - Mechanic salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.18 - Electrician salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 148 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries Entry-level truck drivers earn a median salary of $41,400 while senior level truck drivers earn $53,200 per year Figure D.19 - General laborer salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.20 - Truck driver salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 149A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries The median salary for entry-level field crew (pipeline maintenance) is $35,500, while the median salary for senior-level field crew is $55,000 Figure D.21 - Field crew salaries, 2016 (all respondents) Figure D.22 - Backhoe operator salaries, 2016 (all respondents) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Salary ($)Percent of Agencies Below Value Senior Level Entry Level Senior Level Entry Level 150 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries LABOR UNION VS. NON-UNIONIZED LABOR For each staffing position, respondents were requested to indicate whether staff employed in these positions were or were not part of a labor union� Mechanics, electricians, truck drivers, plant operators, field crew, and general laborers were the most highly unionized, ranging from 39 to 44 percent of agency respondents� Civil and process engineers, and plant superintendents were the least unionized ranging from 8 to 17 percent of agency respondents� Percent unionization and median salaries for union versus non-union positions are shown for each staff position in Table D�11� POSITION TOTAL AGENCY RESPONSES32 AGENCIES INDICATING LABOR UNIONPOSITIONS PERCENT OF AGENCIES INDICATING LABOR UNIONPOSITION MEDIAN SALARYUNION POSITION($/YEAR) MEDIAN SALARYNON-UNION POSITION($/YEAR) Chief Engineer - Entry 39 3 8%119,704 87,458 Chief Engineer - Senior 46 4 9%141,541 129,878 Civil Engineer - Entry 87 19 22%73,977 61,452 Civil Engineer - Senior 87 19 22%110,058 93,369 Electrical Engineer - Entry 37 12 32%72,744 63,540 Electrical Engineer - Senior 35 12 34%109,328 94,285 Mechanical Engineer - Entry 34 11 32%71,510 58,821 Mechanical Engineer - Senior 32 11 34%110,058 93,659 Process Engineer - Entry 36 6 17%89,904 58,642 Process Engineer - Senior 38 6 16%123,110 101,991 Customer Service Rep - Entry 37 13 35%43,555 32,490 Customer Service Rep - Senior 33 13 39%58,977 51,684 Accountant/Bookkeeper - Entry 77 19 25%51,251 49,392 Accountant/Bookkeeper - Senior 76 19 25%82,377 73,515 Budget Analyst - Entry 60 13 22%63,000 53,572 Budget Analyst - Senior 55 13 24%86,798 87,979 Operator - Entry 102 35 34%50,300 42,619 Operator - Senior 101 36 36%70,779 63,322 Plant Super - Entry 79 9 11%93,700 76,980 Plant Super - Senior 85 11 13%133,000 107,360 Biologist/Lab - Entry 96 30 31%50,407 46,900 Biologist/Lab - Senior 99 31 31%79,825 71,573 Inspector - Entry 69 28 41%53,648 47,570 Inspector - Senior 76 29 38%73,400 73,070 Mechanic - Entry 91 35 38%51,896 42,381 Mechanic - Senior 94 37 39%65,731 62,951 Electrician - Entry 88 35 40%58,489 48,318 Electrician - Senior 88 36 41%77,657 73,823 Laborer - Entry 74 32 43%38,829 33,563 Laborer - Senior 69 29 42%53,290 48,626 Truck Driver - Entry 36 14 39%48,054 35,178 Truck Driver - Senior 32 14 44%58,371 48,830 Field Crew - Entry 80 32 40%44,731 35,524 Field Crew - Senior 76 31 41%58,968 52,407 Backhow Operator - Entry 18 7 No Data 48,592 38,085 Backhoe Operator - Senior 19 8 No Data 49,547 51,813 Table D.11 - Union versus non-union labor and median salaries, 2016 32. Indicates number of agencies responding to labor union and/or salary questions. Some agencies noted positions as labor union, but did not provide salary . 151A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D - Staffing and Salaries Median salaries increased an average of 6.8 percent from 2013 to 2016 SALARY TRENDS Median salaries have increased an average of 6�8 percent from 2013 to 201633, ranging from one to 18 per- cent for different job positions and job levels� Truck drivers and electricians received the highest median salary increases at an average of 12�2 and 10�8 percent across job levels, respectively� General laborers and mechanical engineers had the lowest median salary increases at an average of 0�0 and 2�1 percent, across job levels, respectively� For comparison, the consumer price index indicator34 for inflation rose 3�0 percent during this same time� Table D�12 summarizes salary trends from 2013 to 2016� Table D.12 - Salary Trends (2013-2016, common respondents) POSITION COMMON RESPONSES MEDIAN SALARY 2016($) MEDIAN SALARY 2013($) PERCENTINCREASEIN MEDIAN (3 YEARS) PERCENTINCREASEIN 25THPERCENTILE (3 YEARS) PERCENTINCREASEIN 75THPERCENTILE (3 YEARS) Civil Engineer - Entry Level 67 64,022 60,000 6.7%10.2%3.3% Civil Engineer - Senior Level 69 95,000 93,272 1.9%1.0%3.7% Electrical Engineer - Entry Level 25 67,668 67,128 0.8%1.5%1.4% Electrical Engineer - Senior Level 24 106,499 95,045 12.1%5.5%7.2% Mechanical Engineer - Entry Level 23 68,590 67,426 1.7%6.1%1.9% Mechanical Engineer - Senior Level 21 104,400 95,378 9.5%4.9%2.3% Process Engineer - Entry Level 21 75,282 69,389 8.5%-2.3%3.4% Process Engineer - Senior Level 23 108,244 103,232 4.9%5.0%2.7% Accountant/Bookkeeper - Entry Level 55 49,262 45,760 7.7%3.4%4.1% Accountant/Bookkeeper - Senior Level 57 77,720 72,000 7.9%6.9%3.5% Budget Analyst - Entry Level 41 59,966 54,841 9.3%8.3%11.2% Budget Analyst - Senior Level 39 87,640 84,926 3.2%15.0%7.3% Operator - Entry Level 73 45,547 41,029 11.0%12.6%8.1% Operator - Senior Level 75 68,536 63,294 8.3%5.9%3.5% Plant Superintendent - Entry Level 53 80,288 76,553 4.9%9.5%4.9% Plant Superintendent - Senior Level 62 109,650 102,716 6.8%8.7%7.4% Biologist/Chemist/Lab - Entry Level 68 48,813 45,472 7.3%7.4%9.8% Biologist/Chemist/Lab - Senior Level 72 73,189 65,967 10.9%8.6%6.4% Industrial Waster Inspector - Entry Level 49 53,106 49,056 8.3%6.6%5.8% Industrial Waster Inspector - Senior Level 58 73,432 69,478 5.7%3.3%4.4% Mechanic - Entry Level 61 49,837 44,032 13.2%7.6%5.0% Mechanic - Senior Level 66 68,297 62,704 8.9%3.8%9.5% Electrician - Entry Level 55 51,691 50,400 2.6%9.8%12.3% Electrician - Senior Level 56 75,382 69,990 7.7%7.4%8.3% General Laborer - Entry Level 52 37,881 36,601 3.5%2.8%4.6% General Laborer - Senior Level 47 52,085 47,588 9.4%5.1%-4.5% Truck Driver - Entry Level 25 40,798 37,389 9.1%6.5%6.3% Truck Driver - Senior Level 23 56,292 53,934 4.4%-0.8%18.1% Field Crew - Entry Level 58 39,527 37,852 4.4%5.2%7.2% Field Crew - Senior Level 55 55,058 55,137 -0.1%2.5%4.0% 33. Based on the average of median salary changes for all job positions from 2013 to 2016. 34. Source: Bureau of Labor and Statistics, average yearly consumer price index, all items, all urban consumers, U.S. city average, all items. 152 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart D- Staffing and Salaries Over a longer-term (i�e� over the last 12 years), salaries have generally mirrored the inflation rate� Median salaries for nearly all positions and job levels have increased at or above inflation (as measured by the con- sumer price index - CPI35) from 2004 to 2016� Figure D�23 illustrates this trend� Figure D.23 - Salary trends (2004-2016, common respondents) 27�1% 0%10%20%30%40%50% Field Crew - Senior Field Crew - Entry Biologist / Chemist / Lab Technician - Senior Biologist / Chemist / Lab Technician - Entry Plant Operator - Senior Plant Operator - Entry Plant Superintendent - Senior Plant Superintendent - Entry Accountant - Senior Accountant - Entry Civil Engineer - Senior Civil Engineer - Entry CPI (annual average) Percent change in median value, 2004 -2016 35. Source: Bureau of Labor and Statistics, average yearly consumer price index, all items, all urban consumers, U.S. city average, all items. 153A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs SECTION E - ENERGY USE/COSTS AND MATERIALS RECOVERY 154 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs Clean water agencies are increasingly seeking ways to improve energy use and efficiency� Many utilities have imple- mented or are considering energy initiatives or recovery applications that reduce their electrical energy use or demand, or provide additional revenue sources through the sale of produced electrical energy or digester biogas� To assess current use and management of energy resources, the 2017 NACWA Financial Survey requested information on current energy use, energy costs, energy reduction measures (implemented and planned), and onsite energy production� OVERALL ELECTRICAL ENERGY USE In 2016, 79 agencies serving over 61 million people used 5�4 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) of electrical energy or nearly 400 kWh per retail account (90 kwh per person served)� For comparison, in 2016 the average home (i�e� retail account) used 10,766 kWh of electricity per year�36 Figure E�1 illustrates the distribution of total electrical energy use among all utility respondents for 2007 and 2016 (in megawatt hours)� Table E�1 presents summary statistics (in megawatt hours) for 2004 through 2016� Recognizing that energy use is highly dependent on flow (and other factors), an assessment of electrical energy use per volume treated is shown the subsquent section� Table E.1 - Total energy use (MWh), 2004-2016 ELECTRICAL ENERGY USE 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Energy Use (MWh) Percent of Agencies Below Value TOTAL ELECTRICAL ENERGY USE (MWH)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 79 79 74 58 59 - Total Energy Used (MWh)5,420,619 6,421,956 5,396,386 4,674,824 2,972,727 - Maximum (MWh)564,777 996,831 969, 213 917,433 510,461 - Average (MWh)68,615 81,291 72,924 80,600 50,502 - Median (MWh)35,904 33,591 36,352 41,404 26,318 - Minimum (MWh)2,993 3,324 3,067 1,624 2,263 Figure E.1 - Distribution of total electricial energy use, 2007 & 2016 (all respondents) Electrical energy use among clean water agencies nationwide averages 400 kWh per retail account 2016 2007 36. U.S. Energy Information Administration, https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=97&t=3. 155A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs ENERGY USAGE - PLANT VERSUS COLLECTION SYSTEM There were 85 survey respondents that could provide a breakdown of energy use between the collection system and plant processes� Treatment plant processes comprised 88 percent of total energy use, while collection system energy use comprised seven percent of the 5�6 billion37 kilowatt-hours used by these 85 agencies in 2016� Figure E.2 - Percent breakdown of 5.6 billion kilowatt-hours energy use, 2016 To establish a range of expected values for plant energy use, an analysis of energy consumed versus flow volume was performed� Recognizing that there are a variety of factors that affect plant energy consumption in addition to flow volumes, such as plant configuration, treatment processes, aeration processes, biosolids treatment processes, and odor control facilities, only a simple distribution of plant energy use (kWh) per million gallons treated is presented in Figure E�3� The chart shows that, in 2016, 95 percent of respondent agencies used between 500 kWh to 4,000 kWh per million gallons treated, with an average and median value of 2,132 kWh and 1,855 kWh per million gallons treated, respectively� PLANT ENERGY USE PER VOLUME TREATED 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Plant Energy Use (kWh per MG Treated) Percent of Agencies Below Value Clean water plants use on average 2,100 kWh per million gallons treated for pumping, aeration, disinfection, solids processing, and reuse 2016 Figure E.3 - Distribution of energy use (kWh) per million gallons treated (all respondents), 2007 and 2016 2007 Note: For readability, the maximum value of 13,040 for 2016 is not shown on the chart. 7%88% 5% Treatment plant Collection system Other (administration, co-generation) 37. Ten agencies provided data for treatment plant and/or collection system energy use, but did not provide a value for total energy use, thus the sum of treatment plant and collection system energy use is higher than the total energy use of 5.4 billion kilowatt-hours in 2016. 156 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs Plant energy use per volume treated (kWh per million gallons treated) among all agencies that responded to the 2008 to 2017 Surveys are summarized in Table E�2� Data on this table suggest that energy use per volume of wastewater treated is increasing over time, though differences over the years may be due to different agencies responding to the survey� TRENDS IN PLANT ENERGY USE (KWH/MG TREATED) To further assess changes in plant energy use, Table E-3 summarizes plant energy use per MG treated for 28 agencies that provided responses to both the 2008 and 2017 surveys� The average and median energy used per MG treated increased from 2007 to 2016 by 11 and 13 percent, respectively� Given the number of energy conservation and reduction projects ongoing at many agencies, this trend seems somewhat surprising� The increase may be due to increasing treatment levels and/or the use of more energy dependent treatment processes� Table E.3 - Trends in plant energy use (kWh per million gallons treated), 2007 and 2016 (28 common respondents) PLANT ENERGY USE PER MG TREATED 2016 2007 - Agencies Responding 28 28 - Maximum (kWh per MG)3,276 3,911 - Average (kWh per MG)1,803 1,624 - Median (kWh per MG)1,751 1,556 - Minimum (kWh per MG)539 72 Plant energy use per volume flow treated increased over 10% from 2007 to 2016 PLANT ENERGY USE PER MG TREATED 2016 2013 2010 2007 - Agencies Responding 82 75 66 47 - Maximum (kWh per MG)13,041 5,229 6,638 3,911 - Average (kWh per MG)2,132 1,994 2,005 1,623 - Median (kWh per MG)1,855 1,715 1,765 1,496 - Minimum (kWh per MG)456 433 82 72 Table E.2 - Plant energy use (kWh per million gallons treated), 2007-2016 (all respondents) 157A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs COLLECTION SYSTEM ENERGY USE (KWH) PER SEWER MILE To establish a range of expected values for collection system energy use, an analysis of electrical energy consumed versus sewer miles was performed� Recognizing that there are a variety of factors that affect collection system energy consumption (e�g� type of system - gravity or force mains, service area topography, relative location of treatment facilities, capacity of pump stations, etc�), only simple distributions of collection system energy use (kWh) per sewer mile are presented in Figure E�4� The data represent 31 respondent agencies that provide treatment and collection services, and 13 respondent agencies that provide only interceptor/treatment services� As shown in Figure E�4 and the Tables E�4 and E�5, agencies providing only interceptor/treatment services use approximately five times the electrical energy per sewer mile than agencies that operate collection systems; a logical result due to proportionally higher interceptor flow rates and needs for high volume pumping capacities� COLLECTION SYSTEM/PUMP STATION ENERGY USE (KWH PER SEWER MILE)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 31 40 35 31 29 - Maximum (kWh per Sewer Mile)130,934 17,545 21,353 41,728 43,600 - Average (kWh per Sewer Mile)9,164 4,282 4,584 6,594 5,517 - Median (kWh per Sewer Mile)3,400 3,251 3,628 3,290 1,968 - Minimum (kWh per Sewer Mile)332 58 113 167 125 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Annual Collection System Energy Use (kWh/Sewer Mile) Percent of Agencies Below Value Agencies with collection and treatment services Agencies with only interceptor/ treatment services Figure E.4 - Distribution of collection system energy use (kWh) per sewer mile, 2016 Table E.4 - Collection system energy use (kWh) - agencies with collection and treatment services, 2004-2016 Note: The maximum value of 130,934 for 2016 is not shown on the chart. 158 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs COLLECTION SYSTEM ENERGY USE (KWH PER SEWER MILE)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 13 14 12 12 13 - Maximum (kWh per Sewer Mile)84,891 317,701 293,104 278,364 405,106 - Average (kWh per Sewer Mile)31,310 66,745 71,257 56,543 58,601 - Median (kWh per Sewer Mile)18,008 51,786 49,967 27,807 9,224 - Minimum (kWh per Sewer Mile)50 80 2,619 25 12 ANNUAL BIOGAS USE Digester biogas, a by-product of anaerobic digestion, is composed of approximately 55 to 65 percent methane, 30 to 40 percent carbon dixoide, small amounts of nitrgoen, sulfuric compounds, and other impurities� Raw digester gas can be further processed to produce high quality methane that can be used for a variety of energy needs onsite, or sold as a raw commodity� In the 2017 Survey, responding agencies were requested to provide information on biogas use and onsite electricity production� Forty-five out of 126 respondents (36 percent) indicated that some percentage of digester biogas was recovered for heating, power production, or other purposes� These 45 agencies serve 45 million people and recovered a total of 183 million therms in biogas in 2016� A statistical summary of biogas recovered is presented in Table E�5� BIOGAS RECOVERY (THERMS PER YEAR)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 45 46 41 30 28 - Total 183,969,825 151,533,000 172,448,000 50,564,000 63,173,000 - Maximum 92,505,600 86,269,000 104,000,000 10,000,000 17,508,000 - Average 4,088,218 3,294,000 4,206,000 1,685,000 2,256,000 - Median 694,029 690,000 764,000 572,000 736,000 - Minimum 2 728 7,600 26,000 26,000 Table E.5 - Collection system energy use - agencies with interceptor/treatment services only, 2004-2016 Thirty-six percent (36%) of utility respondents implemented some form of biogas recovery in 2016. Table E.5- Biogas recovery (therms), 2004 - 2016 159A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs ELECTRICAL ENERGY COST As discussed in Section B, electrical energy costs comprise on average eight percent of operation and maintenance costs� To derive approximate unit costs paid by each clean water utility respondent, total electrical energy cost data for collection system and treatment operations was divided by total energy use data� Because energy used (i�e� the ratio denominator) includes both energy produced onsite (e�g� onsite biogas use, incinerator heat, hydropower, etc�) and purchased energy, the average energy cost per unit consumed for those utilities that produce their own energy is lower than market energy prices� Average cost per kWh for utilities that produce a portion of the electrical energy needs onsite was 6�8 cents per kWh compared to 8�2 cents per kWh for utilities that did not produce their own electricity� Figure E�5 illustrates a distribution of calculated electrical energy costs per kWh for all 2017 Survey respondents, while Table E�6 provides summary statistics� Average and median energy costs for all respondents were 7�5 cents and 6�9 cents per kWh, respectively� For comparison, the average national residential, commercial, and industrial prices for electricity in October 2016 were 12�8, 10�3, and 6�5 cents per kWh, respectively�38 Table E.6 - Electrical energy cost per kWh (US$ per kWh), 2004 - 2016 $0�00 $0�02 $0�04 $0�06 $0�08 $0�10 $0�12 $0�14 $0�16 $0�18 $0�20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Cost per kWh UsedPercent of Agencies Below Value ELECTRICAL ENERGY COST PER KWH ($/KWH)2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 78 79 71 56 57 - Maximum ($ per kWh)0.200 0.327 0.199 0.173 0.141 - Average ($ per kWh)0.075 0.079 0.079 0.075 0.060 - Median ($ per kWh)0.069 0.071 0.072 0.071 0.051 - Minimum ($ per kWh)0.006 0.007 0.028 0.022 0.018 Figure E.5 - Distribution of energy costs (US$ per kWh) 2010 2016 2004 38. U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2016, https://www.eia.gov/electricity/monthly/epm_table_grapher.php?t=epmt_5_6_a. 160 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs The changes in electrical energy costs (per kilowatt-hour used) among agencies that responded to three successive Surveys (i�e�, 2011, 2014, and 2017), were assessed for trends in electrical energy expenditures� Figure E�6 summarizes the change in average costs per kilowatt-hour for 27 respondents that responded in all three surveys� Electrical energy costs per kWh for agencies that do not produce electricity are compared with electrical energy costs per kWh for agencies that do produce a portion of their own electricity� In addition, the average price of electricity for commercial and industrial consumers as reported by the U�S� Energy Information Administration is shown� Electricity prices have risen for commercial users, and electrictal energy costs for agencies that do not produce electricity onsite have risen by $0�05 per kWh from 2010 to 2016� Figure E.6 - Trends in energy cost per kilowatt-hour, 2010-2016 NOTE: NACWA average cost reflects the average cost of 27 NACWA agencies that responded to the 2011, 2014, and 2017 NACWA surveys TRENDS IN ENERGY COSTS Average electricity costs for clean water agencies that do not produce electricity onsite have increased by $0.05 per kWh from 2010 to 2016 $0�069 $0�072 $0�074 $0�102 $0�103 $0�105 $0�069 $0�068 $0�067 $0�074 $0�064 $0�062 $0�060 $0�070 $0�080 $0�090 $0�100 $0�110 2010 2013 2016Cost per kWhAverage commercial price Average cost for 18 NACWA agencies that do not produce electricity onsite Average industrial price Average cost for 9 NACWA agencies that produce some electricity onsite 161A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs ANNUAL ELECTRICAL ENERGY PRODUCED ONSITE USING BIOGAS (MWH)2016 2013 2010 2007 - Agencies Responding 38 32 27 14 - Total 672,645 450,227 345,543 144,049 - Maximum 144,555 136,933 97,785 35,000 - Average 17,701 14,069 12,798 10,289 - Median 6,205 5,477 5,300 4,913 - Minimum 1 1 1 560 Forty-seven (47) agencies produced enough electricity in 2016 to offset 22% of the their own power needs, with a majority generated from biogas applications ANNUAL ELECTRICAL ENERGY PRODUCED ONSITE USING NON-BIOGAS (MWH)2016 2013 2010 2007 - Agencies Responding 20 19 12 5 - Total 127,329 215,435 157,037 62,711 - Maximum 35,600 136,933 85,860 58,776 - Average 6,366 11,338 13,086 12,542 - Median 3,868 1,205 1,944 1,300 - Minimum 1 <1 14 78 6%85% 4% Solar Biogas applications Wind Hydro-electric Other 3% 2%1% ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION Forty-seven responding agencies (37 percent) provided information on electricity production for 2016� These 47 agencies serve 46 million people and produced 800,000 MWh of electricity in 2016, enough to meet 22 percent of their own power needs or to power approximately 75,000 homes for a year� Nearly 85 percent of power produced was from biogas applications, with the rest produced through solar, wind, hydro-electric, or landfill gas power generation applications (see Figure E�7)� A statistical summary of electricity produced by those agencies indicating some (greater than zero) electricity production is presented in Tables E�7 and E�8� Table E.7 - Annual electrical energy produced onsite (biogas), all respondents, 2007-2016 Table E.8 - Annual electrical energy produced onsite (non-biogas), all respondents, 2007-2016 Figure E.7 - Breakdown of electricity production applications (800,000 MWh of electricy produced), all respondents, 2016 162 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs PERCENTAGE ELECTRICITY GENERATED ONSITE Forty-six responding agencies (37 percent) reported that all or some percentage of their energy needs was produced onsite in 2016� Of these agencies, the median percentage of electricity needs generated onsite was 31 percent� Two agencies reported that more than 100 percent of their energy needs are produced onsite (Table E�9)� Table E.9 - Electrical energy needs produced onsite, %, all respondents, 2004-2016 PERCENT OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY PRODUCED ONSITE 2016 2013 2010 2007 2004 - Agencies Responding 46 43 36 24 36 - Maximum 136%100%98%96%95% - Average 38%34%38%34%31% - Median 31%25%40%31%21% - Minimum <1%<1%<1%<1%0% Note: Over 100% indicates that excess energy was produced and sold The percentage of energy needs met through onsite energy production increased from 38 to 48 percent for 21 agencies from 2010 to 2016 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Percent of Electricity Needs Generated Onsite (%)Percent of Agencies Below Value 2013 2010 2016 Note: The maximum value of 136% for 2016 is not shown on the chart. Figure E.8- Percent electricity needs generated onsite (all respondents) To assess general trends, 21 common respondents to the 2010, 2013, and 2016 Surveys were analyzed� For these 21 agencies, the percentage of energy needs met through onsite energy production rose from an average of 38 percent in 2010 to 40 percent in 2013, to 48 percent in 2016� Figure E�8 shows the distribution of onsite electricity production as a percent of total use for 2010, 2013, and 2016 for all respondents to these Surveys� 163A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs POWER GENERATION CAPACITY (MW) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE GAS TURBINE STEAM TURBINE FUEL CELL NON-BIOGAS - Agencies Responding 41 7 5 1 11 - Total 231.0 88.7 31.35 1.4 28.3 - Maximum 54.0 28.8 19.0 1.4 13.1 - Average 5.6 12.7 6.3 1.4 2.6 - Median 2.0 7.0 4.0 1.4 1.0 - Minimum 0.1 3.3 1.0 1.4 <0.1 Note: Use of microturbines was also requested , however, none of the survey respondents indicated application of this equipment. POWER GENERATION CAPACITY Forty-eight responding agences reported a combined capacity to produce 380 MW through the use of internal combustion engines, gas and steam turbines, fuel cells, and non-biogas power generation applications (solar, wind, hydropower, etc�)� Internal combustion engines are the most frequently used power generation equip- ment with an average of 5�6 megawatts capacity per agency (for all plants)� Table E�9 summarizes the types of equipment used and total power generation capacity for all 2017 Survey respondents� Table E.9- Power generation capacity (MW) for biogas and non-biogas applications, 2016 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION COSTS, RATES, AND REVENUE Respondents were requested to provide information on O&M costs for electricity production� Thirteen agen- cies reported annual O&M costs related to energy production ranging from $14,080 to $4�3 million� O&M costs per kWh produced ranged from $0�01 to $0�05 for twelve agencies, while one agency reported $3�35 per kWh� Rates used in selling electrical energy were reported by five agencies ranging from $0�027 to $0�102 per kWh� Six agencies reported revenue from selling electricity from $18,690 to $ 1�5 million� Table E.10- Cost, rates and revenue associated with electricity production, 2016 FINANCIAL COSTS, RATES, AND REVENUE ANNUAL O&M COSTS RELATED TO ENERGY PRODUCTION (MILLIONS $) ANNUAL O&M COSTS PER KWH PRODUCED($ PER KWH) 2016 RATES USED TO SELL ELECTRICITY GENERATED ONSITE ($ PER KWH) REVENUE GENERATED FROM ENERGY PRODUCTION ($ IN 2016) - Agencies Responding 12 12 5 6 - Total 6,836,197 --2,950,540 - Maximum 4,314,072 $0.050 $0.102 1,498,936 - Average 569,683 $0.031 $0.058 491,757 - Median 178,500 $0.034 $0.059 213,417 - Minimum 65,000 $0.010 $0.027 18,690 164 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs REDUCING ENERGY NEEDS ACROSS THE COUNTRY - RECENT PROJECTS INVOLV- ING ELECTRICITY GENERATION OR HEAT RECOVERY City of Phoenix, AZ: The 91st Ave Wastewater Treatment Plant biogas facility was scheduled to be operational in late 2017� The facility will process the raw biogas generated in the anaerobic digesters into renewable natural gas (RNG) that will be sold to the vehicle market through the nation’s natural gas pipeline grid� With a project size of 3,250 standard cubic feet per minute (SCFM) capacity, the facility will be the largest of its kind in the nation� Assuming an 80% utilization factor and heating value of 600 Btu per cubic foot of biogas, this project is expected to produce a fuel equivalent of about 820,000 MMBtu (8,202,000 therms) per year� Central Contra Costa Sanitary District, CA: Cogeneration improvements project to result in improved efficiency of turbine operation� Solar panels that were installed in late 2016 have 198 kW capacity� District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority: Digesters are now operational, and producing green energy (8 to 10 MW) and Class A biosolids� The Authority is marketing the biosolids as a trademarked brand, Bloom, to soil blenders, landscapers, garden centers, tree farms, and other end users� Downers Grove, IL: Second CHP engine-driven generator with heat recovery started up in 2017, 375 kw electric capacity� Fairfield Suisun Sewer District, CA: The District is evaluating the installation of a battery system and additional solar array at the District’s treatment plant to shave demand peaks and reduce the District’s electric utility demand charges� Fort Wayne City Utilities, IL: The utility is in the planning phase for a resource recovery facility to accept additional high strength waste to increase methane production for an additional 1�2 MW of biogas driven generation and create additional revenue stream in tipping fees� Philadelphia Water Dept., PA: The NEWPCP Cogeneration facility has been in operation since 12/2013� It generates a average of 35 million Kwh/year� Narragansett Bay Comm., RI: In July and October of 2016, NBC purchased three 1�5 MW wind turbines located remotely from NBC facilities� Renewable energy generated by these wind turbines is net metered to various NBC electrical billing accounts with the local electrical distribution company� In 2017, NBC negotiated an agreement with a local renewable energy development company to net meter renewable solar energy from an approximately 10�0 MW solar photovoltaic farm� Once completely operational, NBC’s wind turbines, biogas reuse project and solar energy net metering projects will be capable of supplying 91% of all NBC electricity needs with locally generated renewable energy� Renewable Water Resources , SC: Solar Projects - 2,615 KW (planned) Knoxville Utilities Board, TN: Nitrification project - replacing gates and cleaning diffusers to decrease the amount of electricity used to operate the blowers� Combined heat and power - Using methane gas produced to make the digester heating process self sufficient (closed loop operation)� NEW Water, WI: The Resource Recovery and Electrical Energy project is into construction and includes two anaerobic digesters with high strength waste receiving station, two IC engines to run on biogas, a heat recovery system, and a phosphorus recovery system� 165A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION To minimize environmental impacts, and reduce energy costs, clean water utilities are achieving energy and cost reductions and environmental benefits through a variety of energy saving techniques� A large proportion of utilities have already implemented one or more of these techniques at their plants, and a significant proportion plan to do so in the future (Table E�11)� Efforts to go “green” and reduce energy costs are highlighted by the use of high efficiency motors, lighting, and HVAC for plant operations, buildings, and administrative offices, where over 95 percent of respondent utilities use or are planning to use these systems� The number of utilities generating electricity onsite is increasing� Over one-half of respondents indicated that they have completed or are planning to complete projects that will generate electricity on site using biogas, while 40 percent of survey respondents indicated that they are generating or planning to generate electricity with solar, wind or hydropower� Table E.11 - Energy conservation and cost reduction methods, 2017 ENERGY CONSERVATION OR COST REDUCTION METHOD IMPLEMENTED PLANNED - Installation of high-efficiency pumps, motors, & variable frequency drives 78%26% - Use of efficient lighting, HVAC for plant and administrative buildings 75%30% - Using SCADA systems to monitor and optimize energy needs 64%24% - Other plant process modifications to reduce energy use 57%29% - Reduction of I/I to reduce plant flows 50%23% - Electricity generation – (biogas fueled engine, microturbine, fuel cell)39%18% - Optimized purchasing strategies 39%15% - Heat recovery 39%11% - Load shifting / equalization basins 34%10% - Electricy generation (non-biogas)25%15% - Reduce energy emissions from vehicle powered equipment 15%7% Over 85% of agencies have implemented or are planning plant process modifications to reduce energy use 166 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST SAVINGS Responding agencies that are planning energy conservation/cost reduction projects were also asked to estimate the reduction in off-site energy needs associated with these projects� A total of 19 agencies estimated reductions of 229 million kWh per year in offsite energy needs or nearly 15 percent of their total 1�5 billion kWh per year in current energy use� Projects to produce electricity and other plant process modifications were estimated to reduce the greatest proportion of off-site energy needs, and save on average 10 million kWh per year, per agency� Table E.12 - Energy conservation and cost reduction methods planned, 2017 Nineteen respondents estimate reducing their off-site energy needs by an average of 15 percent ENERGY CONSERVATION OR COST REDUCTION METHOD AGENCIES ESTIMATING ENERGY REDUCTIONS FOR PLANNED PROJECTS ESTIMATED REDUCTION IN OFF- SITE ENERGY NEED (KWH PER YEAR) - Electricity generation – (biogas fueled engine, microturbine, fuel cell)10 105,931,900 - Electricity generation – (solar, wind, hydro, landfill, &other non biogas)4 35,079,230 - Other plant process modifications to reduce energy use 7 29,371,751 - Other unspecified 3 29,010,619 - Heat recovery 4 10,661,826 - Using SCADA systems to monitor and optimize energy needs 4 6,494,593 - Use of efficient lighting, HVAC for plant and administrative buildings 6 6,200,315 - High-efficiency pumps, motors, & variable frequency drives 4 5,311,018 - Load shifting / equalization basins 1 1,000,000 - Reduce energy emissions from vehicle equipment 2 5 - Reduction of I/I to reduce plant flows 0 0 - Optimized purchasing strategies 0 0 167A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs RECENT PROJECTS TO OPTIMIZE PLANT PROCESSES AND OPERATIONS Pima County, AZ: Periodic review identified one lift station for decommissioning� The $1,020,000 project turned the service area into a gravity system and eliminated the power and water and O&M costs for that facility� The Department SCADA Section looks to automate and increase the efficiency of its treatment processes, a total of 3 projects valued at $6,700,000 were completed in FY 16-17� Identified lighting upgrades blower upgrades and power factor correction projects that amounted to $1,685,000� The total investment in energy conservation and process efficiency projects adds to $9,400,000 for the Fiscal Year ending in June 2017� City of Aurora, CO: The facility replaced the excessive UV disinfection system with a new variable output giving the facility the ability to reduce the power the lamps needed to perform the same disinfection� Toho Water Authority: Ongoing effort to replace pumps & motors with more efficient equipment� Variable frequency drives (VFD) installed where possible to better control plant process and reduce wear on equipment� Plant process are being reviewed to optimize efficiency with focus on reducing blower use and reprocessing� SCADA monitoring at TWA’s largest facility to provide operators with real time feedback on energy use� Portland Water District, ME: The mechanical aeration system was replaced with a more energy efficient diffused aeration system� City of Grand Rapids, MI: Process improvements include nitrogen based secondary control, realtime e-coli control of UV and SRT Control� Digestion and Phosphorus recovery are underway� Albuquerque-Bernalillo County WUA, NM: Between 2013 and 2016, the Water Authority completed several small projects focused on replacing worn membrane diffusers or old ceramic diffusers and fixing leaks in the air distribution piping that feed the diffusers� These projects together with refinements in operating the secondary treatment process have collectively helped reduce plant energy consumption by 10% when compared to energy use in Calendar Year 2013� NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist., OH: A performance based energy conservation project at NEORSD’s EMSC building reduced energy costs by $458,634 and consumption by 2,329 mmBTU� In addition, LED lighting retrofits completed between 2014-2016 at three wastewater treatment plants are reducing annual use by approximately 3,404,051 KWh� Currently the District is undertaking a Power Quality Study and aeration system analysis at two of its wastewater treatment plants� It is also scheduled to participate in Department of Energy Industrial Assessment Center audit in October 2017 at the Westerly Wastewater Treatment Plant� City of Albany, OR: Recent installation of several energy efficient lights, actuator to shut off equipment� City of Johnson City, TN: New Regional WWTP Blower Installation & LED Lighting Upgrade King County DNR , WA: South Plant: - Replacement of raw sewage pumps - Installation of new aeration diffuser membranes; Brightwater: - Lighting upgrades in operations center, warehouse, and galleries - Settled sewage channel gate modifications; West Point: - OGADS (oxygen genreation and dissolution) equipment replacement - Replacement of channel air blowers and installation of VFDs - Administration and Maintenance Building HVAC improvements� NEW Water, WI: The Resource Recovery and Electrical Energy project is into construction and includes two anaerobic digesters with high strength waste receiving station, two IC engines to run on biogas, a heat recovery system, and a phosphorus recovery system� Expected in service date of spring 2018 is still anticipated� 168 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs MATERIALS RECOVERY Survey respondents were requested to indicate if any material recovery processess were being implemented or planned, such as: • Ammonia recovery • Phosphorus compounds recovery • Nitrogren compounds recovery • Metals recovery • Bioplastics production from biosolids • Pyrolosis of biosolids to fuel oil • Algal biomass fuel production • Biosolids solid fuel to replace coal • Biosolids fertilizer pellets and soil conditioner� The most prevalent resource recovery effort to date has been the conversion of treated biosolids as fertilizer pellets and soil conditioner� Nearly one-quarter of respondent utilities indicated that biosolids pelletization is being implemented or planned� Other resource recovery efforts are increasingly being planned and implemented� Phosphorus compound (e�g�, struvite) recovery efforts were cited by twelve utility respondents (14 percent of all respondents)� Seven respondents indicate nitrogen recovery processes and two respondents indicated efforts to recover metals, two indicate pilot efforts with algal biomass, and three utilities indicated efforts to recover ammonia� None of the respondent utilities reported activities associated with: bioplastics production or biosolids solid fuel to replace coal� While the implementation of technologies to recover nutrients and metals from domestic waste streams continues to be practiced by relatively few utilities, it is expected that more utilities will adopt these practicies as evolving technologies and markets support these efforts� RECENT PROJECTS IN MATERIALS RECOVERY Fairfield Suisun Sewer District, CA: The District has entered a public-private partnership with Lystek International, which developed an Organic Material Recovery Center (OMRC) at the District’s treatment plant� The OMRC was commissioned in August 2016� The District sends 100% of biosolids generated on-site to Lystek’s OMRC, and other local wastewater treatment plants also deliver 3rd party biosolids to the OMRC� While initially the District’s biosolids processing costs have increased, it is anticipated that (a�) the regulatory feasibility of the District’s previous biosolids disposal method will diminish in the near future, significantly increasing the cost of the status quo, and (b�) a fraction of the gate fees from 3rd party biosolids are returned to the District for a host mitigation fee, which will increase as the facility expands� These factors will result in a cost savings to the District for biosolids processing in the near future, with break-even in the next 1-2 years� City of Ames, IA: Piloting an algal biomass system with Iowa State University MWRD of Greater Chicago, IL -Ostara Nutrient Recovery Facility at the Stickney Water Reclamation Plant; -Composted Biosolids product -ANITA Mox Deammonification Process at the Egan Water Reclamation Plant Madison, WI: Ostara’s Pearl Struvite Recovery process was started on site in January 2014� This process recovers phosphorous for reuse off site, reducing phosphorous in biosolids, and provides some revenue to offset costs� 169A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs ENERGY CREDITS Survey respondents were asked whether any energy generated qualifies for renewable energy credits (RECs) or other credits/ incentives, as well as the revenues generated from the sale of RECs or other credits� The following 15 utilities provided responses� Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department, AZ: The agency has a power purchase agreement for two 1�0 MW solar facilities� The County purchases the power at a fixed rate, essentially similar to purchasing electricity from the local conventional supplier� The annual production from these two sites is approximately 3,6000,000 kWh� East Bay Municipal Utility District, CA: The agency created 12,304 MWh of RECs and sold at $35/MWh, for total revenue of $430,640� Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County, CA: REC’s for on-site power generation sold as California RPS category 3 at $0�80 - $0�90 per MWh, $82,681 REC’s for export power generation sold as California RPS category 1 at $8�00-$9�00 per MWh, $108,797 Santa Rosa Water, CA: Total of $1,027,690 incentives/rebates received for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs and projects through participation in PG&E’s SGIP and PBI programs� Victor Valley Wastewater Reclamation Authority, CA: Current biogas usage is for internal combustion engines (ICE) for aeration air� Downers Grove Sanitary District, IL: PA Tier 1 RECs sold for $17,232� Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, MA: Bio-Mass Class I: $515,804; Hydro Class I: $108,916 Solar SREC: $109,572 Wind Class I: $52,404 Metropolitan Council Environmental Services, MN: MCES does not retain the RECs associated with on-site solar electricity production, nor does it sell RECs from its on-site biosolids powered steam turbine� Metropolitan Sewerage District of Buncombe County, NC: Avoided power cost through the use of our hydro facility for FY2016 was $521,000� Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority, NM: All biogas produced at the plant is converted to electricity and qualifies as RECs� The Water Authority’s RECs have been marketed in a reverse auction bid process with limited success� The most recent sale was a batch of RECs that included 9766 units of 2015 vintage and 6484 units of 2016 vintage� Total revenue received was only $3,250� WHAT IS A RENEWABLE ENERGY CREDIT (REC) ? All grid-tied renewable-based electricity generators produce two distinct products: 1) Physical electricity; 2) RECs� At the point of generation, both product components can be sold together or separately, as a bundled or unbundled product� In either case, the renewable generator feeds the physical electricity onto the electricity grid, where it mixes with electricity from other generation sources� Since electrons from all generation sources are indistinguishable, it is impossible to track the physical electrons from a specific point of generation to a specific point of use� As renewable generators produce electricity, they create one REC for every megawatt-hour of electricity placed on the grid� 170 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ƒPart E - Energy Use and Costs City of Las Vegas Water Pollution Control Facility, NV: Solar Generation qualifies for RECs, currently the market is abundant with product so the RECs are not marketable� Revenue has not been generated from RECs at this point in time� Akron Water Reclamation Services, OH: 2016 REC currently priced at $4�25/REC Philadelphia Water Department, PA: The SE WPCP solar Array & NE WPCP biogas cogeneration facility qualify for RECs� SREC’s have generated $22,105 & Tier 1 Biomass RECs $911,667 through the end of CY 2016� King County Wastewater Treatment Division, WA: At West Point Treatment Plant, digester gas that qualifies for RECs fuels its cogeneration plant� No electricity that is produced at the South Plant qualifies for RECs� South Plant, however, generates and sells biogas cleaned to pipeline quality to the local natural gas utility� This has been in practice since the mid-1980s� This gas is certified for the production of transportation RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers)� NEW Water, WI: The agency is under a Direct Control program with the local utility that allows them to run the IC engine generators during peak power usage in the system� Monthly credit at $13,914 ($166,968 annually)� 171A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA Appendix A General Information Survey Data 172 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME FULL MEMBER NAME CITY STATE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Mobile Area Water & Sewer System Mobile AL AL0004 Daphne Utilities Daphne Utilities Daphne AL AR0001 City of Litte Rock Little Rock Water Reclamation Authority Little Rock AR AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Pine Bluff Wastewater Utility Pine Bluff AR AZ0001 City of Phoenix City of Phoenix Water Services Department Phoenix AZ AZ0002 Pima County Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department Tucson AZ CA0002 Orange County SD Orange County Sanitation District Fountain Valley CA CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Central Contra Costa Sanitary District Martinez CA CA0006 East Bay MUD East Bay Municipal Utility District Oakland CA CA0007 City of Riverside City of Riverside Water Reclamation Plant Riverside CA CA0008 Sacramento County Sacramento Regional County Sanitation District Sacramento CA CA0010 San Francisco PUD San Francisco Public Utilities Commission San Francisco CA CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County Whittier CA CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Encina Wastewater Authority Carlsbad CA CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Fairfi eld-Suisun Sewer District Fairfi eld CA CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Delta Diablo Antioch CA CA0028 West County WWD West County Wastewater District Oakland CA CA0039 South Orange County WWA South Orange County Wastewater Authority Dana Point CA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Santa Rosa Water Santa Rosa CA CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Vallejo Flood and Wastewater District Vallejo CA CA0064 Central Marin SA Central Marin SA San Rafael CA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Victor Valley Wastewater Reclamation Authority Victorville CA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Metro Wastewater Reclamation District Denver CO CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. City of Pueblo Wastewater Department Pueblo CO CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO City of Aurora Water Department Aurora CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Water Pollution Control Authority for the City of Norwalk Norwalk CT CT0010 Town of Greenwich The Town of Greenwich Greenwich CT DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. DC Water Washington DC FL0002 Orange County Utilities Orange County Utilities Orlando FL FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Miami-Dade County Water and Sewer Department Miami FL FL0020 Toho Water Authority Toho Water Authority Kissimmee FL FL0027 Marion County Utilities Marion County Utilities Belleview FL GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW City of Atlanta Department of Watershed Management Atlanta GA GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Gwinnett County Department of Water Resources Lawrenceville GA GA0003 Columbus Water Works Columbus Water Works Columbus GA GA0004 Macon Water Authority Macon Water Authority Macon GA GA0013 Dekalb County PWD DeKalb County Department of Watershed Management Decatur GA HI0001 City & County of Honolulu City and County of Honolulu Kapolei HI IA0002 City of Ames City of Ames Water & Pollution Control Department Ames IA IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF City of Cedar Rapids, Utilities Department Cedar Rapids IA ID0005 City of Twin Falls City of Twin Falls Twin Falls ID IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago Chicago IL IL0002 North Shore SD North Shore Water Reclamation District Gurnee IL IL0004 San. District of Decaur Sanitary District of Decatur Decatur IL IL0005 Downers Grove SD Downers Grove Sanitary District Downers Grove IL IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF American Bottoms Regional Wastewater Treatment Facility Sauget IL IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Greater Peoria Sanitary District Peoria IL IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Bloomington & Normal Water Reclamation District Bloomington IL IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Thorn Creek Basin Sanitary District Chicago Heights IL IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District Wheaton Sanitary District Wheaton IL IL0021 Glenbard WWA Glenbard Wastewater Authority Glen Ellyn IL IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities City of Fort Wayne Fort Wayne IN KS0001 Johnson County WWD Johnson County Wastewater Olathe KS KS0002 City of Wichita WSD City of Wichita Wichita KS KS0003 Wyandotte County Unifi ed Government of Wyandotte County Kansas City KS KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Northern Kentucky Sanitation District No. 1 Ft Wright KY LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC East Baton Rouge Sewerage Commission Baton Rouge LA MA0001 MWRA Massachusetts Water Resources Authority Boston MA MA0005 Boston WSC Boston Water & Sewer Commission Boston MA MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Springfi eld Water & Sewer Commission Springfi eld MA ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Portland Water District Portland ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids City of Grand Rapids Environmental Services Grand Rapids MI MI0006 Oakland County WRC Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner Waterford MI MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Western Lake Superior Sanitary District Duluth MN MN0002 MCES Metropolitan Council Environmental Services Saint Paul MN MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP City of Rochester, MN Water Reclamation Plant Rochester MN MO0001 Kansas City Water KC Water Kansas City MO MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District Saint Louis MO LIST OF RESPONDING AGENCIES 173A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA LIST OF RESPONDING AGENCIES ID MEMBER NAME FULL MEMBER NAME CITY STATE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. City of Springfi eld Springfi eld MO MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Jeff erson City Public Works Department Jeff erson City MO NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD City of Raleigh Public Utilities Department Raleigh NC NC0002 Charlotte Water Charlotte Water Charlotte NC NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Metropolitan Sewerage District of Buncombe County Asheville NC NC0007 Orange WSA Orange Water & Sewer Authority Carrboro NC NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty Joint Meeting of Essex & Union Counties Elizabeth NJ NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission Newark NJ NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA Secaucus Municipal Utilities Authority Secaucus NJ NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority Albuquerque NM NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Clark County Water Reclamation District Las Vegas NV NV0003 City of Henderson City of Henderson Henderson NV NV0004 City of Las Vegas City of Las Vegas Water Pollution Control Facility Las Vegas NV NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NYC Department of Environmental Protection Corona NY NY0009 City of Monroe DES Monroe County Department of Environmental Services Rochester NY NY0020 Erie County DEP Erie County Division of Sewerage Management Buff alo NY OH0001 City of Akron Akron Water Reclamation Services Akron OH OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Metropolitan Sewer District of Greater Cincinnati Cincinnati OH OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District Cleveland OH OH0004 City of Columbus DPU City of Columbus Department of Public Utilities Columbus OH OH0007 City of Canton City of Canton Water Reclamation Facility Canton OH OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. City of Lima Utilities Department Lima OH OH0021 Montgomery County Montgomery County Water Services Kettering OH OR0001 Clean Water Services Clean Water Services Hillsboro OR OR0002 City of Portland City of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services Portland OR OR0005 City of Gresham City of Gresham Department of Environmental Services Gresham OR OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Water Environment Services of Clackamas County Oregon City OR OR0009 City of Albany City of Albany, OR Albany OR PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Philadelphia Water Department Philadelphia PA RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Narragansett Bay Commission Providence RI SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Renewable Water Resources Greenville SC SC0003 Charleston Water System Charleston Water System Charleston SC SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Greenwood Metropolitan District Greenwood SC SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Beaufort Jasper Water & Sewer Authority Okatie SC TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Knoxville Utilities Board Knoxville TN TN0005 City of Johnson City City of Johnson City Johnson City TN TX0002 Austin Water Utility Austin Water Austin TX TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities City of Dallas Water Utilities Dallas TX TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Gulf Coast Authority Houston TX TX0009 San Antonio Water System San Antonio Water System San Antonio TX TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Upper Trinity Regional Water District Lewisville TX UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Salt Lake City Corporation Salt Lake City UT UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Central Davis Sewer District Farmington UT UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Snyderville Basin Water Reclamation District Park City UT UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Timpanogos Special Service District American Fork UT VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Alexandria Renew Enterprises Alexandria VA VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Fairfax County Wastewater Management Program Lorton VA VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Hampton Roads Sanitation District Virginia Beach VA VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Upper Occoquan Service Authority Centreville VA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF Hopewell Water Renewal Hopewell VA VA0010 Prince William County SA Prince William County Service Authority Woodbridge VA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Chesterfi eld County Utilities Chesterfi eld VA WA0001 King County DNR King County Wastewater Treatment Division Seattle WA WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Seattle Public Utilities Seattle WA WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance LOTT Clean Water Alliance Olympia WA WI0001 NEW Water NEW Water Green Bay WI WI0002 Madison MSD Madison Metropolitan Sewerage District Madison WI WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District Milwaukee WI Total Agencies Responding 126 174 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME WHOLESALE POPULATION SERVED1 RETAIL POPULATION SERVED1 TOTAL POPULATION SERVED WHOLESALE ACCOUNTS1 RETAIL ACCOUNTS # OF RETAIL ACCOUNTS OF WHOLESALE CUSTOMERS1 AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 200,000 200,000 83,497 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 25,000 25,000 0 11,400 0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 199,597 199,597 69,149 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 50,000 50,000 15,111 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 1,615,000 1,615,000 419,076 AZ0002 Pima County 1,016,204 1,016,204 260,000 CA0002 Orange County SD 280,000 2,600,000 2,880,000 2 550,000 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 141,000 340,700 481,700 1 143,840 50,000 CA0006 East Bay MUD 680,000 680,000 176,286 CA0007 City of Riverside 324,637 324,637 91,469 CA0008 Sacramento County 1,400,000 1,400,000 4 430,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 864,816 864,816 163,587 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 5,612,785 5,612,785 1 1,247,131 47 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 367,000 367,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 141,728 141,728 47,420 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 206,500 206,500 68,000 CA0028 West County WWD 98,853 5,000 103,853 840 24,700 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 500,000 500,000 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 174,972 174,972 4 49,531 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 117,322 117,322 38,155 CA0064 Central Marin SA 103,118 103,118 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 291,392 291,392 550 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 1,800,000 1,800,000 50 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 110,291 110,291 37,958 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 20,800 355,441 376,241 1 81,692 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 65,000 65,000 65,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 61,171 61,171 17,010 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 1,600,000 672,000 2,272,000 7 125,000 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 410,336 410,336 149,213 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 705,989 1,615,580 2,321,569 13 357,882 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 322,862 322,862 105,381 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 47,143 47,143 1 20,497 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 89,396 89,396 2 150,949 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 42,456 853,367 895,823 20 246,394 12,130 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 13,857 241,922 255,779 60,295 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 140,000 140,000 4 50,000 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 743,000 743,000 4 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 780,000 780,000 146,300 IA0002 City of Ames 309 66,191 66,500 19,942 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 50,304 131,127 181,431 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 47,000 47,000 20,000 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 5,250,000 5,250,000 1,600,000 IL0002 North Shore SD 301,687 301,687 3 60,000 18,483 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 11,150 72,706 83,856 27,142 4,762 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 65,000 65,000 20,113 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 48,315 48,315 13,130 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 140,000 140,000 50,200 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 134,591 134,591 4 38,000 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 93,542 93,542 31,668 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District 63,000 63,000 15,800 IL0021 Glenbard WWA 77,000 77,000 0 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 33,154 255,556 288,710 19 91,130 11,582 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 425,000 425,000 141,000 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 500,000 500,000 1 138,126 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 285,000 285,000 104,500 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 282,923 282,923 MA0001 MWRA 2,270,000 2,270,000 43 MA0005 Boston WSC 646,000 646,000 90,000 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 103,770 174,160 277,930 9 37,223 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 65,000 65,000 17,000 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 74,000 196,445 270,445 4 73,350 30,000 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 30,174 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 115,579 115,579 21 MN0002 MCES 2,800,000 2,800,000 108 1,155,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 114,011 114,011 38,613 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 1,319,047 1,319,047 422,512 POPULATION AND CUSTOMER ACCOUNTS 175A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA POPULATION AND CUSTOMER ACCOUNTS ID MEMBER NAME WHOLESALE POPULATION SERVED1 RETAIL POPULATION SERVED1 TOTAL POPULATION SERVED WHOLESALE ACCOUNTS1 RETAIL ACCOUNTS # OF RETAIL ACCOUNTS OF WHOLESALE CUSTOMERS1 MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 14,699 206,279 220,978 72,890 5,194 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 1,320 73,380 74,700 1 20,192 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 954,644 954,644 251,893 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 135,000 135,000 53,771 NC0007 Orange WSA 83,000 83,000 21,526 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 499,417 499,417 12 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 1,513,259 1,513,259 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 16,300 16,300 0 NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 670,779 670,779 196,057 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 984,065 984,065 253,812 NV0003 City of Henderson 296,695 296,695 91,339 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 640,174 640,174 0 207,959 0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 8,426,743 8,426,743 834,600 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 1,438 749,500 750,938 240,151 NY0020 Erie County DEP 25,000 230,000 255,000 0 98,276 2 OH0001 City of Akron 75,471 198,329 273,800 6 75,507 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 800,000 800,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 69,327 896,226 965,553 3 332,040 12,098 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 2,021,632 2,021,632 271,947 OH0007 City of Canton 115,067 76,388 191,455 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 48,000 48,000 15,055 OH0021 Montgomery County 250,000 250,000 OR0001 Clean Water Services 296,000 274,000 570,000 7 OR0002 City of Portland 627,000 627,000 6 181,769 15,000 OR0005 City of Gresham 13,396 111,257 124,653 2 23,971 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 21,072 74,294 95,366 2 20,501 11,252 OR0009 City of Albany 1,674 53,211 54,885 1 18,999 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 750,000 1,567,442 2,317,442 10 472,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 360,000 360,000 84,200 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 495,777 495,777 132,242 SC0003 Charleston Water System 28,828 149,220 178,048 4 54,055 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 50,000 50,000 15,344 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 207,400 207,400 0 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 199,672 199,672 70,265 18,502 TN0005 City of Johnson City 75,000 75,000 28,792 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 51,556 925,497 977,053 11 214,366 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 105,808 1,210,400 1,316,208 11 279,671 32,368 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 40,000 40,000 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 12 435,340 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 104,560 104,560 12 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 192,672 192,672 49,917 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 60,500 60,500 15,672 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 31,079 31,079 12,351 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 211,900 211,900 10 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 938,500 938,500 7 367,311 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 1,726,907 1,726,907 467,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 338,606 0 338,606 4 145,175 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF 62,000 62,000 8,800 VA0010 Prince William County SA 16,000 333,290 349,290 1 89,235 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 791 277,962 278,753 1 90,660 302 WA0001 King County DNR 1,700,000 1,700,000 34 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 662,400 662,400 172,659 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 107,665 107,665 59,578 WI0001 NEW Water 231,000 231,000 18 WI0002 Madison MSD 370,000 370,000 38 106,500 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 1,075,208 1,075,208 28 Agencies Responding2 53 98 120 48 91 22 Minimum 309 5,000 16,300 1 840 2 Maximum 2,800,000 8,426,743 8,426,743 550 1,600,000 1,155,000 Average 392,705 619,966 679,751 23 159,394 99,122 Median 104,560 245,961 280,838 6 81,692 18,493 Total 20,813,384 60,756,698 81,570,082 1,117 14,504,821 2,180,675NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics. 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 176 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA SEPARATE SEWERS COMBINED SEWERS SEPARATE STORM SEWERS TOTAL SANITARY SEWERS ID MEMBER NAME AREA (SQ.MI) LENGTH (MILES)AREA (SQ.MI)LENGTH (MILES)LENGTH (MILES)AREA (SQ.MI)LENGTH (MILES) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 170.0 1,500.0 170.0 1,500.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 25.0 200.0 25.0 200.0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 124.0 1,384.0 124.0 1,384.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 450.0 450.0 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 540.0 4,873.0 540.0 4,873.0 AZ0002 Pima County 392.0 3,500.0 392.0 3,500.0 CA0002 Orange County SD 649.0 396.0 649.0 396.0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 145.2 1,528.0 145.2 1,528.0 CA0006 East Bay MUD 88.0 29.0 88.0 29.0 CA0007 City of Riverside 81.5 1,100.0 81.5 1,100.0 CA0008 Sacramento County 383.0 169.0 10.0 393.0 169.0 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 49.0 993.0 49.0 993.0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 823.5 1,431.2 823.5 1,431.2 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 123.0 123.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 41.0 41.0 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 54.0 71.0 54.0 71.0 CA0028 West County WWD 33.8 498.0 33.8 498.0 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 220.0 220.0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 41.5 598.7 320.0 41.5 598.7 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 36.0 436.0 220.0 36.0 436.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA 43.5 43.5 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 41.6 41.6 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 715.0 229.0 715.0 229.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 52.3 468.2 52.3 468.2 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 108.3 1,093.5 108.3 1,093.5 384.0 216.6 2,187.0 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 13.9 200.0 2.5 30.5 80.0 16.4 230.5 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 185.0 185.0 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 735.0 722.0 20.0 603.0 576.0 755.0 1,325.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 1,908.0 1,908.0 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 400.0 6,200.0 400.0 6,200.0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 1,188.0 1,188.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,537.6 349.2 1,537.6 349.2 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 131.5 1,265.0 11.5 309.0 170.0 143.0 1,574.0 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 422.0 2,771.8 422.0 2,771.8 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 133.0 1,120.0 8.0 67.0 141.0 1,187.0 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 220.0 960.0 220.0 960.0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 125.0 2,692.0 942.4 125.0 2,692.0 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 600.0 2,100.0 84.0 684.0 2,100.0 IA0002 City of Ames 24.6 24.6 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 99.6 668.0 549.0 99.6 668.0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 29.0 245.9 29.0 245.9 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 497.0 4,400.0 375.0 15,500.0 872.0 19,900.0 IL0002 North Shore SD 93.0 120.0 93.0 120.0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 10.0 32.0 35.0 32.5 45.0 64.5 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 20.0 252.0 20.0 252.0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 55.0 30.0 85.0 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 60.5 599.0 6.8 130.1 67.3 729.1 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 48.0 9.8 5.0 111.0 53.0 120.8 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 100.0 16.0 100.0 16.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 21.3 245.2 1.2 27.7 22.5 272.9 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 317.4 1,008.5 19.0 363.2 336.4 1,371.7 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 172.0 2,260.0 172.0 2,260.0 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 183.0 2,032.0 1,176.0 183.0 2,032.0 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 171.6 1,374.0 11.8 263.8 183.4 1,637.8 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 400.0 2,073.0 400.0 2,073.0 MA0001 MWRA 470.0 200.0 30.0 26.0 500.0 226.0 MA0005 Boston WSC 703.0 163.0 663.0 866.0 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 144.6 314.0 3.5 145.0 148.1 459.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 13.6 13.6 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 510.0 510.0 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 102.4 74.6 102.4 74.6 MN0002 MCES 865.0 645.0 3.0 1.0 868.0 646.0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 56.3 530.0 56.3 530.0 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 446.0 4,576.4 69.0 1,697.5 2,980.0 515.0 6,273.9 SEWER SERVICE AREA DESCRIPTION 177A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA SEWER SERVICE AREA DESCRIPTION SEPARATE SEWERS COMBINED SEWERS SEPARATE STORM SEWERS TOTAL SANITARY SEWERS ID MEMBER NAME AREA (SQ.MI) LENGTH (MILES)AREA (SQ.MI)LENGTH (MILES)LENGTH (MILES)AREA (SQ.MI)LENGTH (MILES) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 44.0 436.0 44.0 436.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 4,244.0 4,244.0 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 180.0 1,000.0 180.0 1,000.0 NC0007 Orange WSA 30.0 338.0 30.0 338.0 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 58.0 41.0 11.0 1.0 69.0 42.0 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 6.6 10.0 6.6 10.0 NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 303.0 2,580.0 303.0 2,580.0 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 231.0 2,165.0 273.0 504.0 2,165.0 NV0003 City of Henderson 105.0 956.0 257.2 105.0 956.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 140.0 1,765.0 465.0 140.0 1,765.0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 653.0 402.0 1,055.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP 737.0 1,084.0 47.0 737.0 1,084.0 OH0001 City of Akron 130.0 1,050.9 17.6 167.4 147.6 1,218.3 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 218.0 218.0 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 283.5 199.5 80.1 125.6 363.6 325.1 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 399.4 2,548.7 7.0 159.9 1,780.0 406.4 2,708.6 OH0007 City of Canton 91.9 853.0 91.9 853.0 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 14.7 103.2 19.4 136.8 34.1 240.0 OH0021 Montgomery County 115.0 1,184.0 115.0 1,184.0 OR0001 Clean Water Services 123.0 838.0 123.0 838.0 OR0002 City of Portland 97.6 1,003.0 46.9 911.0 366.0 144.5 1,914.0 OR0005 City of Gresham 26.8 340.0 190.4 26.8 340.0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 322.0 322.0 OR0009 City of Albany 22.5 211.0 22.5 211.0 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 270.6 763.0 63.3 1,852.0 740.0 333.9 2,615.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 132.0 49.0 28.0 61.0 160.0 110.0 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 516.0 294.0 516.0 294.0 SC0003 Charleston Water System 183.1 924.0 183.1 924.0 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 100.0 368.0 100.0 368.0 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 291.0 1,609.0 291.0 1,609.0 TN0005 City of Johnson City 76.0 582.1 76.0 582.1 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 2,776.0 2,776.0 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 700.0 4,020.0 700.0 4,020.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 5,375.0 5,375.0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 25.9 35.8 25.9 35.8 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 112.0 653.8 112.0 653.8 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 30.0 260.0 30.0 260.0 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 102.8 291.7 102.8 291.7 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 118.0 26.0 118.0 26.0 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 234.0 3,400.0 234.0 3,400.0 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 672.0 536.0 672.0 536.0 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 273.0 273.0 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF 139.0 139.0 VA0010 Prince William County SA 1,086.0 1,086.0 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 446.0 2,044.0 446.0 2,044.0 WA0001 King County DNR 424.0 391.0 78.0 118.0 502.0 509.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 448.0 968.0 1,422.0 481.0 968.0 1,870.0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 25.8 19.2 0.6 2.4 26.4 21.6 WI0001 NEW Water 285.0 110.0 285.0 110.0 WI0002 Madison MSD 183.6 126.5 183.6 126.5 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 322.0 293.0 26.0 6.0 348.0 299.0 Agencies Responding1 96 103 35 34 19 100 107 Minimum 6.6 9.8 0.6 1.0 47.0 6.6 10.0 Maximum 1,537.6 5,375.0 968.0 15,500.0 2,980.0 1,537.6 19,900.0 Average 229.6 1,052.4 83.9 989.2 651.9 249.8 1,327.3 Median 130.8 599.0 26.0 152.4 465.0 143.8 653.8 Total 22,039.8 108,392.9 2,935.3 33,633.4 12,387.0 24,975.1 142,026.3NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 178 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME COLLECT INTERCEPT TREAT RECLAIM STORMWATER WHOLESALEDRINKING DRINKING DISTRIBUTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Yes AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes Yes Yes CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes Yes Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District Yes Yes Yes IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County Yes Yes Yes Yes KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Yes Yes Yes Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Yes SERVICES PROVIDED 179A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA SERVICES PROVIDED ID MEMBER NAME COLLECT INTERCEPT TREAT RECLAIM STORMWATER WHOLESALEDRINKING DRINKING DISTRIBUTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes Yes Yes NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA Yes Yes Yes NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes Yes Yes OH0001 City of Akron Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Yes Yes TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF Yes Yes Yes VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 119 119 119 119 119 119 119 Total 98 110 115 48 36 37 45 Percentage 82% 92% 97% 40% 30% 31% 38% 180 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME INFILTRATION / INFLOW (MGD)1 RESIDENTIAL (MGD)1 COMMERCIAL / INDUSTRIAL (MGD)1 COMBINED STORMWATER (MGD)1 TOTAL PLANT FLOW (MGD)1 AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 10.6 20.0 1.4 32.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 0.0 3.0 0.5 0 3.5 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 10.3 20.3 1.8 0 32.4 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 7.0 3.0 10.1 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 66.6 43.2 109.8 AZ0002 Pima County 0.4 46.7 12.5 0.0 59.6 CA0002 Orange County SD 33.0 96.0 54.0 0.0 183.0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 3.2 27.4 4.8 35.4 CA0006 East Bay MUD 10.7 29.7 12.6 53.0 CA0007 City of Riverside 0.3 24.8 1.7 26.8 CA0008 Sacramento County 1.2 90.5 18.8 12.1 122.6 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 363.8 55.4 0 419.2 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 20.5 0.2 20.7 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 9.5 3.1 12.6 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 1.0 8.8 0.1 9.9 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 17.5 17.5 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 3.8 14.0 0.3 0 18.1 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 6.4 7.8 14.2 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 10.4 0.1 10.5 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 0.0 104.2 32.3 136.5 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 2.4 6.0 3.2 0 11.7 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 4.3 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 11.0 1.8 12.8 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 8.1 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 78.0 137.0 46.0 13.0 274.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 59.1 1.8 60.9 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 102.3 0.0 102.3 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 12.5 11.1 23.6 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 0.1 2.0 0.1 2.2 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 88.6 21.0 14.2 123.8 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 64.2 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 14.6 12.1 6.5 33.1 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 14.3 12.0 31.4 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 6.3 15.5 9.4 0.0 31.2 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 10.3 23.9 20.4 0.0 54.6 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 0.0 3.8 2.9 0.0 6.8 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 318.8 720.1 51.5 147.3 1,237.7 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur 1.0 9.0 13.0 1.6 24.6 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 5.9 5.0 0.5 0.0 11.4 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 13.2 3.4 16.6 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 7.4 5.8 7.4 2.8 23.4 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 13.0 22.5 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 2.4 8.8 4.0 0.0 15.2 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District 7.0 IL0021 Glenbard WWA 0.6 10.4 0.3 1.25 12.5 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 19.3 13.3 9.0 4.1 45.7 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 17.6 24.7 15.8 58.1 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 0.6 25.5 7.5 33.6 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 9.0 12.5 12.2 2.8 36.5 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 73.0 73.0 MA0001 MWRA 95.0 140.0 35.0 15 285.0 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 1.1 12.7 1.6 0.5 15.9 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 20.0 18.0 4.0 42.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 1.4 15.5 0.9 17.8 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 15.9 21.1 37.0 MN0002 MCES 37.4 162.3 50.0 249.7 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 1.7 4.2 5.8 11.7 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 231.1 60.7 43.4 335.2 PLANT INFLUENT FLOW SOURCES 181A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA PLANT INFLUENT FLOW SOURCES ID MEMBER NAME INFILTRATION / INFLOW (MGD)1 RESIDENTIAL (MGD)1 COMMERCIAL / INDUSTRIAL (MGD)1 COMBINED STORMWATER (MGD)1 TOTAL PLANT FLOW (MGD)1 MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 0.6 4.7 3.6 0 8.9 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 049.9 NC0002 Charlotte Water 5.4 55.5 18.8 79.7 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 6.3 11.7 1.5 0.0 19.5 NC0007 Orange WSA 1.0 5.6 2.0 0.0 8.6 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 3.1 41.2 4.5 1.0 49.8 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 209.3 17.4 226.7 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 0.1 2.3 0.3 0.0 2.7 NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 38.7 11.5 50.2 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.1 37.2 69.7 0.0 107.0 NV0003 City of Henderson 24.0 24.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 0.0 42.9 4.1 0.0 47.0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 42.1 853.4 226.9 70.5 1,192.9 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 8.0 67.0 3.0 9.0 87.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 12.0 36.0 5.0 17.0 70.0 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 182.0 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 73.3 78.5 10.7 48.9 211.4 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 13.6 138.0 13.7 0.59 166.0 OH0007 City of Canton 2.9 22.3 3.3 28.5 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 6.0 14.4 1.5 21.9 OR0001 Clean Water Services 17.7 56.7 8.1 0.0 82.5 OR0002 City of Portland 10.5 27.5 17.7 43.6 99.3 OR0005 City of Gresham 2.0 7.3 2.5 0.0 11.8 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 3.2 5.0 0.4 0.0 8.6 OR0009 City of Albany 5.9 4.3 0.2 0.0 10.4 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 31.0 310.0 21.0 36.0 398.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 35.3 22.6 57.9 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 1.1 34.8 2.5 38.4 SC0003 Charleston Water System 10.0 8.6 7.1 25.7 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 1.0 1.9 4.0 6.9 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 0.4 8.5 2.6 11.5 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 12.7 7.9 10.6 31.2 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 110.2 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 19.0 137.0 31.0 0.0 187.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 5.4 5.4 TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 0.3 6.0 0.6 6.9 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 2.6 9.3 15.4 27.3 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 0.3 5.7 0.5 6.5 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 0.5 3.1 0.2 3.8 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 16.3 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 34.3 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 7.3 24.2 6.2 37.7 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 44.1 77.7 33.3 155.1 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 3.9 25.5 2.5 0.0 31.9 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF 1.4 4.1 20.0 25.5 VA0010 Prince William County SA 23.5 2.6 26.1 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 2.4 16.9 5.9 0.0 25.1 WA0001 King County DNR 26.0 81.0 35.0 46.0 187.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 3.1 9.4 0.2 12.7 WI0001 NEW Water 5.8 15.5 15.9 0.0 37.2 WI0002 Madison MSD 1.9 23.6 15.1 40.6 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 87.4 46.1 43.5 177.0 Agencies Responding2 80 100 93 48 110 Minimum 0.0 1.9 0.1 0.0 2.2 Maximum 318.8 853.4 226.9 147.3 1,237.7 Average 20.4 53.7 14.9 9.9 86.8 Median 5.6 17.8 6.2 0.0 32.0 Total 1,629.8 5,374.8 1,384.9 474.4 9,552.5NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 182 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PRIMARY 1 SECONDARY1 ADVANCED SECONDARY1 TERTIARY1 BIOSOLIDS1 TOTAL PLANTS1 PUMP STATIONS1 AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 1 1 2 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 1 1 2 77 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 3 3 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 1 1 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 12 3 AZ0002 Pima County 3 2 3 1 9 27 CA0002 Orange County SD 2 215 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 1 1 CA0006 East Bay MUD 1 1 2 15 CA0007 City of Riverside 11 CA0008 Sacramento County 1 1 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 2 2 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 2 9 11 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 1 1 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 1112 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 1 1 1 3 5 CA0028 West County WWD 11 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048Santa Rosa, City of, CA 11111517 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 11 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 112 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.22 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.118 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 11 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 11 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 1128 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.11 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 33 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 2 1 2 5 104 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 88407 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 55167 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 2 4 6 19 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 325217 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 1 1 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 11 2 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 2264 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 2 5 2 9 IA0002 City of Ames 11 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 11 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 4 3 7 22 IL0002 North Shore SD 33 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 123 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 119 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 11 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 11 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 33 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 11 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021Glenbard WWA 2111162 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 112 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 4 2 6 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 1 1 1 3 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 6 6 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 22 MA0001 MWRA 1113 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 1 126 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 1 114 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 11254 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 33 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 11 MN0002 MCES 16 1 8 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 11 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 7 7 NUMBER OF TREATMENT PLANTS AND PUMP STATIONS 183A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA NUMBER OF TREATMENT PLANTS AND PUMP STATIONS ID MEMBER NAME PRIMARY1 SECONDARY1 ADVANCED SECONDARY1 TERTIARY1 BIOSOLIDS1 TOTAL PLANTS1 PUMP STATIONS1 MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 2 233 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 33 NC0002 Charlotte Water 5580 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 117 NM0001Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1111 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 2 2 3 7 NV0003 City of Henderson 22 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 33 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 9 5 14 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 1 1 2 NY0020 Erie County DEP 24 688 OH0001 City of Akron 11 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 1 6 7100 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 2 1 3 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 22 OH0007 City of Canton 11 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 2 2 4 42 OR0002 City of Portland 2 297 OR0005 City of Gresham 1 1 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 3 317 OR0009 City of Albany 1 1 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 3 1 4 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 2 6 8 SC0003 Charleston Water System 1 1 2 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.213 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 6 2 2 8 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 4 4 TN0005 City of Johnson City 21 3 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 4 2 4 1 11 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 22 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.11 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 33 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.44 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 1 1 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 1 117 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 22 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 1 12 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 114 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 111 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 8 5 13 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 11 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF 1 1 VA0010 Prince William County SA 1159 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.11 2 WA0001 King County DNR 3 2 5 47 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 68 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 1 2 3 3 WI0001 NEW Water 11 2 WI0002 Madison MSD 11 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 2 2 Agencies Responding 2 55141581811036 Minimum 1111112 Maximum 2989214407 Average 1.6 2.4 1.9 2.0 1.2 3.1 54.8 Median 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 26.5 Total 8124 76 118 223431,969NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 184 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA DESIGN CAPACITY (MGD)1 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (MGD)1 ID MEMBER NAME PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL PLANT TOTALPUMP PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 28 13 41 23.6 8.5 32.1 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 0 4 0 0 4.2 10 0 3.5 0.0 0.0 3.5 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 56 56 32.4 32.4 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 18.0 18.0 10.1 10.1 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 230.0 71.0 301.0 133.0 33.6 166.7 AZ0002 Pima County 1.4 53.0 40.1 94.5 15.2 0.3 30.8 28.3 59.4 CA0002 Orange County SD 332.0 332.0 190.0 190.0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 53.8 53.8 35.4 35.4 CA0006 East Bay MUD 320.0 320.0 53.0 53.0 CA0007 City of Riverside 46.0 46.0 46.0 138.0 26.8 26.8 CA0008 Sacramento County 181.0 181.0 115.1 115.1 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 193.0 193.0 85.2 85.2 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 400.2 250.6 650.8 253.5 165.7 419.2 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 43.3 43.3 20.7 20.7 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 23.7 23.7 12.6 12.6 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 19.5 12.8 32.3 41.6 12.4 6.4 18.8 CA0028 West County WWD 21.0 21.0 8.1 8.1 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 43.0 43.0 18.9 21.1 21.1 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 30.0 30.0 9.0 9.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA 30.0 30.0 14.2 14.2 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 18.0 18.0 10.5 10.5 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 249.0 249.0 136.5 136.5 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 19.0 19.0 11.6 11.6 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 5.0 5.0 4.3 4.3 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 18.0 18.0 12.2 12.2 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 12.5 12.5 8.1 8.1 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 384.0 384.0 274.0 274.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 74.5 74.5 60.9 60.9 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 263.0 112.5 375.5 201.7 99.2 0.0 300.9 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 31.3 31.3 30.0 25.0 25.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 4.1 4.1 2.2 2.2 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 201.4 358.0 559.4 247.5 103.4 135.4 238.8 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 98.0 98.0 314.0 53.0 53.0 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 42.0 42.0 33.1 33.1 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 20.0 28.0 48.0 12.7 18.7 31.4 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 0.0 0.0 56.0 0.0 56.0 138.0 0.0 0.0 31.3 0.0 31.3 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 128.0 36.0 14.5 178.5 93.9 32.8 10.4 137.1 IA0002 City of Ames 20.4 20.4 6.3 6.3 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 87.0 87.0 54.6 54.6 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 2,324.0 182.0 2,506.0 8,356.0 1,169.4 68.3 1,237.7 IL0002 North Shore SD 63.4 63.4 47.7 47.7 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 125.0 125.0 24.6 24.6 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 11.0 11.0 48.0 11.4 11.4 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 27.0 27.0 16.6 16.6 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 37.0 37.0 23.4 23.4 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 30.0 30.0 22.5 22.5 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 15.9 15.9 15.2 15.2 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 92.2 46.0 46.0 47.0 231.2 12.8 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 65.6 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 85.0 85.0 45.7 45.7 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 39.4 25.0 64.4 31.9 16.9 48.8 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 54.4 3.0 2.0 59.4 30.0 2.8 0.8 33.6 KS0003 Wyandotte County 35.4 35.4 24.0 24.0 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 76.6 76.6 36.5 36.5 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 335.0 335.0 73.0 73.0 MA0001 MWRA 700.0 3.0 703.0 282.0 2.2 284.2 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 67.0 67.0 102.0 32.5 32.5 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 19.8 19.8 8.0 15.9 15.9 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 61.0 61.0 42.0 42.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 42.6 42.6 17.8 17.8 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 48.4 48.4 37.0 37.0 MN0002 MCES 2.6 363.3 0.5 366.4 1.4 248.3 0.0 249.7 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 23.8 23.8 11.7 11.7 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 350.0 493.3 843.3 121.0 326.0 447.0 DESIGN CAPACITY AND AVERAGE DAILY FLOW 185A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA DESIGN CAPACITY AND AVERAGE DAILY FLOW DESIGN CAPACITY (MGD)1 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (MGD)1 ID MEMBER NAME PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL PLANT TOTALPUMP PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 60.8 60.8 8.9 8.9 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 49.9 49.9 NC0002 Charlotte Water 123.0 123.0 79.7 79.7 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 40.0 40.0 19.5 19.5 NC0007 Orange WSA 14.5 14.5 8.6 8.6 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.227.3 227.3 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 5.1 5.1 2.8 2.8 NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 76.0 22.0 76.0 50.2 1.5 50.2 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.1 1.3 162.9 164.3 0.0 0.3 106.6 106.9 NV0003 City of Henderson 40.0 40.0 24.0 24.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 102.0 102.0 42.7 42.7 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 1,014.9 790.0 1,804.9 667.7 521.0 1,188.7 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 135.0 22.0 157.0 73.7 13.7 87.4 NY0020 Erie County DEP 4.5 27.0 31.5 OH0001 City of Akron 130.0 130.0 66.4 66.4 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 130.0 78.0 208.0 127.0 55.0 182.0 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 190.0 175.0 365.0 96.4 115.0 211.4 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 182.0 182.0 168.1 168.1 OH0007 City of Canton 39.0 39.0 28.5 28.5 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 18.5 18.5 13.0 13.0 OH0021 Montgomery County 8.3 13.6 21.9 OR0001 Clean Water Services 36.0 119.0 155.0 13.2 72.1 85.3 OR0002 City of Portland 118.3 118.3 99.3 99.3 OR0005 City of Gresham 20.0 20.0 12.1 12.1 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 11.0 11.0 26.5 8.6 8.6 OR0009 City of Albany 68.0 68.0 10.4 10.4 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 522.0 522.0 398.0 398.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 96.0 96.0 57.9 57.9 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 3.7 124.0 127.7 1.4 37.0 38.4 SC0003 Charleston Water System 36.0 1.0 37.0 25.7 25.7 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 14.2 14.2 5.8 5.8 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 3.5 15.0 18.5 1.4 8.2 9.6 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 66.4 66.4 31.2 31.2 TN0005 City of Johnson City 20.0 6.0 26.0 10.8 2.3 13.1 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 1.2 1.2 152.0 154.4 0.5 0.4 109.3 110.2 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 260.0 260.0 187.0 187.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 9.3 9.3 5.4 5.4 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 187.0 187.0 144.6 144.6 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 10.4 10.4 6.9 6.9 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 56.0 56.0 27.3 27.3 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 10.0 10.0 6.5 6.5 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 6.0 6.0 4.1 4.1 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 30.0 30.0 1.2 17.4 17.4 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 54.0 54.0 34.3 34.3 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 67.0 67.0 37.7 37.7 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 141.3 108.0 249.3 154.0 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 54.0 54.0 31.9 31.9 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF 50.0 50.0 25.5 25.5 VA0010 Prince William County SA 24.0 24.0 233.0 13.8 13.8 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 12.0 27.0 39.0 7.9 16.1 24.0 WA0001 King County DNR 400.0 0.8 400.8 187.4 0.3 187.6 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 45.7 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 55.0 3.0 58.0 11.2 1.5 12.7 WI0001 NEW Water 49.2 14.2 63.4 32.0 7.2 39.2 WI0002 Madison MSD 50.0 50.0 40.6 40.6 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 600.0 600.0 181.0 181.0 Agencies Responding (2)7 53 42 58 115 17 6 51 41 56 117 Minimum 46.0 0.1 1.2 0.5 4.1 1.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 2.2 Maximum 350.0 2,324.0 790.0 384.0 2,506.0 8,356.0 127.0 1,169.4 521.0 274.0 1,237.7 Average 182.2 180.8 78.9 72.7 159.7 567.5 77.0 103.5 49.2 42.8 88.1 Median 130.0 53.8 33.4 39.5 56.0 41.6 98.7 31.2 16.6 21.8 32.4 Total 1,275.6 9,582.6 3,314.7 4,215.6 18,366.5 9,648.3 462.0 5,279.7 2,015.3 2,394.8 10,304.2NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 186 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (MGD)1 RECLAIMED FLOW (MGD)1 ID MEMBER NAME PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 23.6 8.5 32.1 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 0 3.5 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 32.4 32.4 0.0 0.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 10.1 10.1 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 133.0 33.6 166.7 AZ0002 Pima County 0.3 30.8 28.3 59.4 CA0002 Orange County SD 190.0 190.0 120.1 120.1 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 35.4 35.4 1.5 1.5 CA0006 East Bay MUD 53.0 53.0 0.9 0.9 CA0007 City of Riverside 26.8 26.8 0.8 0.8 CA0008 Sacramento County 115.1 115.1 1.4 1.4 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 85.2 85.2 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 253.5 165.7 419.2 0.1 97.4 97.5 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 20.7 20.7 1.9 1.9 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 12.6 12.6 1.0 1.0 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 12.4 6.4 18.8 6.4 6.4 CA0028 West County WWD 8.1 8.1 4.0 4.0 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 21.1 21.1 21.0 21.0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 9.0 9.0 0.0 0.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA 14.2 14.2 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 10.5 10.5 4.1 4.1 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 136.5 136.5 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 11.6 11.6 0.0 0.0 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 4.3 4.3 2.1 2.1 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 12.2 12.2 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 8.1 8.1 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 274.0 274.0 0.0 0.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 60.9 60.9 60.9 60.9 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 201.7 99.2 0.0 300.9 13.5 4.3 17.8 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 25.0 25.0 11.8 11.8 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 2.2 2.2 0.7 0.7 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 103.4 135.4 238.8 39.5 39.5 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 53.0 53.0 1.0 1.0 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 33.1 33.1 0.0 0.0 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 12.7 18.7 31.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 0.0 0.0 31.3 0.0 31.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 93.9 32.8 10.4 137.1 IA0002 City of Ames 6.3 6.3 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 54.6 54.6 0.0 0.0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 1,169.4 68.3 1,237.7 IL0002 North Shore SD 47.7 47.7 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 24.6 24.6 1.0 1.0 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 11.4 11.4 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 16.6 16.6 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 23.4 23.4 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 22.5 22.5 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 15.2 15.2 0.0 0.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 65.6 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 45.7 45.7 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 31.9 16.9 48.8 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 30.0 2.8 0.8 33.6 KS0003 Wyandotte County 24.0 24.0 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 36.5 36.5 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 73.0 73.0 MA0001 MWRA 282.0 2.2 284.2 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 32.5 32.5 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 15.9 15.9 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 42.0 42.0 2.0 2.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 17.8 17.8 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 37.0 37.0 MN0002 MCES 1.4 248.3 0.0 249.7 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 11.7 11.7 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 121.0 326.0 447.0 0.0 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW AND RECLAIMED FLOW 187A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA AVERAGE DAILY FLOW AND RECLAIMED FLOW AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (MGD)1 RECLAIMED FLOW (MGD)1 ID MEMBER NAME PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL PRIM SEC ADV SEC TER TOTAL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 8.9 8.9 0.1 0.1 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 49.9 49.9 1.1 1.1 NC0002 Charlotte Water 79.7 79.7 0.0 0.0 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 19.5 19.5 0.0 0.0 NC0007 Orange WSA 8.6 8.6 0.7 0.7 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 227.3 227.3 9.0 9.0 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 2.8 2.8 0.0 0.0 NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 50.2 1.5 50.2 1.5 1.5 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.0 0.3 106.6 106.9 9.4 9.4 NV0003 City of Henderson 24.0 24.0 8.3 8.3 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 42.7 42.7 4.3 4.3 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 667.7 521.0 1,188.7 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 73.7 13.7 87.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 66.4 66.4 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 127.0 55.0 182.0 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 96.4 115.0 211.4 0.0 0.0 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 168.1 168.1 OH0007 City of Canton 28.5 28.5 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 13.0 13.0 OH0021 Montgomery County 8.3 13.6 21.9 OR0001 Clean Water Services 13.2 72.1 85.3 0.7 0.7 OR0002 City of Portland 99.3 99.3 OR0005 City of Gresham 12.1 12.1 0.0 0.0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 8.6 8.6 0.0 0.0 OR0009 City of Albany 10.4 10.4 0.0 0.0 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 398.0 398.0 3.0 3.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 57.9 57.9 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 1.4 37.0 38.4 SC0003 Charleston Water System 25.7 25.7 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 5.8 5.8 0.0 0.0 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 1.4 8.2 9.6 0.6 0.9 1.5 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 31.2 31.2 TN0005 City of Johnson City 10.8 2.3 13.1 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 0.5 0.4 109.3 110.2 0.0 0.0 3.5 3.5 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 187.0 187.0 0.1 0.1 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 5.4 5.4 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 144.6 144.6 5.1 5.1 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 6.9 6.9 3.8 3.8 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 27.3 27.3 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 6.5 6.5 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 4.1 4.1 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 17.4 17.4 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 34.3 34.3 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 37.7 37.7 1.2 1.2 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.154.0 0.0 0.0 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 31.9 31.9 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF 25.5 25.5 VA0010 Prince William County SA 13.8 13.8 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 7.9 16.1 24.0 1.5 1.5 WA0001 King County DNR 187.4 0.3 187.6 2.0 2.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 11.2 1.5 12.7 1.5 1.5 WI0001 NEW Water 32.0 7.2 39.2 WI0002 Madison MSD 40.6 40.6 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 181.0 181.0 0.0 0.0 Agencies Responding (2)6514156117 1 11 82340 Minimum 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 2.2 39.5 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 Maximum 127.0 1,169.4 521.0 274.0 1,237.7 39.5 120.1 60.9 97.4 120.1 Average 77.0 103.5 49.2 42.8 88.1 13.9 10.7 7.7 11.4 Median 98.7 31.2 16.6 21.8 32.4 1.9 3.0 1.5 2.0 Total 462.0 5,279.7 2,015.3 2,394.8 10,304.2 39.5 153.2 85.7 177.2 455.6NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics. 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 188 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA BOD (MG/L) CBOD (MG/L) SUSPENDED SOLIDS (MG/L) ID MEMBER NAME INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 166.8 5.7 184.1 9.7 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 162.0 10.6 136.6 4.1 173.2 9.4 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 571.0 22.4 15.1 196.7 45.2 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 275.3 4.6 324.2 3.1 AZ0002 Pima County 291.0 2.3 331.0 1.7 CA0002 Orange County SD 275.0 3.9 180.0 4.6 488.0 7.6 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 215.0 6.1 290.0 7.6 CA0006 East Bay MUD 319.0 9.0 373.0 18.0 CA0007 City of Riverside 359.2 3.5 259.5 1.6 CA0008 Sacramento County 284.5 7.8 275.6 6.5 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 319.2 19.5 302.0 18.3 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 417.0 2.1 510.0 5.9 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 20.8 6.6 7.7 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 301.5 2.0 213.1 1.1 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 373.0 13.0 405.0 11.0 CA0028 West County WWD 263.0 12.0 296.0 17.0 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 376.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 423.0 1.4 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 238.5 251.5 CA0064 Central Marin SA 313.0 295.0 5.3 390.0 4.8 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 433.0 4.5 483.0 2.3 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 294.0 5.0 303.0 13.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 222.0 2.7 215.0 2.1 253.0 4.0 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 240.8 2.1 0.0 0.0 245.8 1.1 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 164.0 4.0 177.0 6.0 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 106.0 3.0 87.0 1.8 122.0 5.5 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.170.1 1.4 233.6 1.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 179.9 1.6 222.0 1.3 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 145.9 6.3 184.1 11.2 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 254.2 1.6 285.9 1.6 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 192.0 1.5 198.0 1.1 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 129.7 6.3 234.9 7.6 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 226.0 1.2 382.0 1.8 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 184.0 5.7 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 261.0 5.9 287.1 2.3 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 208.0 84.0 217.0 37.0 IA0002 City of Ames 4.4 7.4 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 590.0 13.2 360.0 31.6 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 320.0 6.0 692.0 6.0 IL0002 North Shore SD 135.0 2.0 130.0 1.0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 106.4 3.7 2.4 172.0 4.6 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 189.0 1.1 183.0 0.6 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 180.1 4.1 89.9 12.9 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 308.0 8.0 3.0 208.0 7.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 132.0 7.0 95.0 4.0 149.0 4.0 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 109.0 3.0 111.0 3.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 165.8 1.9 198.3 3.2 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 227.5 2.6 149.1 1.8 188.7 4.9 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 197.6 7.0 321.7 11.5 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 312.3 12.3 268.8 13.2 KS0003 Wyandotte County 151.3 6.6 270.2 12.2 394.8 10.3 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 213.0 7.0 281.0 9.0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 136.0 20.0 154.0 26.0 MA0001 MWRA 202.9 13.0 125.1 13.1 211.9 8.7 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 257.0 8.0 212.0 6.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 172.0 9.0 3.0 128.0 4.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 214.6 1.5 309.0 0.8 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 235.0 9.9 200.0 7.0 183.0 4.7 MN0002 MCES 244.0 2.4 294.8 2.7 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 322.0 2.8 210.0 8.8 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 159.2 36.1 189.1 54.8 CONVENTIONAL POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS 189A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA CONVENTIONAL POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS BOD (MG/L) CBOD (MG/L) SUSPENDED SOLIDS (MG/L) ID MEMBER NAME INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 208.0 6.0 229.0 6.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 239.4 0.4 217.1 0.2 NC0002 Charlotte Water 273.0 0.7 286.0 0.4 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 225.4 14.5 267.2 8.2 NC0007 Orange WSA 232.0 2.0 272.0 2.5 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 201.0 26.0 179.0 12.0 162.0 20.0 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 2.6 7.2 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 377.0 0.6 330.0 0.1 NV0003 City of Henderson 272.0 2.0 281.0 3.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 304.0 0.2 317.0 0.1 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.152.0 7.0 151.0 10.0 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 199.1 24.0 148.6 8.3 8.8 3.3 NY0020 Erie County DEP 144.0 10.0 101.0 3.0 160.0 6.0 OH0001 City of Akron 95.6 2.3 139.9 6.0 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.74.8 3.5 139.8 4.2 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 155.5 2.7 182.9 4.2 OH0007 City of Canton 169.0 5.1 132.0 2.8 166.0 4.4 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.217.0 3.3 268.7 5.8 OH0021 Montgomery County 167.5 3.5 187.5 3.3 OR0001 Clean Water Services 134.9 2.5 172.9 3.2 OR0002 City of Portland 245.5 12.3 265.2 14.4 OR0005 City of Gresham 227.0 8.1 226.0 5.6 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 207.6 4.9 4.7 4.7 OR0009 City of Albany 130.0 2.3 159.0 2.7 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 131.6 10.2 116.7 4.5 166.3 4.9 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 179.1 3.3 3.1 147.1 4.0 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 247.0 1.7 217.0 1.3 SC0003 Charleston Water System 148.0 135.0 7.2 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 296.0 2.0 251.0 1.8 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 413.0 3.9 8.5 771.0 5.9 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 160.0 5.0 160.0 4.0 270.0 7.0 TN0005 City of Johnson City 183.0 1.2 320.0 1.8 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 246.1 2.3 2.1 391.6 2.9 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 2.6 2.9 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 262.0 2.0 556.0 2.0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 234.0 3.1 350.0 2.0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 213.7 2.5 212.8 3.2 223.5 1.9 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 231.0 7.5 211.0 10.0 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 147.0 10.0 150.0 6.0 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 162.0 2.3 224.0 5.8 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 230.0 7.3 254.0 9.5 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 268.7 0.1 323.7 0.2 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 198.0 2.0 246.0 1.1 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 282.5 9.8 228.8 9.3 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 205.0 2.0 215.0 0.1 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 268.0 316.0 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 188.1 1.3 209.1 1.5 WA0001 King County DNR 225.0 15.8 166.0 7.9 233.0 11.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 258.0 3.3 255.0 4.9 WI0001 NEW Water 203.7 5.1 152.6 1.8 189.8 5.3 WI0002 Madison MSD 252.0 5.4 225.0 5.0 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 239.4 8.2 248.6 6.2 Agencies Responding 73 64 53 72 107 110 Minimum 106.0 0.2 74.8 0.1 8.8 0.1 Maximum 571.0 84.0 590.0 36.1 771.0 54.8 Average 241.9 8.5 192.6 4.9 254.7 7.0 Median 231.0 5.5 179.0 3.2 229.0 5.0 NOTES: 1 Values entered as ‘0’ were included in frequency response counts and summary statistics for effl uent concentrations 190 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA AMMONIA NITROGEN (MG/L) TKN (MG/L) PHOSPHORUS (MG/L)RESIDUAL CHLORINE (MG/L)ID MEMBER NAME INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 23.10 2.60 29.60 4.64 4.33 2.60 0.00 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 6.85 4.74 0.62 0.37 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 0.79 3.88 0.00 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 28.02 0.74 2.31 3.02 AZ0002 Pima County 32.84 2.51 51.29 3.01 7.08 1.69 1.30 CA0002 Orange County SD 36.60 14.20 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 33.50 28.00 50.30 30.30 60.09 0.81 CA0006 East Bay MUD 44.38 52.18 3.86 CA0007 City of Riverside 32.87 54.42 CA0008 Sacramento County 36.29 33.45 51.97 35.36 6.85 2.92 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 43.00 37.60 62.20 45.70 1.20 0.00 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 45.60 29.20 71.30 31.80 10.10 0.67 0.27 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 33.80 0.12 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 35.80 0.04 51.80 0.72 7.08 4.03 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 40.30 41.90 0.00 CA0028 West County WWD 6.80 4.50 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 32.00 0.10 51.00 1.90 6.90 2.60 0.00 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 32.30 28.90 42.20 3.90 0.00 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 30.83 0.25 0.00 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 0.60 46.30 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 28.70 0.22 5.07 0.46 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 0.00 0.09 0.00 1.17 5.12 0.01 0.00 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 16.40 1.50 28.50 2.90 3.50 0.60 0.03 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 16.00 0.37 24.00 1.55 3.02 1.75 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 24.13 0.15 40.30 1.72 4.00 0.10 0.00 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 0.17 0.01 0.26 0.02 6.60 1.62 1.26 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 1.40 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 3.18 2.75 2.82 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 3.42 2.62 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 7.00 1.31 5.76 0.52 1.26 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 34.00 0.10 41.60 0.76 7.19 0.08 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 11.00 0.14 21.00 1.70 2.40 1.30 0.10 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 32.57 0.40 0.11 0.01 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 0.17 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 9.40 44.80 0.01 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 14.74 0.44 48.04 1.75 12.73 1.19 IL0002 North Shore SD 15.00 0.13 25.70 1.05 3.22 1.13 0.05 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 9.20 0.23 22.40 2.80 0.02 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 16.00 0.24 0.69 5.43 2.58 0.09 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 24.10 84.90 28.60 2.09 0.47 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 19.10 1.20 34.30 2.60 4.66 2.22 0.02 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 15.00 0.90 2.30 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 0.30 15.40 2.40 0.02 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 22.00 0.14 0.28 5.84 3.16 0.00 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 18.32 0.22 3.54 0.55 0.00 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 20.47 1.90 47.30 4.63 6.00 2.13 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 33.40 1.44 2.80 4.30 0.02 KS0003 Wyandotte County 26.51 12.59 33.68 4.35 6.37 2.76 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 0.66 0.02 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 35.30 31.30 45.90 31.40 5.40 2.90 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 1.30 4.20 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 20.00 1.00 4.00 0.50 0.00 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 21.19 0.12 4.79 0.44 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 8.50 14.63 8.09 2.70 0.31 0.10 MN0002 MCES 25.50 4.90 45.80 6.70 6.30 0.40 0.07 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 23.20 0.15 6.50 0.80 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 11.50 16.50 33.10 14.90 0.10 CONVENTIONAL POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS 191A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA CONVENTIONAL POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS AMMONIA NITROGEN (MG/L) TKN (MG/L) PHOSPHORUS (MG/L)RESIDUAL CHLORINE (MG/L)ID MEMBER NAME INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 INFLUENT EFFLUENT1 MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 0.66 2.13 2.57 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 29.70 0.12 44.30 1.13 5.00 1.22 NC0002 Charlotte Water 27.80 0.15 42.96 0.95 5.48 1.35 0.00 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 23.40 20.20 NC0007 Orange WSA 28.50 0.41 34.51 1.00 6.00 0.36 0.01 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 23.51 38.16 34.95 47.01 3.26 6.07 0.01 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 0.19 2.20 2.60 0.01 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 27.50 0.02 45.60 0.80 6.30 0.11 NV0003 City of Henderson 28.05 0.14 45.32 1.11 5.92 0.21 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 31.00 0.09 51.00 7.20 0.16 0.00 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 19.40 10.20 30.50 16.20 3.90 2.40 0.91 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 17.90 20.40 30.50 23.90 3.80 1.00 1.50 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 9.81 0.62 2.54 0.60 0.01 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 8.47 0.88 2.26 0.48 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 0.15 0.70 1.90 OH0007 City of Canton 14.20 0.44 5.00 1.66 0.00 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 12.20 0.19 3.98 0.50 0.00 OH0021 Montgomery County 0.35 OR0001 Clean Water Services 19.00 5.40 29.00 6.60 4.50 0.80 0.00 OR0002 City of Portland 9.22 20.16 1.22 0.32 OR0005 City of Gresham 36.10 33.33 0.04 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 27.20 6.57 0.07 OR0009 City of Albany 5.00 10.90 1.90 0.63 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 12.25 13.68 0.37 0.20 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 18.94 1.95 28.82 2.98 3.84 1.81 0.00 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 27.00 0.11 2.01 1.40 SC0003 Charleston Water System 24.00 0.52 0.26 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 22.40 0.01 47.00 0.44 5.90 1.53 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 25.40 0.75 1.32 3.82 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 19.00 1.10 34.00 5.60 4.90 1.90 0.47 TN0005 City of Johnson City 1.30 0.57 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 33.50 0.37 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 0.31 0.01 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 26.00 0.20 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 26.00 1.00 5.60 2.12 0.09 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 25.93 0.35 5.51 0.24 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 19.22 8.86 28.87 11.95 4.18 2.83 1.20 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 20.70 2.70 25.50 5.30 4.10 2.00 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 30.38 0.65 6.23 0.41 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 35.60 1.80 45.10 3.50 5.90 1.90 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 47.34 0.12 47.52 0.92 6.73 0.05 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 24.80 0.10 39.50 0.90 5.40 0.07 0.80 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 45.70 8.00 6.90 0.90 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 32.10 0.01 47.40 0.49 5.10 0.08 0.00 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 35.66 2.12 52.41 0.77 7.72 0.06 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 25.08 0.12 33.87 0.82 4.79 0.45 0.06 WA0001 King County DNR 22.00 18.00 41.00 22.00 5.00 2.30 0.80 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 26.10 0.18 36.70 1.59 WI0001 NEW Water 18.77 0.04 27.08 1.22 3.73 0.34 0.00 WI0002 Madison MSD 27.86 0.21 44.00 1.71 5.80 0.31 0.38 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 14.21 0.67 4.31 0.29 0.00 Agencies Responding 82 103 54 69 64 85 66 Minimum 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 2.09 0.01 0.00 Maximum 47.34 44.38 84.90 52.18 60.09 14.90 4.50 Average 24.53 6.25 39.56 9.22 6.12 1.67 0.38 Median 25.24 0.67 42.28 2.80 5.26 1.22 0.03 NOTES: 1 Values entered as ‘0’ were included in frequency response counts and summary statistics for effl uent concentrations. 192 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA TOTAL PRODUCED (DRY TONS PER DAY) LAND APPLICATION1 COMPOSTING1 LAND FILLING1 ID MEMBER NAME DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 27.0 27.0 100.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 15.0 15.0 100.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 69.7 100.0 AZ0002 Pima County 34.6 34.6 100.0 CA0002 Orange County SD 163.2 80.0 100.0 77.9 100.0 4.9 100.0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 45.6 CA0006 East Bay MUD 45.4 15.9 100.0 29.4 100.0 CA0007 City of Riverside 20.7 8.4 100.0 12.3 CA0008 Sacramento County 72.1 63.2 24.2 75.8 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 44.5 16.9 100.0 0.1 100.0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 342.9 33.0 100.0 275.9 100.0 34.0 100.0 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 16.0 3.5 100.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 6.3 3.7 100.0 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 8.8 8.2 100.0 0.1 100.0 0.4 100.0 CA0028 West County WWD 4.6 4.6 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 11.8 4.2 100.0 3.8 100.0 3.5 100.0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 30.0 100.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA 4.7 2.8 100.0 1.9 100.0 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 15.5 6.1 100.0 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 81.0 81.0 100.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 5.9 5.9 100.0 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 8.4 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 7.2 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 135.9 100.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 33.7 14.9 44.0 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 66.0 30.1 0.5 99.5 35.9 100.0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 154.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 0.5 0.5 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 133.9 98.0 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 38.0 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 11.5 11.5 100.0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 46.4 46.4 100.0 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 27.1 0.4 100.0 8.0 IA0002 City of Ames 1.6 1.6 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 34.6 3.7 56.0 44.0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 271.2 125.5 100.0 4.6 100.0 6.1 100.0 IL0002 North Shore SD 18.7 100.0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur 16.0 16.0 100.0 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 4.9 4.9 92.0 8.0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 12.5 12.5 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 15.8 14.6 100.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 4.5 3.0 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 5.5 3.5 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 3.6 100.0 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 77.0 77.0 100.0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 49.1 41.2 100.0 7.9 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 17.8 100.0 KS0003 Wyandotte County 30.5 20.7 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 131.5 131.5 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 2.0 100.0 MA0001 MWRA 84.9 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 26.6 26.6 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 40.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 13.3 8.3 100.0 4.8 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 17.7 17.7 100.0 MN0002 MCES 287.9 5.4 100.0 10.8 100.0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 5.8 100.0 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 195.0 1.7 100.0 8.8 100.0 BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED, DISPOSED, AND REUSED 193A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED, DISPOSED, AND REUSED TOTAL PRODUCED (DRY TONS PER DAY) LAND APPLICATION1 COMPOSTING1 LAND FILLING1 ID MEMBER NAME DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 3.5 3.5 100.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 39.9 28.5 65.7 5.7 8.3 20.8 NC0002 Charlotte Water 44.4 64.0 100.0 36.0 100.0 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 17.5 NC0007 Orange WSA 3.8 2.4 63.0 1.4 37.0 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 124.0 124.0 100.0 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 32.9 8.6 100.0 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.121.0 NV0003 City of Henderson 16.4 16.4 100.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 29.6 29.6 100.0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 307.3 307.3 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 110.0 110.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 36.8 0.4 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 120.7 0.6 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 62.1 30.4 100.0 1.8 64.7 OH0007 City of Canton 13.9 13.9 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 100.0 OH0021 Montgomery County 6.5 6.4 100.0 0.1 100.0 OR0001 Clean Water Services 32.6 32.6 100.0 OR0002 City of Portland 41.5 22.0 100.0 OR0005 City of Gresham 6.0 100.0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 2.4 100.0 100.0 OR0009 City of Albany 4.7 4.7 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 157.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 26.9 3.4 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 18.4 15.2 100.0 3.2 SC0003 Charleston Water System 14.0 14.0 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 3.6 3.6 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 5.3 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 27.1 27.1 100.0 TN0005 City of Johnson City 6.8 100.0 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 47.9 19.2 40.0 31.5 60.0 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 2.4 2.4 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 29.2 100.0 84.7 100.0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 4.9 4.9 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 9.7 100.0 11.7 100.0 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 2.8 0.8 100.0 1.1 100.0 0.9 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 3.1 3.1 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 10.9 5.2 5.7 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 17.7 15.7 98.0 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 100.8 9.8 100.0 14.0 100.0 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 16.1 15.7 100.0 0.4 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 17.6 8.8 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 13.2 13.2 100.0 WA0001 King County DNR 82.0 81.0 100.0 1.0 100.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 5.5 100.0 WI0001 NEW Water 35.9 WI0002 Madison MSD 22.5 22.5 100.0 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 109.9 Agencies Responding (2)91 56 12 50 20 14 2 53 2 23 Minimum 0.5 0.8 0.5 5.7 0.1 20.8 100.0 0.1 100.0 64.7 Maximum 342.9 135.9 100.0 100.0 275.9 100.0 100.0 307.3 100.0 100.0 Average 50.5 23.5 74.9 92.3 28.4 87.0 100.0 28.6 100.0 98.5 Median 26.6 15.1 95.0 100.0 6.7 100.0 100.0 7.9 100.0 100.0 Total 4,599.8 1,316.5 568.2 1,514.2NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 194 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA TOTAL PRODUCED (DRY TONS PER DAY) HEAT DRYING / PELLITIZED1 INCINERATION1 SURFACE DISPOSAL1 ID MEMBER NAME DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 27.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 15.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 69.7 AZ0002 Pima County 34.6 CA0002 Orange County SD 163.2 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 45.6 45.6 CA0006 East Bay MUD 45.4 CA0007 City of Riverside 20.7 CA0008 Sacramento County 72.1 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 44.5 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 342.9 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 16.0 12.47 100 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 6.3 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 8.8 CA0028 West County WWD 4.6 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 11.8 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 4.7 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 15.5 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 81.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 5.9 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 8.4 8.4 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 7.2 7.2 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 33.7 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 66.0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 154.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 0.5 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 133.9 35.9 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 11.5 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 46.4 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 27.1 12.1 100.0 6.7 IA0002 City of Ames 1.6 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 34.6 30.9 100.0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 271.2 101.5 100.0 2.3 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur 16.0 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 4.9 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 12.5 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 15.8 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 4.5 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 5.5 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 3.6 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 77.0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 49.1 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County 30.5 9.81 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 131.5 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 84.9 84.9 100.0 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 26.6 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 13.3 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 17.7 MN0002 MCES 287.9 21.3 100.0 247.0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 195.0 171.5 BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED, DISPOSED, AND REUSED 195A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED, DISPOSED, AND REUSED TOTAL PRODUCED (DRY TONS PER DAY) HEAT DRYING / PELLITIZED1 INCINERATION1 SURFACE DISPOSAL1 ID MEMBER NAME DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 3.5 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 39.9 NC0002 Charlotte Water 44.4 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 17.5 17.5 NC0007 Orange WSA 3.8 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 124.0 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 32.9 24.3 100.0 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson 16.4 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 29.6 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 307.3 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 110.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 36.8 36.38 100 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 120.7 120.1 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 62.1 OH0007 City of Canton 13.9 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 6.5 OR0001 Clean Water Services 32.6 OR0002 City of Portland 41.5 OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 4.7 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 157.0 157.0 100.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 26.9 0.4 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 18.4 SC0003 Charleston Water System 14.0 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 3.6 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 27.1 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 47.9 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 106.7 100.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 2.4 TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 4.9 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 9.7 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 2.8 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 3.1 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 10.9 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 17.7 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 45.3 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 100.8 77.0 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 16.1 15.7 100.0 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 17.6 8.4 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 13.2 WA0001 King County DNR 82.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 35.9 35.9 WI0002 Madison MSD 22.5 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 109.9 112.6 100.0 Agencies Responding (2)91 9 9 0 16 1 0 3 0 2 Minimum 0.5 12.1 100.0 0.4 100.0 2.3 100.0 Maximum 342.9 157.0 100.0 247.0 100.0 106.7 100.0 Average 50.5 61.5 100.0 54.2 100.0 44.4 100.0 Median 26.6 36.4 100.0 33.4 100.0 24.3 100.0 Total 4,599.8 553.9 867.5 133.3NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 196 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA TOTAL PRODUCED (DRY TONS PER DAY) OTHER ID MEMBER NAME DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 27.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 15.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 69.7 AZ0002 Pima County 34.6 CA0002 Orange County SD 163.2 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 45.6 CA0006 East Bay MUD 45.4 0.0 0.0 Seed Sludge to other faciliies CA0007 City of Riverside 20.7 CA0008 Sacramento County 72.1 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 44.5 27.5 100.0 ADC CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 342.9 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 16.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 6.3 2.5 100.0 Lystek - Liquid Fertilizer CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 8.8 CA0028 West County WWD 4.6 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 11.8 0.1 100.0 0.0 Lystek/Fairfi eld Suisun Treatment Plant CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 4.7 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 15.5 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 81.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 5.9 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 8.4 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 7.2 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 33.7 18.8 56.0 RMF FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 66.0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 154.0 154.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 0.5 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 133.9 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 0.6 Ostera GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 11.5 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 46.4 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 27.1 IA0002 City of Ames 1.6 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 34.6 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 271.2 31.2 100.0 Controlled Solids Contribution IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur 16.0 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 4.9 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 12.5 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 15.8 100.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 4.5 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 5.5 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 3.6 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 77.0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 49.1 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County 30.5 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 131.5 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 84.9 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 26.6 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 13.3 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 17.7 Storage at year end MN0002 MCES 287.9 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 195.0 13.0 Pumped to another location for incineration BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED, DISPOSED, AND REUSED 197A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA BIOSOLIDS PRODUCED, DISPOSED, AND REUSED TOTAL PRODUCED (DRY TONS PER DAY) OTHER1 ID MEMBER NAME DRY TONS PER DAY CLASS A (%)CLASS B (%)DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 3.5 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 39.9 NC0002 Charlotte Water 44.4 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 17.5 NC0007 Orange WSA 3.8 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 124.0 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 32.9 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson 16.4 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 29.6 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 307.3 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 110.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 36.8 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 120.7 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 62.1 9.4 35.0 Bio-Digestion OH0007 City of Canton 13.9 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.Transfer OH0021 Montgomery County 6.5 OR0001 Clean Water Services 32.6 OR0002 City of Portland 41.5 19.5 on-site sludge lagoon for later land app. OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 0.0 0.0 Energy OR0009 City of Albany 4.7 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 157.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 26.9 23.2 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 18.4 SC0003 Charleston Water System 14.0 anaerobic digestion, benefi cial reuse SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 3.6 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 27.1 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 47.9 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 98.9 100.0 Dedicated Land Disposal TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 2.4 TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 4.9 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 9.7 0.0 100.0 Earth Renewal Group Pilot UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 2.8 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 3.1 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 10.9 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 17.7 2.0 Blending VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 100.8 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 16.1 Lime Stabilized VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 17.6 0.4 incineration off -site VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 13.2 WA0001 King County DNR 82.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 35.9 WI0002 Madison MSD 22.5 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 109.9 soil additive Agencies Responding (2)91 14 5 5 Minimum 0.5 0.1 56.0 0.0 Maximum 342.9 154.0 100.0 100.0 Average 50.5 28.6 91.2 67.0 Median 26.6 15.9 100.0 100.0 Total 4,599.8 401.1NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 198 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME USE BENCH-MARKING BENCHMARKING SYSTEMS USED PLAN MAINT. RATIO WORK ORDERS GREEN INFRA-STRUCT- URE PCT SEWER REPLACE / RELINED PCT CSS SEPAR-ATED PCT STORM INLETS CLEANED CHANGE ORDERS AS PCT CONSTR. CIP $ PER CAPITA AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes Yes Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes AMWA benchmarking Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Not Applicable Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD No CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes AWWA Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. No N/A CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich No Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes N/A Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Balanced Scorecard Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Benchmark’g Consortium Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Balanced Scorecard Yes Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Monthly KPI Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD No IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes NACWA/IAWA Surveys Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD No IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA No Yes Yes Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes AWWA/EUM Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes AWWA and ICMA Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Undecided Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes part of Asset Mgmt Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC No Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Surveys & trending Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING 199A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING ID MEMBER NAME USE BENCH-MARKING BENCHMARKING SYSTEMS USED PLAN MAINT. RATIO WORK ORDERS GREEN INFRA-STRUCT-URE PCT SEWER REPLACE / RELINED PCT CSS SEPAR-ATED PCT STORM INLETS CLEANED CHANGE ORDERS AS PCT CONSTR. CIP $ PER CAPITA MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD No NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Balanced Scorecard Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Performance Plus, Results Vegas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes To Be Determined Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Strategic Plan/KPI's Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Managing for Results Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Balanced Scorecard Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Scorecard Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Qualserve Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes AWWA and NACWA results vs internal Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. No TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. No UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Univ of FL fi nancial modeling Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF No VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Qualserve Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 Total 81 65 77 17 56 3 19 26 22 Percentage 64.3% 51.6% 61.1% 13.5% 44.4% 2.4% 15.1% 20.6% 17.5% 200 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PCT BIOSOLID REUSE PCT DIGESTER GAS REUSE CSO FREQ SSO FREQ PCT COLL. SYS. CLEAN / INSPECT BLOCK-AGES TOTAL COST PER MG OM COST PER MG COLL. SYS. COST PER MILE CHEMICAL COST PER MG AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING 201A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING ID MEMBER NAME PCT BIOSOLID REUSE PCT DIGESTER GAS REUSE CSO FREQ SSO FREQ PCT COLL. SYS. CLEAN / INSPECT BLOCK-AGES TOTAL COST PER MG OM COST PER MG COLL. SYS. COST PER MILE CHEMICAL COST PER MG MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes Yes Yes WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 Total 46 39 19 57 36 49 67 64 14 55 Percentage 36.5% 31.0% 15.1% 45.2% 28.6% 38.9% 53.2% 50.8% 11.1% 43.7% 202 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME ELECTRIC COST PER MG LAB COST PER MG FIRST CALL RESOLUT’N TIME ODOR COMP-LAINTS SEWER CHARGE COMM. / INDUST. CHARGES SANITARY CHARGE COLL. EFF. STORM CHARGE COLL. EFF. PERMIT COMP-LIANCE EFF. REUSED PCT AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING 203A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING ID MEMBER NAME ELECTRIC COST PER MG LAB COST PER MG FIRST CALL RESOLUT’N TIME ODOR COMP-LAINTS SEWER CHARGE COMM. / INDUST. CHARGES SANITARY CHARGE COLL. EFF. STORM CHARGE COLL. EFF. PERMIT COMP-LIANCE EFF. REUSED PCT MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Yes Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes Yes Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 Total 58 21 30 74 58 40 10 1 73 32 Percentage 46.0% 16.7% 23.8% 58.7% 46.0% 31.7% 7.9% 0.8% 57.9% 25.4% 204 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME ENERGY USE (KWH/ MG) ENERGY PROD. ONSITE OPERAT. RESERVE BUDGET VS ACTUALS LONG-TERM DEBT DEBT SERVICE COVER PERCENT CAPACIT. TRAINING HOURS PER EMPLOYEE EMPLOYEE PER ACCOUNT STAFF VACANCY RATE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes Yes CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING 205A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING ID MEMBER NAME ENERGY USE (KWH/MG) ENERGY PROD. ONSITE OPERAT. RESERVE BUDGET VS ACTUALS LONG-TERM DEBT DEBT SERVICE COVER PERCENT CAPACIT. TRAINING HOURS PER EMPLOYEE EMPLOYEE PER ACCOUNT STAFF VACANCY RATE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 Total 67 35 58 82 66 69 34 57 28 41 Percentage 53.2% 27.8% 46.0% 65.1% 52.4% 54.8% 27.0% 45.2% 22.2% 32.5% 206 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME BENEFITS / SALARY RATIO OVERTIME VS BASE PAY INJURIES/ ACCIDENTS OTHERS AND REMARKS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works Yes Yes GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Attachment 1 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES operating reserve balance (10% MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Cost per Pollutant loadings (B MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Basement Backups/1000 homes PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING 207A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING ID MEMBER NAME BENEFITS / SALARY RATIO OVERTIME VS BASE PAY INJURIES/ ACCIDENTS OTHERS AND REMARKS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Safety hazards and near misses WI0002 Madison MSD Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Agencies Responding 126 126 126 122 Total 30 33 70 Percentage 23.8% 26.2% 55.6% 208 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME RECLAIM FLOW (MGD) AGRI-CULTURE (%) LAND-SCAPE (%) INDUS-TRY(%) ONSITE PLANT USE (%) WET-LANDS RESTORE (%) GROUND-WATER(%) OTHER(%)DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 29 35.8 10.3 24.9 AZ0002 Pima County 2.7 21.7 4.7 2.4 60.3 8.2 Evap or Disposal CA0002 Orange County SD 120.1 0.1 0.62 65 35 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 1.5 36.9 1.8 61.2 0.1 CA0006 East Bay MUD 0.9 4 95 1 Bldg cooling & toilets CA0007 City of Riverside 0.75 20.2 0.02 79.78 CA0008 Sacramento County 1.4 83 17 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Dust Control CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 97.5 13.9 18.2 4.3 4.6 59 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 1.87 1 99 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 1 99.9 0.1 Landfi ll /Lystek CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 6.4 11 89 CA0028 West County WWD 100 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 100 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 21 28 4 68 Geysers Steamfi elds & Urban Irrigation CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 100 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 4.1 100 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 0 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 2.1 100 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 60.9 18 26 4 19 23 10 Toilet Flushing/SEC FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 17.83 7.5 92.5 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 11.824 47 53 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 0.7 100 Golf Course GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 39.5 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 1 100 26.5 GA0003 Columbus Water Works 20 GA0004 Macon Water Authority 1 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 51.7 16.4 31.9 IA0002 City of Ames 100 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls 298 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur 1 100 IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 0.5 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District 100 Golf Course IL0021 Glenbard WWA 10 10 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 90 10 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 100 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 100 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 100 RECLAIMED WATER USE 209A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA RECLAIMED WATER USE ID MEMBER NAME RECLAIM FLOW (MGD) AGRI-CULTURE (%) LAND-SCAPE (%) INDUS-TRY(%) ONSITE PLANT USE(%) WET-LANDS RESTORE(%) GROUND-WATER(%) OTHER(%)DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 0.079 0.9 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 1.1 7.9 6.2 85.9 NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA 0.7 5 75 20 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 100 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 9 33 77 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA 15 NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1.5 40 60 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 9.4 10.4 8.6 80.2 0.8 Dust control NV0003 City of Henderson 8.28 100 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 4.3 99 1 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 100 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.100 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 5.4 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 0.7 100 OR0002 City of Portland OR0005 City of Gresham 1 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 3 100 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 100 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 1.5 17 83 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 3.5 56 44 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 0.07 13 87 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 5.09 5,701.26 Ac/Ft. TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 3.8 10 5 85 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 100 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 90 10 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 30 70 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 0.3 99.7 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 1.2 1.5 98 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 0.02 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 100 Indirect Potable Reuse VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 1.5 100 WA0001 King County DNR 2 10 90 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 11 24 65 WI0001 NEW Water 100 WI0002 Madison MSD 100 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 100 Agencies Responding (2)40 9 36 17 44 5 7 13 Minimum 0.07 2.7 0.1 0.0 0.5 2.4 23.0 0.1 Maximum 120.1 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 65.0 100.0 Average 11.4 34.0 39.4 52.1 56.6 26.9 50.0 39.5 Median 2.0 18.0 21.0 44.0 73.5 10.3 59.0 10.0 Total 455.6NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 210 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA NEGOTIATING OPERATING ID MEMBER NAME CONSENT DECREE ADMIN ORDER TMDL WAT-SHEDPROGRAM OTHER CONSENT DECREEE ADMIN ORDER TMDL WAT-SHEDPROGRAM OTHER AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Federal CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County State CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD State State CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA State CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities State State FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Fed/State State FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Federal GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority State GA0013 Dekalb County PWD State HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Federal IL0002 North Shore SD State IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD State State IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District Fed/State Fed/State IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Federal KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC State Federal MA0001 MWRA Federal MA0005 Boston WSC Federal MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Federal ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Fed/State State MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP State MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Federal REGULATORY COST DRIVERS 211A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA REGULATORY COST DRIVERS NEGOTIATING OPERATING ID MEMBER NAME CONSENT DECREE ADMIN ORDER TMDL WAT-SHEDPROGRAM OTHER CONSENT DECREEE ADMIN ORDER TMDL WAT-SHEDPROGRAM OTHER MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA State NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Federal NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.Federal NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas State NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Federal OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.Federal OH0004 City of Columbus DPU State OH0007 City of Canton Federal State OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County State OR0001 Clean Water Services State State OR0002 City of Portland Federal State State Federal OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County State State OR0009 City of Albany State PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.State Federal RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. State State SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Fed/State SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Federal TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.Yes TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD State UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises State VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Federal Federal VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA State VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Federal Federal WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Federal WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD State WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 Federal 1 10 0 11144 10 State 112 01651404 Fed/State 00 1 0020 1 1 0 Yes 1 10 02020 0 0 Total 3 3 3 0 419 1119 2 4 212 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME COMPLIANCE PERIOD TOTAL COST OF COMPLIANCE (MILLIONS $) ANNUAL OM COST (MILLIONS $)MAJOR FOCUS AREAS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AO (2006 - 2023) 487.1 SSO AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CD (2014 - 2036) 15.44 5.6 Reduction of Infi ltration and Infl ow (I&I) CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County TMDL (2010 - 2020) methylmercury, pesticides CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Palmdale WRP - GW nutrient cleanupValencia WRP - chloride CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 1 Nutrients, PathogensPhosphorus CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Other 200 10 Selenium & Sulfate CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich 2 CDs (2001 completed,not closed/2011 for forcemain) DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.Long-Term Control Plan Consent DecreeNutrients (nitrogen/ FL0002 Orange County Utilities AO (2011 - 2015) 95 8.74 Total Phosphorus discharge limits from the Wetland FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD CD (2013 - 2028), AO (2016 - 2021), Ocean ? 8191 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW CD (1998 - 2027) 4000 15 CSO,SSO, and city-wise system capacity GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority See A-14 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD CD (3010 - 2020) 1450 SSO Reduction HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames -CD 35 1 Nutrient Reduction IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago CD (2014 - 2035) 400 2 CSO IL0002 North Shore SD effl uent forcemain rehabilitation IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Local watershed (2015 0.5 0.27 BOD, AMM-N, DO, chloridesfIBI, mIBI in receiving stream, IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 16 Permitted Discharge Elimination IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District TMDL (2021 - 2099) Phosphorous Removal IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities CD (2008 - 2025) 305 CSO KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD CD (2013 - 2016) Partial bypass KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC CD, AO 1600 50 SSOTreatment MA0001 MWRA Blending MA0005 Boston WSC Stormwater, 550, BMPs, Illicit Removal MA0007 Springfi eld WSC AO (2014 - 2021) 93 CSO Abatement ME0003 Portland Water District, ME CD,AO 200 CSO LTCP W/CITY OF PORTLAND MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP permit (2015 - 2017) 50 1.2 Potential Nutrient Changes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD CD (2012 - 2034) 6122 SSO, CSO REGULATORY COST DRIVERS 213A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA REGULATORY COST DRIVERS ID MEMBER NAME COMPLIANCE PERIOD TOTAL COST OF COMPLIANCE (MILLIONS $) ANNUAL OM COST (MILLIONS $)MAJOR FOCUS AREAS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD AO (2014 - 2018) 12 SSO NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. AO 30 CSO NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty AO (2015 - 2019) 94 replacement of aging infrastructure NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.phosphorus & Ammonia NV0003 City of Henderson N/AN/AN/AN/A NV0004 City of Las Vegas TMDL (1990 - 2016) 500 20 Nutrient removal, capacity and treatment lvl NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron CD (2011 - 2028) 1100 CSO, increased secondary treatment capacity OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. CD (2010 - 2035) 3000 CSO OH0004 City of Columbus DPU CD (2002 - 2035) SSO and CSO OH0007 City of Canton AO/TMDL 85 SSO/WIBPhosphorus/Nitrogen OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. CD (2015 - 2038) 150 CSO & SSO OH0021 Montgomery County Nutrients OR0001 Clean Water Services AO (2017 - 2019) Enhanced treatment level through Natural Treatment OR0002 City of Portland AO,TMDL,Watershed,Other 1400 CSO12 limited pollutantsEndangered Species OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County TMDL (2006 - 2017), NPDES 1 4 TMDL Limits- bacteria, DDT/Dieldrin, mercury, OR0009 City of Albany TMDL 13.6 0.38 Mercury, Bacteria, Temperature PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. AO (2011 - 2036) 4300 200 CSO, TMDL (PCBs, sediment, negotiating phosphorus) RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. CD (2016 - 2014) 795 CSO; Limited Parameters SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Watershed (2015 - 2019) Focus:Nutrients SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board CD (2005 - 2021) 531 4 SSO, Plant Upgrades TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility N/AN/AN/AN/A TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. AO (2016 - 2017) Limited Parameters and regulatory restrictions TX0009 San Antonio Water System CD (2013 - 2023) 850 25 SSO Reduction CMOM & CIP TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD TMDL 30 TMDL - Total Phosphorus UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 151.7 Nutrients VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. TMDL (2010 - 2025) 2950 SSO, Ches Bay Nutrients VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Chesapeake Bay for Nitrogen and Phosphorus VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.1.5 nutrient WA0001 King County DNR CD, TMDL 133 CSOTemperature and Dissolved Oxygen WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities CD (2013 - 2036), Two CSO, SSOCollection System (Wastewater) and Storm WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD TMDL (2017 - 2036) 10 Phosphorous WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 42 36 17 Minimum 10 Maximum 8,191 200 Average 1,090 21 Median 200 4 Total 39,245 349 214 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX A - GENERAL INFORMATION SURVEY DATA Page intentionally left blank 215A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA Appendix B Financing Survey Data 216 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL FUNDING USER CHARGES AD VALOREM TAXES SALES TAX PRODUCT SALES (NON-REUSE) PRODUCT SALES (WATER REUSE) SPECIAL OPERATING COST LEVIES ASSESS-MENTS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 64,396,754 59,931,330 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 00 00 0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 66,137,707 52,735,761 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 7,064,073 7,058,532 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 246,494,292 227,345,061 8,845,540 AZ0002 Pima County 177,061,962 156,966,794 CA0002 Orange County SD 587,530,688 297,092,913 84,407,129 17,372,335 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 129,183,507 99,348,525 14,835,167 377,763 CA0006 East Bay MUD 122,964,800 77,269,800 7,938,600 1,246,400 21,918,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 54,760,123 52,338,244 49,978 CA0008 Sacramento County 269,426,906 237,034,177 578 202,583 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 618,338,000 249,203,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 543,032,521 400,001,984 70,121,090 223,290 4,780,193 9,282,641 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 20,735,699 10,807,762 718,335 2,710,193 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 26,476,965 23,351,121 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 34,975,771 25,593,204 2,230,458 3,543,589 CA0028 West County WWD 22,128,123 17,329,830 977,876 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 44,103,267 43,215,700 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 84,016,052 33,425,573 0 0 44,242,237 1,486,242 0 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 29,512,834 26,492,839 949,071 232,286 CA0064 Central Marin SA 17,115,232 14,471,578 1,546,239 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 51,170,977 11,645,881 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 185,352,113 124,516,013 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 19,761,530 17,840,725 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 71,408,982 43,380,121 0 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 17,866,853 15,544,026 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 246,259,383 115,621,395 7,036,370 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 81,067,000 56,590,000 7,436,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 14,487,639 12,397,054 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 379,616,000 256,054,000 88,878,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 164,750,917 145,222,970 4,940 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 33,986,766 23,454,255 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 183,372,847 174,107,028 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 427,230,000 411,996,000 IA0002 City of Ames 11,251,855 8,689,402 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 50,876,419 34,974,601 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 9,851,633 9,070,661 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 985,406,303 48,621,000 563,256,703 IL0002 North Shore SD 30,392,890 10,957,465 17,215,528 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 9,059,861 6,968,665 1,215,485 0 17,232 0 0 0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 14,587,821 14,516,379 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 20,154,000 9,562,000 4,442,000 162,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 13,597,241 7,470,899 4,498,295 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 6,622,319 6,148,421 80,805 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 259,557,127 66,232,902 63,804 1,236,015 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 152,021,038 91,823,354 5,968,573 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 56,185,494 49,048,045 86,985 KS0003 Wyandotte County 39,590,000 34,640,000 17,000 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 92,851,382 75,730,322 0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 145,148,335 80,557,030 47,563,000 MA0001 MWRA 471,611,302 427,444 460,615,763 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 45,236,695 27,285,497 7,209,607 751,128 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 19,637,134 11,308,740 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 258,217,678 213,340,994 404,770 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 33,629,122 26,484,228 MN0002 MCES 389,185,000 200,970,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 24,296,957 23,678,433 MO0001 Kansas City Water 183,206,105 175,800,650 MO0002Metro St. Louis SD 536,333,389300,692,50888,9740000 0 FUNDING SOURCES ($) 217A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL FUNDING USER CHARGES AD VALOREM TAXES SALES TAX PRODUCT SALES (NON- REUSE) PRODUCT SALES (WATER RESUSE) SPECIAL OPERATING COST LEVIES ASSESS-MENTS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 12,489,194 10,671,960 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 169,218,944 110,296,478 0 0 184,823 280,985 0 203,489 NC0002 Charlotte Water 291,213,466 195,064,850 417,454 2,471,786 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 43,292,472 33,679,560 NC0007 Orange WSA 18,471,674 16,514,394 442,785 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 33,686,990 332,449 32,353,380 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 300,725,886 132,497,310 836,597 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 68,077,487 68,077,487 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 191,969,266 145,320,934 18,544,504 920,269 NV0003 City of Henderson 68,219,310 41,956,849 4,936,427 2,408,181 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 119,899,340 88,160,667 7,509,670 656,093 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 2,319,062,000 2,275,524,000 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 77,984,026 17,015,914 11,270,441 17,301,264 25,902,613 NY0020 Erie County DEP 50,089,661 12,674,419 32,962,862 OH0001 City of Akron 113,476,865 89,324,390 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 293,983,000 257,002,000 19,621,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 364,683,389 286,783,443 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 457,890,308 252,527,151 542,551 134,684 OH0007 City of Canton 17,217,864 9,464,615 3,141 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 27,387,790 13,230,151 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 216,796,316 111,571,933 0 0 124,220 0 0 0 OR0002 City of Portland 474,024,079 330,548,257 0 0 171,841 0 0 881,169 OR0005 City of Gresham 22,431,147 16,292,247 5,199 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 33,634,905 24,514,328 11,512 1,030,696 OR0009 City of Albany 18,634,074 16,655,830 407,089 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 164,079,353 96,078,624 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 89,186,973 79,530,767 SC0003 Charleston Water System 81,722,445 63,024,853 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 27,164,641 16,464,692 1,753,376 0 64,380 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 31,369,926 22,457,571 378,364 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 120,540,647 84,866,101 361,157 TN0005 City of Johnson City 14,050,568 13,831,222 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 268,006,712 256,236,203 113,834 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 877,791,000 607,329,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 4,426,132 4,360,034 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 261,419,793 230,334,882 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 26,716,493 11,610,202 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 27,789,807 21,959,160 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 6,485,135 4,124,538 738,927 73,416 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 15,862,006 10,216,112 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 27,209,025 16,781,598 177,005 238,674 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 72,659,110 47,220,799 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 206,286,555 190,433,799 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 579,776,000 234,020,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 84,372,187 81,236,134 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 80,208,973 62,167,255 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 58,720,145 43,076,216 WA0001 King County DNR 690,608,572 381,513,177 5,287,305 62,699 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 543,037,592 369,833,329 0 0 0 0 0 0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 36,949,353 26,554,873 WI0001 NEW Water 107,728,500 37,461,932 WI0002 Madison MSD 45,160,000 33,793,000 496,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 277,741,000 76,582,000 95,798,000 25,912,000 9,054,000 Agencies Responding1 111 108 18 7 27 15 7 21 Minimum 4,426,132 427,444 578 177,005 11,512 4,940 378,364 3,141 Maximum 2,319,062,000 2,275,524,000 563,256,703 88,878,000 44,242,237 7,436,000 19,621,000 460,615,763 Average 175,963,257 117,391,904 50,569,920 27,645,801 3,453,244 1,973,667 7,743,612 29,312,500 Median 71,408,982 48,834,523 6,218,448 18,544,504 361,157 656,093 4,442,000 881,169 Total 19,531,921,479 12,678,325,636 910,258,560 193,520,606 93,237,601 29,604,998 54,205,285 615,562,491 FUNDING SOURCES ($) NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 218 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL FUNDING PERMITS AND INSPECTION FEES HOOKUP FEES PENALTIES INTEREST EARNED DEVELOPER OWNER CONTRIBUT. FEDERAL GRANTS STATE GRANTS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 64,396,754 742,158 1,013,088 165,696 642,360 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 00 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 66,137,707 734,824 149,846 85,561 0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 7,064,073 5,541 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 246,494,292 1,675,936 3,340,250 1,820,041 1,756,421 AZ0002 Pima County 177,061,962 165,859 10,724,137 1,258,842 6,499,636 832,008 CA0002 Orange County SD 587,530,688 950,802 17,974,042 12,185 9,182,807 450,000 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 129,183,507 2,546,723 8,543,758 562,308 1,774,168 CA0006 East Bay MUD 122,964,800 284,300 3,142,500 359,700 746,700 323,600 CA0007 City of Riverside 54,760,123 310,585 618,455 13,879 585,836 CA0008 Sacramento County 269,426,906 13,617,936 1,214,076 45,560 2,133,714 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 618,338,000 7,244,000 1,185,000 0 0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 543,032,521 34,353,797 13,007,748 1,442,204 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.20,735,699 12,150 17,129 6,407,926 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 26,476,965 95,688 2,835,065 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 34,975,771 188,676 2,200,609 200,127 CA0028 West County WWD 22,128,123 248,988 419,397 70,451 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 44,103,267 24,587 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 84,016,052 73,109 2,500,000 0 16,277 0 0 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 29,512,834 4,988 524,725 586,466 413,844 CA0064 Central Marin SA 17,115,232 477,241 162,705 376,752 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 51,170,977 54,600 1,146,089 32,096 3,817,138 9,383,297 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.185,352,113 54,064,758 110,946 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.19,761,530 1,500 135,532 6,504 129,561 107,900 534,011 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 71,408,982 574,301 5,244,472 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 17,866,853 100,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 26,260 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 246,259,383 30,933,997 758,828 16,903,425 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 81,067,000 11,850,000 5,130,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 14,487,639 2,090,585 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 379,616,000 20,030,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 164,750,917 64,856 6,750 2,441,324 442,781 16,340,083 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 33,986,766 229,508 194,000 179,060 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 183,372,847 832,122 5,346,871 566,057 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 427,230,000 8,657,846 3,432,000 IA0002 City of Ames 11,251,855 23,839 7,793 92,418 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 50,876,419 256,936 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 9,851,633 218,550 148,237 412,801 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 985,406,303 4,164,000 6,181,000 12,817,000 0 IL0002 North Shore SD 30,392,890 1,974,215 32,408 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 9,059,861 25,521 717,911 0 21,167 0 0 49,000 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 14,587,821 71,442 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 20,154,000 28,000 354,000 97,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 13,597,241 942,908 28,601 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 6,622,319 69,860 38,463 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 259,557,127 252,134 673,420 357,777 6,982,961 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 152,021,038 1,476,591 7,514,177 907,345 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 56,185,494 233,327 1,258,260 265,558 38,826 5,178,354 0 KS0003 Wyandotte County 39,590,000 245,000 100,000 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 92,851,382 441,341 3,132,618 1,316,301 840,608 1,332,291 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 145,148,335 2,764,500 3,086,385 0 0 MA0001 MWRA 471,611,302 2,060,000 100,000 5,317,922 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 45,236,695 236,959 465,026 8,405 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 19,637,134 26,584 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 258,217,678 2,900,338 1,881,881 1,309,473 30,615,126 89,517 0 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 33,629,122 145,724 1,657,167 MN0002 MCES 389,185,000 39,200,000 760,000 3,574,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 24,296,957 1,300 225,876 0 MO0001 Kansas City Water 183,206,105 2,612,752 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 536,333,389 1,917,305 1,242,782 0 4,292,489 0 743,523 0 FUNDING SOURCES ($) 219A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL FUNDING PERMITS AND INSPECTION FEES HOOKUP FEES PENALTIES INTEREST EARNED DEVELOPER OWNER CONTRIBUT. FEDERAL GRANTS STATE GRANTS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 12,489,194 36,096 1,108,334 508,456 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 169,218,944 0 8,540,990 2,086,096 1,576,404 0 0 0 NC0002 Charlotte Water 291,213,466 29,260 11,821,473 551,862 15,238,212 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 43,292,472 6,324,596 237,604 2,392,781 NC0007 Orange WSA 18,471,674 1,397,652 31,460 10,332 75,051 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 33,686,990 16,739 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.300,725,886 1,019,278 5,049,726 249,813 3,425,267 3,335,575 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 68,077,487 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.191,969,266 474,286 23,260,480 1,031,347 3,171,416 NV0003 City of Henderson 68,219,310 7,857,089 672,655 1,028,198 9,283,313 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 119,899,340 10,384,867 2,191,410 10,861,025 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.2,319,062,000 10,562,000 32,976,000 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 77,984,026 8,950 246,323 136,100 NY0020 Erie County DEP 50,089,661 263,822 17,708 0 OH0001 City of Akron 113,476,865 52,990 10,084 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 293,983,000 10,146,000 4,172,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.364,683,389 2,901,760 223,125 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 457,890,308 269,218 2,538,990 0 0 0 OH0007 City of Canton 17,217,864 25,811 60,122 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.27,387,790 10,743 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 216,796,316 460,660 20,454,721 0 2,205,037 810,602 31,888 0 OR0002 City of Portland 474,024,079 2,248,628 30,963,604 0 3,165,733 1,341,065 0 209,077 OR0005 City of Gresham 22,431,147 6,830 1,051,683 840 727,313 100,829 0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 33,634,905 360,901 6,354,891 44,735 276,872 386,366 OR0009 City of Albany 18,634,074 45,102 884,679 194,956 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.164,079,353 1,088,763 932,178 112,094 4,910 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 89,186,973 8,227,500 705,283 SC0003 Charleston Water System 81,722,445 8,427,022 311,258 6,459,312 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.27,164,641 47,392 332,349 0 455,431 0 2,374,729 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 31,369,926 122,975 7,200 867,357 7,390,095 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 120,540,647 337,502 641,747 1,187,609 TN0005 City of Johnson City 14,050,568 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 268,006,712 1,135,482 1,159,452 640,512 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 877,791,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.4,426,132 2,723 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 261,419,793 1,508,992 23,378,991 3,121,273 1,361,340 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.26,716,493 158,427 14,930,004 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.27,789,807 92,641 1,229,395 172,185 2,597,001 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 6,485,135 1,128,441 75,916 343,897 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 15,862,006 138,404 3,785,591 393,690 1,112,675 132,194 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 27,209,025 8,531,898 473,789 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 72,659,110 25,438,311 1,042,216 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 206,286,555 12,522,191 1,171,307 0 1,958,258 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.579,776,000 6,699,000 1,563,000 14,389,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 84,372,187 1,001,486 2,134,567 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 80,208,973 568,734 17,472,984 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.58,720,145 7,673,880 598,611 789,667 6,581,771 WA0001 King County DNR 690,608,572 211,812 71,200,481 5,279,961 4,018,636 50,000 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 543,037,592 2,229,742 0 186,477 3,095,699 0 0 1,761,108 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 36,949,353 10,029,234 361,395 3,851 WI0001 NEW Water 107,728,500 569,789 1,335,603 251,497 WI0002 Madison MSD 45,160,000 25,000 1,170,000 137,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 277,741,000 842,000 653,525 234,348 Agencies Responding1 111 57 71 28 99 39 21 13 Minimum 4,426,132 1,300 6,750 840 2,723 75,051 4,910 3,851 Maximum 2,319,062,000 10,562,000 71,200,481 5,279,961 32,976,000 30,615,126 12,817,000 14,389,000 Average 175,963,257 786,116 8,664,062 890,633 1,483,402 5,789,017 1,501,744 2,969,804 Median 71,408,982 245,000 3,340,250 525,746 442,781 3,086,385 386,366 1,761,108 Total 19,531,921,479 44,808,584 615,148,413 24,937,713 146,856,749 225,771,672 31,536,614 38,607,455 FUNDING SOURCES ($) NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 220 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL FUNDING SRF LOANS LOCAL SUBSIDIES REVENUE BONDS G.O. BONDS OTHER DEBT RESERVE TRANSFER OTHER AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 64,396,754 1,522,533 379,589 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 00 00000 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 66,137,707 12,281,980 0149,735 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 7,064,073 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 246,494,292 1,711,043 AZ0002 Pima County 177,061,962 0614,686 CA0002 Orange County SD 587,530,688 145,880,000 14,208,475 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 129,183,507 1,195,095 CA0006 East Bay MUD 122,964,800 9,735,200 CA0007 City of Riverside 54,760,123 843,146 CA0008 Sacramento County 269,426,906 15,178,012 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 618,338,000 360,706,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 543,032,521 8,967,136 852,438 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.20,735,699 62,204 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 26,476,965 195,091 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 34,975,771 1,219,108 CA0028 West County WWD 22,128,123 2,488,331 593,250 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 44,103,267 862,980 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 84,016,052 0 0 664,448 0 0 0 1,608,166 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 29,512,834 308,615 CA0064 Central Marin SA 17,115,232 80,717 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 51,170,977 24,449,108 642,768 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.185,352,113 6,660,396 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.19,761,530 993,946 11,851 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 71,408,982 21,097,000 0 1,113,088 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 17,866,853 850,000 1,372,827 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 99,032 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 246,259,383 14,385,846 57,312,047 3,307,475 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 81,067,000 61,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 14,487,639 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 379,616,000 14,654,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 164,750,917 227,213 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 33,986,766 9,929,943 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 183,372,847 2,520,769 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 427,230,000 3,144,154 IA0002 City of Ames 11,251,855 0 2,219,764 403,475 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 50,876,419 2,402,080 5,015,000 7,250,000 964,547 13,255 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 9,851,633 1,384 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 985,406,303 179,224,000 104,000,000 421,305,000 -390,538,400 36,676,000 IL0002 North Shore SD 30,392,890 213,274 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 9,059,861 0 0 000044,880 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 14,587,821 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 20,154,000 3,069,000 2,440,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 13,597,241 656,538 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 6,622,319 284,770 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 259,557,127 183,758,114 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 152,021,038 4,795,920 39,225,842 309,237 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 56,185,494 76,139 KS0003 Wyandotte County 39,590,000 4,098,000 490,000 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 92,851,382 2,355,212 3,642,874 4,059,815 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 145,148,335 11,177,420 0 MA0001 MWRA 471,611,302 3,090,173 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 45,236,695 7,629,486 1,650,587 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 19,637,134 8,200,000 101,810 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 258,217,678 7,675,579 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 33,629,122 6,832,003 MN0002 MCES 389,185,000 35,277,000 92,700,000 1,108,000 15,596,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 24,296,957 391,348 MO0001 Kansas City Water 183,206,105 4,792,703 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 536,333,389 75,000,000 0 000121,550,42330,805,385 FUNDING SOURCES ($) 221A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA FUNDING SOURCES ($) NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL FUNDING SRF LOANS LOCAL SUBSIDIES REVENUE BONDS G.O. BONDS OTHER DEBT RESERVE TRANSFER OTHER MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 12,489,194 164,348 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 169,218,944 16,622,196 0 28,418,287 0 0 0 1,009,196 NC0002 Charlotte Water 291,213,466 325,217 63,155,000 2,138,352 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 43,292,472 657,931 NC0007 Orange WSA 18,471,674 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 33,686,990 984,422 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.300,725,886 105,335,000 12,669,465 36,307,855 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 68,077,487 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.191,969,266 -754,970 NV0003 City of Henderson 68,219,310 76,598 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 119,899,340 12,500 123,108 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.2,319,062,000 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 77,984,026 365,575 5,671,696 NY0020 Erie County DEP 50,089,661 4,170,852 OH0001 City of Akron 113,476,865 23,460,060 629,341 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 293,983,000 3,042,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.364,683,389 28,242,353 40,066,793 6,465,915 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 457,890,308 51,410,000 0 145,235,000 0 0 0 5,232,714 OH0007 City of Canton 17,217,864 1,520,000 6,144,175 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.27,387,790 13,806,299 290,663 49,934 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 216,796,316 0 0 00076,405,2934,731,962 OR0002 City of Portland 474,024,079 0 1,239,931 97,619,333 0 0 0 5,635,444 OR0005 City of Gresham 22,431,147 0 3,872,486 373,720 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 33,634,905 654,604 OR0009 City of Albany 18,634,074 415,226 31,192 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.164,079,353 64,753,500 1,109,284 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 89,186,973 723,423 SC0003 Charleston Water System 81,722,445 0 3,500,000 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.27,164,641 2,160,120 3,512,173 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 31,369,926 0 146,394 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 120,540,647 33,146,531 TN0005 City of Johnson City 14,050,568 219,346 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 268,006,712 8,721,229 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 877,791,000 222,140,000 48,322,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.4,426,132 63,375 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 261,419,793 1,714,315 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.26,716,493 17,860 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.27,789,807 01,739,425 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 6,485,135 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 15,862,006 83,340 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 27,209,025 1,006,061 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 72,659,110 0 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 206,286,555 0 201,000 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.579,776,000 316,845,000 6,260,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 84,372,187 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 80,208,973 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.58,720,145 WA0001 King County DNR 690,608,572 39,151,219 50,000,000 133,833,282 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 543,037,592 0 0 160,910,000 0 0 5,021,238 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 36,949,353 WI0001 NEW Water 107,728,500 57,427,188 10,682,491 WI0002 Madison MSD 45,160,000 9,363,000 176,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 277,741,000 13,074,000 54,966,127 625,000 Agencies Responding1 111 38 11 29 17 17 22 86 Minimum 4,426,132 0 0 000-390,538,400-754,970 Maximum 2,319,062,000 179,224,000 1,239,931 360,706,000 104,000,000 421,305,000 121,550,423 133,833,282 Average 175,963,257 18,648,576 143,423 68,568,990 14,773,188 33,546,547 -4,640,513 4,822,635 Median 71,408,982 7,914,743 0 21,097,000 0 0 1,314,000 690,677 Total 19,531,921,479 708,645,876 1,577,648 1,988,500,716 251,144,193 570,291,298 -102,091,286 414,746,620 222 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL EXPENDITURES O&M EXPENDITURE CAPITALEXPENDITURE DEBT SERVICE PILOT OR FRANCHISE FEES MISC. AND OTHER AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 64,396,754 28,124,159 22,884,394 13,388,201 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 69,989,674 25,879,136 24,458,355 19,652,183 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 5,961,772 5,383,110 578,663 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 212,365,408 85,008,086 37,156,811 78,028,045 7,470,466 4,702,000 AZ0002 Pima County 195,594,401 81,752,690 45,029,623 68,812,088 CA0002 Orange County SD 557,828,340 159,982,603 153,408,102 244,437,635 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 117,802,498 84,685,876 27,705,114 3,810,892 1,600,616 CA0006 East Bay MUD 123,492,000 55,048,000 36,667,000 31,777,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 72,280,425 17,019,070 45,146,420 10,114,935 CA0008 Sacramento County 207,986,895 103,664,095 15,797,210 88,525,590 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 408,449,000 221,553,000 126,874,000 60,022,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 422,493,432 215,585,210 108,868,273 86,119,319 11,920,630 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.20,752,933 14,307,834 6,445,099 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 19,642,081 16,452,887 386,555 2,802,639 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 40,018,961 28,928,666 9,912,098 1,178,197 CA0028 West County WWD 30,957,179 12,844,340 18,112,839 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 49,062,301 18,376,566 24,839,134 05,846,601 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 78,832,056 38,864,037 15,703,134 24,264,885 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 28,934,636 19,212,956 3,222,624 6,499,056 CA0064 Central Marin SA 19,741,574 11,580,480 4,193,000 3,968,094 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 52,402,477 11,174,660 38,371,996 1,640,869 1,214,952 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.572,150,345 67,852,637 451,734,937 49,429,550 3,133,221 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.14,025,659 8,110,054 3,395,899 2,469,706 50,000 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 73,798,685 38,490,760 9,273,721 25766841 267,363 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 19,825,758 14,442,197 5,383,561 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 10,183,786 4,837,244 5,346,542 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.997,671,000 278,128,000 549,018,000 149,781,000 20,744,000 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 112,031,644 58,303,295 40,635,947 2,653,865 5,226,776 5,211,761 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 490,433,000 273,058,000 217,375,000 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 66,569,000 33,571,000 17,494,000 10,100,000 5,404,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 4,260,896 1,954,232 1,132,369 1,174,295 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 297,767,000 80,568,000 62,360,000 141,739,000 13,100,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 145,834,147 49,342,301 50,875,169 45,616,677 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 18,566,290 10,190,654 4,635,663 3,739,973 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 86,472,657 48,271,614 21,458,308 16,742,735 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 562,740,000 188,151,000 212,620,000 161,969,000 IA0002 City of Ames 11,589,900 5,507,573 3,536,130 756,249 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 48,408,289 20,163,624 6,570,234 21,674,431 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 6,801,665 4,498,067 2,303,598 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 826,002,197 414,114,523 244,186,957 162,914,717 4,786,000 IL0002 North Shore SD 43,600,613 26,646,279 16,954,334 0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 8,615,507 7,618,802 693,116 303,589 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 14,587,821 11,954,344 1,087,828 143,430 1,402,219 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 20,107,000 11,563,000 7,790,000 754000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 12,445,600 6,085,178 1,797,517 4,562,905 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 6,245,967 4,826,336 963,419 456,212 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 96,328,761 25,162,748 38,868,950 27,359,197 4,937,866 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 119,146,479 43,608,892 32,176,731 32,875,255 10,485,601 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 47,940,281 26,323,652 888,823 18,079,390 2,648,416 KS0003 Wyandotte County 33,027,000 14,109,000 6,459,000 7,124,000 5,335,000 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 84,611,262 33,320,181 11,072,854 40,218,227 0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 235,928,311 48,254,072 125,460,679 62,213,560 MA0001 MWRA 471,611,302 159,667,019 311,944,283 MA0005 Boston WSC 76,018,653 40,000,000 17,718,653 18,300,000 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 34,534,096 22,214,582 3,636,376 8,683,139 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 20,325,848 8,403,550 9,961,792 1,960,506 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 213,976,439 180,716,955 33,259,484 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 34,287,835 15,287,804 10,082,265 8,917,766 MN0002 MCES 387,205,000 130,824,000 137,307,000 115,500,000 3,574,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 20,288,787 17,803,513 843,018 1,642,256 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 536,333,389 186,872,229 264,306,303 85,154,857 EXPENDITURES ($) 223A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA EXPENDITURES ($) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL EXPENDITURES O&M EXPENDITURE CAPITALEXPENDITURE DEBT SERVICE PILOT OR FRANCHISE FEES MISC. AND OTHER MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 10,951,012 5,006,137 484,140 5,460,734 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 169,218,942 47,381,304 67,687,577 49,073,493 5,076,568 NC0002 Charlotte Water 288,157,000 79,659,189 117,504,000 90,993,000 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 44,144,526 15,144,524 19,724,981 9,275,021 NC0007 Orange WSA 17,477,116 8,209,748 5,140,232 4,127,136 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 30,833,208 29,583,208 1,250,000 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 290,602,847 131,929,832 39,423,401 30,406,612 1,088,799 87,754,203 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 21,980,041 21,980,041 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 235,675,015 75,859,068 128,257,412 31,558,535 NV0003 City of Henderson 48,496,408 26,979,188 6,658,680 11,955,405 2,903,135 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 124,715,711 63,205,730 41,933,444 12,378,823 4,281,083 2,916,631 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 1759753000 796408000 963345000 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 77,984,026 51,292,971 8,998,186 17,792,869 NY0020 Erie County DEP 46,644,057 37,348,876 3,458,867 5,836,314 OH0001 City of Akron 89,391,101 31,384,351 42,108,911 15,897,839 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 253,347,523 11,347,000 141,264,000 100,736,523 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 286,021,184 118,992,159 55,417,000 111,612,025 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 393,737,636 104,581,186 145,235,000 143,921,450 OH0007 City of Canton 16,197,731 12,027,100 2,999,938 1,170,693 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 28,098,530 6,146,079 17,915,915 4,036,536 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 121,364,189 56,657,158 38,214,143 26,135,222 84,796 272,870 OR0002 City of Portland 474,024,079 118,943,354 87,400,787 168,804,142 16,250,599 82,535,196 OR0005 City of Gresham 17,816,327 9,783,843 4,420,751 2,522,825 1,088,908 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 22,815,570 11,980,342 3,113,905 7,721,323 OR0009 City of Albany 16,835,803 9,367,187 1,854,656 5,613,960 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 757,255,000 483,983,000 52,633,000 219,133,000 1,506,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 104408899 37597836 23903401 42907662 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 85,506,453 33,261,129 23,581,865 28,663,459 SC0003 Charleston Water System 61,514,552 26,697,941 12,101,671 22,167,440 547,500 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 19,664,576 9,142,260 4,429,867 6,092,449 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 31,369,926 11,348,903 11,598,980 7,809,046 612,997 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 120,130,793 31,930,440 38,745,442 44,659,379 4,795,532 TN0005 City of Johnson City 15,792,781 8,265,327 1,673,378 5,636,496 217,580 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 244,027,499 89,842,303 23,247,000 93,679,749 37,258,447 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 469,113,000 219,680,000 43,980,000 182,860,000 22,593,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 4,387,931 2,543,769 1,844,162 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 311,290,953 112,139,585 117,518,204 75,255,357 6,377,807 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 20,995,328 4,503,549 11,851,706 4,640,073 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 27,789,807 13,320,801 10,917,737 3,133,776 417,493 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 5,280,723 3,598,693 1,518,030 164,000 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 19,800,786 8,508,822 556,635 1,410,760 9,324,569 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 19,930,773 11,532,608 5,065,979 3,084,186 248,000 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 82,003,511 22,571,234 46,645,730 12,786,547 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 240,378,942 92,452,813 100,809,824 47,116,305 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 341,506,000 146,601,000 137,316,000 57,589,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 69,425,690 28,567,042 4,417,303 36,441,345 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 67,857,793 40,049,757 17,778,288 10,029,748 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 30,799,654 21,598,614 5,728,740 3,473,300 WA0001 King County DNR 534,786,293 138697507 167528000 228560786 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 462,612,631 293,681,189 119,076,192 49,855,250 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 31,727,157 14,596,478 8,155,137 8,975,542 WI0001 NEW Water 32,142,903 19,559,419 1,583,501 10,999,983 WI0002 Madison MSD 36,220,000 13,948,000 9,363,000 12,909,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 277,741,000 84,630,000 68,451,000 124,660,000 Agencies Responding1 115 115 108 106 23 24 Minimum 4,260,896 1,954,232 386,555 0 84,796 0 Maximum 1,759,753,000 796,408,000 549,018,000 963,345,000 22,593,000 87,754,203 Average 166,026,318 67,672,104 50,368,532 51,506,786 5,620,609 11,673,338 Median 67,857,793 28,124,159 17,847,102 14,643,020 4,281,083 3,353,611 Total 19,093,026,602 7,782,291,966 5,439,801,479 5,459,719,278 129,274,009 280,160,111NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 224 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME OPERATING RESERVE PAYMENTS ALL OTHER RESERVE PAYMENTS OPERATING RESERVE BALANCE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 14,685,211 94.5 Days AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 776,607 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 0 53,000,000 AZ0002 Pima County 19,222,627 20,000,000 90 days CA0002 Orange County SD 29,702,348 198,000,000 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 29,963,349 CA0006 East Bay MUD 600,000 -5,376,000 $86,983,000 CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County 0 5,161,413 28,200,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 38,031,000 19,186,000 $38,031,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.2,000,000 7,000,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 3,435,000 13,111,000 90 days CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 6,820,617 14900000 CA0028 West County WWD $1,525,652 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 00 $0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 6,571,330 10,350,000 15% of O&M CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 578,198 2972342 CA0064 Central Marin SA 126,756 2,764,302 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 00 2389915 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.0 0 90 days + $1mm CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.4,020,312 120 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 25% CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 850,000 180 Days CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.135,653,166 33,490,623 169143789 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 10,260,929 52,159,723 60 days FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 2,519,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities $120 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 68,761,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 10,008,688 $71,301,927 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 0$6,578,497 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 180 days HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 551000 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 9,267,738 88 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 3,972,859 42944997 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 140,623,790 18,780,317 159,404,106 IL0002 North Shore SD 00 200 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD -13,603 0 $2,404,123 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 0 0 2.5 mil IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 090 days IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 421,036 730,605 $10,696,460 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 122,482 253,870 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 39,225,550 52 days KS0001 Johnson County WWD 3,475,033 25922530 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 36,300,681 4,266,780 $52,234,470 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 8,203,082 0 90 Days O&M Reserve LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 16,354,950 21,281,612 120 MA0001 MWRA -500,669 2 Months MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 3,448,175 36,929,264 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 598,992 3150009 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 10,598,637 $35,568,855 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 806,237 10843622 MN0002 MCES 4,486,000 0 $40,522,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 55,370,123 $63,912,142 RESERVES 225A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME OPERATING RESERVE PAYMENTS ALL OTHER RESERVE PAYMENTS OPERATING RESERVE BALANCE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 1,038,182 500,000 140 days NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 4,373,733 NC0002 Charlotte Water 20,602,000 119984000 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.1,298,617 1,066,000 $82,227,367 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 00 0 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.11,320,709 39,816,693 365 NV0003 City of Henderson 10,019,887 $75,573,109 NV0004 City of Las Vegas -8,163,164 0 120 days NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.80,749,000 60 days NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP 2,326,037 163 days OH0001 City of Akron 24,085,764 58,594,519 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 85,680,000 $334,491,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.42,930,975 885 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 114,000,000 11,000,000 $125,000,000 OH0007 City of Canton 1,520,000 $20,912,136 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.1,492,229 3,654,048 306 days OH0021 Montgomery County 90 OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland 31,500,000 45,809,583 107968317 OR0005 City of Gresham 4,614,820 $13,493,354 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 157,268 10,662,067 6,485,106 OR0009 City of Albany 1,798,271 $1,798,271 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.205,760,628 15,188,580 205760628 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.4,501,062 79,778,764 4,501,062 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.1,561,893 16,576,878 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 8,290,784 120 Days TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board $33,650,000 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 280 days TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 35,136,000 103,427,000 $353,160,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.00 $738,293 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 17,811,129 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.2,077,141 5,139,310 90 days UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.$23,649,408 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 860,515 8200000 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 11,343,358 28,067,108 414 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 5,664,669 6,679,562 $61,741,115 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 8,269,000 120 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 0 40,400,000 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.45,610,000 347 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 230,000 90 days VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.27,920,491 6370500 WA0001 King County DNR 739,482 79,882,053 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 00 $0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 302,632 $7,563,692 WI0001 NEW Water 929,666 90 days WI0002 Madison MSD 8,940,000 187 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD -162,935 1,000,000 $16,896,000 Agencies Responding 71 57 67 Minimum -8,163,164 -5,376,000 Maximum 205,760,628 103,427,000 Average 17,190,256 14,883,200 Median 3,435,000 4,614,820 Total 1,220,508,209 848,342,394 RESERVES 226 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES MGMT, ADMIN AND SUPPORT BILLING AND CUSTOMER SUPPORT COLLECTION SYSTEMS TREATMENT WATER REUSE BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 28,124,159 9,350,643 2,177,142 9,910,506 6,685,868 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 25,879,136 7,886,278 8,032,151 9,171,916 788,791 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 4,178,707 1,451,157 1,824,493 903,057 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 86,831,789 11,502,784 19,488,224 52,810,908 1,169,770 1,860,103 AZ0002 Pima County 81,752,690 30,205,479 19,578,168 31,969,043 CA0002 Orange County SD 153,500,928 23,546,661 30,738,157 81,633,068 17,583,042 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 86,214,006 42,447,960 269,778 16,977,471 25,583,834 559,272 375,691 CA0006 East Bay MUD 55,047,800 24,605,800 2,515,400 9,940,100 11,185,800 -118,400 6,919,100 CA0007 City of Riverside 22,534,500 7,628,675 2,594,756 10,164,097 2,146,972 CA0008 Sacramento County 103,830,345 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 170,754,000 66,191,000 30,220,000 69,806,000 4,537,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 12,864,088 8,304,992 548,613 2,644,369 1,366,114 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 21,974,686 7,237,724 468,050 10,847,845 2,970,330 450,737 CA0028 West County WWD 12,476,014 3,550,114 2,527,342 6,398,558 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 19,705,453 1,974,969 16,189,480 1,541,004 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 31,158,357 8,608,857 1,469,104 4,153,819 10,306,233 4,375,072 2,245,272 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 19,161,314 3,208,930 789,315 4,007,671 11,155,398 CA0064 Central Marin SA 11,580,480 4,933,360 6,273,200 373,920 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 11,894,168 2,481,112 2,353,264 2,353,264 2,353,264 2,353,264 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.69,175,724 36,431,257 1,672,291 23,045,471 8,026,705 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.8,110,055 1,598,050 434,618 1,745,787 4,331,599 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 35,769,944 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 18,430,837 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.295,888,118 165,298,507 17,676,596 22,323,431 84,948,584 5,641,000 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 81,103,536 18,005,845 9,000,527 25,367,200 27,967,931 762,033 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 218,556,000 46,845,000 13,380,000 66,416,000 91,915,000 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 29,227,669 12,333,633 6,987,750 9,906,286 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,854,994 1,205,701 454,398 168,607 26,289 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 110,787,894 17,358,685 6,803,674 80,309,020 6,316,515 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 47,752,351 2,415,042 4,074,676 8,252,526 33,010,106 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 16,262,246 3,147,735 2,218,312 3,838,532 6,352,122 0 681,577 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 48,271,614 48,271,614 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 97,359,500 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 20,163,624 3,744,854 16,418,770 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 414,114,523 188,524,678 88,842,258 75,207,020 0 61,540,567 IL0002 North Shore SD 26,646,279 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 7,618,802 1,608,118 2,812,892 3,197,792 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 11,954,344 2,702,957 8,732,536 518,851 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 11,543,000 11,543,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 7,742,541 1,417,556 5,920,948 404,037 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 4,730,342 2,949,775 1,645,974 134,593 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 25,162,749 8,123,273 1,807,631 6,600,100 7,774,832 856,913 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 54,907,045 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 26,323,653 4,718,699 2,911,825 5,774,031 12,600,737 318,361 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 35,263,931 9,263,291 6,470,499 19,530,141 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 48,254,071 8,073,599 2,890,237 21,380,759 15,909,476 MA0001 MWRA 150,524,886 52,772,480 32,907,350 50,316,108 14,528,948 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 23,819,424 1,440,643 430,616 9,324,265 12,623,900 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 8,403,549 2,718,390 382,095 727,206 3,541,484 1,124,374 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 208,794,899 129,072,277 79,722,622 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 15,287,804 6,559,221 1,880,632 6,034,230 813,721 MN0002 MCES 130,593,000 20,591,000 592,000 18,634,000 44,779,000 45,997,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 9,475,794 7,902,223 1,573,571 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 150,432,948 58,264,980 47,598,894 43,274,597 1,294,476 O&M EXPENDITURES BY FUNCTION ($) 227A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA O&M EXPENDITURES BY FUNCTION ($) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES MGMT, ADMIN AND SUPPORT BILLING AND CUSTOMER SUPPORT COLLECTION SYSTEMS TREATMENT WATER REUSE BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 5,006,137 1,358,092 283,557 1,296,911 2,067,577 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 31,315,607 2,784,599 13,434,287 11,473,582 185,626 3,437,513 NC0002 Charlotte Water 79,659,189 19,443,092 3,028,172 18,834,099 32,651,109 5,702,717 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 15,204,117 4,472,615 754,315 3,655,257 6,321,930 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 21,980,041 6,281,487 15,698,554 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.68,163,053 24,539,936 1,134,167 20,377,575 20,963,627 1,147,748 NV0003 City of Henderson 27,540,938 27,540,938 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 42,531,047 6,773,467 1,899,351 9,405,879 21,498,877 1,829,075 1,124,398 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 31,356,591 7,520,247 6,463,544 7,406,470 9,966,330 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 11,347,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.118,992,159 58,014,897 6,468,493 54,508,769 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 97,797,801 46,868,820 849,917 18,085,724 29,067,185 2,926,156 OH0007 City of Canton 12,027,099 1,858,584 615,460 1,915,097 7,637,958 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.5,969,853 819,215 465,067 1,503,041 3,182,530 0 OH0021 Montgomery County 28,862,405 1,697,753 1,843,142 19,070,998 438,135 5,004,602 807,775 OR0001 Clean Water Services 56,657,158 OR0002 City of Portland 118,943,354 OR0005 City of Gresham 9,783,843 480,428 625,122 2,740,816 5,937,477 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 11,980,342 4,873,270 438,010 1,314,564 4,423,740 313 930,445 OR0009 City of Albany 9,367,187 4,678,915 1,468,159 2,706,335 7,271 506,507 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.37,597,836 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 33,261,129 10,793,598 3,260,166 3,823,952 13,419,427 1,963,986 SC0003 Charleston Water System 26,697,940 3,736,007 10,005,412 10,000,032 2,956,489 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.8,263,237 4,199,576 1,845,975 1,794,039 422,647 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 11,681,798 4,378,727 3,908,019 2,933,509 543,853 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 31,930,440 9,257,077 3,072,605 7,686,374 11,914,384 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 85,031,607 28,092,216 21,043,926 28,028,623 7,866,842 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 81,958,964 10,890,134 18,751,448 46,172,617 6,144,765 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.2,543,769 319,031 161,844 2,062,894 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 112,139,586 112,139,586 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.4,503,549 2,255,970 2,247,579 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.13,890,985 2,938,267 144,105 3,581,375 7,227,238 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 3,567,000 1,281,000 2,351,000 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 7,863,343 1,661,026 159,688 2,663,629 2,794,681 0 584,318 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 7,331,619 1,936,231 825,479 3,504,247 1,065,662 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 92,452,813 9,733,846 6,415,631 12,143,391 64,159,945 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.130,484,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 22,509,756 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.21,598,614 WA0001 King County DNR 138,697,507 43,269,038 85,286,273 172,603 9,969,594 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 343,657,402 1,624,335 8,521,048 179,511,227 154,000,792 0 0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 14,596,208 4,447,293 9,605,470 543,445 WI0001 NEW Water 19,559,419 4,731,463 1,589,013 13,238,943 WI0002 Madison MSD 19,268,708 5,320,842 2,407,292 6,575,256 3,209,810 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 88,674,000 19,252,000 4,495,000 61,268,000 3,659,000 Agencies Responding 1 98 82 38 72 81 14 48 Minimum 1,854,994 319,031 144,105 161,844 168,607 -118,400 26,289 Maximum 414,114,523 188,524,678 17,676,596 179,511,227 154,000,792 5,004,602 61,540,567 Average 56,893,731 18,117,649 3,032,269 15,433,917 23,315,523 1,458,470 5,286,064 Median 27,119,439 7,005,596 1,638,368 6,466,019 10,847,845 954,891 1,700,554 Total 5,575,585,623 1,485,647,197 115,226,214 1,111,242,017 1,888,557,380 20,418,579 253,731,075NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 228 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES WAGES AND SALARY BENEFITS CHEMICALS ELECTRIC POWER OTHER UTILITIES SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 28,124,159 10,869,558 6,048,577 465,384 2,216,594 146,858 5,658,782 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 25,879,136 11,649,281 5,708,467 336,553 1,301,488 401,542 1,972,775 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 4,178,707 1,951,479 479,614 2,879 748,760 21,889 257,680 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 86,831,789 22,348,861 11,606,704 6,716,406 7,621,170 2,671,103 5,281,552 AZ0002 Pima County 81,752,690 22,244,038 7,640,523 3,560,476 5,453,330 2,930,810 8,364,660 CA0002 Orange County SD 153,500,928 47,519,518 28,056,814 13,535,768 5,989,910 1,255,703 11,784,965 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 86,214,006 30,318,362 36,759,476 1,419,569 999,591 2,634,103 7,142,418 CA0006 East Bay MUD 55,047,800 21,072,200 14,434,500 2,872,200 939,800 6,968,100 CA0007 City of Riverside 22,534,500 3,980,717 2,472,799 3,067,474 2,147,414 174,244 596,500 CA0008 Sacramento County 103,830,345 35,887,126 18,965,538 8,331,568 11,728,932 5,528,863 2,378,543 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 170,754,000 56,620,000 22,467,000 5,671,000 9,915,000 1,242,000 4,522,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 12,864,088 5,135,045 3,169,947 261,204 1,104,910 2,644,369 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 21,974,686 8,480,010 4,817,599 1,160,518 1,221,081 267,198 730,585 CA0028 West County WWD 12,476,014 5,496,427 2,675,561 389,917 1,012,363 40,954 392,840 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 19,705,453 5,385,580 3,880,919 1,607,020 1,943,496 62,008 4,252,292 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 31,158,357 7,509,047 3,988,581 638,698 3,848,371 294,452 3,613,295 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 19,161,314 7,883,342 4,587,014 707,070 1,078,884 285,565 3,117,177 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 11,580,480 5,283,600 2,575,700 1,146,800 372,600 382,500 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 11,894,168 3,954,893 1,135,952 338,078 1,301,987 719,827 1,892,128 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.69,175,724 29,637,181 11,632,594 6,566,898 5,677,704 749,139 5,873,932 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.8,110,055 2,860,335 1,197,822 869,171 26,469 686,941 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 35,769,944 5,783,506 1,787,240 24,470 585,438 23,909,005 523,560 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich 66,934 78,715 727,009 53,524 9,712 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.295,888,118 110,935,629 30,949,824 21,007,448 15,514,003 8,419,762 7,958,334 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 81,103,536 21,975,532 7,129,943 2,183,333 7,712,666 1,566,669 11,500,064 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 218,556,000 64,487,000 19,314,000 7,207,000 16,061,000 15,714,000 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 29,227,669 9,626,389 3,309,977 792,794 4,073,703 131,590 574,899 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,854,994 1,137,935 522,164 194,896 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 110,787,894 34,130,785 11,938,150 9,671,216 2,564,016 13,519,473 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 47,752,351 12,399,224 3,647,353 6,898,887 7,848,475 947,326 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 16,262,246 5,734,853 1,762,139 247,522 1,996,505 45,645 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 48,271,614 8,106,763 3,806,128 2,164,014 1,810,886 362,781 3,581,491 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 97,359,500 38,046,816 18,571,000 3,510,878 17,320,516 2,298,345 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 20,163,624 5,387,375 2,346,231 1,875,377 2,572,617 1,064,498 2,454,861 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 414,114,523 181,390,867 124,193,440 9,755,815 35,714,509 6,097,571 10,332,487 IL0002 North Shore SD 26,646,279 6,564,061 5,770,857 744,657 5,238,619 1,813,965 2,400,011 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 7,618,802 2,592,152 920,002 100,025 302,279 36,989 1,429,731 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 11,954,344 4,203,003 1,638,831 1,113,228 719,474 233,734 1,926,102 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 11,543,000 4,550,000 3,490,000 421,000 875,000 175,000 740,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 7,742,541 2,163,152 1,207,685 80,611 926,840 154,906 2,687,333 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 4,730,342 1,675,379 949,049 181,228 423,614 39,061 294,317 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 25,162,749 9,225,575 4,458,826 792,522 1,255,901 610,372 1,317,740 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 54,907,045 12,003,889 3,900,785 1,749,252 4,708,161 1,697,141 9,051,504 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 26,323,653 7,578,115 3,775,284 1,565,302 2,912,635 192,968 2,790,550 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 35,263,931 13,998,377 3,743,230 2,489,771 4,044,764 389,382 2,549,666 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 48,254,071 10,816,878 10,118,977 812,979 4,156,137 88,180 2,075,725 MA0001 MWRA 150,524,886 68,692,276 12,943,046 3,187,745 13,631,808 3,197,585 25,049,141 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 23,819,424 2,675,033 1,685,076 54,810 2,166,154 113,345 646,993 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 8,403,549 1,200,475 681,061 553,661 917,394 195,544 274,355 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 208,794,899 18,587,971 187,166 1,752,682 20,858,703 3,367,832 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 15,287,804 5,289,707 2,706,219 1,344,749 2,969,965 471,537 331,370 MN0002 MCES 130,593,000 36,771,000 23,121,000 7,754,000 14,211,000 3,045,000 9,883,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 9,475,794 2,512,368 1,110,572 1,203,363 67,156 1,127,086 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 150,432,948 51,791,382 23,123,464 3,462,436 12,769,498 3,555,118 11,583,444 O&M EXPENDITURE BY COST CATEGORY 229A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES WAGES AND SALARY BENEFITS CHEMICALS ELECTRIC POWER OTHER UTILITIES SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 5,006,137 1,630,914 720,516 281,382 308,826 47,707 482,607 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 31,315,607 10,050,554 3,124,697 3,117,004 4,006,658 1,863,499 NC0002 Charlotte Water 79,659,189 22,826,269 6,755,041 6,608,580 6,917,300 1,325,598 7,304,160 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 15,204,117 6,054,172 1,128,871 428,168 698,482 244,849 1,994,223 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 21,980,041 11,796,029 4,873,255 5,310,757 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.68,163,053 21,633,078 11,679,799 4,710,319 4,603,584 5,987,918 6,032,197 NV0003 City of Henderson 27,540,938 8,809,167 3,445,357 952,263 2,621,383 137,647 1,403,150 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 42,531,047 9,882,385 6,639,312 3,089,000 2,941,795 1,639,510 2,000,228 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 31,356,591 5,323,272 2,705,101 196,089 1,289,860 229,704 346,493 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 11,347,000 34,276,470 -94,188,381 3,068,233 5,815,548 2,224,282 7,456,101 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.118,992,159 49,878,369 22,495,670 2,943,788 12,116,684 6,617,274 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 97,797,801 27,776,249 15,208,647 1,687,924 7,215,545 466,715 4,697,524 OH0007 City of Canton 12,027,099 3,786,529 1,715,748 215,880 1,922,700 106,177 431,289 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.5,969,853 2,363,909 1,032,384 450,915 859,494 21,766 753,718 OH0021 Montgomery County 28,862,405 7,091,448 2,606,385 120,880 1,130,966 13,981,714 2,219,644 OR0001 Clean Water Services 56,657,158 25,192,352 7,367,482 3,574,661 3,507,207 910,928 2,890,753 OR0002 City of Portland 118,943,354 37,270,278 13,538,454 1,775,419 4,120,820 888,552 15,578,269 OR0005 City of Gresham 9,783,843 1,720,202 880,292 141,958 160,122 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 11,980,342 6,871,044 405,523 722,289 158,502 812,558 OR0009 City of Albany 9,367,187 1,201,164 791,994 64,698 518,176 79,083 503,186 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.37,597,836 14,511,208 7,890,141 713,910 3,285,703 496,401 960,173 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 33,261,129 12,631,496 4,517,929 1,783,804 3,791,531 315,904 2,557,588 SC0003 Charleston Water System 26,697,940 7,509,374 3,698,647 515,160 1,797,295 494,054 3,085,394 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.8,263,237 2,937,885 2,134,343 97,204 693,993 76,774 1,259,021 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 11,681,798 4,412,859 1,859,222 311,928 1,534,826 187,310 395,454 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 31,930,440 9,177,165 5,065,660 1,090,488 3,665,514 333,928 1,660,528 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 85,031,607 37,953,891 13,011,026 3,869,330 8,052,401 221,439 4,891,356 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 81,958,964 18,693,715 15,206,368 4,023,497 15,668,512 27,441,944 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.2,543,769 514,828 282,216 48,835 330,103 29,481 43,588 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 112,139,586 32,250,891 22,421,688 4,961,870 6,009,826 575,284 4,790,936 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.4,503,549 1,051,151 401,628 832,049 536,981 7,532 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.13,890,985 5,630,036 2,668,621 100,589 699,230 151,738 1,198,545 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 3,567,000 1,370,000 640,000 121,000 262,000 66,000 624,000 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 7,863,343 2,941,084 1,457,110 126,042 430,267 116,161 486,049 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 7,331,619 2,994,786 1,239,908 122,549 1,072,990 86,321 197,241 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 92,452,813 18,693,420 8,725,727 2,386,789 3,544,849 244,481 4,890,972 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.130,484,000 51,801,000 17,974,000 7,512,000 11,249,000 7,843,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 22,509,756 11,464,008 4,458,225 775,592 1,523,504 266,318 1,625,622 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.21,598,614 6,663,744 2,925,329 2,316,022 WA0001 King County DNR 138,697,507 41,792,155 12,608,831 8,106,767 14,060,958 1,268,927 8,487,798 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 343,657,402 37,257,882 26,899,033 631,064 2,664,545 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 14,596,208 5,766,623 2,477,049 370,798 1,245,003 249,972 1,173,530 WI0001 NEW Water 19,559,419 7,055,515 3,252,544 567,279 2,408,771 1,082,347 2,518,279 WI0002 Madison MSD 19,268,708 6,043,129 4,036,766 805,892 3,181,475 304,571 1,371,145 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 88,674,000 10,907,000 9,827,000 336,000 1,993,000 5,227,000 1,696,000 Agencies Responding1 98 99 95 93 95 87 94 Minimum 1,854,994 66,934 -94,188,381 2,879 262,000 7,532 9,712 Maximum 414,114,523 181,390,867 124,193,440 21,007,448 35,714,509 23,909,005 27,441,944 Average 56,893,731 17,733,795 7,517,869 2,339,002 4,367,973 1,654,338 3,998,687 Median 27,119,439 8,480,010 3,880,919 952,263 2,216,594 304,571 2,299,094 Total 5,575,585,623 1,755,645,700 714,197,560 217,527,198 414,957,458 143,927,436 375,876,601 O&M EXPENDITURE BY COST CATEGORY NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 230 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES SERVICES BY OTHER DEPTS. PRIVATE SECTOR SERVICES UTILITY MANAGEMENT INSURANCE OTHER COSTS DEPRECIATION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 28,124,159 2,280,011 438,396 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 25,879,136 3,171,188 815,125 212,257 310,460 14,033,870 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 4,178,707 716,406 1,105,755 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 86,831,789 7,944,804 12,408,190 10,232,999 AZ0002 Pima County 81,752,690 11,845,835 17,164,948 831,077 1,716,993 51,376,516 CA0002 Orange County SD 153,500,928 27,823,896 2,078,864 15,455,490 90,502,342 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 86,214,006 254,098 5,085,773 1,600,616 22,885,030 CA0006 East Bay MUD 55,047,800 8,029,400 551,600 180,000 22,529,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 22,534,500 7,353,539 2,436,816 0 304,997 CA0008 Sacramento County 103,830,345 2,706,774 932,883 239,907 1,051,303 7,692,908 49,211,734 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 170,754,000 24,808,000 15,069,000 4,089,000 26,351,000 50,799,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 12,864,088 548,613 4,911,240 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 21,974,686 3,277,088 742,950 1,277,657 6,953,979 CA0028 West County WWD 12,476,014 91,221 2,376,731 2,657,065 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 19,705,453 821,382 1,541,004 0 211,752 5,846,601 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 31,158,357 1,463,491 3,327,612 300,836 659,007 5,514,967 19,878,678 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 19,161,314 1,502,262 7,302,082 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 11,580,480 1,000,660 373,920 275,900 168,800 3,898,944 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 11,894,168 453,216 1,679,780 184,894 233,414 6,645,579 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.69,175,724 5,579,689 1,104,162 2,354,425 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.8,110,055 1,018,438 386,294 137,448 927,137 1,621,567 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 35,769,944 480,851 0 2,675,874 6,285,815 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich 6,003 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.295,888,118 3,007,325 98,095,793 54,344,431 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 81,103,536 12,072,165 12,280,865 697,939 2,526,408 1,457,953 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 218,556,000 3,323,000 25,516,000 186,000 6,523,000 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 29,227,669 5,145,097 5,573,220 26,095,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,854,994 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 110,787,894 1,749,937 30,260,789 6,512,765 440,763 68,165,005 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 47,752,351 572,893 5,114,485 9,494,851 828,857 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 16,262,246 0 0 0 0 6,475,582 7,518,093 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 48,271,614 3,833,177 5,375,294 0 0 19,231,080 32,028,000 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 97,359,500 17,611,945 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 20,163,624 2,226,714 1,388,349 407,773 413,554 26,275 5,706,253 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 414,114,523 45,276,834 1,353,000 IL0002 North Shore SD 26,646,279 3,550,768 573,100 -9,759 10,437,460 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 7,618,802 2,034,147 203,477 1,991,598 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 11,954,344 1,221,873 898,099 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 11,543,000 928,000 364,000 5,524,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 7,742,541 522,014 2,276,066 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 4,730,342 988,954 84,627 94,113 0 1,307,931 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 25,162,749 1,825,296 1,076,307 653,672 260,869 3,685,670 13,089,938 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 54,907,045 3,778,180 18,018,133 19,245,412 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 26,323,653 1,363,403 2,097,980 2,461,813 158,189 1,427,414 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 35,263,931 8,991,107 0 0 1,150,459 -2,115,914 26,047,695 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 48,254,071 3,151,570 15,354,022 1,679,603 66,087,547 MA0001 MWRA 150,524,886 23,544,791 278,494 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 23,819,424 13,208,466 6,957 3,262,590 4,686,320 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 8,403,549 2,881,141 1,638,164 32,582 26,219 2,953 2,572,351 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 208,794,899 7,302,859 141,273,999 48,873 279,074 15,135,740 4,717,540 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 15,287,804 2,174,257 9,483,767 MN0002 MCES 130,593,000 13,529,000 17,384,000 1,027,000 3,868,000 60,627,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 9,475,794 342,202 1,850,723 1,262,324 8,469,846 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 150,432,948 11,809,477 24,503,286 6,540,367 1,294,476 67,403,348 O&M EXPENDITURE BY COST CATEGORY 231A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA O&M EXPENDITURE BY COST CATEGORY ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES SERVICES BY OTHER DEPTS. PRIVATE SECTOR SERVICES UTILITY MANAGEMENT INSURANCE OTHER COSTS DEPRECIATION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 5,006,137 1,114,500 207,340 212,345 1,277,271 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 31,315,607 666,198 3,088,107 5,398,890 NC0002 Charlotte Water 79,659,189 12,826,715 11,674,265 840,454 2,376,830 203,977 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 15,204,117 1,472,795 2,990,973 191,584 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 21,980,041 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.68,163,053 6,429,571 1,049,148 6,037,439 NV0003 City of Henderson 27,540,938 4,669,077 942,417 3,494,260 315,404 750,813 12,066,706 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 42,531,047 4,454,496 7,570,153 3,861,732 12,107 440,329 42,531,047 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 31,356,591 8,077,348 11,136,235 2,052,489 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 11,347,000 35,312,231 332,077 17,050,439 56,672,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.118,992,159 7,424,000 2,596,924 14,919,450 66,605,940 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 97,797,801 21,635,005 15,287,505 406,819 8,974 3,406,893 OH0007 City of Canton 12,027,099 444,489 1,295,435 484,027 10,788 1,614,036 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.5,969,853 185,350 291,957 10,360 OH0021 Montgomery County 28,862,405 1,711,368 OR0001 Clean Water Services 56,657,158 7,220,580 5,904,397 88,798 34,307,522 OR0002 City of Portland 118,943,354 38,002,178 0 1,445,518 6,323,866 47,376,734 OR0005 City of Gresham 9,783,843 2,398,210 4,393,834 52,114 37,111 4,472,178 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 11,980,342 2,200,977 1,338,965 350,578 215,363 -1,095,457 OR0009 City of Albany 9,367,187 3,585,523 1,466,335 1,157,028 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.37,597,836 994,663 8,745,637 14,091,320 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 33,261,129 860,530 3,211,350 3,590,997 26,286,924 SC0003 Charleston Water System 26,697,940 3,736,007 592,439 5,269,570 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.8,263,237 243,668 820,349 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 11,681,798 1,907,645 910,129 162,425 13,848,428 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 31,930,440 252,969 6,720,122 3,336,239 88,000 539,827 18,517,403 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 85,031,607 -1,613,199 16,255,685 2,389,678 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 81,958,964 924,928 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.2,543,769 328,644 764,854 152,648 48,572 463,339 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 112,139,586 7,389,572 944,964 29,748,850 1,480,905 1,564,800 60,060,255 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.4,503,549 1,674,208 2,457,301 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.13,890,985 1,520,550 1,921,676 6,232,248 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 3,567,000 172,000 110,000 202,000 1,922,000 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 7,863,343 341,553 1,887,677 77,400 645,479 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 7,331,619 742,018 391,252 88,807 395,747 4,448,773 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 92,452,813 3,092,633 49,098,797 1,775,145 61,090,693 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.130,484,000 21,573,000 45,670,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 22,509,756 213,182 2,183,305 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.21,598,614 294,294 WA0001 King County DNR 138,697,507 35,848,116 16,523,956 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 343,657,402 3,912,852 0 13,495,433 1,401,811 257,394,782 0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 14,596,208 1,327,148 355,988 1,630,097 8,147,327 WI0001 NEW Water 19,559,419 2,261,912 412,772 0 7,474,124 WI0002 Madison MSD 19,268,708 2,432,401 1,093,328 7,608,072 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 88,674,000 45,507,000 13,181,000 Agencies Responding1 98 63 70 38 53 69 64 Minimum 1,854,994 -1,613,199 207,340 32,582 6,957 -2,115,914 463,339 Maximum 414,114,523 38,002,178 141,273,999 29,748,850 4,089,000 257,394,782 90,502,342 Average 56,893,731 5,916,073 10,490,328 2,704,026 729,236 8,918,728 22,039,726 Median 27,119,439 2,706,774 3,302,350 825,713 315,404 1,614,036 9,960,614 Total 5,575,585,623 372,712,574 734,322,944 102,752,992 38,649,509 615,392,237 1,410,542,482 NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 232 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT SERVICE G.O. BONDS DEBT SERVICE REVENUE BONDS DEBT SERVICE SRF LOANSDEBT SERVICE SHORT-TERM (COMMERICAL PAPER / NOTES) LONG-TERM CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS OTHERDEBT SERVICE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 19,652,183 17,989,242 1,662,941 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 706,569 587,663 118,906 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 78,019,495 8,825,186 69,194,218 91 AZ0002 Pima County 68,848,604 21,007,294 2,134,085 45,707,225 CA0002 Orange County SD 244,437,635 43,198,445 201,239,190 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 3,810,892 3,623,772 187,120 CA0006 East Bay MUD 33,132,000 4,040,000 29,069,000 23,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 10,931,935 10,114,935 817,000 CA0008 Sacramento County 88,525,590 88,525,590 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 60,022,000 60,022,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 86,807,045 51,391,557 35,415,488 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 4,488,991 2,466,536 737,038 1,285,417 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 4,488,197 253,802 924,395 3,310,000 CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA 0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 31,914,234 31,811,107 103,127 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 6,500,056 2,633,050 1,205,506 2,661,500 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 3,659,224 3,659,224 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 2,389,915 2,389,915 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.49,429,550 49,429,550 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.2,469,706 2,389,300 80,406 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 25,766,841 25,766,841 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 5,274,749 5,274,749 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 2,145,145 1,602,425 542,720 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.149,781,000 148,610,000 1,171,000 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 2,653,865 649,712 2,004,153 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 173,855,000 157,036,000 16,771,000 48,000 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 16,362,000 16,362,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 750,440 750,440 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 223,228,000 211,551,000 11,677,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 89,863,117 89,863,117 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 3,949,742 3,739,973 209,769 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 66,970,941 66,970,941 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 598,675 398,509 200,166 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 8,191,048 4,546,738 2,478,833 1,165,477 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 162,914,717 99,911,272 63,003,445 IL0002 North Shore SD 0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 303,589 303,589 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 143,430 143,430 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 754,000 754,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 4,562,905 4,539,049 23,856 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 456,212 456,212 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 20,133,199 14,240,000 5,893,199 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 34,171,501 31,479,917 2,691,584 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 18,079,390 18,079,390 KS0003 Wyandotte County 6,988,000 3,910,000 3,078,000 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 40,218,227 30,369,067 9,849,160 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 62,213,560 62,213,560 MA0001 MWRA 293,996,055 226,773,524 67,222,531 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 8,664,649 5,092,089 3,410,787 161,773 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 1,960,506 371,291 1,589,215 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 9,855,179 6,926,399 2,928,780 MN0002 MCES 121,495,000 72,694,000 48,801,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 82,741,071 55,326,876 27,378,272 35,922 DEBT SERVICE (PRINCIPAL + INTEREST) EXPENSE ($) 233A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA DEBT SERVICE (PRINCIPAL + INTEREST) EXPENSE ($) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT SERVICE G.O. BONDS DEBT SERVICE REVENUE BONDS DEBT SERVICE SRF LOANSDEBT SERVICE SHORT-TERM (COMMERICAL PAPER / NOTES) LONG-TERM CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS OTHERDEBT SERVICE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 5,189,495 5,189,495 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 35,648,119 460,434 32,022,883 1,997,559 1,167,243 NC0002 Charlotte Water 90,993,484 18,872,749 70,500,786 1,619,949 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 9,972,952 9,972,952 NC0007 Orange WSA 8,582,272 8,254,272 328,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.30,406,612 18,277,405 12,129,207 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 71,165,588 59,888,314 11,277,274 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.31,558,535 26,088,629 5,469,906 NV0003 City of Henderson 11,955,405 11,955,405 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 12,378,823 12,378,823 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 17,792,869 17,792,869 NY0020 Erie County DEP 5,523,690 2,397,033 3,126,657 OH0001 City of Akron 15,897,839 3,780,000 12,117,839 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 100,736,523 77,162,000 22,459,523 1,115,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.111,600,221 63,545,929 48,054,292 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 147,005,000 43,106,000 16,799,000 87,100,000 OH0007 City of Canton 1,170,694 184,755 980,544 5,395 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.4,036,537 2,631,913 1,404,624 OH0021 Montgomery County 7,744,269 2,367,290 5,376,979 OR0001 Clean Water Services 26,135,222 26,135,222 OR0002 City of Portland 168,804,142 167,291,108 1,513,034 OR0005 City of Gresham 2,522,825 27,674 2,495,151 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 7,721,323 7,096,312 625,011 OR0009 City of Albany 5,613,960 5,113,960 500,000 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.220,889,000 220,889,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.42,907,662 9,187,311 33,716,277 4,074 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 28,663,459 25,336,577 3,326,881 SC0003 Charleston Water System 22,167,440 22,167,440 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.5,429,193 1,772,650 3,078,983 577,560 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 7,600,432 4,066,989 2,912,478 620,965 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 31,494,000 31,494,000 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 93,679,748 2,082,296 91,114,232 25,237 457,983 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 18,286,000 18,286,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 71,723,707 55,984,159 14,852,401 887,147 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.4,798,599 4,798,599 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.3,133,776 3,133,776 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 1,410,760 1,410,760 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 3,084,186 3,084,186 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 12,786,457 12,709,428 77,029 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 47,116,305 20,896,350 6,203,278 20,016,677 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.57,589,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 34,493,702 33,234,586 1,259,116 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 20,348,363 2,391,432 17,956,931 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.3,473,300 3,473,300 WA0001 King County DNR 228,560,786 53,969,996 158,062,817 16,527,973 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 48,950,890 47,450,953 1,403,446 96,491 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 8,680,728 3,061,403 5,619,325 WI0001 NEW Water 8,488,547 2,318,951 6,009,111 160,485 WI0002 Madison MSD 12,383,100 12,383,100 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 124,659,926 48,218,196 72,042,773 4,398,957 Agencies Responding1 104 25 71 65 5 3 25 Minimum 0184,755253,802 27,674 25,237 23,856 91 Maximum 293,996,055 99,911,272 226,773,524 87,100,000 1,285,417 1,115,000 201,239,190 Average 43,579,145 18,623,990 41,508,060 10,969,696 481,515 411,782 13,811,875 Median 16,129,920 5,092,089 20,896,350 2,912,478 161,773 96,491 1,171,000 Total 4,532,231,040 465,599,742 2,947,072,274 713,030,219 2,407,574 1,235,347 345,296,881 234 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA LIEN TYPE FIXED OR VARIABLE RATE ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT SERVICE SENIOR LIEN SUBORDINATE LIEN TOTAL DEBT SERVICE FIXED RATE DEBT VARIABLE RATE DEBT AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD 244,437,635 244,437,635 244,437,635 244,437,635 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD 33,132,000 33,109,000 23,000 CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County 88,525,590 77,546,590 10,979,000 88,525,590 77,546,590 10,979,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 60,022,000 60,022,000 60,022,000 60,022,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 4,488,991 4,488,991 4,488,991 4,488,991 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA 0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 31,914,234 31,914,234 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 3,659,224 3,659,224 3,659,224 3,659,224 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.49,429,550 49,429,550 49,429,550 49,429,550 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 25,766,841 25,766,841 25,766,841 25,766,841 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 2,653,865 649,712 2,004,153 2,653,865 2,653,865 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 173,855,000 157,036,000 16,819,000 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 89,863,117 89,863,117 89,863,117 89,863,117 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 3,949,742 3,752,255 197,487 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 8,191,048 8,191,048 8,191,048 8,191,048 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 162,914,717 162,914,717 162,914,717 162,914,717 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 303,589 303,589 303,589 303,589 0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 4,562,905 4,562,905 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 20,133,199 20,133,199 20,133,199 13,993,199 6,140,000 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 18,079,390 18,079,390 0 18,079,390 18,079,390 0 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 40,218,227 30,369,067 9,849,160 40,218,227 40,218,227 0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 62,213,560 51,312,170 10,901,390 62,213,559 46,670,642 15,542,917 MA0001 MWRA 293,996,055 173,686,933 120,309,122 293,996,055 240,909,464 53,086,591 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 8,664,649 8,664,649 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 82,741,071 55,326,876 27,378,272 82,741,071 82,741,071 DEBT SERVICE EXPENSE ($) - CONTINUED 235A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA DEBT SERVICE EXPENSE ($) - CONTINUED LIEN TYPE FIXED OR VARIABLE RATE ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT SERVICE SENIOR LIEN SUBORDINATE LIEN TOTAL DEBT SERVICE FIXED RATE DEBT VARIABLE RATE DEBT MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 5,189,495 5,189,495 0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 35,648,119 32,022,883 3,625,236 35,648,119 35,648,119 NC0002 Charlotte Water 90,993,484 70,500,786 20,492,698 90,993,484 83,792,193 7,201,291 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 9,972,952 9,972,952 9,972,952 8,268,594 1,704,358 NC0007 Orange WSA 8,254,272 8,216,327 37,945 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.30,406,612 18,277,405 12,129,207 30,406,612 30,406,612 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 71,165,588 66,025,341 5,140,247 71,165,588 71,165,588 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.31,558,535 26,088,629 5,469,906 31,558,535 31,558,535 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 100,736,523 100,736,523 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.111,600,221 63,545,929 48,054,292 111,600,221 63,545,929 48,054,292 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 43,866,000 16,799,000 27,067,000 57,248,000 56,920,000 328,000 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 26,135,222 26,135,222 OR0002 City of Portland 168,804,142 95,400,970 73,403,172 168,804,142 168,804,142 0 OR0005 City of Gresham 2,522,825 2,522,825 2,522,825 2,522,825 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 5,613,960 5,613,960 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 78,663,459 11,213,120 17,450,339 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 71,723,707 33,951,363 37,772,345 71,723,707 70,086,599 1,637,108 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 1,410,760 1,410,760 0 1,410,760 1,410,760 0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 47,116,305 20,896,350 26,219,955 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 34,493,702 34,493,702 34,493,702 34,493,702 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 228,560,786 206,780,232 21,780,554 228,560,786 223,308,205 5,252,581 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 48,950,890 48,950,890 0 48,950,890 48,950,890 0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 8,680,728 3,061,403 5,619,325 8,680,728 8,680,728 WI0001 NEW Water 8,488,547 8,488,547 0 8,488,547 8,488,547 0 WI0002 Madison MSD 12,383,100 12,383,100 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding1 41 41 26 44 43 20 Minimum 303,589 303,589 0 0 303,589 0 Maximum 293,996,055 244,437,635 120,309,122 293,996,055 244,437,635 53,086,591 Average 63,204,744 49,724,310 19,333,148 56,252,930 54,073,066 7,499,354 Median 40,218,227 26,135,222 10,940,195 32,523,117 33,109,000 182,973 Total 2,591,394,490 2,038,696,708 502,661,860 2,475,128,909 2,325,141,826 149,987,083 236 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA OUTSTANDING DEBT ON JANUARY 1, 2017 ($) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT G.O. BONDS DEBT REVENUE BONDS DEBT SRF LOANSDEBT SHORT-TERM (COMMERICAL PAPER / NOTES) LONG-TERM CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS OTHERDEBT AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 271,814,338 219,900,000 51,914,338 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 227,751 227,751 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 616,650,000 4,525,000 612,125,000 AZ0002 Pima County 570,208,716 104,145,000 16,563,716 449,500,000 CA0002 Orange County SD 1,116,050,000 873,985,000 242,065,000 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 34,752,513 34,392,380 360,133 CA0006 East Bay MUD 431,395,000 7,616,000 408,779,000 15,000,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 432,955,530 429,826,000 3,129,530 CA0008 Sacramento County 1,434,568,774 1,363,019,819 57,868,521 10,954,900 2,725,534 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 1,162,563,000 1,071,883,000 61,000,000 29,680,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 834,067,952 492,999,636 341,068,316 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 8,913,340 8,913,340 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 12,859,108 1,594,676 10,622,391 642,041 CA0028 West County WWD 2,563,300 2,563,300 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 219,121,591 218,878,380 243,211 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 52,359,805 34,439,156 8,301,681 9,618,968 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 47,215,000 47,215,000 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 52,619,607 52,619,607 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.585,010,000 585,010,000 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.26,126,731 25,063,496 1,063,235 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 21,097,000 21,097,000 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich 21,033,489 16,990,000 4,043,489 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.2,812,391,000 2,720,350,000 92,041,000 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 113,572,153 60,621,926 52,950,226 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 336,766,000 336,766,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 750,440 750,440 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 2,982,677,000 2,814,455,000 168,222,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 691,950,000 691,950,000 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 46,537,234 44,370,000 2,167,234 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 859,060,000 859,060,000 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 80,059,887 16,015,816 46,377,855 17,666,216 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 2,769,608,124 1,963,045,000 806,563,124 IL0002 North Shore SD 0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 4,098,458 4,098,458 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 0 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 6,632,000 6,632,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 34,565,933 34,496,239 69,694 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 4,531,026 4,531,026 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 478,989,848 199,961,770 279,028,078 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 328,680,833 308,767,800 19,913,033 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 301,104,214 301,104,214 KS0003 Wyandotte County 85,733,000 59,800,000 25,933,000 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 493,457,485 350,575,000 142,882,485 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 1,405,215,000 1,405,215,000 MA0001 MWRA 5,192,996,000 4,007,980,000 1,007,016,000 178,000,000 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 98,613,596 39,577,800 58,628,084 407,712 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 22,612,852 2,905,000 19,707,852 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 19,257,354 19,257,354 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 49,985,388 16,570,000 33,415,388 MN0002 MCES 1,253,071,000 681,320,000 571,751,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 1,203,366,916 860,460,000 342,788,711 118,206 237A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA OUTSTANDING DEBT ON JANUARY 1, 2017 ($) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT G.O. BONDS DEBT REVENUE BONDS DEBT SRF LOANSDEBT SHORT-TERM (COMMERICAL PAPER / NOTES) LONG-TERM CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS OTHERDEBT MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 62,387,824 62,387,824 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 434,839,227 87,584 386,311,183 45,190,623 3,249,837 NC0002 Charlotte Water 1,015,249,279 73,710,771 935,547,508 5,991,000 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 95,313,540 95,313,540 NC0007 Orange WSA 77,895,568 71,991,568 5,904,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.264,050,052 160,470,000 103,580,052 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 665,312,060 601,985,000 63,327,060 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.463,437,944 397,985,000 65,452,944 NV0003 City of Henderson 138,792,231 138,792,231 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 86,440,000 86,440,000 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP 69,482,635 23,649,240 45,833,395 OH0001 City of Akron 270,076,525 1,890,000 268,186,765 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 905,018,000 645,195,000 248,893,000 10,880,000 50,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.1,494,752,526 1,003,903,731 490,848,795 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 1,762,981,000 474,641,000 407,215,000 881,125,000 OH0007 City of Canton 86,441,234 86,406,166 35,068 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.44,323,784 34,295,000 10,028,784 OH0021 Montgomery County 22,320,644 1,138,000 21,182,644 OR0001 Clean Water Services 223,690,000 223,690,000 OR0002 City of Portland 1,474,694,496 1,461,140,000 13,554,496 OR0005 City of Gresham 14,714,761 305,761 14,409,000 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 99,158,029 91,115,000 8,043,029 OR0009 City of Albany 63,701,427 62,111,289 1,590,138 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.1,860,324,000 1,751,585,000 108,739,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.647,802,980 262,604,184 385,089,111 109,685 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 215,132,896 179,744,000 35,388,896 SC0003 Charleston Water System 644,129,876 644,129,876 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.52,424,722 10,357,000 36,297,000 5,770,722 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 78,370,672 33,335,402 34,375,351 10,659,919 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 499,850,000 499,850,000 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 987,161,641 4,826,754 967,237,628 12,010,000 3,087,259 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 2,545,171,000 2,089,351,000 455,820,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 1,145,815,807 855,450,443 250,141,491 40,223,873 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.60,525,000 58,425,000 2,100,000 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.30,495,200 30,495,200 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 1,474,450 1,474,450 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 18,560,000 18,560,000 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 49,955,000 49,955,000 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 121,783,683 111,764,683 10,019,000 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 600,265,901 313,654,909 32,085,998 254,524,994 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.879,294,000 723,035,000 156,259,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 532,232,823 515,423,525 16,809,298 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 369,208,455 44,255,367 324,953,088 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 3,846,753,000 755,875,000 2,884,890,000 205,988,000 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 689,273,386 673,920,000 15,353,386 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 94,792,943 23,170,000 71,622,943 WI0001 NEW Water 142,686,107 27,795,000 113,558,050 1,333,057 WI0002 Madison MSD 140,609,142 140,609,142 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 902,424,625 270,040,000 611,184,397 21,200,228 Agencies Responding1 103 23 69 66 5 3 28 Minimum 0 87,584 1,474,450 227,751 407,712 69,694 35,068 Maximum 5,192,996,000 1,963,045,000 4,007,980,000 1,007,016,000 178,000,000 10,954,900 455,820,000 Average 549,728,596 233,894,130 580,648,951 128,426,694 58,328,317 7,301,531 85,285,537 Median 142,686,107 39,577,800 313,654,909 34,942,568 40,223,873 10,880,000 9,818,984 Total 56,622,045,381 5,379,564,996 40,064,777,639 8,476,161,785 291,641,585 21,904,594 2,387,995,022 238 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA LIEN TYPE FIXED OR VARIABLE RATE ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT SERVICE SENIOR LIEN SUBORDINATE LIEN TOTAL DEBT SERVICE FIXED RATE DEBT VARIABLE RATE DEBT AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County 570,208,716 120,708,716 449,500,000 570,208,716 570,208,716 0 CA0002 Orange County SD 1,116,050,000 1,116,050,000 1,116,050,000 1,116,050,000 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD 410,875,000 395,875,000 15,000,000 CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County 1,434,568,774 781,118,774 653,453,000 1,434,568,774 781,118,774 653,453,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 1,162,563,000 1,162,563,000 1,162,563,000 1,071,883,000 90,680,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.0 0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 8,913,340 8,913,340 8,913,340 8,913,340 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 2,563,300 2,563,300 2,563,300 2,563,300 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 0 0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 0 219,121,591 219,121,591 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 47,215,000 47,215,000 3,659,224 3,659,224 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.585,010,000 585,010,000 585,010,000 585,010,000 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 21,097,000 21,097,000 21,097,000 21,097,000 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 113,572,153 60,621,926 52,950,226 113,572,153 113,572,153 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 2,982,677,000 2,814,455,000 168,222,000 2,982,677,000 2,548,712,000 433,965,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 691,950,000 691,950,000 691,950,000 691,950,000 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 46,537,234 44,210,372 2,326,861 46,537,234 12,565,053 33,972,180 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 80,059,887 80,059,887 80,059,887 80,059,887 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 2,769,608,124 2,769,608,124 2,769,608,124 2,769,608,124 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 4,098,458 4,098,458 4,098,458 4,098,458 0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 34,565,933 34,565,933 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 478,989,848 478,989,848 478,989,848 352,050,936 126,938,912 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 301,104,214301,104,214 0301,104,214301,104,214 0 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 493,457,485 350,575,000 142,882,485 493,457,485 493,457,485 0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 1,405,215,000 976,670,000 428,545,000 1,405,215,000 1,128,210,000 277,005,000 MA0001 MWRA 5,192,996,000 3,191,285,000 2,001,711,000 5,192,996,000 4,198,301,000 994,695,000 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 98,613,596 98,613,596 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 1,203,366,916 860,460,000 342,906,916 1,203,366,916 351,511,517 OUTSTANDING DEBT ON JANUARY 1, 2017 ($) - CONTINUED 239A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA OUTSTANDING DEBT ON JANUARY 1, 2017 ($) - CONTINUED LIEN TYPE FIXED OR VARIABLE RATE ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL DEBT SERVICE SENIOR LIEN SUBORDINATE LIEN TOTAL DEBT SERVICE FIXED RATE DEBT VARIABLE RATE DEBT MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 62,387,824 53,007,824 9,380,000 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 434,839,227 386,311,183 48,528,044 434,839,227 434,839,227 NC0002 Charlotte Water 1,015,249,279 935,043,546 80,205,733 1,015,249,279 894,913,761 120,335,518 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 95,313,540 95,313,540 95,313,540 64,683,540 30,630,000 NC0007 Orange WSA 77,895,568 57,895,568 20,000,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.264,050,052 160,470,000 103,580,052 264,050,052 264,050,052 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 665,312,060 568,696,214 96,615,846 665,312,060 665,312,060 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.463,437,944 397,985,000 65,452,944 463,437,944 463,437,944 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 905,018,000 905,018,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.1,494,752,526 1,003,903,731 490,848,795 1,494,752,526 1,003,903,731 490,848,795 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 1,288,340,000 407,215,000 881,125,000 1,762,981,000 1,671,126,000 91,855,000 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 223,690,000 223,690,000 OR0002 City of Portland 1,474,694,496 524,975,000 949,719,496 1,474,694,496 1,474,694,496 0 OR0005 City of Gresham 14,714,761 14,714,761 14,714,761 14,714,761 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 63,701,427 63,701,427 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 215,132,896 57,960,000 157,172,896 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 1,145,815,807 392,842,697 752,973,110 1,145,815,807 1,018,069,477 127,746,331 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.30,495,200 30,495,200 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 1,474,450 1,474,450 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 18,560,000 18,560,000 0 18,560,000 18,560,000 0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 600,265,901 313,654,909 286,610,992 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.879,294,000 517,831,000 361,463,000 50,000,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 532,232,823 532,232,823 532,232,823 532,232,823 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 3,846,753,000 3,137,755,000 708,988,000 3,846,753,000 3,346,753,000 500,000,000 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 689,273,386 689,273,386 0 689,273,386 689,273,386 0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 94,792,943 23,170,000 71,622,943 94,792,943 94,792,943 WI0001 NEW Water 142,686,107142,686,107 0142,686,107142,686,107 0 WI0002 Madison MSD 140,609,142 140,609,142 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding1 47 44 28 51 49 25 Minimum 02,563,300 0 0 1,474,450 0 Maximum 5,192,996,000 3,191,285,000 2,001,711,000 5,192,996,000 4,198,301,000 994,695,000 Average 773,902,341 615,150,425 332,385,155 721,688,128 651,981,988 162,284,989 Median 478,989,848 389,576,940 150,027,691 410,875,000 352,050,936 33,972,180 Total 36,373,410,021 27,066,618,680 9,306,784,339 36,806,094,531 31,947,117,396 4,057,124,736 240 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA REVENUE BOND RATING G.O. BOND RATING SENIOR DEBT SUBORDINATE DEBT SENIOR DEBT SUBORDINATE DEBT ID MEMBER NAME S&P MOODY FITCH S&P MOODY FITCH S&P MOODY FITCH S&P MOODY FITCH AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Aa3 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AAA Aa2 AA+ Aa2 AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD AAA Aaa AAA CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD AAA AAA CA0006 East Bay MUD AAA Aa2 AA+ AAA Aa2 AA+ AAA Aa1 CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County AA Aa3 AA- A-1 A1 A+ CA0010 San Francisco PUD AA Aa3 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD AA+ Aal AA- CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD A+ CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA AA+ Aaa CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD AA- CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation AA- Aa2 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. AAA Aaa CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. AA A2 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO AAA N/A CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. AAA Aa1 AA FL0002 Orange County Utilities AAA N/A AAA FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD A+ Aa3 A+ FL0020 Toho Water Authority AAAm AAA FL0027 Marion County Utilities A+ AA- A3 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW AA- Aa3 A+ GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority AA+ Aa1 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Aa2 AA- Aa3 AA- HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Aa2 Aa1 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago AA+ Aa2 AAA IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Aa3 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD AA- KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 AA Aa3 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC AAA Aa3 AA AA- A1 AA- MA0001 MWRA AA+ Aa1 AA+ AA Aa2 AA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC AA ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Aa2 MN0002 MCES AAA Aaa MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD AAA Aa1 AA+ BOND RATINGS 241A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA BOND RATINGS REVENUE BOND RATING G.O. BOND RATING SENIOR DEBT SUBORDINATE DEBT SENIOR DEBT SUBORDINATE DEBT ID MEMBER NAME S&P MOODY FITCH S&P MOODY FITCH S&P MOODY FITCH S&P MOODY FITCH MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD A+ A+ NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD AAA Aaa AAA AAA Aaa AAA NC0002 Charlotte Water AAA Aaa AAA AAA Aaa AAA AAA Aaa AAA AAA Aaa AAA NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County AA+ Aaa AA+ NC0007 Orange WSA AA+ Aa1 AA+ NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. A3 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty AA+ Aa2 AA NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.AAA Aa1 AAA Aa1 NV0003 City of Henderson AA+ Aa2 NV0004 City of Las Vegas AA Aa2 AA NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP AA- A2 A+ OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati AAA AAA OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. AA+ Aa1 AA+ Aa1 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU AA+ Aa1 AAA Aaa AAA OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. A1 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services AA+ Aa2 OR0002 City of Portland AA Aa2 AA- Aa3 OR0005 City of Gresham AA2 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County AA+ OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. A+ A1 A+ RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources AA+ Aa1 AA Aa1 SC0003 Charleston Water System AAA Aaa SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA AA Aa1 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board AA+ Aa2 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility AA Aa2 AA- AA Aa2 AA- AA Aa2 AA- TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities AAA Aa1 AA+ A-1+ P-1 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System AA+ Aa1 AA+ AA Aa2 AA TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. A+ A2 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. AAA Aa1 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD AA UT0006 Timpanogos SSD AA- VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA AAA VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. AA+ Aa2 AA+ AA AA VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA AAA AO1 AA+ VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. AAA AAA AAA WA0001 King County DNR AA+ Aa2 Aaa WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities AA+ Aa1 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance AA Aa3 WI0001 NEW Water Aaa WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD AA+ Aa1 AAA 242 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA COLLECTIONS / DELINQUENT CUSTOMER STRATEGIES BAD DEBT LATE PAYMENT CONSEQUENCES ID MEMBER NAME BAD DEBT EXPENSE % OF TOTAL REVENUE SHUT OFF WATER SHUT OFF SEWER PLACE LIEN NOTIFY COLL. AGENCY NOTIFY CREDIT BUREAU WRITE OFF SEEK COURT JUDGE-MENT SELL BUND-LED LIENS OTHER AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0001 City of Litte Rock 317,998 0.61% Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 57,435 1.00% Yes Yes Yes AZ0001 City of Phoenix 989,842 1.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County 499,590 0.00% Yes CA0002 Orange County SD 66,073 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD 242,458 0.30% CA0007 City of Riverside 303,054 1.00% Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County 0 0.00% Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD 58,501 0.02% Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 0 0.00% Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.0 0.00% CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 72,169 0.31% Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes CA0028 West County WWD 105,934 0.54% Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA 0 0.00% Yes CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 48,677 0.08% Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 3,267 0.01% Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 22,969 0.09% Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.0 0.00% Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 955 0.00% Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 280,000 Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.0 Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities 4,807 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 1,119,000 0.17% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority 197,900 0.20% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities 231,137 1.86% Yes Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 14,281,000 3.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 1,260,587 0.39% Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 354,141 0.68% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 10,446,216 4.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes Yes Yes Yes IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 7,832 0.13% ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD 52,759 0.17% Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD 332 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 5,210,674 52.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 20,000 0.13% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 0 0.00% Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 807,624 1.17% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD 3,444,977 3.05% Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 239,957 0.42% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County 0 0.00% KY0002 Sanitation District #1 1,213,561 1.63% Yes Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 788,982 1.00% MA0001 MWRA 0 0.00% Yes MA0005 Boston WSC 358,000 Yes Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 99,880 0.14% Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 5,000 0.00% Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 4,106,652 1.34% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 243A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA COLLECTIONS / DELINQUENT CUSTOMER STRATEGIES BAD DEBT LATE PAYMENT CONSEQUENCES ID MEMBER NAME BAD DEBT EXPENSE % OF TOTAL REVENUE SHUT OFF WATER SHUT OFF SEWER PLACE LIEN NOTIFY COLL. AGENCY NOTIFY CREDIT BUREAU WRITE OFF SEEK COURT JUDGE- MENT SELL BUND-LED LIENS OTHER MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 10,409 Yes Yes NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 553,587 0.33% Yes Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water 1,990,167 1.00% Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 138,544 0.41% Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA 23,197 0.06% Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.77,425 0.04% Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 21,089 0.03% Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes NV0003 City of Henderson 0 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas 162,707 0.00% Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.4,467,000 0.16% Yes Yes Yes Yes NY0009 City of Monroe DES 0 0.00% Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes OH0001 City of Akron Yes Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 4,755,860 1.70% Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.8,259,320 3.00% Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 0 0.00% Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.0 0.00% Yes OH0021 Montgomery County 50,927 0.02% Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services 184,072 0.13% Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland 1,215,959 0.37% Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham 0 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 0 0.00% Yes Yes OR0009 City of Albany 59,738 0.35% Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.17,986,820 Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.33,290 0.03% Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 286,963 0.36% Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System 82,246 0.14% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.45,320 0.00% Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 0 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 183,561 0.21% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility 470,192 0.18% Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.0 0.00% TX0009 San Antonio Water System 1,485,514 0.63% Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.59,998 0.03% Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 0 0.00% Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 0 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 400,000 0.85% Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 0 0.00% Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.2,113,000 0.89% VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 0 0.00% VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 16,706 0.03% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR 5,600,674 0.81% Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 418,248 0.10% Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 0 0.00% WI0001 NEW Water 0 0.00% WI0002 Madison MSD 0 0.00% Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 0 0.00% Agencies Responding1 91 85 66 19 52 50 11 63 11 1 22 Minimum 0 0.00% 52.4% 15.1% 41.3% 39.7% 8.7% 50.0%8.7% 0.8% 17.5% Maximum 17,986,820 52.00% Average 1,082,115 1.04% Median 59,998 0.10% Total 98,472,473 244 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS MAXIMUM DEBT SENIOR DEBT SERVICE COVERAGE SENIOR AND SUBORDINATE DEBT SERVICE DEBT RATIO ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes 1.20 or AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 2 Yes AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD Yes 1.25 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes 2.0 X CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes 1.6 x DS CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes 1.25 CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes 1.1 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes 115% Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 1.25:1+ CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes 1.1 x Debt CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes 2.43 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes Yes <50% CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes 1.10,1.15 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 161,195 Yes Yes 173,855 Yes 1.74% FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2.94 FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes 1.20x GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes 3% of Yes Yes 1.5 Yes Yes State of GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes 1.75 Yes Yes 1.75 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes 1.25x IA0002 City of Ames Yes 110% IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes 5% of tax Yes Yes Yes Yes 1.75 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes 5.75% of IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes 4.5% of IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes 100% IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes 150% Yes 50% KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes 1.25 KS0003 Wyandotte County Yes 20% Yes 110% KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Same LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes 100 Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes 120 MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes 125% MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes 140% ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes 120% MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes 2.5x 245A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS MAXIMUM DEBT SENIOR DEBT SERVICE COVERAGE SENIOR AND SUBORDINATE DEBT SERVICE DEBT RATIO ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes Yes 10% NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes 2 NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes 2 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes 1.5 Yes Debt to NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes 2 Yes Yes 0.5 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes 1.2 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes 1.33 Yes Yes 1.2 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes 35 above NV0003 City of Henderson 1 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes 1.5:1 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Yes 115% of NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes 1.25 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes >1.25 Yes >1.00 Yes <60% OH0004 City of Columbus DPU N/A N/A N/A N/A OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes > 1.2X OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes <1.5 Yes Yes <1.2 Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes Yes 1.2 for Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes 1.50 1st OR0005 City of Gresham Yes 2 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Yes 1.2 max OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes 1.05 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes 120% RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes 1.1 SC0003 Charleston Water System 140% SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 1.2 1.2 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes 1.25 Yes 2.1 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes <=65% Yes >=1.5 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes 1.50x Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes 1.75/1.25 Yes 1.5 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes 1.25 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 1.5 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes 1.1 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Debt to Yes Yes 40-50% VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes 1.5x VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes 0.4 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes 1.15 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes 1.8 Yes Yes 70% WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes 35% WI0001 NEW Water Yes 100% WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Note A Agencies Responding1 15 7 16 8 50 25 27 15 246 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS WORKING CAPITAL O&M RESERVES UNRESTRICTED CASH APPROVED RATE-SETTING POLICY ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes 12.50% AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes 42% of CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes 15% CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes 3 MOS. CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 40% CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes 15% of CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 180 days CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Yes 90 days CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes 120 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes 90 days Yes Yes 350 days CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes >120 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes 60 Days FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 68,551 FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes 20% Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes 180 days HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes 3 months IA0002 City of Ames Yes 10% IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes 25% Yes Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes 95% of Yes 12-15% IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes 25% IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes 640838 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes 60 days KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes 90 days KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes 90 days KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Same LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes 2 months MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes 1/6 of Yes Yes 15-20 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes 25% MN0002 MCES Yes Yes 10% of MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes 16.44% Yes Yes 247A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS WORKING CAPITAL O&M RESERVES UNRESTRICTED CASH APPROVED RATE-SETTING POLICY ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes 15% NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes 50-75% NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes 50% NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes 365 days Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Greater NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes 17.6 Yes NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Yes 1/6 of NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes >2.0 Yes >90 days Yes >400 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU N/A N/A N/A OH0007 City of Canton Yes 365 Days OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes >1.25X OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes Yes 120 days Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes 1-year Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes 10% of OR0005 City of Gresham Yes 3 months Yes 20 yr OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes 3 months OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes 5-15% PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes 627 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 60 days 60 days SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes $13.9M TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Annual TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes 60 days Yes Yes 120 days TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Yes 3 mths TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes 6 month TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes 45 days Yes 90 days UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes 10 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 1.25 Yes 365 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes 120 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes 37-50% Yes $45 m VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes 274-365 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes 10% Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes 90 days WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Note B Yes Yes Note C Agencies Responding1 22 10 68 27 85 1511 248 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS TERMS OF BONDS BY ASSET TYPE ASSETS FINANCED BY DEBT VS CASH CASH-FINANCED CAPITAL PERMISSABLE INVESTMENTS ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes 65% Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes 25 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes varies Yes Inv Pol CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes 30% min Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes 20 years Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 249A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS TERMS OF BONDS BY ASSET TYPE ASSETS FINANCED BY DEBT VS CASH CASH-FINANCED CAPITAL PERMISSABLE INVESTMENTS ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes At lesat NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes 25% OH0004 City of Columbus DPU N/A N/A N/A N/A OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Match OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes 20% RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes < 30 Yes Yes > 20% TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes 15% cash VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes 40% WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes 25% WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding1 73 85 97 1711 250 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS RISK MANAGEMENT OTHER ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes 60 or Greater Operating Reserves AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes 2,300,000 Yes Yes 24,090,000 Rate Stablization CA0007 City of Riverside Yes CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes 7,750,000 Catastrophic Reserve CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes 0.5% cap capital rsv & debt policy rsv CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes 18785075 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 251A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA FINANCIAL POLICIES AND TARGETS RISK MANAGEMENT OTHER ID MEMBER NAME POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET POLICY FORMAL DOC TARGET DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes 50 million CIP reserves NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU N/A N/A OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes 220% Liquidity TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes 15% Max Variable Rate Debt (15% max) WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 6 2 9 7 252 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PENSION OPEB PENSION AND OPEB COST SHARE PLAN NAMESINGLE- AGENT- COST SHARE SINGLE- AGENT- COST SHARE SINGLE- AGENT- COST SHARE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Arkansas Public AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Arizona State Retirement CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes CalPERS CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes Yes CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Health Plans - Blue Cross GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Illinois Municipal IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Illinois Municipal IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Public Employees' KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes MA0005 Boston WSC Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Minnesota State MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - PLAN MANAGEMENT 253A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PENSION OPEB PENSION AND OPEB COST SHARE PLAN NAME SINGLE- AGENT- COST SHARE SINGLE- AGENT- COST SHARE SINGLE- AGENT- COST SHARE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. Yes Yes PERS pension- State of NJ; OPEB- NJ State Health NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes PERS of Nevada NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes Yes OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes A. Oregon Public Employees Retirement OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Oregon Public Employees OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.Yes Yes Cost Share Plan - State of RI Defi ned Benefi t Plan SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes South Carolina Retirement SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Yes TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Virginia Retirement System VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Public Employees' WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes PERS 1, PERS 2, PERS 3 WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes Wisconsin Retirement System WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Agencies Responding 71 71 71 58 58 58 15 15 15 Total (Yes) 2215344846915 Percentage (Yes)31% 21% 48% 83% 7% 10% 60% 7% 33% POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - PLAN MANAGEMENT 254 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PENSION OPEB PENSION AND OPEB RETIRE-MENT DEATH DIS-ABILITY HEALTH CARE RETIRE-MENT DEATH DIS-ABILITY HEALTH CARE RETIRE-MENT DEATH DIS-ABILITY HEALTH CARE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.Yes Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes Yes Yes CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - PLAN COVERAGE 255A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PENSION OPEB PENSION AND OPEB RETIRE-MENT DEATH DIS-ABILITY HEALTH CARE RETIRE-MENT DEATH DIS-ABILITY HEALTH CARE RETIRE-MENT DEATH DIS-ABILITY HEALTH CARE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes Yes NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes Yes Yes OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Yes TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes Yes Yes WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 73 73 73 73 59 59 59 59 12 12 12 12 Total (Yes) 72494494935611899 Percentage (Yes) 99% 67% 60% 12% 7% 15% 5% 95% 92% 67% 75% 75% POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - PLAN COVERAGE 256 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PENSION OPEB PENSION AND OPEB DEFINED BENEFIT DEFINED CONTRIB ACT-UARIAL PAY-AS- YOU-GO DEFINED BENEFIT DEFINED CONTRIB ACT-UARIAL PAY-AS- YOU-GO DEFINED BENEFIT DEFINED CONTRIB ACT-UARIAL PAY-AS- YOU-GO AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes Yes CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.Yes Yes Yes Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decaur Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - PLAN TYPES AND PLAN FINANCING 257A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME PENSION OPEB PENSION AND OPEB DEFINED BENEFIT DEFINED CONTRIB ACT-UARIAL PAY-AS- YOU-GO DEFINED BENEFIT DEFINED CONTRIB ACT-UARIAL PAY-AS- YOU-GO DEFINED BENEFIT DEFINED CONTRIB ACT-UARIAL PAY-AS- YOU-GO MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes Yes NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes Yes Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes Yes OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.Yes Yes Yes Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.Yes Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Yes TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Yes Yes Yes WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 73 73 62 62 37 37 57 57 16 16 14 14 Total (Yes) 68265843662534135114 Percentage (Yes)93% 36% 94% 6% 97% 16% 44% 60% 81% 31% 79% 29% POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - PLAN TYPES AND PLAN FINANCING 258 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME ASSET VALUATION (MILLIONS $) ACCRUED LIABILITIES (MILLIONS $) FUNDED RATIO (%) UAAL (MILLIONS $) COVERED PAYROLL (MILLIONS $) UAAL / COVERED PAYROLL 100% FUNDING (# OF YEARS) ANNUAL COST (MILLIONS $) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 16 13 15 2 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD 13,103 17,933 73 4,830 1,760 274 12 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 292 373 78 82 33 3 8 18 CA0006 East Bay MUD 1,426 1,996 71 570 184 310 85 CA0007 City of Riverside 1,644 2,247 73 603 198 305 0 2 CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 1,233 1,535 80 302 156 194 13 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.33 45 74 12 7 180 0 2 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 21 4 83 4 5 82 30 1 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 41 57 74 15 0 CA0028 West County WWD 37 45 82 8 5 158 1 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 33 42 78 9 5 182 1 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 133 182 73 49 20 250 30 4 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 54 76 71 22 8 -12 1 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 29,921 38,069 79 8,148 4,825 2 30 1 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 16 12 77 4 3 1 1 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.86 121 69 35 23 2 11 4 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 403 437 92 35 94 37 30 10 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 9,457 FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 26 38 68 12 2 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 1582 5 0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 1,372 2,443 56 1,071 183 586 34 34 IL0002 North Shore SD 53 58 93 4 7 62 1 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 13 15 86 2 2 1 27 0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 31 33 94 2 5 38 15 1 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 13 14 93 1 2 48 5 0 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 35701271 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 1,138 1,675 68 537 140 384 43 MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC 102 129 79 27 33 79 16 5 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 25 97 26 72 13 547 19 4 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 82 24 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 256 318 81 4 42 10 11 POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - FINANCIAL REPORTING - PENSION 259A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME ASSET VALUATION (MILLIONS $) ACCRUED LIABILITIES (MILLIONS $) FUNDED RATIO (%)UAAL (MILLIONS $) COVERED PAYROLL (MILLIONS $) UAAL / COVERED PAYROLL 100% FUNDING (# OF YEARS) ANNUAL COST (MILLIONS $) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 1 98 8 7 1 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.5 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1,112 3,838 32 10 2 3.02 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 1,323 12 165 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland 1,821 2,336 78 515 350 147 70 OR0005 City of Gresham 236 303 78 68 43 158 4 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 22.1 0 22.1 24.9 0.89 18 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 14 18 77 4 10 42 1 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System 59 111 53 52 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 22 1 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 214 203 105 -11 46 -24 14 3 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 2,423 3,591 68 1,168 600 31 3 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 182 0 96 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 0 14 5 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 156 1 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 1,668 642 100 28 93 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 176 202 87 26 48 55 4 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 46 54 85 8 14 58 1 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 7 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 0 1 98 1 8 11 1 1 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 40 44 40 35 38 35 19 43 Minimum 000-112-24-120 Maximum 2,423 3,838 105 1,168 600 586 34 165 Average 415 561 75 152 66 114 15 15 Median 72 67 78 22 21 55 15 3 Total 16,589 24,697 5,337 2,495 631 POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - FINANCIAL REPORTING - PENSION 1 Agencies reporting large cost sharing plans with assets greater than $3 billion are not included in summary counts (Orange County, CA, Central Marin SA, CA). 260 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME ASSET VALUATION (MILLIONS $) ACCRUED LIABILITIES (MILLIONS $) FUNDED RATIO (%) UAAL (MILLIONS $) COVERED PAYROLL (MILLIONS $) UAAL / COVERED PAYROLL 100% FUNDING (# OF YEARS) ANNUAL COST (MILLIONS $) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 143331320 0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 44 100 44 56 31 2 18 8 CA0006 East Bay MUD 27 116 23 89 184 48 8 CA0007 City of Riverside 040 0401982002 CA0008 Sacramento County 31,876 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 145 357 41 212 156 136 24 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.0 09807000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 4091057300 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 10 16 60 6 8 21 CA0028 West County WWD 510535587 1 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 1816851412510 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 61537102049241 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 61635108130151 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 1,765 4,262 41 2,496 4,825 1 14 0 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 020231 0 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.0 8 0828000 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 0210212081002 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 48 65 73 18 385 5 30 4 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 375,536 0 375,536 1,526,403 25 30 2,591 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 922 FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 19138 112 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 149 287 52 137 177 78 12 13 IL0002 North Shore SD 0202726 0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 010130 0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 101527 0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 0101235 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC 14 60 23 47 33 140 30 5 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 017317 200 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 62 62 100 0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 7 2 POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - FINANCIAL REPORTING - OPEB 261A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME ASSET VALUATION (MILLIONS $) ACCRUED LIABILITIES (MILLIONS $) FUNDED RATIO (%)UAAL (MILLIONS $) COVERED PAYROLL (MILLIONS $) UAAL / COVERED PAYROLL 100% FUNDING (# OF YEARS) ANNUAL COST (MILLIONS $) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 28 195 15 167 211 79 23 17 NC0002 Charlotte Water 299 18 245 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 103835 0 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.4 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1062027230 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.0003125126303 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 2 6 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 101266 OR0002 City of Portland 81 350 30 6 OR0005 City of Gresham 06064115 0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 505240 1 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.2,289 4,411 52 2,122 671 316 59 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 12 0 12 12 102 0 SC0003 Charleston Water System 18 28 65 10 22 43 9 1 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 09091090 1 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 49 46 108 -4 25 -14 3 1 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.5114171161 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 34 0 27 91 84 109 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.39 45 87 6 5 13 2 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 04041526 0 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 0 3 0384400 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 0 189 0 189 20 943 11 Agencies Responding 37 45 44 43 40 41 20 39 Minimum 000-42-1400 Maximum 149 922 108 245 385 943 30 24 Average 19 67 28 36 60 68 14 3 Median 1101582030141 Total 697 3,003 1,568 2,412 135 POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS - FINANCIAL REPORTING - OPEB 1 Agencies reporting large cost sharing plans with assets or accrued liabilities greater than $3 billion are not inclued in summary counts (Sacramento, CA, Central Marin, CA, Miami-Dade, FL, Narraganseet Bay, RI) 262 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGET ID MEMBER NAME CIP TIME PERIOD CIP BUDGET (TOTAL) CIP BUDGET 5-YEAR (2017-2021) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 2017-2021 182,100,000 182,100,000 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 2018-2027 332,834,816 225,328,525 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 2017-2021 516,898,871 516,898,871 AZ0002 Pima County 2017-2022 180,938,320 180,938,320 CA0002 Orange County SD 2017-2026 2,458,231,000 1,102,713,924 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 2017-2026 872,667,000 369,464,000 CA0006 East Bay MUD FY 2018-22 215,164,000 215,164,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 2017-202133,567,50033,567,500 CA0008 Sacramento County 2017-2026 1,703,975 1,486,186,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 2017-2027 7,947,260,997 524,459,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 992,846,000 992,846,000 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD FY 2018-26 44,369,000 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 95,240,000 CA0028 West County WWD 2017-2033 525,000,000 90,335,000 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 2017-2025 114,540,148 69,151,000 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 2017-2022 95,205,172 95,205,172 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 2018-2027 128,171,831 58,044,081 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 10-yr 34,066,300 19,336,400 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 2017-2020 4,871,500 60,537,852 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.2017-2026 863,453,000 423,850,021 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.2017-2021 51,847,157 51,847,157 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 2017-2021 176,990,014 176,990,014 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 2017-2021 27,750,000 27,750,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 63,743,000 63,743,000 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.3,751,623,000 1,886,716,040 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 2017-2021 469,659,526 469,659,526 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 699,605,304 699,605,304 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 137,455,000 137,455,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 2017-2021 67,791,867 67,791,867 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 2015 -2021 838,200,000 838,200,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 2017-2021 842,075,406 461,793,236 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 2018-2022 83,129,024 54,067,596 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 2017-2021 1,245,325,357 997,997,081 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 2018-2022 31,761,000 31,761,000 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 2019-2028 161,050,000 39,525,000 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 20 years 1,943,630,000 1,164,763,000 IL0002 North Shore SD May 2017- April 2022 29,331,600 120,571,800 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 5 years 2,210,000 2,210,000 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 864,000 864,000 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 2017-2020 72,719,000 72,719,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 107,500,000 107,500,000 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 5 years 35 28,927,700 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 2017-2021 483,600,000 483,600,000 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 511,000,000 511,000,000 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 2017-2026 257,424,000 54,880,000 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 99,219,393 99,219,393 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 2017-2021 50,000,000 50,000,000 MA0001 MWRA 2017-2026 1,096,629,189 547,358,127 MA0005 Boston WSC 2017-2018 93,248,000 78,795,000 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 2017-2037 268,298,500 88,990,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 12,814,000 12,814,000 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 81,354,000 81,354,000 MN0002 MCES 2017-2022 760,000,000 623,000,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 2017 - 2036 6,800,000,000 2,085,000,000 263A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGET - 2017-2021 ID MEMBER NAME CIPTIME PERIOD CIP BUDGET (TOTAL)CIP BUDGET 5-YEAR (2017-2021) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 6,500,000 6,500,000 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 2017-2026 818,429,000 492,040,000 NC0002 Charlotte Water 2017-2026 931,878,477 598,930,301 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 2017-2026 211,491,606 104,318,081 NC0007 Orange WSA 2018-2022 96,286,000 41,610,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 2016-2025 798,395,000 196,250,000 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.2017-2021 523,266,791 523,266,791 NV0003 City of Henderson 2017-2021 19,816,976 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 2017-2021 237,349,901 237,349,901 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 2017-2022 53,575,000 46,225,000 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 628,000,000 628,000,000 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 2017-2021 454,000,000 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.2017-2026 2,740,627,631 1,452,062,479 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 2017-2022 1,388,741,206 1,121,847,272 OH0007 City of Canton 20,725,257 20,725,257 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.2017-2021 57,000,000 57,000,000 OH0021 Montgomery County 2017-2026 213,400,000 116,650,000 OR0001 Clean Water Services 2018 - 2022 428,535,600 350,183,000 OR0002 City of Portland 2017-2021 558,900,000 558,900,000 OR0005 City of Gresham 2017-2021 35,483,809 35,483,809 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 2017-2021 61,587,746 61,587,746 OR0009 City of Albany 2018-2022 15,878,000 18,116,000 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.1,735,076,000 1,735,076,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.FY 2019-2023 906,559,000 157,267,000 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 262,872,800 262,872,800 SC0003 Charleston Water System 106,220,000 106,220,000 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 2017-2028 303,103,978 64,562,027 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 2016-2025 415,299,000 254,066,505 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 2018-2027 1,466,420,419 450,452,024 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 2000-2017 1,800,000,000 1,563,380,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.2017-2021 8,720,000 8,720,000 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 2017-2021 924,816,711 924,816,711 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.95,480,810 95,480,810 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.2018-2022 386,539,652 320,545,454 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 2018-2060 140,877,972 40,324,700 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 2018-2027 282,328,000 220,080,000 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 2017-2026 1,329,606,000 613,686,000 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.2017-2026 1,523,878,000 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 2017-2026 170,400,000 134,530,000 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 2017-2021 273,500,000 273,500,000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 2017-2022 1,470,475,568 1,018,168,355 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 2017-2023 1,206,035,000 857,092,970 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 2017-2022 98,253,256 89,152,131 WI0001 NEW Water 2017-2021 172,182,000 172,182,000 WI0002 Madison MSD 2018-2023 130,000,000 116,000,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 2017-2022 619,723,000 475,209,987 Agencies Responding1 98 97 Minimum 35 864,000 Maximum 7,947,260,997 2,085,000,000 Average 642,552,602 367,011,150 Median 226,256,951 157,267,000 Total 62,970,154,992 35,600,081,594 264 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGET - 2017-2021 ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL PRIMARY TREATMENT SECONDARY TREATMENT ADVANCED/TERTIARY TREATMENT BIOSOLIDS INFILTRATION / INFLOW REPLACE / REHAB SEWERS AND PUMPING STATIONS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 182,100,000 7,100,000 20,000,000 15,000,000 60,000,000 40,000,000 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 225,328,525 118,894,883 38,898,787 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 516,898,871 17,743,800 180,526,706 AZ0002 Pima County 180,938,320 102,223,911 CA0002 Orange County SD 1,102,713,924 269,622,818 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 369,464,000 145,770,000 CA0006 East Bay MUD 215,164,000 1,380,000 14,800,000 6,483,000 45,093,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 33,567,500 10,717,000 CA0008 Sacramento County 1,486,186,000 1,335,067,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 524,459,000 444,879,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 992,846,000 63,175,000 72,979,000 60,590,000 7,935,000 193,241,000 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 95,240,000 CA0028 West County WWD 90,335,000 625,000 28,000,000 430,000 54,300,000 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 69,151,000 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 95,205,172 3,430,000 500,000 1,300,000 3,280,000 42,036,800 5,499,917 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 58,044,081 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 19,336,400 19,336,400 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 60,537,852 650,000 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.423,850,021 73,002,047 36,763,872 18,326,838 17,628,453 58,469,190 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.51,847,157 7,210,000 16,000,000 21,045,000 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 176,990,014 8,750,000 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 27,750,000 5,000,000 5,250,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 63,743,000 16,405,000 1,623,000 45,715,000 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.1,886,716,040 75,968,550 124,795,930 157,028,450 3,692,030 234,516,780 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 469,659,526 65,448,929 100,673,393 100,673,393 65,448,929 117,414,882 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 699,605,304 576,237,630 123,367,674 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 137,455,000 37,655,000 31,800,000 34,305,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 67,791,867 6,707,550 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 838,200,000 48,000,000 48,000,000 48,000,000 54,100,000 178,200,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 461,793,236 92,168,384 61,445,589 0 11,700,000 0 64,030,124 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 54,067,596 819,000 10,451,948 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 997,997,081 12,120,001 25,892,107 560,033,062 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 31,761,000 19,913,000 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 39,525,000 2,225,000 23,300,000 2,500,000 4,700,000 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 1,164,763,000 121,257,000 36,583,000 112,029,000 130,678,000 IL0002 North Shore SD 120,571,800 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 2,210,000 60,000 650,000 900,000 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 864,000 115,000 288,000 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 72,719,000 40,271,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 107,500,000 500,000 1,500,000 500,000 2,000,000 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 28,927,700 5,852,400 4,356,000 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 483,600,000 5,000,000 1,600,000 2,000,000 50,000,000 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 511,000,000 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 54,880,000 12,680,000 30,850,000 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 99,219,393 0 0 0 1,273,302 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 50,000,000 50,000,000 MA0001 MWRA 547,358,127 76,755,860 182,961,531 MA0005 Boston WSC 78,795,000 8,260,000 54,947,000 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 88,990,000 13,886,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 12,814,000 8,354,000 4,040,000 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 81,354,000 24,889,000 MN0002 MCES 623,000,000 403,000,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 2,085,000,000 15,000,000 248,000,000 465,000,000 265A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGET - 2017-2021 ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL PRIMARY TREATMENT SECONDARY TREATMENT ADVANCED/TERTIARY TREATMENT BIOSOLIDS INFILTRATION / INFLOW REPLACE / REHAB SEWERS AND PUMPING STATIONS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 6,500,000 500,000 2,000,000 4,000,000 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 492,040,000 250,000 0 150,000 91,700,000 126,140,000 NC0002 Charlotte Water 598,930,301 1,000,000 3,200,000 196,831,500 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 104,318,081 3,468,685 73,641,160 NC0007 Orange WSA 41,610,000 24,883,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 196,250,000 14,965,000 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.523,266,791 119,881,803 4,786,936 119,881,803 NV0003 City of Henderson 19,816,976 1,916,911 722,232 5,417,355 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 237,349,901 101,220,810 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 46,225,000 11,600,000 3,275,000 1,700,000 22,650,000 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 628,000,000 40,000,000 90,000,000 125,000,000 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.1,452,062,479 98,160,603 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 1,121,847,272 86,584,735 25,380,000 0 48,454,567 410,794,060 34,433,657 OH0007 City of Canton 20,725,257 6,698,200 14,027,057 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.57,000,000 2,000,000 40,000,000 OH0021 Montgomery County 116,650,000 OR0001 Clean Water Services 350,183,000 OR0002 City of Portland 558,900,000 47,000,000 54,700,000 28,500,000 7,800,000 308,000,000 OR0005 City of Gresham 35,483,809 3,953,170 2,770,470 13,417,540 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 61,587,746 42,950,000 4,165,000 6,479,746 OR0009 City of Albany 18,116,000 1,100,000 17,016,000 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.1,735,076,000 225,000,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.157,267,000 2,431,000 18,022,000 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 262,872,800 11,197,550 2,502,000 2,502,000 2,100,000 166,771,500 SC0003 Charleston Water System 106,220,000 0 45,120,000 0 0 0 12,000,000 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 64,562,027 31,612,195 10,458,162 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 254,066,505000 124,387,000 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 450,452,024 224,075,000 92,393,667 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 1,563,380,000 508,330,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.8,720,000 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 924,816,711 134,864,191 707,948,979 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.95,480,810 93,209,105 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.320,545,454 36,939,757 1,712,000 50,921,649 21,964,000 2,796,750 46,432,490 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 40,324,700 0 535,000 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 220,080,000 14,335,000 4,500,000 12,875,000 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 613,686,000 131,018,000 36,700,000 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 134,530,000 12,740,000 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 273,500,000 172,264,000 55,977,000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 1,018,168,355 136,702,798 39,772,737 830,847 91,468,577 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 857,092,970 169,355,022 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 89,152,131 17,407,888 7,136,001 16,548,550 1,666,639 WI0001 NEW Water 172,182,000 6,440,000 10,369,000 22,042,000 79,181,000 0 29,296,000 WI0002 Madison MSD 116,000,000 6,200,000 7,600,000 4,900,000 55,700,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 475,209,987 627,721 9,600,013 4,756,605 30,694,861 28,993,560 76,282,644 Agencies Responding1 97 27 30 30 29 31 83 Minimum 864,000 60,000 500,000 150,000 115,000 430,000 288,000 Maximum 2,085,000,000 92,168,384 576,237,630 1,335,067,000 119,881,803 410,794,060 707,948,979 Average 367,011,150 27,995,303 55,794,011 87,998,646 26,097,083 43,745,321 98,612,844 Median 157,267,000 12,680,000 22,690,000 20,689,200 12,120,001 6,483,000 45,093,000 Total 35,600,081,594 755,873,179 1,673,820,315 2,639,959,369 756,815,394 1,356,104,958 8,184,866,093NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 266 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGET - 2017-2021 ID MEMBER NAME REPLACE / REHAB TREATMENT FACILITIES NEW COLLECTOR SEWERS NEW INTERCEPTORS CSOS STORMWATER AIR TOXICS OTHER AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 40,000,000 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 49,474,276 6,319,981 11,740,598 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 58,742,475 26,729,960 104,964,000 47,768,600 80,423,330 AZ0002 Pima County 26,466,311 19,099,720 31,048,378 2,100,000 CA0002 Orange County SD 620,117,482 5,349,443 2,018,104 205,606,077 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 158,476,000 3,000,000 23,179,000 39,039,000 CA0006 East Bay MUD 126,990,000 20,418,000 CA0007 City of Riverside 22,850,500 0 0 CA0008 Sacramento County 82,132,000 1,630,000 67,357,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 79,580,000 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 594,926,000 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 5,230,000 1,000,000 750,000 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 69,151,000 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 11,230,831 0 0 0 3,614,341 450,000 23,863,283 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 46,646,852 12,301,000 100,000 840,000 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.26,489,844 193,169,777 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.7,592,157 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 30,650,000 19,347,000 113,346,904 4,896,110 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 17,500,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.9,093,370 752,363,830 529,257,100 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 20,000,000 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 33,695,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 27,826,899 33,257,418 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 110,400,000 9,500,000 58,900,000 283,100,000 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 109,041,264 57,682,774 12,644,844 0 53,080,257 0 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 42,796,648 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 289,012,803 11,547,436 99,391,672 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 11,848,000 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 6,800,000 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 77,572,000 171,925,000 463,042,000 10,069,000 41,608,000 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 600,000 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 346,000 115,000 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 28,751,000 3,697,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 100,000,000 500,000 2,500,000 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 18,055,000 664,300 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 40,000,000 5,000,000 26,000,000 280,000,000 44,000,000 30,000,000 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 10,150,000 1,200,000 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 4,397,818 79,400,028 0 14,148,245 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 266,870,234 7,864,421 12,906,079 MA0005 Boston WSC 5,539,000 10,049,000 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 75,104,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 420,000 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 50,948,000 5,517,000 MN0002 MCES 172,000,000 33,000,000 15,000,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 54,000,000 777,000,000 417,000,000 65,000,000 44,000,000 267A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM BUDGET - 2017-2021 ID MEMBER NAME REPLACE / REHAB TREATMENT FACILITIES NEW COLLECTOR SEWERS NEW INTERCEPTORS CSOS STORMWATER AIR TOXICS OTHER MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 15,050,000 237,850,000 19,550,000 NC0002 Charlotte Water 142,600,000 64,052,901 191,245,900 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 27,218,236 NC0007 Orange WSA 16,727,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 121,495,000 390,000 59,400,000 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.32,883,360 11,911,050 102,472,828 131,449,011 NV0003 City of Henderson 4,554,465 7,206,013 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 130,375,000 5,754,091 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 3,500,000 3,500,000 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 3,000,000 345,000,000 25,000,000 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.125,126,738 33,540,612 1,106,862,692 88,371,834 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 18,160,560 191,073,560 23,615,541 17,469,716 37,118,500 0 228,762,376 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.0 15,000,000 OH0021 Montgomery County 116,650,000 OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland 22,500,000 11,400,000 900,000 72,200,000 5,900,000 OR0005 City of Gresham 10,554,189 1,544,990 2,889,450 354,000 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 2,000,000 1,408,000 4,585,000 OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.415,000,000 2,800,000 497,304,000 594,972,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.11,956,000 104,312,000 18,546,000 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 49,833,000 7,638,750 1,932,000 18,396,000 SC0003 Charleston Water System 17,100,000 19,000,000 13,000,000 0 0 0 0 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 960,000 15,956,754 5,574,916 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 90,535,000 39,144,505 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 100,683,378 16,283,309 17,016,670 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 1,055,050,000 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.8,720,000 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 64,697,825 17,305,716 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.1,139,500 140,000 992,205 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.19,125,649 2,729,161 136,354,554 1,569,444 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 39,789,700 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 33,590,000 131,340,000 1,450,000 1,250,000 20,740,000 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 430,368,000 15,000,000 600,000 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 121,790,000 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 45,259,000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 49,438,822 136,029,546 476,725,338 11,700,232 75,499,818 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 233,949,451 199,377,617 254,410,880 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 3,233,924 43,159,130 WI0001 NEW Water 9,450,000 7,130,000 8,274,000 WI0002 Madison MSD 9,500,000 26,000,000 6,100,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 107,509,473 17,146,543 199,598,567 Agencies Responding1 64 31 26 26 14 19 58 Minimum 346,00000000 0 Maximum 1,055,050,000 777,000,000 237,850,000 1,106,862,692 463,042,000 47,768,600 594,972,000 Average 93,581,411 48,532,727 40,781,779 182,450,915 81,869,901 6,010,280 78,208,879 Median 41,398,324 11,400,000 21,481,271 46,286,858 48,540,129 1,250,000 19,048,000 Total 5,989,210,277 1,504,514,524 1,060,326,260 4,743,723,785 1,146,178,619 114,195,325 4,536,114,974NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 268 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA CURRENT ASSETS (IN THOUSAND $) AND FISCAL-YEAR END ID MEMBER NAME FISCAL YEAR END TOTAL ASSETS TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS (NON-RESTRICTED) CURRENT RESTRICTED ASSETS OTHER CURRENT ASSETS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 31-Dec-2016 484,272 26,980 20,219 6,760 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 31-Dec-2016 34,063 4,996 2,546 2,449 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 30-Jun-2016 2,412,181 376,100 202,321 167,675 6,104 AZ0002 Pima County 30-Jun-2016 1,427,376 161,358 134,581 26,777 CA0002 Orange County SD 30-Jun-2016 3,179,116 558,965 553,429 5,535 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 30-Jun-2016 719,170 95,584 95,584 CA0006 East Bay MUD 30-Jun-2016 788,648 94,805 94,805 CA0007 City of Riverside 30-Jun-2016 675,419 67,648 53,148 0 14,500 CA0008 Sacramento County 30-Jun-2016 2,854,508 355,487 355,487 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 30-Jun-2016 2,501,681 228,604 188,847 39,757 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 30-Jun-2016 3,929,175 1,220,302 137,125 1,083,177 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.30-Jun-2016 130,403 11,553 3,883 7,669 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 30-Jun-2016 104,794 27,963 26,975 988 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 30-Jun-2016 193,384 38,197 38,197 CA0028 West County WWD 30-Jun-2016 98,407 15,334 15,224 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 30-Jun-2016 122,973 7,716 6,400 1,316 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 30-Jun-2017 561,664 142,217 109,415 32,802 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 30-Jun-2016 187,270 24,333 16,869 7,464 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 30-Jun-2016 106,391 19,522 15,474 4,047 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 30-Jun-2016 196,732 23,914 18,042 5,872 0 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.31-Dec-2016 1,473,996 100,910 71,543 29,367 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.31-Dec-2016 114,345 30,458 30,266 492 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 31-Dec-2016 348,238 51,943 51,284 659 0 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 30-Jun-2018 127,561 14,913 14,913 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.30-Sep-2016 6,666,755 549,496 304,275 195,477 49,744 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 30-Sep-2016 1,514,187 151,112 116,403 34,708 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 30-Sep-2016 3,042,058 298,732 156,938 141,794 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 30-Sep-2016 938,795 74,585 52,242 9,034 13,309 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 30-Sep-2016 54,242 10,577 2,377 1,303 6,896 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 30-Jun-2016 6,337,707 992,758 843,263 115,589 33,906 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 31-Dec-2016 3,032,725 122,095 102,041 19,784 269 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 30-Sep-2016 323,503 106,734 56,713 50,020 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 31-Dec-2016 2,122,628 442,735 423,580 19,155 0 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 30-Jun-2016 3,929,234 963,355 961,012 2,343 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 30-Jun-2016 125,110 45,946 45,946 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 30-Sep-2016 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 31-Dec-2016 8,846,465 1,419,531 1,419,246 285 IL0002 North Shore SD 30-Apr-2016 210,548 40,291 40,291 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 30-Apr-2017 80,025 7,463 7,463 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 30-Apr-2017 63,866 17,649 7,038 10,588 21 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 30-Apr-2016 170,419 23,791 23,791 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 30-Apr-2016 176,661 20,496 20,496 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 30-Apr-2017 41,279 14,983 14,043 939 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 31-Dec-2016 793,459 18,106 18,034 72 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 31-Dec-2016 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 31-Dec-2016 492,349 30,988 15,933 13,922 1,132 KS0003 Wyandotte County 31-Dec-2016 178,009 33,468 16,673 9,426 7,368 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 30-Jun-2016 942,123 56,019 50,876 5,143 0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 31-Dec-2016 2,032,706 118,825 118,825 MA0001 MWRA 30-Jun-2017 4,682,876 486,138 62,037 415,650 8,451 MA0005 Boston WSC 31-Dec-2016 1,656,426 319,074 319,074 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 30-Jun-2016 254,753 64,728 22,389 22,364 19,974 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 31-Dec-2016 56,629 8,584 7,868 716 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 30-Jun-2016 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 30-Sep-2016 356,261 192,179 192,179 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 31-Dec-2016 143,871 47,650 28,459 19,190 MN0002 MCES 31-Dec-2016 2,219,746 246,552 134,191 112,361 0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 31-Dec-2016 235,344 57,020 25,639 31,328 52 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 30-Jun-2016 3,193,269 438,754 275,322 163,431 269A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA CURRENT ASSETS (IN THOUSAND $) AND FISCAL-YEAR END ID MEMBER NAME FISCAL YEAR END TOTAL ASSETS TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS (NON-RESTRICTED) CURRENT RESTRICTED ASSETS OTHER CURRENT ASSETS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 31-Oct-2016 124,053 17,028 6,781 10,247 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 30-Jun-2016 NC0002 Charlotte Water 30-Jun-2016 2,190,007 208,992 208,987 5 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 30-Jun-2016 464,640 55,778 49,188 6,589 NC0007 Orange WSA 30-Jun-2016 341,816 40,853 32,627 8,226 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 31-Dec-2016 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.31-Dec-2016 1,405,971 614,306 561,179 53,127 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 30-Jun-2016 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.30-Jun-2017 2,375,772 408,446 378,501 29,944 NV0003 City of Henderson 30-Jun-2016 633,990 86,549 84,545 1,050 953 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 30-Jun-2016 864,860 132,229 132,229 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.30-Jun-2016 32,324,175 1,955,302 1,955,302 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 31-Dec-2016 NY0020 Erie County DEP 31-Dec-2016 OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 31-Dec-2016 2,099,789 59,103 59,103 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.31-Dec-2016 3,085,162 430,188 376,788 40,066 13,332 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 31-Dec-2016 2,805,043 451,544 286,959 164,585 OH0007 City of Canton 31-Dec-2016 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.31-Dec-2016 86,198 7,048 7,048 0 OH0021 Montgomery County 31-Dec-2016 220,471 45,333 45,333 OR0001 Clean Water Services 30-Jun-2016 851,246 143,499 140,515 2,984 0 OR0002 City of Portland 30-Jun-2017 3,561,126 230,547 230,547 0 0 OR0005 City of Gresham 30-Jun-2016 169,479 52,036 52,036 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 30-Jun-2016 254,286 35,351 34,717 633 OR0009 City of Albany 30-Jun-2016 168,650 24,881 2,701 21,842 338 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.30-Jun-2016 3,236,430 1,006,197 233,821 772,376 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.30-Jun-2016 1,135,579 85,211 85,211 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 30-Jun-2016 560,592 61,504 33,887 27,617 SC0003 Charleston Water System 31-Dec-2016 1,565,946 283,752 212,666 71,085 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.30-Jun-2016 150,393 26,583 23,092 3,490 0 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 30-Jun-2016 453,416 48,168 44,881 3,287 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 30-Jun-2017 788,784 57,576 49,584 7,991 TN0005 City of Johnson City 30-Jun-2016 76,717 7,304 7,304 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 30-Sep-2016 1,863,016 163,114 65,775 49,594 47,744 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 30-Sep-2017 5,607,175 446,722 263,387 183,335 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.31-Dec-2016 11,885 3,186 2,578 607 0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 31-Dec-2016 2,348,513 175,845 103,219 72,625 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.30-Sep-2016 142,595 10,124 9,634 489 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.30-Jun-2016 242,748 31,611 28,147 3,464 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 31-Dec-2016 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 31-Dec-2016 175,179 14,841 13,429 1,412 0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 196,943 64,450 64,450 0 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 30-Sep-2016 809,937 58,517 36,147 16,866 5,503 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 30-Jun-2016 1,633,795 123,595 24,629 98,966 0 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.30-Jun-2016 1,558,208 182,082 68,314 48,952 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 30-Jun-2017 614,454 90,056 10,810 79,245 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 30-Jun-2016 739,521 67,455 59,955 6,022 1,477 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.30-Jun-2016 564,952 139,914 139,914 WA0001 King County DNR 31-Dec-2016 4,870,015 675,194 673,902 1,292 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 31-Dec-2016 1,350,916 174,268 174,268 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 31-Dec-2016 276,684 47,094 47,094 WI0001 NEW Water 31-Dec-2016 378,391 107,330 30,331 76,998 WI0002 Madison MSD 31-Dec-2016 279,521 40,110 26,220 13,890 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 31-Dec-2016 3,681,779 282,755 51,507 231,248 Agencies Responding1 112 103 103 101 70 42 Minimum 11,885 3,186 2,377 0 0 Maximum 32,324,175 1,955,302 1,955,302 1,083,177 174,268 Average 1,621,618 199,940 150,009 67,869 14,938 Median 614,454 67,455 51,507 15,394 1,043 Total 167,026,613 20,593,787 15,150,875 4,750,862 627,389 270 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA NONCURRENT ASSETS (IN THOUSAND $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ASSETS TOTAL NONCURRENT ASSETS CAPITAL ASSETS LESS: DEPRECIATION NET CAPITAL ASSETS OTHER NONCURRENT ASSETS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 484,272 457,292 612,455 -163,755 448,700 6,424 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 34,063 29,066 69,662 -40,596 29,066 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 2,412,181 2,036,081 2,904,831 -1,245,854 1,658,977 377,104 AZ0002 Pima County 1,427,376 1,266,017 1,736,306 -519,400 1,216,906 49,111 CA0002 Orange County SD 3,179,116 2,620,151 3,924,513 -1,355,073 2,569,440 50,710 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 719,170 623,585 1,015,650 -399,645 616,005 7,580 CA0006 East Bay MUD 788,648 693,843 1,027,589 -418,643 608,946 84,897 CA0007 City of Riverside 675,419 607,771 621,568 -135,406 486,162 121,609 CA0008 Sacramento County 2,854,508 2,499,020 3,035,811 -804,808 2,231,002 268,017 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 2,501,681 2,273,077 3,249,004 -1,189,342 2,059,662 213,415 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 3,929,175 2,708,872 3,906,946 -1,240,343 2,666,602 42,269 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 130,403 118,850 250,726 -140,962 109,764 9,085 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 104,794 76,830 162,348 -85,517 76,830 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 193,384 155,187 246,897 -110,295 136,602 18,584 CA0028 West County WWD 98,407 83,182 148,684 -66,114 82,570 612 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 122,973 115,257 115,257 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 561,664 419,447 713,327 -294,283 419,044 403 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 187,270 162,936 304,227 -142,941 161,286 1,160 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 106,391 86,868 153,576 -71,878 81,697 5,170 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 196,732 172,817 251,993 -79,302 172,691 126 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 1,473,996 1,373,085 1,507,436 -428,598 1,078,838 294,247 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 114,345 83,886 106,380 -23,642 82,737 1,148 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 348,238 296,294 379,933 -87,273 292,660 3,634 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 127,561 112,648 109,373 109,373 3,274 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 6,666,755 6,117,259 7,435,979 -1,440,632 5,995,347 121,912 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 1,514,187 1,363,075 2,455,352 -1,137,782 1,317,570 45,505 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 3,042,058 2,743,326 4,557,881 -2,077,778 2,480,103 263,223 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 938,795 864,210 973,386 -247,658 725,728 138,482 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 54,242 43,664 74,725 -32,089 42,636 1,028 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 6,337,707 5,344,949 7,148,993 -2,240,339 4,908,654 436,295 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 3,032,725 2,978,420 2,839,747 2,839,747 138,672 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 323,503 216,769 531,996 -331,480 216,769 0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 2,122,628 1,679,893 1,444,132 1,444,132 235,761 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 3,929,234 2,965,879 3,494,825 -685,253 2,809,572 156,307 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 125,110 79,164 196,122 -134,684 61,438 17,725 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 8,846,465 7,426,934 7,703,587 -282,794 7,420,793 6,141 IL0002 North Shore SD 210,548 170,257 485,135 -316,388 168,746 1,510 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 80,025 72,561 119,530 -46,968 72,561 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 63,866 46,217 144,658 -98,636 46,022 195 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 170,419 146,628 146,258 146,258 370 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 176,661 156,164 178,684 -29,998 148,685 7,478 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 41,279 26,295 59,738 -33,442 26,295 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 793,459 775,352 727,760 -188,991 538,769 236,583 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 492,349 461,360 619,583 -180,601 438,982 22,378 KS0003 Wyandotte County 178,009 144,540 304,480 -171,192 133,155 11,385 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 942,123 886,103 1,137,661 -335,091 802,570 83,532 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 2,032,706 1,913,880 2,268,327 -671,111 1,597,215 316,664 MA0001 MWRA 4,682,876 4,196,738 3,640,092 3,640,092 556,646 MA0005 Boston WSC 1,656,426 1,337,351 1,692,703 -355,352 1,337,351 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 254,753 190,024 282,754 -95,296 187,457 2,566 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 56,629 48,044 110,217 -62,317 47,899 144 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 356,261 164,081 382,784 -218,703 164,081 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 143,871 96,221 312,300 -216,078 96,221 MN0002 MCES 2,219,746 1,973,194 3,123,222 -1,150,515 1,972,707 487 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 235,344 178,324 334,385 -157,380 177,004 1,319 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 3,193,269 2,917,947 3,696,347 -1,111,825 2,584,521 169,993 271A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA NONCURRENT ASSETS (IN THOUSAND $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ASSETS TOTAL NONCURRENT ASSETS CAPITAL ASSETS LESS: DEPRECIATION NET CAPITAL ASSETS OTHER NONCURRENT ASSETS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 124,053 107,025 150,962 -43,937 107,025 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 2,190,007 1,981,015 2,902,234 -930,657 1,971,577 9,438 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 464,640 408,862 567,210 -159,305 407,905 956 NC0007 Orange WSA 341,816 300,963 457,596 -156,633 300,963 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 1,405,971 791,665 791,665 791,665 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 2,375,772 1,967,326 2,966,159 -1,008,572 1,957,587 9,738 NV0003 City of Henderson 633,990 547,440 788,254 -240,813 547,440 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 864,860 732,631 1,144,820 -412,189 732,631 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 32,324,175 30,368,873 29,065,790 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 2,099,789 2,040,686 2,425,564 -899,307 1,526,257 514,429 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 3,085,162 2,654,974 3,514,298 -996,425 2,517,872 137,101 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 2,805,043 2,353,499 448,665 448,665 1,904,834 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 86,198 79,149 129,550 -53,220 76,330 2,819 OH0021 Montgomery County 220,471 175,137 175,137 OR0001 Clean Water Services 851,246 707,747 571,322 571,322 136,424 OR0002 City of Portland 3,561,126 3,330,578 3,828,633 -560,635 3,267,997 62,581 OR0005 City of Gresham 169,479 117,442 195,216 -81,125 114,090 3,351 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 254,286 218,935 341,180 -157,462 183,718 35,217 OR0009 City of Albany 168,650 143,768 198,285 -58,852 139,433 4,335 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 3,236,430 2,230,233 4,537,011 -2,306,778 2,230,233 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 1,135,579 1,050,357 1,156,835 -190,977 965,857 84,499 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 560,592 499,088 795,177 -334,882 460,295 38,793 SC0003 Charleston Water System 1,565,946 1,282,194 1,495,592 -428,323 1,067,269 214,925 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 150,393 123,810 201,465 -79,203 122,262 1,548 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 453,416 405,248 670,075 -287,767 382,307 22,940 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 788,784 731,208 887,845 -181,093 706,751 24,456 TN0005 City of Johnson City 76,717 69,413 102,613 -40,043 62,569 6,844 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 1,863,016 1,699,901 1,376,258 1,376,258 323,643 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 5,607,175 5,160,453 6,954,027 -2,064,984 4,889,043 271,410 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 11,885 8,699 22,440 -13,740 8,699 0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 2,348,513 2,172,668 2,830,557 -900,291 1,930,266 242,402 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 142,595 132,471 119,460 -27,237 92,223 40,247 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 242,748 211,136 306,073 -94,937 211,136 0 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 175,179 160,337 153,798 -21,577 132,220 28,116 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 196,943 132,492 173,054 -40,629 132,424 68 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 809,937 751,420 931,792 -180,372 751,420 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 1,633,795 1,510,200 2,463,300 -970,500 1,492,800 17,400 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 1,558,208 1,376,126 1,886,962 -877,379 1,009,583 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 614,454 524,398 861,990 -378,903 483,087 41,311 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 739,521 672,066 734,398 -222,127 512,271 159,794 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 564,952 425,037 689,381 -268,815 420,565 4,471 WA0001 King County DNR 4,870,015 4,194,821 6,091,555 -2,010,010 4,081,543 113,277 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 1,350,916 1,176,648 1,217,132 -340,989 876,142 300,505 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 276,684 229,589 346,866 -123,584 223,281 6,308 WI0001 NEW Water 378,391 271,061 401,048 -129,987 271,061 WI0002 Madison MSD 279,521 239,410 364,943 -135,187 229,756 9,654 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 3,681,779 3,399,024 5,064,954 -1,665,930 3,399,024 Agencies Responding1 103 103 102 91 100 84 Minimum 11,885 8,699 22,440 -2,306,778 8,699 0 Maximum 32,324,175 30,368,873 29,065,790 -13,740 7,420,793 1,904,834 Average 1,621,618 1,423,923 1,750,018 -474,389 1,061,675 112,855 Median 614,454 524,398 701,354 -218,703 471,691 23,698 Total 167,026,613 146,664,108 178,501,839 -43,169,419 106,167,462 9,479,851 272 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ASSETS AND DEFERRED OUTFLOWS SUMMARY (IN THOUSAND $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ASSETS AND DEFERRED OUTFLOWS OF RESOURCES TOTAL ASSETS TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS TOTAL NONCURRENT ASSETS TOTAL DEFERRED OUTFLOWS PENSION-RELATED OUTFLOWS OTHER DEFERRED OUTFLOWS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 500,588 484,272 26,980 457,292 16,315 5,452 10,862 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 34,063 34,063 4,996 29,066 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 2,412,181 2,412,181 376,100 2,036,081 AZ0002 Pima County 1,431,148 1,427,376 161,358 1,266,017 3,772 3,772 CA0002 Orange County SD 3,269,878 3,179,116 558,965 2,620,151 90,761 49,267 41,494 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 753,634 719,170 95,584 623,585 34,464 34,464 CA0006 East Bay MUD 804,796 788,648 94,805 693,843 16,148 16,148 CA0007 City of Riverside 675,419 675,419 67,648 607,771 CA0008 Sacramento County 3,066,368 2,854,508 355,487 2,499,020 211,860 7,240 204,619 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 2,501,681 2,501,681 228,604 2,273,077 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 3,952,561 3,929,175 1,220,302 2,708,872 23,385 13,522 9,863 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.133,956 130,403 11,553 118,850 3,553 3,553 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 106,740 104,794 27,963 76,830 1,945 1,945 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 197,017 193,384 38,197 155,187 3,632 3,632 CA0028 West County WWD 99,510 98,407 15,334 83,182 1,103 1,103 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 124,686 122,973 7,716 115,257 1,712 947 764 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 567,062 561,664 142,217 419,447 5,398 1,817 3,581 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 190,816 187,270 24,333 162,936 3,546 2,351 1,194 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 108,483 106,391 19,522 86,868 2,092 2,092 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 197,893 196,732 23,914 172,817 1,160 1,160 0 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.1,481,666 1,473,996 100,910 1,373,085 7,670 7,670 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.115,696 114,345 30,458 83,886 1,350 1,350 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 350,602 348,238 51,943 296,294 2,364 2,364 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 127,561 127,561 14,913 112,648 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.6,739,912 6,666,755 549,496 6,117,259 73,157 73,157 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 1,526,654 1,514,187 151,112 1,363,075 12,466 12,466 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 3,148,112 3,042,058 298,732 2,743,326 106,054 29,814 76,240 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 953,970 938,795 74,585 864,210 15,171 2,341 12,834 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 55,656 54,242 10,577 43,664 1,413 376 1,037 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 6,593,274 6,337,707 992,758 5,344,949 255,567 17,768 237,799 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 3,045,396 3,032,725 122,095 2,978,420 12,671 3,990 8,680 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 314,909 323,503 106,734 216,769 8,594 8,083 510 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 2,139,093 2,122,628 442,735 1,679,893 16,465 6,846 9,619 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 3,981,912 3,929,234 963,355 2,965,879 52,678 16,791 35,887 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 126,298 125,110 45,946 79,164 1,188 1,188 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 9,039,850 8,846,465 1,419,531 7,426,934 193,385 187,959 5,426 IL0002 North Shore SD 215,273 210,548 40,291 170,257 4,724 4,724 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 80,868 80,025 7,463 72,561 842 842 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 63,866 63,866 17,649 46,217 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 172,178 170,419 23,791 146,628 1,759 1,759 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 177,876 176,661 20,496 156,164 1,215 1,215 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 42,521 41,279 14,983 26,295 1,242 1,242 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 798,497 793,459 18,106 775,352 5,038 3,967 1,071 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 503,829 492,349 30,988 461,360 11,480 3,799 7,680 KS0003 Wyandotte County 179,391 178,009 33,468 144,540 1,382 930 452 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 947,751 942,123 56,019 886,103 5,628 3,635 1,993 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 2,161,522 2,032,706 118,825 1,913,880 128,816 10,275 118,540 MA0001 MWRA 4,785,417 4,682,876 486,138 4,196,738 102,541 31,306 71,235 MA0005 Boston WSC 1,714,843 1,656,426 319,074 1,337,351 58,416 41,688 16,728 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 258,436 254,753 64,728 190,024 3,682 1,460 2,222 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 56,847 56,629 8,584 48,044 218 218 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 356,261 356,261 192,179 164,081 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 147,703 143,871 47,650 96,221 3,831 3,831 MN0002 MCES 2,376,042 2,219,746 246,552 1,973,194 156,296 156,296 0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 235,344 235,344 57,020 178,324 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 3,231,763 3,193,269 438,754 2,917,947 38,493 26,520 11,973 273A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA ASSETS AND DEFERRED OUTFLOWS SUMMARY (IN THOUSAND $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ASSETS AND DEFERRED OUTFLOWS OF RESOURCES TOTAL ASSETS TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS TOTAL NONCURRENT ASSETS TOTAL DEFERRED OUTFLOWS PENSION-RELATED OUTFLOWS OTHER DEFERRED OUTFLOWS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 125,287 124,053 17,028 107,025 1,233 1,217 16 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 2,234,542 2,190,007 208,992 1,981,015 44,535 1,503 43,032 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 473,197 464,640 55,778 408,862 8,556 629 7,927 NC0007 Orange WSA 344,285 341,816 40,853 300,963 2,468 566 1,902 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.1,670,022 1,405,971 614,306 791,665 264,050 264,050 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.2,425,921 2,375,772 408,446 1,967,326 50,149 8,258 41,891 NV0003 City of Henderson 642,601 633,990 86,549 547,440 8,611 2,834 5,776 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 864,860 864,860 132,229 732,631 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.32,324,175 32,324,175 1,955,302 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 2,130,786 2,099,789 59,103 2,040,686 30,997 18,341 12,565 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.3,107,556 3,085,162 430,188 2,654,974 22,393 22,393 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 2,805,043 2,805,043 451,544 2,353,499 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.87,611 86,198 7,048 79,149 1,412 1,156 255 OH0021 Montgomery County 220,471 220,471 45,333 175,137 OR0001 Clean Water Services 854,863 851,246 143,499 707,747 3,617 3,263 354 OR0002 City of Portland 3,596,130 3,561,126 230,547 3,330,578 35,003 35,003 0 OR0005 City of Gresham 169,844 169,479 52,036 117,442 365 264 100 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 254,286 254,286 35,351 218,935 OR0009 City of Albany 168,915 168,650 24,881 143,768 265 265 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.3,345,239 3,236,430 1,006,197 2,230,233 108,809 59,042 49,767 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.1,140,865 1,135,579 85,211 1,050,357 5,286 3,191 2,094 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 571,069 560,592 61,504 499,088 10,476 1,912 8,564 SC0003 Charleston Water System 1,595,248 1,565,946 283,752 1,282,194 29,302 6,379 22,922 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.153,879 150,393 26,583 123,810 3,485 566 2,919 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 457,742 453,416 48,168 405,248 4,325 2,638 1,686 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 807,116 788,784 57,576 731,208 18,331 1,999 16,331 TN0005 City of Johnson City 77,156 76,717 7,304 69,413 439 348 90 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 1,919,115 1,863,016 163,114 1,699,901 56,099 56,099 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 5,960,693 5,607,175 446,722 5,160,453 353,518 353,518 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.11,885 11,885 3,186 8,699 0 0 0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 2,381,674 2,348,513 175,845 2,172,668 33,160 11,706 21,454 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.142,775 142,595 10,124 132,471 179 179 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.244,428 242,748 31,611 211,136 1,680 1,680 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 176,269 175,179 14,841 160,337 1,090 1,090 0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 197,889 196,943 64,450 132,492 946 946 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 812,131 809,937 58,517 751,420 2,193 1,088 1,104 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 1,635,009 1,633,795 123,595 1,510,200 1,214 1,214 0 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.1,583,846 1,558,208 182,082 1,376,126 25,638 4,222 21,416 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 638,790 614,454 90,056 524,398 24,335 2,310 22,025 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 742,953 739,521 67,455 672,066 3,431 1,686 1,745 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.564,952 564,952 139,914 425,037 WA0001 King County DNR 5,117,468 4,870,015 675,194 4,194,821 247,452 9,848 237,604 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 1,378,942 1,350,916 174,268 1,176,648 28,026 17,899 10,127 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 278,167 276,684 47,094 229,589 1,482 1,224 257 WI0001 NEW Water 378,391 378,391 107,330 271,061 WI0002 Madison MSD 284,133 279,521 40,110 239,410 4,612 4,612 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 3,681,779 3,681,779 282,755 3,399,024 Agencies Responding1 103 103 103 102 87 82 62 Minimum 11,885 11,885 3,186 8,699 0 0 0 Maximum 32,324,175 32,324,175 1,955,302 7,426,934 353,518 187,959 353,518 Average 1,651,993 1,621,618 199,940 1,140,149 36,159 11,859 35,052 Median 638,790 614,454 67,455 511,743 5,398 3,013 7,804 Total 170,155,267 167,026,613 20,593,787 116,295,235 3,145,804 972,470 2,173,229 274 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA LIABILITIES AND DEFERRED INFLOWS (IN THOUSAND $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFERRED INFLOWS TOTAL LIABILITIES TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES LONG-TERM BONDS AND LOANS PAYABLE OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES TOTAL DEFERRED INFLOWS DEFERRED INFLOWS ON PENSION OTHER DEFERRED INFLOWS AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 306,567 305,972 18,051 271,505 16,416 594 594 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 1,928 1,928 1,113 815 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 846,122 846,122 144,381 624,415 77,326 AZ0002 Pima County 665,082 661,204 71,767 521,159 68,278 3,877 3,877 CA0002 Orange County SD 1,351,306 1,328,266 102,319 1,080,475 145,472 23,039 23,039 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 160,064 138,445 10,986 31,682 95,776 21,618 21,618 CA0006 East Bay MUD 543,909 529,129 26,518 417,740 84,871 14,780 14,780 CA0007 City of Riverside 501,497 479,246 23,827 432,048 23,371 22,251 5,695 16,556 CA0008 Sacramento County 1,960,891 1,954,527 82,237 1,377,537 494,752 6,363 4,811 1,552 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 1,361,275 1,344,974 149,230 1,051,013 144,731 16,301 16,301 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 1,075,018 1,049,991 103,854 773,334 172,802 25,027 25,027 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.15,189 13,918 1,512 12,406 1,271 1,271 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 17,177 16,291 2,251 9,813 4,225 885 885 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 36,473 35,348 9,917 12,952 12,477 1,125 1,125 CA0028 West County WWD 17,977 16,679 5,177 2,560 8,941 1,298 1,298 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 16,075 14,760 4,534 10,225 1,315 985 330 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 338,665 336,128 27,941 290,522 17,665 2,537 0 2,537 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 75,777 74,194 7,539 47,985 18,670 1,583 1,583 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 62,858 60,370 3,717 56,653 2,487 1,738 749 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 70,381 69,939 13,119 51,052 5,768 441 441 0 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.690,964 690,127 49,233 596,416 44,477 836 836 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.33,485 33,293 2,619 25,289 5,384 191 191 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 24,346 30,900 9,235 21,097 567 -6,553 70 -6,623 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 39,446 39,446 6,639 32,807 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.5,036,623 5,036,623 440,888 2,900,329 1,695,406 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 230,135 229,502 43,818 94,176 91,507 632 632 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 2,003,286 2,000,700 189,553 1,712,361 98,786 2,586 2,586 0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 256,427 256,427 17,352 227,662 11,413 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,824 1,764 1,764 60 60 0 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 3,857,265 3,841,636 176,203 3,126,240 539,193 15,629 15,629 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 395,773 395,773 54,224 325,257 16,291 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 118,930 118,679 15,537 89,218 14,460 251 0 251 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 1,151,916 1,150,766 118,437 834,230 198,099 1,150 1,150 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 2,357,751 2,338,717 168,837 2,136,576 33,304 19,034 19,034 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 72,203 71,204 7,561 59,183 4,460 999 909 89 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 4,499,905 4,499,905 180,358 3,122,672 1,196,875 0 0 0 IL0002 North Shore SD 17,526 11,125 6,758 0 4,367 6,400 225 6,175 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 8,548 7,929 957 3,794 3,176 619 45 573 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 1,626 1,626 1,626 0 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 13,512 13,314 4,204 6,041 3,069 198 198 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 43,655 38,882 3,994 34,565 322 4,772 165 4,607 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 7,282 6,004 1,277 4,185 1,818 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 506,333 505,597 36,458 458,856 10,282 736 736 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 195,406 194,528 15,539 157,922 21,066 877 877 0 KS0003 Wyandotte County 92,945 92,631 8,965 72,501 11,164 313 313 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 526,114 526,114 32,791 493,322 0 0 0 0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 1,664,570 1,664,336 84,027 1,430,204 150,103 234 234 MA0001 MWRA 3,919,141 3,891,908 222,323 3,405,690 263,895 27,233 7,660 19,573 MA0005 Boston WSC 1,295,048 612,969 64,381 547,419 1,168 682,078 8,143 673,935 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 146,060 146,060 31,426 96,815 17,818 0 0 0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 26,195 25,954 3,437 20,645 1,871 240 240 0 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 42,327 42,327 23,070 19,257 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 65,207 63,960 11,569 42,768 9,622 1,247 1,247 MN0002 MCES 1,686,319 1,671,160 201,321 1,229,718 240,121 15,159 15,159 0 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 125,295 128,042 11,358 116,683 -2,747 2,747 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 1,455,235 1,450,367 114,094 1,277,342 58,930 4,868 4,868 0 275A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA LIABILITIES AND DEFERRED INFLOWS (IN THOUSAND $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFERRED INFLOWS TOTAL LIABILITIES TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES LONG-TERM BONDS AND LOANS PAYABLE OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES TOTAL DEFERRED INFLOWS DEFERRED INFLOWS ON PENSION OTHER DEFERRED INFLOWS MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 72,030 71,804 6,362 58,750 6,691 225 225 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 1,166,289 1,165,541 97,610 1,029,273 38,658 748 748 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 112,604 112,311 9,382 94,533 8,395 293 293 NC0007 Orange WSA 89,987 89,707 11,528 71,300 6,878 279 279 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.319,419 319,419 78,314 241,104 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.620,294 614,293 47,098 491,776 75,419 6,000 6,000 NV0003 City of Henderson 134,532 132,326 10,976 100,572 20,777 2,206 2,206 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 156,820 151,699 19,837 131,861 5,120 5,120 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.31,716,364 31,716,364 1,285,910 30,430,454 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 1,182,568 1,113,468 91,137 895,035 127,296 69,100 69,100 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.1,703,084 1,701,351 103,799 1,537,925 59,626 1,733 1,733 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 1,950,831 1,949,945 221,472 1,680,259 48,214 886 886 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.61,436 61,378 4,747 53,328 3,302 57 57 0 OH0021 Montgomery County 49,391 37,666 9,387 27,729 549 11,725 11,725 OR0001 Clean Water Services 269,618 265,138 36,464 227,861 812 4,479 4,479 0 OR0002 City of Portland 1,788,437 1,778,771 168,679 1,520,312 89,779 9,666 1,773 7,892 OR0005 City of Gresham 19,511 19,072 3,659 13,199 2,213 439 439 0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 101,921 101,921 6,337 95,354 229 OR0009 City of Albany 58,288 57,845 5,165 51,632 1,048 442 442 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.2,577,272 2,577,272 238,542 1,843,894 494,836 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.688,081 645,853 41,197 621,910 23,943 1,030 582 447 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 266,348 265,891 32,869 204,431 28,590 457 457 SC0003 Charleston Water System 774,879 739,730 62,808 624,459 52,462 35,148 767 34,380 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.70,491 70,222 5,401 54,349 10,470 269 269 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 160,139 158,909 16,939 116,781 25,188 1,229 1,229 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 522,726 521,567 19,799 488,140 13,627 1,158 1,158 TN0005 City of Johnson City 33,234 32,979 3,299 29,135 545 254 254 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 1,528,245 1,282,832 105,255 1,059,165 118,411 245,412 245,412 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 3,491,883 3,485,568 234,054 2,771,237 480,277 6,315 6,315 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.2,587 2,587 1,849 0 738 0 0 0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 1,351,133 1,349,943 88,199 1,201,051 60,692 1,190 1,190 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.84,880 84,880 13,411 59,036 12,433 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.40,078 39,737 6,564 30,495 2,677 341 341 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 25,269 25,103 3,968 21,134 0 165 165 0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 77,015 76,879 25,565 49,955 1,358 136 136 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 148,051 146,189 34,860 102,185 9,143 1,862 1,862 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 647,126 615,722 39,934 574,975 812 31,403 4,677 26,725 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.982,242 973,732 147,339 796,873 29,520 8,510 4,559 3,951 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 561,641 560,475 32,242 513,855 14,377 1,165 1,165 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 91,594 91,294 13,843 71,780 5,670 299 299 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.42,668 42,668 6,125 31,306 5,236 WA0001 King County DNR 4,478,109 4,430,643 214,459 4,112,220 103,963 47,466 1,216 46,250 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 1,046,477 1,044,199 77,643 688,050 278,505 2,278 2,278 0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 105,317 105,200 9,746 88,221 7,232 117 117 WI0001 NEW Water 161,896 161,896 18,554 137,810 5,531 WI0002 Madison MSD 154,076 150,659 13,720 131,382 5,556 3,417 1,830 1,586 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 1,129,304 1,129,304 253,697 815,953 59,654 Agencies Responding 103 103 103 100 93 86 83 39 Minimum 1,6261,62695700-6,553 0 -6,623 Maximum 31,716,364 31,716,364 1,285,910 30,430,454 1,695,406 682,078 69,100 673,935 Average 1,017,952 1,003,686 69,433 877,665 91,446 16,591 4,119 27,960 Median 161,896 161,896 19,837 147,866 14,460 1,178 985 330 Total 104,849,039 103,379,678 7,151,567 87,766,539 8,504,518 1,426,853 341,910 1,090,430 276 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL NET ASSETS INVESTED IN CAPITAL, NET OF RELATED DEBT RESTRICTED FOR CAPITAL PROJECTS RESTRICTED FOR DEBT SERVICE OTHER RESTRICTED UNRESTRICTED AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 194,021 176,789 0 6,122 0 11,100 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 32,134 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 1,578,876 1,315,074 54,014 209,788 AZ0002 Pima County 766,066 615,162 3,440 36,665 19,222 91,574 CA0002 Orange County SD 1,918,572 1,429,269 489,303 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 593,570 581,844 4,363 7,362 CA0006 East Bay MUD 260,887 262,147 18 -1,278 CA0007 City of Riverside 180,095 138,976 34,642 1,384 5,093 CA0008 Sacramento County 1,105,476 801,739 0 77,229 10,857 215,651 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 1,155,940 1,098,723 18,205 981 38,031 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 2,877,542 1,835,177 416,579 625,785 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 118,767 109,764 7,003 2,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 89,563 66,631 785 737 9,730 11,678 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 160,543 122,139 2,086 36,317 CA0028 West County WWD 81,532 80,006 1,525 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 108,610 113,998 -5,388 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 228,397 178,919 0 6,456 0 43,022 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 115,038 97,809 5,686 7,464 4,077 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 45,625 38,980 6,644 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 127,511 119,848 3,977 2,389 0 1,295 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 790,701 460,051 30,015 300,634 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 82,210 57,348 24,861 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 326,255 483,104 -156,849 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 88,115 75,298 6,177 6,639 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 1,703,289 1,491,925 33,135 178,229 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 1,296,519 1,162,296 9,218 29,397 95,607 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 1,144,826 775,025 222,250 107,515 40,036 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 697,543 509,535 92,125 41,818 54,065 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 22,485 14,159 453 1,674 0 6,197 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 2,736,009 2,148,323 587,686 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 1,317,141 1,177,166 13,424 126,550 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 213,167 126,912 9,541 34,071 42,641 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 987,177 819,598 23,399 144,180 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 1,624,161 785,313 174,514 664,334 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 54,094 11,732 42,362 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 58,406 47,982 8,935 1,488 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 4,539,945 4,591,899 75,762 318,575 340,972 -787,263 IL0002 North Shore SD 197,747 165,785 31,961 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 72,319 68,463 1,845 35 1,974 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 62,240 46,022 16,218 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 158,666 139,626 19,040 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 134,221 111,411 3,221 8,891 10,696 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 35,239 21,764 13,474 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 292,164 232,637 2,018 53,856 3,652 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 308,423 259,183 0 34,193 0 15,045 KS0003 Wyandotte County 86,446 70,817 2,820 12,808 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 421,637 310,963 2,662 43,132 2,329 29,746 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 496,951 337,250 50,394 65,000 44,306 MA0001 MWRA 866,276 248,895 226,974 390,407 MA0005 Boston WSC 393,290 755,338 199 51,558 52,023 -465,829 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 112,375 78,821 0 22,364 1,508 9,681 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 30,652 25,599 5,052 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 313,933 144,824 62,767 35,568 70,772 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 82,495 44,836 3,231 15,706 2 18,719 MN0002 MCES 689,723 669,515 12,622 11,668 -4,082 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water 967,371 760,587 55,523 151,260 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 1,776,527 1,373,656 4,371 66,328 332,171 NET ASSETS (IN THOUSANDS $) 277A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA NET ASSETS (IN THOUSANDS $) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL NET ASSETS INVESTED IN CAPITAL, NET OF RELATED DEBT RESTRICTED FOR CAPITAL PROJECTS RESTRICTED FOR DEBT SERVICE OTHER RESTRICTED UNRESTRICTED MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 53,257 45,367 1,481 782 1,307 4,317 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 1,068,253 880,323 187,930 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 360,592 310,277 6,087 44,227 NC0007 Orange WSA 254,558 224,969 260 29,327 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 8,134 5,942 660 1,531 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 1,350,602 791,665 442,904 19,967 2 96,063 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 1,782,878 1,043,212 5,156 39,653 0 694,854 NV0003 City of Henderson 508,068 447,199 685 60,183 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 715,631 640,411 75,220 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. -734 -430,201 1,457,332 -543,491 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 948,218 639,364 8,313 300,541 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 1,426,355 990,664 435,690 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 906,327 675,768 1,443 229,116 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 26,174 23,240 2,934 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 585,245 349,745 113,124 12,987 0 109,388 OR0002 City of Portland 1,807,692 1,691,727 0 180 0 115,784 OR0005 City of Gresham 150,332 98,967 1,997 7 2,729 46,631 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 152,365 92,126 16,856 4,854 38,527 OR0009 City of Albany 110,626 84,111 3,884 3,420 19,209 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 765,104 523,367 73,266 220,889 205,761 -258,179 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 452,784 366,988 90 85,704 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 304,720 236,817 18,937 8,680 40,285 SC0003 Charleston Water System 820,369 522,292 29,245 18,634 250,196 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 83,387 63,835 1,241 3,363 14,946 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 297,603 258,909 414 38,278 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 284,390 216,334 2,927 81 65,046 TN0005 City of Johnson City 43,922 31,969 6,844 5,108 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 390,870 390,870 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 2,468,810 2,229,460 204,714 34,636 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 9,297 8,699 0 0 607 -9 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 1,030,540 893,441 41,430 47,059 17,811 30,797 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 57,894 36,161 15,792 6,951 -1,010 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 204,380 180,417 1,384 1,305 786 20,486 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 150,999 123,921 7,761 0 19,316 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 120,874 82,469 4 38,400 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 664,079 630,741 909 12,743 19,685 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 940,600 828,300 51,300 22,500 38,500 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 601,604 410,287 23,798 167,519 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 77,149 17,499 1,801 57,889 6,051 -6,092 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 651,358 437,738 0 7,317 1,308 204,994 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 524,006 387,916 4,087 132,002 WA0001 King County DNR 639,358 154,182 170,842 31,568 282,765 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 332,464 403,956 7,231 14,555 -93,279 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 172,849 131,588 3,465 37,795 WI0001 NEW Water 219,139 128,374 44,182 26,769 19,813 WI0002 Madison MSD 130,056 89,147 17,874 3,075 19,960 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 2,566,877 2,489,929 43,412 40,006 -6,470 Agencies Responding 104 101 52 70 44 102 Minimum-734-430,20100 0-787,263 Maximum 4,539,945 4,591,899 442,904 1,457,332 340,972 694,854 Average 616,727 497,726 35,598 53,369 29,459 72,602 Median 306,572 248,895 4,764 10,443 2,902 33,299 Total 64,139,558 50,270,322 1,851,102 3,735,816 1,296,203 7,405,451 278 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA CHANGE IN NET POSITION REVENUES EXPENSES CAPITAL CONTRIBU-TIONSID MEMBER NAME OPERATING REVENUE OTHER NON-OPERATING OPERATINGEXPENSE DEPREC-IATION OTHER NON-OPERATING AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 6,441 53,470 149 25,879 14,033 8,945 1,679 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 1,680 7,058 5 4,178 1,128 76 AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County 21,496 157,747 12,814 81,752 51,376 22,436 6,499 CA0002 Orange County SD 163,568 315,428 108,248 153,500 90,502 34,078 17,974 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 29,963 87,734 19,139 74,907 22,885 1,427 22,309 CA0006 East Bay MUD 24,700 100,706 12,140 53,114 22,529 16,716 4,213 CA0007 City of Riverside 14,309 52,664 533 31,863 7,025 0 CA0008 Sacramento County 47,867 252,415 1,214 103,830 49,211 68,517 15,797 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 13,888 261,775 23,980 221,553 50,799 -485 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 149,202 629,217 150,005 520,368 71,598 38,053 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. -3,945 14,307 17 14,307 8,043 2,327 6,407 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 6,278 24,906 304 16,452 4,911 403 2,835 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 6,820 32,745 3,013 22,824 6,993 CA0028 West County WWD 4,095 17,972 12,844 3,119 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 10,698 19,118 -1,563 24,720 5,846 23,710 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 9,975 75,463 928 38,273 19,536 15,137 6,530 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 702 27,193 1,789 19,213 7,302 2,312 CA0064 Central Marin Sanitation 280 16,495 457 11,359 3,898 1,577 162 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 7,686 12,305 69 11,174 6,645 1,214 14,346 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 63,386 127,174 4,113 67,852 35,770 18,343 54,064 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 7,227 18,554 9 9,660 1,621 538 534 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 3,848 43,380 38,490 6,285 5,244 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 4,193 16,045 3,823 12,222 2,955 496 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 173,347 595,789 2,629 298,872 89,512 69,118 32,431 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 49,295 175,414 -1,804 124,867 75,448 7,400 83,401 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 130,302 659,782 51,455 388,488 184,424 61,634 53,611 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 27,627 96,486 654 63,706 27,706 7,474 29,373 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 4,829 25,166 3,987 10,857 10,321 3,144 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 163,982 599,582 15,051 224,954 99,088 146,248 19,639 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 139,576 318,056 120,834 81,671 24,843 51,033 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 1,497 48,819 3,303 32,938 14,555 3,948 0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 72,675 252,097 134,051 32,028 24,419 11,076 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 177,259 411,996 11,802 125,767 62,384 45,386 -13,002 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 7,255 34,995 249 20,074 5,706 2,209 0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 2,124 9,217 631 4,282 1,779 1,663 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 9,547 638,975 37,187 663,080 12,083 -8,548 0 IL0002 North Shore SD -6,985 13,197 15,871 26,646 10,437 0 1,029 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD -148 7,855 1,260 7,154 1,980 129 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 1,380 14,516 13,136 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 683 15,250 1,368 11,543 5,524 194 1,326 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 2,365 8,798 4,799 7,742 2,276 1,213 11,231 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 376 6,218 323 4,826 1,307 111 80 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 31,184 68,469 357 25,162 13,089 6,372 6,982 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 11,050 54,688 1,213 30,021 11,459 8,549 5,178 KS0003 Wyandotte County 3,017 32,224 1,319 17,254 5,692 14,504 6,925 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 9,694 81,274 3,522 33,320 26,047 20,107 4,373 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC -44,384 80,646 57,104 49,602 66,087 53,160 -13,285 MA0001 MWRA -24,688 463,210 4,770 170,431 144,077 180,897 2,737 MA0005 Boston WSC 22,277 361,641 3,903 293,752 20,416 37,465 8,366 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 16,548 27,285 17,951 19,141 4,868 4,678 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 114 11,410 37 8,403 2,572 358 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 42,317 225,772 32,444 209,258 4,717 1,923 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 4,326 36,190 1,680 24,877 9,483 840 1,657 MN0002 MCES -6,540 214,924 52,002 160,200 60,627 53,747 1,108 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP -503 23,678 618 9,475 8,469 6,153 -701 MO0001 Kansas City Water 93,790 175,800 4,792 99,436 2,855 -8,772 6,716 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 46,549 318,463 171,316 73,782 38,595 7,802 STATEMENT OF REVENUES & EXPENSES (IN THOUSANDS $) 279A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B - FINANCING SURVEY DATA STATEMENT OF REVENUES & EXPENSES (IN THOUSANDS $) CHANGE IN NET POSITION REVENUES EXPENSES CAPITAL CONTRIBU-TIONSID MEMBER NAME OPERATING REVENUE OTHER NON-OPERATING OPERATINGEXPENSE DEPREC-IATION OTHER NON-OPERATING MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 2,145 10,801 55 5,698 3,012 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 39,364 212,268 551 79,659 64,597 44,438 15,238 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 16,168 40,769 237 15,204 9,332 2,693 2,392 NC0007 Orange WSA 9,014 36,369 1,418 20,091 8,919 1,609 1,846 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 2,853 32,353 1,333 30,833 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 16,298 174,427 127,722 30,406 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 46,097 68,077 21,980 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 94,554 149,170 48,100 75,830 68,163 -1,247 40,029 NV0003 City of Henderson 22,262 45,558 5,968 29,882 12,066 4,365 17,050 NV0004 City of Las Vegas -8,366 88,768 47 63,205 27,660 17,177 10,861 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 2,275,524 1,297,294 564,143 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP 3,445 50,071 17 37,348 9,295 OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 184,038 279,665 11,347 56,672 31,780 4,172 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 47,438 286,783 10,150 118,992 66,605 63,896 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 51,263 249,303 1,063 154,834 44,269 OH0007 City of Canton 1,020 17,217 12,077 4,119 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. -1,226 12,692 205 7,566 2,365 4,194 2 OH0021 Montgomery County 8,810 44,828 36,017 OR0001 Clean Water Services 37,963 116,391 2,205 60,076 34,307 11,333 25,084 OR0002 City of Portland 133,624 371,566 1,728 122,014 47,376 71,433 1,154 OR0005 City of Gresham 1,184 16,299 2,089 12,798 4,472 679 746 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 1,099 29,912 651 15,304 17,843 4,173 7,856 OR0009 City of Albany -50 15,890 194 9,727 4,591 2,611 793 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 77,573 670,820 7,356 382,272 101,711 116,620 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 29,074 99,004 320 38,113 14,091 18,358 512 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 21,424 80,126 9,060 33,261 26,286 8,229 SC0003 Charleston Water System 63,008 138,260 4,188 62,882 32,031 20,378 35,852 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 1,972 16,464 2,532 9,142 5,794 2,301 214 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 8,339 47,021 4,980 26,666 24,779 4,508 12,293 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 13,274 88,517 36,725 18,517 20,463 463 TN0005 City of Johnson City 2,774 13,831 219 7,450 2,360 1,464 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 32,566 259,974 109,264 60,156 67,852 9,865 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 18,770 607,329 404,032 115,500 84,896 15,869 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 1,419 4,423 2 2,543 463 0 0 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 74,859 234,965 3,075 112,139 63,636 44,576 57,171 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 18,281 11,628 158 4,503 2,457 1,474 14,930 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 7,493 21,941 1,803 13,890 6,232 3,871 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 261 5,407 3,567 1,922 343 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 6,570 10,526 4,179 7,863 645 739 1,112 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 36,041 47,220 453 22,768 11,737 3,798 26,671 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 27,808 190,433 92,452 61,090 20,601 2,640 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 44,770 237,881 146,601 45,670 26,631 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 8,229 28,916 4,136 28,567 27,443 31,187 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 48,199 62,167 17,472 22,509 18,086 2,199 11,354 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 21,602 43,742 789 19,705 17,479 14,255 WA0001 King County DNR 136,161 464,541 4,018 138,697 176,305 131,191 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 2,562 375,041 -16,090 293,003 27,402 66,186 30,205 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 8,813 26,554 10,609 17,755 8,147 3,239 WI0001 NEW Water 8,483 37,461 569 19,559 7,474 3,125 611 WI0002 Madison MSD 5,348 34,247 374 19,268 7,608 3,572 1,170 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 2,443 86,261 124,839 89,156 91,961 29,400 1,860 Agencies Responding 107 108 90 108 100 93 78 Minimum -44,384 4,423 -16,090 2,543 463 -8,772 -13,285 Maximum 184,038 2,275,524 150,005 1,297,294 564,143 180,897 83,401 Average 29,843 157,788 10,364 89,867 36,356 22,261 11,552 Median 9,547 53,067 1,759 30,427 14,062 6,372 5,826 Total 3,193,207 17,041,154 932,715 9,705,649 3,635,584 2,070,294 901,060 280 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PART B- FINANCING SURVEY DATA Page intentionally left blank 281A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA Appendix C Rates and Charges Survey Data 282 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA SINGLE-FAMILY RATE DESIGN MULTI-FAMILY RATE DESIGN ID MEMBER NAME GALLONS PER YEAR CUBIC FT/YR GALLONS PER CAPITA PER DAY GALLONS PER YEAR OR PER DWELLING UNIT AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 60,000 8,021 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 72,000 9,626 100 36,500 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 52,958 7,080 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 83,926 11,220 AZ0002 Pima County 62,832 8,400 CA0002 Orange County SD 76,650 10,247 53,655 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 73,000 9,759 CA0006 East Bay MUD 49,461 6,612 CA0007 City of Riverside 74,800 10,000 CA0008 Sacramento County 111,160 14,900 84,862 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 53,856 7,200 44,880 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 73,000 9,759 CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 63,480 8,486 36,123 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 89,425 11,955 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 195,000 26,070 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 60,000 8,021 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 56,349 7,532 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 71,808 9,600 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 55,651 7,440 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 82,125 10,979 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 81,000 10,829 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 54,276 7,256 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 127,750 17,079 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 84,000 11,230 253 92,400 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 62,832 8,400 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 84,000 11,230 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 52,856 7,200 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 72,200 9,600 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 96,000 12,834 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD 52,000 6,952 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 63,584 8,500 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 96,000 12,834 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 54,530 7,290 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 72,000 9,600 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 127,750 17,079 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 91,106 12,180 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 60,143 8,040 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 72,000 9,626 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 53,860 7,200 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 103,200 13,800 MA0001 MWRA 42,232 5,684 MA0005 Boston WSC 65,700 8,783 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 79,288 10,600 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 51,000 6,818 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 44,880 6,000 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 62,832 8,400 RATE DESIGN 283A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RATE DESIGN SINGLE-FAMILY RATE DESIGN MULTI-FAMILY RATE DESIGN ID MEMBER NAME GALLONS PER YEAR CUBIC FT/YR GALLONS PER CAPITA PER DAY GALLONS PER YEAR OR PER DWELLING UNIT MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 53,856 7,200 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 52,596 7,032 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 62,832 8,400 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 44,800 6,000 NC0007 Orange WSA 48,000 6,417 36,000 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 53,856 7,200 16 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 90,000 12,032 NV0003 City of Henderson 180,000 24,064 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 90,000 12,032 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 80,000 10,695 52,000 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 60,000 8,021 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 51,686 6,910 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 56,100 7,500 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 89,760 12,000 OH0007 City of Canton 93,072 12,444 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 53,856 7,200 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 71,808 9,600 OR0002 City of Portland 37,273 4,983 31,889 OR0005 City of Gresham 63,900 8,543 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 63,000 8,400 OR0009 City of Albany 71,808 9,600 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 53,856 7,200 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 54,750 7,319 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 84,000 11,230 SC0003 Charleston Water System 62,832 8,400 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 53,856 7,200 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 66,000 8,824 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 44,880 6,000 TN0005 City of Johnson City 57,600 7,700 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 69,600 9,305 73 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 66,000 8,824 35 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 68,018 9,093 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 116,239 15,540 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 158,400 21,176 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 57,000 7,620 43,500 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 114,506 15,308 249 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 72,000 9,626 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 50,355 6,732 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 100,000 13,369 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 80,784 10,800 WA0001 King County DNR 67,320 9,000 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 38,896 5,200 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 80,784 10,800 WI0001 NEW Water 64,000 8,556 WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 52,375 7,002 Agencies Responding 91 91 6 10 Minimum 37,273 4,983 16 31,889 Maximum 195,000 26,070 253 92,400 Average 72,821 9,737 121 51,181 Median 65,700 8,783 87 44,190 NOTES: 1. Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2. Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 284 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA SEWAGE VOLUME AND/OR CHARGE DETERMINATION ID MEMBER NAME 100% METERED WATER ##% METERED WATER WINTER METERED WATER OTHER DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities Yes (90%) AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Yes AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Flat Rate CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes (90%) CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Sewer CAP based on winter water usage CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Real Estate Value DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes capped @ 6,000 gal GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes (80%) IA0002 City of Ames Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls Yes Av. monthly cons for av. user IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD Yes IL0004 San. District of Decatur Yes IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County Yes KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes Based on water consumption for six months MA0001 MWRA Yes Varies MA0005 Boston WSC Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Cost of operations by users MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Jan-Mar water usage MO0001 Kansas City Water Yes MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes RATE DESIGN / SEWAGE VOLUME DETERMINATION 285A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RATE DESIGN / SEWAGE VOLUME DETERMINATION SEWAGE VOLUME AND/OR CHARGE DETERMINATION ID MEMBER NAME 100% METERED WATER ##% METERED WATER WINTER METERED WATER OTHER OTHER DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. Yes MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Yes NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Very few sewer-only accounts which are NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Equivalent Residential Unit (ERU) NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Flat Rate NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes ERU model NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Yes NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County Yes (95%) OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Equivalent Dwelling Unit OR0009 City of Albany Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes (95%) SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Capped at 7kgals TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes Flat Rate UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Agencies Responding 44 6 34 17 286 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RESIDENTIAL REVENUE BREAKDOWN (%) ID MEMBER NAME BILLING FREQUENCY METER RATE FLAT RATE TAX RATE CSO RATE STORM-WATER RATE OTHER OTHER DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Monthly 100.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities Monthly 90.0 10.0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock Monthly 100.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Monthly 100.0 AZ0001 City of Phoenix Monthly 100.0 AZ0002 Pima County Monthly 100.0 CA0002 Orange County SD Annually 100.0 100.0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Annually 100.0 CA0006 East Bay MUD Bi-monthly 73.0 24.0 3.0 CA0007 City of Riverside Monthly 100.0 CA0008 Sacramento County Monthly 100.0 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Monthly 100.0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Monthly 10.0 90.0 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Annually 100.0 CA0028 West County WWD Annually 100.0 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Monthly 100.0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Bi-monthly 100.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Monthly 100.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Monthly 100.0 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Monthly 100.0 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Semi-Annually 100.0 CT0010 Town of Greenwich Semi-Annually 0.6 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Monthly 100.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Monthly 100.0 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Quarterly FL0020 Toho Water Authority Monthly 58.0 42.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities Monthly 100.0 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Monthly 100.0 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Monthly 88.0 17.0 5.0 Late/Connect/ GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Monthly 100.0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Bi-monthly 100.0 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Monthly 100.0 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Bi-monthly 51.5 39.2 9.3 ID0005 City of Twin Falls Monthly 17.0 83.0 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Semi-Annually 100.0 IL0002 North Shore SD Quarterly 40.0 60.0 IL0004 San. District of Decatur Monthly 99.5 0.5 IL0005 Downers Grove SD Bi-monthly 44.0 45.0 11.0 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Monthly 100.0 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Quarterly 97.0 3.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Monthly 100.0 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Bi-monthly 99.0 1.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Monthly 89.9 10.1 KS0001 Johnson County WWD Bi-monthly 100.0 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Monthly 100.0 KS0003 Wyandotte County Monthly KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Monthly 99.0 1.0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Monthly 100.0 MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC Monthly 100.0 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Monthly 100.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Quarterly 64.0 36.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Quarterly 43.5 56.5 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Quarterly 91.6 8.4 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Monthly 54.0 46.0 MO0001 Kansas City Water Monthly 99.0 1.0 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Monthly 83.5 16.5 RESIDENTIAL REVENUE BREAKDOWN (%) 287A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RESIDENTIAL REVENUE BREAKDOWN (%) RESIDENTIAL REVENUE BREAKDOWN (%) ID MEMBER NAME BILLING FREQUENCY METER RATE FLAT RATE TAX RATE CSO RATE STORM-WATER RATE OTHER OTHER DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. Monthly 100.0 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Monthly 97.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Monthly 100.0 NC0002 Charlotte Water Monthly 99.0 1.0 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Bi-monthly 99.0 1.0 NC0007 Orange WSA Monthly 100.0 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Monthly 99.9 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Quarterly 100.0 NV0003 City of Henderson Monthly 100.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Quarterly 100.0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Quarterly 100.0 NY0009 City of Monroe DES Annually 63.0 16.0 21.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP Annually 100.0 OH0001 City of Akron Monthly 99.0 1.0 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Annually 100.0 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Quarterly 91.0 3.0 6.0 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Quarterly 100.0 OH0007 City of Canton Bi-monthly 99.9 0.1 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 100.0 OH0021 Montgomery County Quarterly 15.0 95.0 OR0001 Clean Water Services Bi-monthly 100.0 OR0002 City of Portland Quarterly 61.4 37.2 1.4 Portland Harbor OR0005 City of Gresham Bi-monthly 100.0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Monthly 100.0 OR0009 City of Albany Monthly 37.0 63.0 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Monthly 80.0 20.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Monthly 100.0 100.0 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Monthly 100.0 SC0003 Charleston Water System Monthly SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Monthly SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Monthly 100.0 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Monthly 100.0 TN0005 City of Johnson City Monthly 100.0 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Monthly 100.0 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Monthly 100.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Monthly 100.0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Monthly 100.0 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Monthly 84.0 16.0 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Monthly 100.0 100.0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Monthly 100.0 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Monthly 84.0 16.0 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Quarterly 80.0 20.0 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 99.2 0.8 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Monthly 100.0 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Bi-monthly 99.7 0.6 WA0001 King County DNR Monthly 100.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Bi-monthly 60.0 40.0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Monthly 100.0 WI0001 NEW Water Quarterly 100.0 WI0002 Madison MSD Monthly 99.8 0.2 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Quarterly 100.0 Agencies Responding 106 81 53 9 1 4 2 Minimum 10.0 0.1 0.6 40.0 6.0 1.4 Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 40.0 37.2 5.0 Average 88.3 53.4 45.7 40.0 18.1 3.2 Median 100.0 46.0 21.0 40.0 14.7 3.2 288 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RESIDENTIAL CONNECTION FEE RESIDENTIAL FACILITY/IMPACT FEE ID MEMBER NAME CONNECTION FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) FACILITY / IMPACT FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 1,600.00 820.00 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 0.00 2,800.00 0.75 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 70.00 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 50.00 100.00 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 95.00 AZ0002 Pima County 4,188.00 CA0002 Orange County SD 3,588.00 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 981.00 5,948.00 CA0006 East Bay MUD 1,860.00 CA0007 City of Riverside 3,941.00 CA0008 Sacramento County 5,287.00 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 0.00 4,432.00 0.63 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 5,943.00 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 5,033.00 CA0028 West County WWD 3,070.00 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 6,089.00 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 2,840.00 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 4,000.00 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 410.00 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 940.00 800.00 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 2,400.00 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 3,260.00 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 100.00 300.00 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 50.00 50.00 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 3,346.00 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 486.50 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,160.00 4,602.00 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 1,800.00 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 0.00 4,147.00 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 1,100.00 0.75 2,000.00 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls 550.00 481.00 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD 1,722.00 1,526.00 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 0.00 0.00 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 3,083.00 1,340.50 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 125.00 3,147.00 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 850.00 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 1,090.25 1,090.25 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 75.00 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 4,400.00 0.62 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 70.00 1,350.00 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 3,259.00 0.00 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 0.00 2,150.00 0.58 MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 750.00 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 2,959.00 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 2,485.00 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 3,100.00 MO0001 Kansas City Water 50.00 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 1,072.00 0.75 RESIDENTIAL FEES 289A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RESIDENTIAL FEES RESIDENTIAL CONNECTION FEE RESIDENTIAL FACILITY/IMPACT FEE ID MEMBER NAME CONNECTION FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) FACILITY / IMPACT FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 0.00 300.00 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 408.00 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 2,812.00 2,186.00 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 650.00 2,500.00 NC0007 Orange WSA 340.00 3,689.83 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 920.00 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 5,331.00 1,573.00 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 2,195.00 2,195.00 NV0003 City of Henderson 1,800.00 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 2,167.00 0.00 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 200.00 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 300.00 300.00 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 3,044.00 OH0007 City of Canton 500.00 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 375.00 OH0021 Montgomery County 2,180.00 OR0001 Clean Water Services 5,100.00 0.00 OR0002 City of Portland 223.00 6,046.00 OR0005 City of Gresham 48.00 5,944.00 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 6,950.00 OR0009 City of Albany 3,070.00 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 0.00 0.00 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 260.00 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 2,500.00 SC0003 Charleston Water System 200.00 3,525.00 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 950.00 150.00 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 500.00 2,760.00 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 1,500.00 TN0005 City of Johnson City 1,550.00 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 501.00 0.63 2,200.00 0.63 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 2,778.00 275.00 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 545.00 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 1,700.00 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 8,043.00 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 1,708.00 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 152.50 7,750.00 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 1,895.00 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 1,980.00 5,400.00 WA0001 King County DNR 10,944.00 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 245.00 6.00 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 5,354.57 WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 21.71 Agencies Responding 79 5 1 49 4 0 Minimum 0.00 0.62 300.00 0.00 0.58 Maximum 10,944.00 6.00 300.00 8,043.00 0.75 Average 1,698.97 1.75 300.00 2,461.79 0.65 Median 940.00 0.75 300.00 2,150.00 0.63 290 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA LATE FEES ID MEMBER NAME NEW ACCOUNT FEE ($)OTHER FEE OTHER DESCRIPTION ONGOING AS A FLAT FEE ONGOING AS A % OF OVERDUE AMOUNT) ONE-TIME FLAT FEE AS A % OF OVERDUE TIME FOR ON-TIME PAYMENT (DAYS) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 100.00 5.00 10.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 0.00 75.00 Deposit 50.00 30 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 125.00 Inspection Fee AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 30.56 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 33.00 3.0 AZ0002 Pima County 20.00 48.00 CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 0.00 CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County 3,358.00 infi ll CA0010 San Francisco PUD 0.5 30 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 510.00 Processing Fee 10.0 21 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 10.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.1.5 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 50.00 10.0 30 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 151.00 1.5 23 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 10.00 10.0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 25.00 100.00 Deposit 5.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 100.00 5.0 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 15.00 5.00 5.0 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 60.00 395.00 one time meter 10.0 30 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 25.00 3.00 10.0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 20.00 1,811.93 Sewer access 10.0 20 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 4.5 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 1.0 25 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD 10.0 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 0.00 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 115.00 annexation fee 1.0 10.0 21 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 5.0 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 0.00 1.50 12.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 375.00 10.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 10.0 20 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 5.00 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 1.5 KS0003 Wyandotte County 5.0 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 0.00 10.0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 750.00 12.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 10.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 0.8 RESIDENTIAL FEES (CONTINUED) 291A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RESIDENTIAL FEES (CONTINUED) LATE FEES ID MEMBER NAME NEW ACCOUNT FEE ($)OTHER FEE OTHER DESCRIPTION ONGOING AS A FLAT FEE ONGOING AS A % OF OVERDUE AMOUNT) ONE-TIME FLAT FEE AS A % OF OVERDUE TIME FOR ON- TIME PAYMENT (DAYS) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 0.00 0.00 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 1.5 10.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 50.00 5.00 NC0002 Charlotte Water 39.00 1.5 21 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 1.5 NC0007 Orange WSA 45.00 2.40 5.0 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1.5 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.00 20.00 NV0003 City of Henderson 10.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 0.00 15.0 15 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.6.0 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP 1.0 OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.20.00 10.0 OH0021 Montgomery County 10.0 OR0001 Clean Water Services 0.00 2.0 OR0002 City of Portland 5.00 1.0 1.0 28 OR0005 City of Gresham 0.00 5.00 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 9.0 20 OR0009 City of Albany 15.00 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 0.00 5.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.12.0 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System 30.00 10.00 2.0 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 20.00 1.5 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 40.00 5.0 15 TN0005 City of Johnson City 25.00 10.0 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 5.0 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 15.00 5.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 0.00 5.0 15 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 100.00 1.5 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 10.0 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 0.00 1.5 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.1.5 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 15.00 5.0 WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Please see 1.0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 1.0 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 38 15 57 5 16 Minimum 0.00 0.00 0.5 1.0 15.0 Maximum 750.00 50.00 15.0 10.0 30.0 Average 54.17 12.33 5.7 7.2 22.8 Median 20.00 5.00 5.0 10.0 21.0 292 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME RATES IN EFFECT SINCE MINIMUM ANNUAL CHARGE ($/YEAR) MAXIMUM ANNUAL CHARGE ($/YEAR) AVERAGE ANNUAL SERVICE CHARGE ($/YEAR) AVERAGE ANNUAL SERVICE CHARGE @ 7,500 GAL/MONTH ($) AVERAGE ANNUAL WHOLESALE CHARGE @7,500 GAL/MONTH ($) AVERAGE STORMWATER CHARGE ($/YEAR) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 01/01/2016 241.80 459.60 677.40 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 01/01/2015 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 01/01/2017 123.48 397.08 579.48 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 05/01/2016 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 54.00 292.04 302.04 AZ0002 Pima County 06/01/2017 151.56 151.56 574.32 CA0002 Orange County SD 07/01/2015 402.00 402.00 402.00 402.00 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 07/01/2017 487.00 590.00 590.00 590.00 CA0006 East Bay MUD 07/12/2017 727.32 783.31 CA0007 City of Riverside 07/01/2015 402.84 420.26 402.84 CA0008 Sacramento County 07/01/2017 432.00 432.00 432.00 432.00 432.00 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 07/01/2016 0.00 588.88 1,222.72 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 124.00 160.00 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 07/01/2015 414.72 414.72 414.72 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 330.16 CA0028 West County WWD 07/01/2015 422.00 422.00 422.00 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 07/01/2017 278.28 1,125.10 1,478.88 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 07/01/2015 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 07/01/2017 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 01/01/2017 127.08 232.80 348.78 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 01/01/2016 219.48 385.56 489.36 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 01/01/2017 45.72 238.92 360.72 109.92 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 07/01/2017 330.00 330.00 330.00 330.00 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 0.00 833.00 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 10/01/2017 652.80 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 10/01/2016 188.52 788.28 488.40 488.40 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 10/01/2015 39.00 439.92 508.13 250.19 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 156.00 156.00 156.00 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 01/01/2016 270.36 683.64 683.64 683.64 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 07/01/2012 78.72 1,309.38 1,672.32 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 01/01/2016 150.00 1,233.60 1,311.00 436.00 151.00 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 01/01/2017 108.00 311.04 399.60 399.60 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 01/01/2014 82.80 1,103.40 1,379.25 48.00 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 07/01/2015 128.52 325.80 457.35 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 07/01/2017 175.13 361.18 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 10/01/2016 257.52 311.66 298.13 304.90 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 01/01/2017 330.66 IL0002 North Shore SD 04/01/2017 271.00 263.00 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 05/01/2016 141.00 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 04/01/2016 162.00 359.82 341.82 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 05/01/2016 0.00 113.76 346.56 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 05/01/2016 214.32 293.17 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 07/01/2011 0.00 177.98 175.50 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 07/01/2017 114.00 401.18 689.52 331.55 43.80 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 01/01/2016 79.50 6,400.74 436.02 635.70 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 01/01/2017 101.40 341.16 341.16 243.22 KS0003 Wyandotte County 633.96 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 07/01/2017 168.48 505.44 842.40 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 01/01/2017 242.00 570.00 525.72 MA0001 MWRA 07/01/2017 967.27 MA0005 Boston WSC 01/01/2017 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 07/01/2017 551.76 547.20 86.31 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 01/01/2017 318.00 483.00 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 01/01/2017 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 01/01/2017 MN0002 MCES 01/01/2017 24.00 274.00 376.00 211.00 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 01/01/2016 550.80 MO0001 Kansas City Water 204.60 727.92 30.00 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 07/01/2017 257.52 488.64 604.20 EFFECTIVE DATE OF RATES & ANNUAL SERVICE CHARGES 293A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA EFFECTIVE DATE OF RATES & ANNUAL SERVICE CHARGES ID MEMBER NAME RATES IN EFFECT SINCE MINIMUM ANNUAL CHARGE ($/YEAR) MAXIMUM ANNUAL CHARGE ($/YEAR) AVERAGE ANNUAL SERVICE CHARGE ($/YEAR) AVERAGE ANNUAL SERVICE CHARGE @ 7,500 GAL/MONTH ($) AVERAGE ANNUAL WHOLESALE CHARGE @7,500 GAL/MONTH ($) AVERAGE STORMWATER CHARGE ($/YEAR) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 07/01/2016 215.94 342.30 426.54 426.54 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 06/01/2016 128.64 612.34 355.08 516.07 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 07/01/2015 153.24 965.04 477.96 640.32 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 07/01/2016 95.10 358.50 621.90 528.00 NC0007 Orange WSA 10/01/2016 144.00 1,310.40 455.04 727.20 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 01/01/2017 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 07/01/2017 120.36 217.83 282.81 314.61 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 07/01/2013 126.48 221.09 221.09 NV0003 City of Henderson 01/01/2015 309.36 309.36 309.36 NV0004City of Las Vegas 01/01/2017245.68270.24245.68245.68 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 07/01/2015 284.37 648.13 727.20 NY0009 City of Monroe DES 2012 1.00 160.11 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 01/01/2015 45.00 895.32 1,279.08 323.28 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 01/01/2015 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 01/01/2017 28.80 620.93 620.93 61.80 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 01/01/2014 141.00 564.00 719.30 55.30 OH0007 City of Canton 05/17/2016 84.36 366.82 355.32 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 01/01/2017 458.64 495.48 495.48 495.48 OH0021 Montgomery County 01/01/2016 117.93 344.49 117.93 558.09 OR0001 Clean Water Services 07/01/2017 319.56 489.48 531.96 OR0002 City of Portland 07/01/2017 0.00 499.64 1,178.40 942.72 343.30 OR0005 City of Gresham 01/01/2017 344.76 344.76 344.76 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 07/01/2017 522.00 522.00 522.00 394.68 OR0009 City of Albany 03/01/2017 464.88 679.08 740.40 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 07/01/2017 255.48 469.44 622.08 169.44 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 07/01/2016 218.80 477.27 643.69 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 03/01/2015 132.00 603.24 636.96 SC0003 Charleston Water System 01/01/2016 348.00 1,672.56 589.20 1,005.96 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 177.00 480.12 682.20 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 07/01/2017 108.00 636.00 522.00 636.00 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 10/01/2016 348.00 678.00 1,200.00 450.00 TN0005 City of Johnson City 07/01/2015 401.35 588.30 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 11/01/2017 123.60 479.76 897.24 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 61.44 404.64 529.44 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 01/01/2017 148.20 321.96 408.60 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 10/01/2016 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 07/01/2016 145.52 183.42 243.60 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 07/01/2015 340.00 340.00 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 01/01/2017 319.92 464.13 547.62 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 100.56 425.52 709.86 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 07/01/2017 98.72 579.68 699.92 699.92 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 07/01/2016 91.25 278.03 495.60 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 539.00 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 07/01/2017 177.60 177.60 420.00 WA0001 King County DNR 01/01/2016 530.64 530.64 530.64 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 07/07/2015 155.16 633.13 1,472.40 432.45 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 01/01/2017 445.68 445.68 445.68 445.68 WI0001 NEW Water 01/01/2016 78.40 428.00 559.90 276.66 WI0002 Madison MSD 01/01/2016 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 492.55 Agencies Responding 83 19 88 86 22 10 Minimum 0.00 156.00 113.76 175.50 86.31 30.00 Maximum 530.64 6,400.74 1,309.38 1,672.32 1,379.25 432.45 Average 192.64 902.15 453.54 599.60 432.08 144.50 Median 151.56 495.48 430.00 547.41 397.14 85.86 294 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA FLAT RATE VOLUME RATE TAX AND UNIT CHARGES ID MEMBER NAME USE AND I&I ($/YEAR) CUSTOM. SERVICE /BILLING ($/YEAR) OTHER($/YEAR)OTHER DESCRIPTION ($/1,000 GALS)($/100 C.F.) TYPE (ASCEND, DESCEND, UNIFORM) TAX RATE PER $1,000 UNIT CHARGE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 24.00 7.2600 5.4305 Uniform AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 5.0802 3.8000 Uniform 123.48 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 2.4600 1.8400 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 12.00 3.9610 2.9630 Uniform AZ0002 Pima County 151.56 4.7100 3.5230 Uniform CA0002 Orange County SD 322.00 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 451.00 52.00 CA0006 East Bay MUD 89.62 65.88 87.48 Strength charge 1.3810 1.0330 Uniform 0.0028 CA0007 City of Riverside 402.84 CA0008 Sacramento County 432.00 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 14.6123 10.9300 Ascend CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 160.00 34.00 AV Taxes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 414.72 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 422.00 Uniform CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 286.68 Meter size 13.7400 10.2700 Uniform CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 520.20 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.3.8800 2.9022 Uniform CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 177.96 3.4600 2.5881 Uniform CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 3.5000 2.6180 Uniform CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Uniform 330 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 46.32 7.2700 5.4400 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 188.52 617.40 sewer only 3.5700 2.6700 Uniform FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Ascend FL0020 Toho Water Authority 5.7900 4.3309 Ascend FL0027 Marion County Utilities Uniform GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Ascend 9.74 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 7.8300 5.8568 Ascend GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 3.2900 2.4600 Ascend GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 82.80 readiness to serve 11.3400 8.4823 Uniform HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 128.52 3.6230 2.7100 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 175.13 2.5910 1.9380 Uniform ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 1.4760 IL0002 North Shore SD 1.1600 0.8680 Uniform 0.1568 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 15.00 1.8850 1.4100 Uniform IL0005 Downers Grove SD 162.00 1.6500 1.2342 Uniform 0.4440 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 3.8510 2.8800 Uniform IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 2.9840 2.2320 Uniform IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 1.8000 1.3500 Uniform IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 168.08 11.40 1.8450 1.3800 Uniform IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 385.60 114.00 6.4113 4.7960 Uniform KS0001 Johnson County WWD 6.1800 4.6226 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 24.66 unmetered 3.3300 2.4908 Ascend KS0003 Wyandotte County 4.8900 3.6600 Uniform KY0002 Sanitation District #1 9.3850 7.0200 Descend LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Minimum Charge Uniform MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC Ascend MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 6.0963 4.5600 Uniform ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 187.44 4.4700 3.3500 Uniform MI0006 Oakland County WRC Uniform MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 180.00 4.1310 3.0900 Uniform MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 44.40 174.60 System Availability 4.2914 3.2100 Uniform RATES BY BILLING METHOD (INSIDE CITY) 295A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RATES BY BILLING METHOD (INSIDE CITY) FLAT RATE VOLUME RATE TAX AND UNIT CHARGES ID MEMBER NAME USE AND I&I ($/YEAR) CUSTOM. SERVICE /BILLING ($/YEAR) OTHER($/YEAR)OTHER DESCRIPTION ($/1,000 GALS)($/100 C.F.) TYPE (ASCEND, DESCEND, UNIFORM) TAX RATE PER $1,000 UNIT CHARGE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 215.94 2.3529 1.7600 Ascend MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 128.64 4.3048 3.2200 Uniform NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 39.83 6.0300 4.5100 Uniform NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 13.86 81.24 5.8300 4.3900 Uniform NC0007 Orange WSA 144.00 6.4800 4.8470 Ascend NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 181.80 2.7050 2.0420 Ascend 2.042 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 221.09 NV0003 City of Henderson 309.36 Uniform NV0004 City of Las Vegas 245.68 Uniform NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.8.1016 6.0600 Uniform NY0009 City of Monroe DES 2.4700 1.8480 Uniform 1.3400 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 45.00 14.2500 10.6590 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 28.80 10.4345 7.8050 Uniform OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 5.3880 4.0300 Uniform OH0007 City of Canton 3.4626 2.5900 Uniform OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 495.48 458.64 conservation rate Uniform OH0021 Montgomery County 66.20 29.08 OR0001 Clean Water Services 319.56 2.3663 1.7700 OR0002 City of Portland 13.6230 10.1900 Uniform OR0005 City of Gresham 285.24 49.20 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Uniform 522 OR0009 City of Albany 434.28 3.4104 2.5510 Uniform PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 86.04 4.0842 3.0550 Uniform RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 218.80 Per dwelling unit 4.7210 3.5310 Uniform SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 132.00 5.6100 4.1960 Uniform SC0003 Charleston Water System 348.00 9.7727 7.3100 Uniform SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.5.6283 4.2100 Uniform 0.0080 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 108.00 6.2800 4.6974 Uniform TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 348.00 0.9358 0.7000 Ascend TN0005 City of Johnson City 69.00 Base Charge 5.7700 4.3160 Uniform TX0002 Austin Water Utility 123.60 7.6000 5.6848 Ascend TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 5.2000 3.8896 Ascend TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 147.48 Minimum Service - 3.9410 2.9470 Ascend TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.2.7140 2.0300 Uniform UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 240.00 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 319.92 2.5300 1.8924 Uniform UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 100.56 6.7700 5.0600 Uniform VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 98.72 6.6800 4.9966 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 315.84 5.5200 4.1300 Uniform VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 6.5500 4.9000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 29.28 148.32 2.7000 2.0200 Uniform WA0001 King County DNR 530.64 Uniform WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 16.4037 12.2700 Uniform WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 445.68 WI0001 NEW Water 103.60 4.4110 3.2990 Uniform WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 100.71 21.71 1.9228 1.4383 Uniform Agencies Responding 20 37 19 71 71 6 5 Minimum 66.20 11.40 21.71 0.9358 0.7000 0.0028 2.0420 Maximum 530.64 495.48 617.40 16.4037 12.2700 1.4760 522.0000 Average 271.33 168.09 157.62 5.3614 4.0111 0.5713 197.4524 Median 265.46 123.60 108.00 4.4700 3.3500 0.3004 123.4800 296 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA FLAT RATE VOLUME RATE TAX AND UNIT CHARGES ID MEMBER NAME USE AND I&I ($/YEAR) CUSTOM. SERVICE /BILLING ($/YEAR) OTHER($/YEAR)OTHER DESCRIPTION ($/1,000 GALS)($/100 C.F.) TYPE (ASCEND, DESCEND, UNIFORM) TAX RATE PER $1,000 UNIT CHARGE AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Uniform AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 5.7100 Uniform 185.28 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 18.00 5.9420 4.4450 Uniform AZ0002 Pima County Uniform CA0002 Orange County SD 322.00 0.2000 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Strength charge Uniform CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD Ascend CA0013 Los Angeles County SD AV Taxes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 414.72 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 330.16 CA0028 West County WWD 422.00 Uniform CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Meter size Uniform CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 520.20 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.Uniform CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.Uniform CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Uniform CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Uniform 330 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities sewer only Uniform FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Ascend FL0020 Toho Water Authority Ascend FL0027 Marion County Utilities 270.36 5.7400 Uniform GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Ascend 4.19 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 60.00 7.8300 Ascend GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Ascend GA0013 Dekalb County PWD readiness to serve 14.1800 Uniform HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 175.13 3.8860 2.9070 Uniform ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD Uniform IL0004 San. District of Decatur 9.00 1.4100 Uniform IL0005 Downers Grove SD Uniform IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Uniform IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Uniform IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 1.8000 1.3500 Uniform IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Uniform IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 482.00 142.44 8.0140 5.9950 Uniform KS0001 Johnson County WWD 6.1800 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 39.45 unmetered 5.3200 Ascend KS0003 Wyandotte County 4.8900 3.6600 Uniform KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Descend LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 242.00 Minimum Charge 4.8870 3.6400 Uniform MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC Ascend MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 0.9590 Uniform ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Uniform MI0006 Oakland County WRC Uniform MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Uniform MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD System Availability Uniform RATES BY BILLING METHOD (OUTSIDE CITY) 297A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RATES BY BILLING METHOD (OUTSIDE CITY) FLAT RATE VOLUME RATE TAX AND UNIT CHARGES ID MEMBER NAME USE AND I&I ($/YEAR) CUSTOM. SERVICE /BILLING ($/YEAR) OTHER($/YEAR)OTHER DESCRIPTION ($/1,000 GALS)($/100 C.F.) TYPE (ASCEND, DESCEND, UNIFORM) TAX RATE PER $1,000 UNIT CHARGE MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 215.94 1.7600 Ascend MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 385.92 3.2200 Uniform NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water Uniform NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 13.86 81.24 5.8300 4.3900 Uniform NC0007 Orange WSA Ascend NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Ascend NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 221.09 NV0003 City of Henderson Uniform NV0004 City of Las Vegas Uniform NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.Uniform NY0009 City of Monroe DES 1.4000 1.0470 Uniform 50.21 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 28.80 7.9850 Uniform OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 5.8820 4.4000 Uniform OH0007 City of Canton 278.04 Uniform OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 603.00 545.16 conservation rate Uniform OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Uniform OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Uniform 522 OR0009 City of Albany Uniform PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.Uniform RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Per dwelling unit Uniform SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Uniform SC0003 Charleston Water System 492.00 9.8300 Uniform SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.Uniform SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 108.00 6.2800 Uniform TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 396.00 0.8500 Ascend TN0005 City of Johnson City 138.00 Base Charge 11.5400 Uniform TX0002 Austin Water Utility 123.60 7.6000 Ascend TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Ascend TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 177.00 Minimum Service - 4.7290 3.5370 Ascend TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.Uniform UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 319.92 2.5300 Uniform UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Uniform VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.Uniform VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.Uniform WA0001 King County DNR Uniform WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 16.4040 12.2700 Uniform WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Uniform WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Uniform Agencies Responding 712 11 2118 1 5 Minimum 175.13 9.00 28.80 0.9590 0.8500 0.2000 4.1900 Maximum 520.20 603.00 545.16 16.4040 12.2700 0.2000 522.0000 Average 355.11 264.21 174.43 6.2773 4.3559 0.2000 218.3360 Median 330.16 267.93 138.00 5.8300 3.6500 0.2000 185.2800 298 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA INSIDE CITY OUTSIDE CITY STORMWATER OTHER BASIS, DESCRIPTIONID MEMBER NAME STORMWATER (PER YEAR, PER EDU) STORMWATER (PER YEAR, OTHER BASIS) STORMWATER EDU DESCRIPTION STORMWATER (PER YEAR, PER EDU) STORMWATER (PER YEAR, OTHER BASIS) STORMWATER EDU DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 31.6 31.6 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 9.16 per acct CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 2.46 2.46 100 sq ft GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 4.00 See See HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 66.80 $0.18 $0.18 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decatur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 3.65 2,500 sq. ft. 2,500 sq. ft. KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD STORMWATER RATES 299A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA STORMWATER RATES INSIDE CITY OUTSIDE CITY STORMWATER OTHER BASIS, DESCRIPTIONID MEMBER NAME STORMWATER (PER YEAR, PER EDU) STORMWATER (PER YEAR, OTHER BASIS) STORMWATER EDU DESCRIPTION STORMWATER (PER YEAR, PER EDU) STORMWATER (PER YEAR, OTHER BASIS) STORMWATER EDU DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 61.80 61.80 Impervious Surface Area OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland 28.61 2400 sq. ft. 2400 sq. ft. OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 78.00 78.00 OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 169.44 Residential RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Based on customer class WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 5 4 1.0 2.0 Minimum 3.65 2.46 78.00 2.46 Maximum 78.00 169.44 78.00 61.80 Average 36.21 60.72 78.00 32.13 Median 28.61 35.48 78.00 32.13 300 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA ID MEMBER NAME UTILITY COLLECTS LIFELINE RATES BILL DISCOUNTS NO COST VOLUME ALLOW. PAYMENT PLANS COMMUNITY AGENCIES ASSIST OTHER OTHER DESC AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes (150) Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Low Income CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes (5033) CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes (1324) Yes (1324) Yes (177) CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes (14) FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes (14622) Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes IL0004 San. District of Decatur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes Yes IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes (379) Help to Others KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Yes Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes LIHEAP Grants MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes (485) ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes (10) Yes (100) ACSET fund MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes (3129) Yes COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE 301A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE ID MEMBER NAME UTILITY COLLECTS LIFELINE RATES BILL DISCOUNTS NO COST VOLUME ALLOW. PAYMENT PLANS COMMUNITY AGENCIES ASSIST OTHER OTHER DESC MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div.Yes Yes MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes (600) Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes active military rate NV0003 City of Henderson Yes (1223) Yes (100) NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Yes (53000) Yes (35500) NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.Yes Yes (26000) Aff ordability, OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes (9257) Yes (41049) OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes (531) Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes (6619) Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes (81) OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.Yes (10000) Yes CAP-stormwater RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.Yes Yes SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes Yes Good neighbor SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes (667) Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.Yes Yes County abatement; Red Cross UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Emergency WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD We have no assistance programs WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 15 12 16 0 42 38 11 Percent of Respondents 12% 10% 13% 0% 33% 30% 9% 302 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA WHICH CUSTOMERS ARE ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE ASSISTANCE? WHO PERFORMS ELIGIBILITY REVIEW? ID MEMBER NAME SENIORS OF ANY INCOME SENIORS WITH LOW INCOME LOW INCOME PERSONS WITH DIS- BILITIES RATE-PAYERS ELIGIBLE FOR ENERGY ASSISTANCE OTHER OTHER DESC UTILITY SOCIAL SERVICES AGENCY OTHER OTHER DESC AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes Yes local AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes Yes Human AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD Yes Yes Eligible Yes CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes Yes Yes seniors Yes CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes Yes CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes DOEE FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes Yes GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes Gwinnett GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes We run GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Yes Yes ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decatur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Any Yes Yes other IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC Yes Yes MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes Yes Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes Yes Yes ACSET MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES varies by varies by MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Disabled Yes Yes LIHEAP COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE ELIGIBILITY 303A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE ELIGIBILITY WHICH CUSTOMERS ARE ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE ASSISTANCE? WHO PERFORMS ELIGIBILITY REVIEW? ID MEMBER NAME SENIORS OF ANY INCOME SENIORS WITH LOW INCOME LOW INCOME PERSONS WITH DIS- BILITIES RATE-PAYERS ELIGIBLE FOR ENERGY ASSISTANCE OTHER OTHER DESC UTILITY SOCIAL SERVICES AGENCY OTHER OTHER DESC MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water N/A N/A NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes active Yes NV0003 City of Henderson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NYC NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County Yes all Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes Low Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Yes Yes OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes Yes Yes Yes Charities, Yes City and RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System Yes SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes United TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Austin TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes Yes City TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Salvation UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes Salvation VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes Yes Yes WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD We WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Number of Respondents42424242 42 42 46 4646 NUmber of ‘Yes” Responses 7 24 32 12 7 12 22 16 15 Percent of Respondents 17% 57% 76% 29% 17% 29% 48% 35% 33% 304 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA FLAT RATE VOLUME RATE OTHER ID MEMBER NAME USAGE & I/I ($/YEAR) CUSTOMER SERVICE / BILLING ($/YEAR) $ PER 1,000 GALLONS $ PER 100 CUBIC FT.RATE DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 24.00 7.26 5.43 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 6.89 5.15 123.48 Availability Fee based on AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 12.00 1.68 1.25 perlbbodand ss also apply AZ0002 Pima County 17.61 13.17 Based on sewer use class, CA0002 Orange County SD 1.34 1.00 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 4.91 3.67 CA0006 East Bay MUD 320.00 129.24 6.30 4.71 CA0007 City of Riverside 2.77 2.07 CA0008 Sacramento County 0.78 0.59 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 9.23 6.90 Strength charges based on CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 5.72 4.28 CA0028 West County WWD 4.52 3.38 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 13.74 10.27 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 351.60 2.11 2.11 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 3,004.00 $/1000000 gallons (MG) CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.3.88 2.90 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.3.46 2.59 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 475.00 8.55 6.39 250.00 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 0.45 0.34 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.7.27 5.44 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 3.57 2.67 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 5.57 4.17 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 5.74 4.29 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 7.98 5.97 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 3.29 2.46 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Tiered rates - see HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 128.52 3.66 2.74 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 2.81 2.10 Monthly Average/3-day ID0005 City of Twin Falls 257.52 0.56 0.42 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 0.26 0.19 IL0002 North Shore SD 1.16 0.87 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 1.89 1.41 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 1.65 1.23 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 3.85 2.88 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 0.26 0.20 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 1.80 1.35 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 1.85 1.38 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 6.41 4.80 fl at service charge based on KS0001 Johnson County WWD 159.00 6.18 4.04 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 5.32 3.98 KS0003 Wyandotte County 194.76 4.89 3.66 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 9.39 7.02 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 7.30 5.46 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 2.35 1.76 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 180.00 4.13 3.09 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 44.40 4.29 3.21 174.60 Flat Rate: System INDUSTRIAL VOLUME RATES 305A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA INDUSTRIAL VOLUME RATES FLAT RATE VOLUME RATE OTHER ID MEMBER NAME USAGE & I/I ($/YEAR) CUSTOMER SERVICE / BILLING ($/YEAR) $ PER 1,000 GALLONS $ PER 100 CUBIC FT.RATE DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div.2.35 1.76 18.00 Customer Charge MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 128.64 4.30 3.22 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 37.80 0.32 0.24 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 27.72 5.29 3.96 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm.460.04 $ Per MG NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1.91 1.43 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson 58.20 2.36 1.77 NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.8.10 6.06 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP 163.00 3.30 2.47 1.43 Assessed Value OH0001 City of Akron 14.25 10.66 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 5.88 per CCF plus surchage if OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.7.99 5.97 7.20 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 5.79 4.34 OH0007 City of Canton 3.46 2.59 1.76 contract with 1 (100 cu ft) OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.4.33 3.24 OH0021 Montgomery County 66.02 29.08 OR0001 Clean Water Services 4.00 2.99 OR0002 City of Portland 13.44 10.05 OR0005 City of Gresham 54.96 49.02 4.00 2.99 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 540.00 per year plus extra strength OR0009 City of Albany 4.76 3.56 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.4.08 3.06 0.05 Laundry RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.4.40 3.29 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 132.00 5.61 4.20 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.5.90 4.41 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 6.28 4.70 108.00 Basic Facility Charge TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 1,656.00 1.14 0.85 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 8.11 6.07 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 3.56 2.66 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.2.74 2.03 3.36 Ind. Class 2, 4 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 562.10 2.53 1.89 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 6.77 5.06 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 6.68 5.00 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.5.52 4.13 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.2.71 2.02 WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 16.40 12.27 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 37.14 900 cu ft WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 1.92 1.44 Agencies Responding 10 14 77 77 15 Minimum 24.00 12.00 0.26 0.19 Maximum 475.00 1,656.00 17.61 13.17 Average 185.32 241.96 4.92 3.68 Median 154.32 128.88 4.29 3.21 306 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA BOD COD CBOD SUSPENDED SOLIDS ID MEMBER NAME RATE ($/LB) SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 0.2300 280 0.2500 250 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 0 0.1900 960 0.1600 600 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 0.1560 300 0.0475 300 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 0.4682 0.3923 AZ0002 Pima County 0.3430 569 0.3800 177 CA0002 Orange County SD 0.6370 0.6780 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 1.2160 0.5670 CA0006 East Bay MUD 0.3060 0.4470 CA0007 City of Riverside 0.3800 0.3800 CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD 0.4940 0 0.9310 0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 0.1490 0.4215 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 0.3100 0.3700 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 0.4600 0 0.5400 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 0.5900 0.4100 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 0.2700 200 0.2330 250 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 0.2317 255 0.2308 260 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 0.3800 237 0.1900 237 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 250 250 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 0.5280 300 0.5630 300 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 0.1900 0.1400 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities 400 0.0900 920 288 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 0.4800 250 0.3000 275 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 0.1000 250 0.1000 250 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 0.0720 250 0.0720 250 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 0.1600 550 0.4300 250 0.6300 300 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 0.1566 0.1290 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 0.2500 0.2450 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 0.2350 0 0.1480 0 IL0002 North Shore SD 0.2800 0.2700 IL0004 San. District of Decatur 0.0700 200 0.0900 250 IL0005 Downers Grove SD 0.2400 200 0.3000 250 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 0.5830 225 0.2510 200 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 0.1062 0.3117 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 0.1200 200 0.1000 250 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 0.1662 380 0.0358 200 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 0.1164 300 0.1664 600 0.1521 600 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 0.2330 0.1720 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 0.2200 250 0.1700 300 KS0003 Wyandotte County 0.2155 375 0.2872 250 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 0.4350 0.2420 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 0.2550 200 0.9600 250 MA0001 MWRA 0.1800 400 0.2100 400 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 0.3860 0.2640 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 0.2400 0.4080 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 0.1483 0.2979 MN0002 MCES 0.1020 500 0.2040 250 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 0.3600 0.3400 MO0001 Kansas City Water 0.3200 250 0.1900 250 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 0.3160 300 0.1580 600 0.1260 300 BOD, COD, CBOD & SUSPENDED SOLIDS RATES 307A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA BOD, COD, CBOD & SUSPENDED SOLIDS RATES BOD COD CBOD SUSPENDED SOLIDS ID MEMBER NAME RATE ($/LB) SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. 0.4070 256 0.1240 304 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 0.1060 250 0.1850 300 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 0.1600 0.1600 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 0.3200 240 0.2590 240 NC0007 Orange WSA 0.4300 205 0.5200 235 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 0.4440 0.4450 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 0.3100 250 0.1600 500 0.2600 330 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.1000 250 0.0800 250 NV0003 City of Henderson 0.2700 300 0.2800 300 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 0.1500 600 0.0900 750 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 0.4700 300 0.5050 300 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 0.2370 399 0.2010 771 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 0.7530 240 0.4410 300 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 0.0830 228 0.0360 532 0.0810 266 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 0.4500 250 0.3100 300 OH0007 City of Canton 0.3180 300 0.3180 400 0.3290 250 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 0.1560 200 0.0310 500 0.0940 250 OH0021 Montgomery County 1.0600 250 0.8800 300 OR0001 Clean Water Services 0.1530 0.2350 OR0002 City of Portland 0.7230 300 0.9880 350 OR0005 City of Gresham 0.4400 0 0.4300 0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 0.1008 350 0.0936 350 OR0009 City of Albany 0.9160 1.2250 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 0.3500 250 0.3690 350 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 300 300 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 0.2750 250 0.2750 250 SC0003 Charleston Water System 0.6230 290 0.6310 290 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 0.5520 300 0.4240 300 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 0.3500 250 0.6000 250 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 0.1240 240 0.1170 300 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 0.5043 200 0.2242 450 0.1087 200 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 2.3352 250 1.4178 250 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 1.8100 250 1.6800 250 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 0.3840 1800 0.1920 1800 0.2290 1800 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 0.0700 400 0.1400 250 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 0.0780 282 0.0720 261 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 0.2300 250 0.2100 250 WA0001 King County DNR 0.2370 300 0.3930 400 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance 0.6000 300 0.3900 300 WI0001 NEW Water 0.4310 0.4130 WI0002 Madison MSD 0.1660 0.2370 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 0.1190 0.1630 Agencies Responding 72 57 21 16 5 3 88 65 Minimum 0.0700 0.0 0.0310 0.0 0.1566 205.0 0.0358 0.0 Maximum 2.3352 1,800.0 0.4940 1,800.0 1.0600 250.0 1.6800 1,800.0 Average 0.3797 282.5 0.1951 603.5 0.4485 235.0 0.3457 305.9 Median 0.2950 250.0 0.1600 516.0 0.4300 250.0 0.2620 260.0 308 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA AMMONIA-NITROGEN TKN PHOSPHORUS FATS, OILS, AND GREASE ID MEMBER NAME RATE ($/LB) SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 0.4600 20 0.2500 100 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 0.1900 50 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 0.0795 100 AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD 0.9740 0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 1.1700 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 2.6890 20 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 0.2830 40 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 100 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 0.5840 40 2.1810 10 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities 40 100 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 3.0400 30 12.9000 10 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 0.4600 20 0.4600 20 0.1000 100 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 0.7200 30 2.8700 10 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 1.5100 30 0.9800 45 0.8400 300 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 0.6118 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decatur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 0.4070 35 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 0.8105 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 0.2659 25 1.4990 10 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 0.0700 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 3.3400 100 KS0003 Wyandotte County 0.1010 30 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 1.2240 0.6720 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 0.3860 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 0.2280 2.2160 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 1.5600 4.2100 MO0001 Kansas City Water 0.1400 30 MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD AMMONIA-NITROGEN, TKN, PHOSPHORUS, FOG RATES 309A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA AMMONIA-NITROGEN, TKN, PHOSPHORUS, FOG RATES AMMONIA-NITROGEN TKN PHOSPHORUS FATS, OILS, AND GREASE ID MEMBER NAME RATE ($/LB) SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L)RATE ($/LB)SURCHARGE CONC (MG/L) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 1.8000 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA 3.0400 25 12.2600 6.5 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 0.7700 25 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.5600 19 10.0000 5.5 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 1.6400 14 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 0.0250 10 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 0.6600 25 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 0.4900 40 OH0007 City of Canton 2.7800 25 5.4850 20 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 5.0300 22 36.6200 20 0.7100 100 OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.0.2890 100 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 1.5000 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 2.0000 100 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 0.1470 47 0.6990 6 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 1.6400 40 5.0700 8 WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 0.6400 0.6060 WI0002 Madison MSD 0.3640 3.5490 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 17 12 14 10 17 12 14 14 Minimum 0.2280 19.0 0.1470 20.0 0.0250 5.5 0.0700 0.0 Maximum 5.0300 30.0 1.6400 47.0 36.6200 20.0 3.3400 300.0 Average 1.6014 24.3 0.6901 37.2 6.0295 10.8 0.6764 93.6 Median 1.5000 25.0 0.5979 40.0 2.8700 10.0 0.2695 100.0 310 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA INDUSTRIAL BILLING FREQUENCY SEPTIC TANK DISCHARGES RECLAIMED WATER RATES ID MEMBER NAME RATE ($/1,000 GAL) ANNUAL FLAT RATE OTHER OTHER DESC FLAT RATE - USAGE FLAT RATE - CUST. SERVICE VOLUME RATE ($/1,000 GAL) OTHER OTHER DESC AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Monthly AL0004 Daphne Utilities 50.00 AR0001 City of Litte Rock Monthly 35.00 Each AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Monthly AZ0001 City of Phoenix Monthly 3.81 AZ0002 Pima County Monthly 140.00 80 CA0002 Orange County SD Quarterly 50.00 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Annually 0.15 1.66 3.48 prior CA0006 East Bay MUD Bi-monthly 70.00 232.08 4.32 CA0007 City of Riverside Monthly 30.00 1.07 CA0008 Sacramento County Monthly 53.00 292 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Monthly CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 63.00 Shared CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Monthly CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Annually 1,361,784.00 0.87 CA0028 West County WWD Monthly 80.00 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Monthly 130.00 5.27 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Monthly 120.00 0.10 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Monthly 93.60 35 $/Acre-ft CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Monthly CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Monthly 47.00 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 1.25 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Semi-Annually 100.00 CT0010 Town of Greenwich Quarterly 70.00 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Monthly FL0002 Orange County Utilities Monthly 63.20 0.96 3.53 Fixed FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Quarterly 32.50 FL0020 Toho Water Authority Monthly FL0027 Marion County Utilities Monthly GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Monthly GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Monthly 115.00 1.13 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Monthly 62.50 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Monthly 80.00 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Monthly 38.50 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Monthly 97.25 ID0005 City of Twin Falls Monthly IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Quarterly IL0002 North Shore SD Quarterly 32.45 7,140.00 IL0004 San. District of Decatur Monthly 15.00 IL0005 Downers Grove SD Bi-monthly 50.00 FOG IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Monthly IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Monthly 152.00 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Quarterly 60.00 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Monthly 89.10 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Monthly 62.12 KS0001 Johnson County WWD Monthly 0.06 $/lb KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Monthly 0.50 KS0003 Wyandotte County Monthly 95.00 KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Quarterly 109.00 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 32.85 MA0005 Boston WSC Monthly MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Monthly 100.00 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME 115.00 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Quarterly MI0006 Oakland County WRC Quarterly MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Monthly 42.00 MN0002 MCES 58.80 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Monthly 91.00 MO0001 Kansas City Water Monthly MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Monthly 80.00 RATES FOR SEPTIC & RECLAIMED WATER 311A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA RATES FOR SEPTIC & RECLAIMED WATER INDUSTRIAL BILLING FREQUENCY SEPTIC TANK DISCHARGES RECLAIMED WATER RATES ID MEMBER NAME RATE ($/1,000 GAL) ANNUAL FLAT RATE OTHER OTHER DESC FLAT RATE - USAGE FLAT RATE - CUST. SERVICE VOLUME RATE ($/1,000 GAL) OTHER OTHER DESC MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. Monthly 24.00 MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Monthly 50.00 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water Monthly 35.00 37.80 0.40 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Monthly 45.00 NC0007 Orange WSA 170.00 100.44 2.18 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Monthly 24.26 50.77 Chemical 2.19 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Quarterly 60.00 1.05 NV0003 City of Henderson Monthly 1.20 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Monthly 2.33 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. Quarterly NY0009 City of Monroe DES Annually 42.00 NY0020 Erie County DEP Annually 60.00 OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Monthly 6.00 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Quarterly 40.00 200.00 Annual OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Monthly 81.70 OH0007 City of Canton Monthly 100.15 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Monthly 50.00 OH0021 Montgomery County Quarterly 75.00 OR0001 Clean Water Services Monthly 0.15 per gallon OR0002 City of Portland Monthly OR0005 City of Gresham Bi-monthly OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Quarterly OR0009 City of Albany Monthly 150.00 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 52.16 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Monthly 42.00 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Monthly 67.00 50.00 SC0003 Charleston Water System Monthly 78.13 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Monthly 90.00 0.25 200 Basic TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Monthly 88.80 100.00 TN0005 City of Johnson City Monthly 50.00 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Monthly 44.50 2.19 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Monthly 45.00 0.91 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Monthly TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Monthly UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Monthly UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Monthly 25.00 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 30.19 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Monthly 1.77 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Quarterly VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Monthly 136.20 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Monthly VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Bi-monthly 50.00 WA0001 King County DNR Monthly 129.00 1.40 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Bi-monthly WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance Monthly 153.20 WI0001 NEW Water Monthly 15.23 WI0002 Madison MSD Monthly 21.60 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Monthly 33.15 Agencies Responding 71 1 8 4 1 21 6 Minimum 0.15 100.00 37.80 232.08 0.25 3.48 Maximum 170.00 100.00 1,361,784 232.08 5.27 292.00 Average 68.79 100.00 342,266 232.08 1.75 102.34 Median 60.00 100.00 3,620 232.08 1.25 57.50 312 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL CONNECTION FEE COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FACILITY/IMPACT FEE ID MEMBER NAME CONNECTION FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) FACILITY / IMPACT FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 70.00 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD 29,900 CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD 11,080.00 1.00 0.00 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 5,943.00 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 0.00 0.00 CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 1,416.00 1,000 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 4,000.00 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 940.00 0.75 800.00 0.75 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 4,560.00 0.75 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich 100.00 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 50.00 FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 25.00 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 1,160.00 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls 550.00 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decatur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 75.00 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 4,400.00 0.62 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 750.00 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 2,485 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 14,711.00 4.00 COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FEES 313A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FEES COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL CONNECTION FEE COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FACILITY/IMPACT FEE ID MEMBER NAME CONNECTION FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) FACILITY / IMPACT FEE AMOUNT ($) IF BASED ON METER, SIZE OF METER IF BASED ON FLOW, USAGE (GALLONS) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 408.00 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 2,812.00 2,186.00 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 120,000.00 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 2,195.00 2,195.00 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 2,167.00 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. 200.00 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton 1,000.00 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 10,459.00 OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland 223.00 6,046.00 OR0005 City of Gresham OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 4,474 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 7,500.00 1.00 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 500.00 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 1,500.00 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 501.00 0.63 2,200.00 0.63 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 29,420.00 2.00 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.4,025.00 WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 330.00 10.00 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 21.71 Agencies Responding 31 8 2 10 3 2 Minimum 0.00 0.62 1,000 0.00 0.63 2,485 Maximum 120,000.00 10.00 4,474 7,500.00 1.00 29,900 Average 6,955.60 2.47 2,737 3,089.50 0.79 16,193 Median 940.00 0.88 2,737 2,197.50 0.75 16,193 314 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA LATE FEES ID MEMBER NAME NEW ACCOUNT FEE ($) PRE-TREATMENT FEE ($)OTHER FEE OTHER ONGOING AS A FLAT FEE ONGOING AS A % OF OVERDUE AMOUNT) ONE-TIME FLAT FEE AS A % OF OVERDUE TIME FOR ON-TIME PAYMENT (DAYS) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 125.00 Inspection AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 0.00 0.29 3.0 AZ0002 Pima County 20.00 48.00 CA0002 Orange County SD 1,862.00 Capacity/ CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD 0.00 0.00 0.5 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 0.00 CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 510.00 Processing 10.0 21 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 50.00 10.0 30 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 1.5 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 25.00 Deposit = 2 x FL0027 Marion County Utilities 4,602.00 5.0 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 10.0 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD See 10.0 20 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 4.5 21 ID0005 City of Twin Falls 1.0 25 IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD 10.0 IL0004 San. District of Decatur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 1.0 10.0 21 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 7,000.00 Per Acre 12.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 72.00 10.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 140.30 1.01 Food Service 10.0 20 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 5.00 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 750.00 12.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 375.00 400.00 Permit fee 10.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 100.00 1,600.00 daily MO0001 Kansas City Water COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FEES (CONTINUED) 315A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FEES (CONTINUED) LATE FEES ID MEMBER NAME NEW ACCOUNT FEE ($) PRE-TREATMENT FEE ($)OTHER FEE OTHER ONGOING AS A FLAT FEE ONGOING AS A % OF OVERDUE AMOUNT) ONE-TIME FLAT FEE AS A % OF OVERDUE TIME FOR ON-TIME PAYMENT (DAYS) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 1.5 10.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 39.00 0.24 Pretreatment NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Pretreatment NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 15.0 15 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot.6.0 NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County surcharge OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland OR0005 City of Gresham 5.00 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 45.00 $ /1000 c.f. / OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.5.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 2,500.00 2,533.00 Max SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 20.00 1.5 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 45.00 5.0 15 TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 5.0 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 5.0 15 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 27.00 Commercial UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 100.00 1.5 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 100.00 1,500.00 pretreatment VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.1.5 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 15.00 5.00 WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities The WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 15 3 15 4 24 6 10 Minimum 0.00 0.00 0.24 5.00 0.5 4.5 15.0 Maximum 2,500.00 140.30 7,000.00 48.00 15.0 12.0 30.0 Average 269.27 80.10 1,351.84 15.75 5.5 9.4 20.3 Median 39.00 100.00 400.00 5.00 5.0 10.0 20.5 316 A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX C - RATES AND CHARGES SURVEY DATA Page intentionally left blank 317 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Appendix D Staffing and Salaries Survey Data 318 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME MGMT, ADMIN, & SUPPORT BILL & COLLECT / CUSTOMER SERVICE ENGINEER-ING INDUSTRIAL PRETREAT COLLECT /INTERCEPT SYSTEMS TREATMENT WATER REUSE BIOSOLIDS STORMWATER TOTAL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 70.0 4.0 3.0 7.0 81.0 37.0 202.0 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 11.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 12.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 35.0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock 66.0 22.0 17.0 90.0 24.0 219.0 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 11.0 8.0 31.0 50.0 AZ0001 City of Phoenix 57.0 35.0 141.0 167.0 10.0 410.0 AZ0002 Pima County 85.0 65.0 16.0 122.0 164.0 5.0 457.0 CA0002 Orange County SD 247.0 76.0 25.0 20.0 196.0 3.0 626.0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 67.0 72.0 9.0 56.0 69.0 1.0 16.0 290.0 CA0006 East Bay MUD 69.0 55.5 22.0 128.0 0.0 274.5 CA0007 City of Riverside 16.0 5.0 9.0 16.0 62.0 5.0 113.0 CA0008 Sacramento County 115.0 88.0 14.0 19.0 223.0 19.0 478.0 CA0010 San Francisco PUD 71.0 56.0 45.0 20.0 69.0 273.0 12.0 546.0 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 322.0 59.0 123.0 642.0 1,146.0 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 11.0 1.0 11.0 45.0 68.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 7.0 6.0 4.0 40.0 57.0 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 22.0 9.0 2.0 3.0 41.0 1.0 78.0 CA0028 West County WWD 10.0 9.2 13.8 25.0 58.0 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 16.0 1.0 47.0 64.0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 8.0 12.0 1.0 9.0 28.0 25.0 18.0 9.0 11.0 121.0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 21.0 25.0 42.0 91.0 CA0064 Central Marin SA 8.0 3.0 32.0 43.0 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 17.0 1.0 2.0 29.0 49.0 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 81.0 49.0 71.0 22.0 117.0 47.0 387.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 8.5 2.0 17.0 25.0 52.5 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 11.3 18.4 87.7 26.4 143.8 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 1.0 2.0 3.0 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 4.0 1.0 7.0 13.0 25.0 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 390.0 8.0 41.0 95.0 35.0 569.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 63.0 100.0 66.0 10.0 148.0 94.0 480.0 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 844.0 238.0 231.0 703.0 610.0 2,626.0 FL0020 Toho Water Authority 66.0 40.0 27.0 6.0 98.0 36.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 275.0 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 11.0 21.0 7.0 1.0 28.0 29.0 97.0 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 450.0 52.0 183.0 505.0 258.0 1,448.0 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 56.0 55.0 47.0 91.0 283.0 66.0 598.0 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 80.0 28.0 16.0 6.0 25.0 22.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 182.0 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD 31.0 25.0 21.0 15.0 88.0 65.0 245.0 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 129.0 211.0 313.0 653.0 IA0002 City of Ames 5.0 3.5 1.0 1.0 3.6 15.0 29.1 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 5.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 27.0 63.0 2.0 1.0 102.0 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 459.0 244.0 64.0 240.0 656.0 254.0 59.0 1,976.0 IL0002 North Shore SD 27.0 9.0 7.0 1.0 0.0 56.0 100.0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 10.7 0.1 6.9 16.7 2.7 37.1 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 16.0 48.0 64.0 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 5.0 4.0 13.0 2.0 12.0 34.0 70.0 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 4.0 4.0 22.0 2.0 32.0 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 4.4 1.0 1.0 21.4 27.8 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 3.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 15.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.5 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 12.6 18.2 26.5 4.0 54.0 44.5 5.0 42.2 207.0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 16.0 21.0 26.0 1.0 3.0 148.0 215.0 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 16.0 13.0 2.0 5.0 87.0 48.0 7.0 178.0 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 58.0 21.0 4.0 79.0 74.0 16.0 252.0 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 34.0 20.0 19.0 149.0 102.0 324.0 MA0001 MWRA 735.0 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 16.0 13.0 23.0 3.0 36.0 144.0 235.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 18.0 4.0 4.0 6.0 17.0 22.0 22.0 18.0 111.0 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 34.0 34.0 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 52.8 4.3 19.7 7.1 83.9 MN0002 MCES 129.1 29.6 105.2 225.1 161.1 650.1 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 3.0 3.0 11.0 23.0 1.0 41.0 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 187.0 33.0 235.0 366.0 179.0 1,000.0 AGENCY STAFFING LEVELS (FULL-TIME EQUIVALENTS) 319 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 AGENCY STAFFING LEVELS (FULL-TIME EQUIVALENTS) ID MEMBER NAME MGMT, ADMIN, & SUPPORT BILL & COLLECT / CUSTOMER SERVICE ENGINEER-ING INDUSTRIAL PRETREAT COLLECT /INTERCEPT SYSTEMS TREATMENT WATER REUSE BIOSOLIDS STORMWATER TOTAL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 1.0 1.0 1.0 16.0 13.0 3.0 35.0 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water 9.0 14.0 140.0 93.0 1.0 257.0 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 30.0 14.0 3.0 64.0 40.0 148.0 NC0007 Orange WSA 22.0 13.0 19.0 4.0 58.0 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 11.0 1.0 7.0 3.0 110.0 14.0 146.0 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. 30.0 30.0 NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 36.0 19.0 62.0 97.0 17.0 231.0 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 70.0 12.0 68.0 10.0 64.0 150.0 374.0 NV0003 City of Henderson 29.0 3.0 14.0 31.0 6.0 7.0 90.0 NV0004 City of Las Vegas 30.0 18.0 23.0 4.0 59.0 58.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 194.0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 47.0 12.0 65.0 85.0 14.0 223.0 NY0020 Erie County DEP 262.0 OH0001 City of Akron 4.0 54.0 44.0 102.0 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 143.0 113.0 37.0 132.0 615.0 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. 278.0 15.0 59.0 26.0 40.0 293.0 11.0 722.0 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 73.0 24.0 174.0 196.0 19.0 486.0 OH0007 City of Canton 10.6 3.0 20.0 26.0 4.0 63.6 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 4.2 4.6 14.8 19.0 42.6 OH0021 Montgomery County 24.7 19.4 1.0 6.0 52.8 32.5 136.4 OR0001 Clean Water Services 69.1 2.0 8.0 114.0 135.0 0.5 1.0 329.6 OR0002 City of Portland 16.0 31.0 44.0 96.0 8.0 195.0 OR0005 City of Gresham 3.4 4.0 3.5 14.5 3.0 28.4 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 29.0 5.6 12.0 25.0 4.7 4.6 80.9 OR0009 City of Albany 3.0 3.0 9.5 7.0 22.5 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 241.5 271.0 17.0 360.0 291.0 1,180.5 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 91.0 22.0 6.0 43.0 12.0 86.0 260.0 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 50.0 6.0 15.0 9.0 36.0 83.0 6.0 205.0 SC0003 Charleston Water System 21.0 49.0 27.0 4.0 101.0 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 27.0 1.0 33.0 14.0 1.0 76.0 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 60.1 19.1 43.0 16.0 33.0 33.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 205.2 TN0005 City of Johnson City 21.5 40.0 26.0 87.5 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 111.0 19.0 89.0 42.0 45.0 208.0 33.0 547.0 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 31.0 27.0 13.0 49.0 198.0 318.0 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 274.0 235.0 168.0 40.0 319.0 66.0 5.0 1,107.0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 1.7 0.5 2.0 9.5 0.3 2.0 16.0 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 6.4 7.0 38.5 58.5 110.4 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 3.0 1.0 6.0 5.0 2.0 17.0 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 4.0 1.0 7.0 1.0 14.0 12.0 2.0 41.0 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 5.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 10.0 13.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 40.0 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 32.0 64.0 96.0 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 42.0 4.0 140.0 135.0 0.0 0.0 321.0 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 162.0 77.0 39.0 26.0 136.0 363.0 803.0 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 50.0 10.0 121.0 181.0 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 101.1 25.6 12.9 11.0 90.1 47.8 288.5 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. 48.0 6.0 29.0 44.0 127.0 WA0001 King County DNR 234.0 22.0 40.0 15.0 29.0 272.0 2.0 9.0 625.0 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities 19.0 0.0 32.0 51.0 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 21.9 7.0 1.0 8.0 55.0 92.9 WI0002 Madison MSD 21.8 10.1 1.0 9.9 47.7 4.0 94.5 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 153.0 58.0 211.0 Agencies Responding (2)105 42 64 85 91 102 12 42 10 110 Minimum 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.1 1.0 3.0 0.3 1.0 1.0 3.0 Maximum 844.0 271.0 244.0 71.0 703.0 656.0 208.0 254.0 66.0 2,626.0 Average 70.5 37.4 39.5 13.2 73.8 98.1 21.3 18.5 24.1 289.6 Median 27.0 19.1 17.2 7.0 36.0 47.8 2.0 5.0 14.0 147.0 Total 7,406.4 1,572.4 2,525.2 1,119.7 6,711.6 10,003.3 255.8 775.6 240.8 31,857.8NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 3Total staff based on responses provided for individual staff categories. 320 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME MGMT, ADMIN, & SUPPORT BILL & COLLECT / CUSTOMER SERVICE ENGINEER-ING INDUSTRIAL PRETREAT COLLECT /INTERCEPT SYSTEMS TREATMENT WATER REUSE BIOSOLIDS STORMWATER TOTAL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County 8.0 8.0 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 4.0 5.0 14.0 1.0 24.0 CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities 2.0 1.0 8.0 17.0 27.0 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 2.0 2.0 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD 8.0 8.0 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 5.0 1.0 2.0 0.0 5.0 13.0 10.0 4.0 40.0 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD PRIVATE CONTRACTOR STAFF (FULL-TIME EQUIVALENTS) 321 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PRIVATE CONTRACTOR STAFF (FULL-TIME EQUIVALENTS) ID MEMBER NAME MGMT, ADMIN, & SUPPORT BILL & COLLECT / CUSTOMER SERVICE ENGINEER-ING INDUSTRIAL PRETREAT COLLECT /INTERCEPT SYSTEMS TREATMENT WATER REUSE BIOSOLIDS STORMWATER TOTAL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 3.0 3.0 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 3.0 3.0 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 21.0 21.0 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland 178.0 30.0 208.0 OR0005 City of Gresham 1.0 0.1 12.9 3.0 17.0 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. 14.0 6.0 27.0 16.0 1.0 64.0 SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding (2)824 25 5 18014 Minimum 1.0 1.0 2.0 0.0 5.0 12.9 10.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 Maximum 14.0 1.0 20.0 0.1 178.0 17.0 10.0 30.0 0.0 208.0 Average 4.8 1.0 7.8 0.1 44.6 14.6 10.0 8.8 31.9 Median 3.5 1.0 4.5 0.1 8.0 14.0 10.0 3.5 18.5 Total 38.0 2.0 31.0 0.1 223.0 72.9 10.0 70.0 0.0 446.0NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 322 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 CHIEF ENGINEER CIVIL ENGINEER ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS ENG MGR 82,846 132,434 AL0004 Daphne Utilities General Manager 70,000 110,000 Operations Manager 50,000 80,000 AR0001 City of Litte Rock Civil Engineer 86,986 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Civil Engineer II/Civil AZ0002 Pima County 67,246 108,472 57,785 92,745 CA0002 Orange County SD Associate Engineer Yes 105,496 128,544 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Dir. Eng. & Tech. Services 183,420 231,696 Assistant Engr./Senior Yes 103,440 144,084 CA0006 East Bay MUD Engineering Manager 131,148 189,444 Jr -Sr. Civil Engineer Yes 81,480 146,988 CA0007 City of Riverside Principal Engineer 97,644 144,252 N/A CA0008 Sacramento County Director & Agency 157,666 209,385 Asst & Assoc Yes 73,977 114,672 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes 213,512 Includes Civil, Yes 79,872 159,419 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Engineer Associate 77,940 141,576 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Director of 128,500 172,500 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Senior Environmental 91,416 156,894 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Asst. to Eng. Svc. 140,082 203,348 CA0028 West County WWD Senior Engineer Yes 119,704 147,498 CA0039 South Orange County WWA Director of 136,011 173,597 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Water Department 150,270 196,239 Water Reuse Engineer Yes 97,751 125,566 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD 166,418 183,476 CA0064 Central Marin SA Tech Srv Mgr 161,220 195,963 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 103,320 131,435 Eng 68,630 119,729 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 89,846 109,844 46,125 59,363 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Eng/Tech/Proj Eng 56,406 72,123 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 97,941 109,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich Wastewater Division Yes 94,446 121,866 Process Control Yes 76,474 98,676 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 179,463 299,104 85,723 110,449 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Sr. Engineer - Chief 91,135 102,435 Engineer II - Engineer 58,494 72,883 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 45,814 95,378 FL0020 Toho Water Authority Se Engineer 76,968 FL0027 Marion County Utilities Project Manager 39,998 62,088 48,714 86,923 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 66,212 81,538 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Engineer V 85,602 119,242 Engineer IV 58,642 91,620 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Engineering Manager 87,785 136,067 Principal Engineer 66,079 102,423 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 41,964 88,404 IA0002 City of Ames Env Eng I 63,167 93,511 Eng Eng II 57,827 84,542 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Utilities Engineering Mgr 93,184 128,044 Sewer Utility Engineer 76,731 105,310 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Managing Engineer 125,854 174,574 Assistant Civil 68,590 139,686 IL0002 North Shore SD 146,136 62,732 133,015 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 70,000 90,700 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 78,403 104,542 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 154,000 119,800 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Executive Director 85,114 129,397 Engineer/Assistant 73,549 111,779 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 60,881 85,876 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD City Engineer Assistant 82,408 154,330 Engineer/Senior 43,777 106,433 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Chief of Engr/ 90,000 117,500 76,950 101,900 MA0001 MWRA 153,159 58,022 104,222 MA0005 Boston WSC Project Engineer Yes 55,146 93,528 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Project Mgr 115,000 115,000 115,000 115,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME SENIOR PROJECT 67,300 100,900 PROJECT ENGINEER 56,100 84,200 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Project Engineer Yes 72,863 92,999 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Civil Engineer II 55,143 72,136 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 60,882 81,765 MN0002 MCES Engineer Yes 54,000 104,400 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 65,200 96,000 SALARY INFORMATION 323 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION CHIEF ENGINEER CIVIL ENGINEER ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD N/A Engineering Designer 45,162 56,452 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water Treatment Plant 77,930 92,142 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 72,416 89,824 NC0007 Orange WSA 62,682 94,408 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 170,201 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Engr Asst/Sr Engr 52,000 79,456 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes 66,040 119,371 NV0003 City of Henderson Project Engineer 74,276 120,290 NV0004 City of Las Vegas N/A Engineering Project Yes 85,886 120,850 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Associate Engineer 72,652 93,569 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 49,535 101,737 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati 86,844 117,240 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. N/A Engineer 59,000 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Eng 1 & 4 57,658 121,472 OH0007 City of Canton 62,346 88,888 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Environmental 60,611 71,240 OH0021 Montgomery County 62,608 80,558 54,184 69,721 OR0001 Clean Water Services Engineer 79,673 109,550 OR0002 City of Portland 113,318 162,219 Eng. Assoc. Sr.-Civil to Yes 77,272 108,597 OR0005 City of Gresham Civil Engineer I/II 74,400 82,416 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County N/A Civil Engineer Yes 71,953 101,392 OR0009 City of Albany Yes 39,252 94,644 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Graduate Engineer/Env. Yes 52,251 61,866 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Engineering Manager 88,072 132,107 Environmental 43,918 65,877 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Sr. Project Engineer 83,146 Project Engineer/Eng 65,497 70,924 SC0003 Charleston Water System Plant Engineer 64,022 81,370 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 56,910 85,363 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 189,817 Engineer 60,303 114,618 TN0005 City of Johnson City 39,300 84,800 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Managing Engineer 120,328 134,638 Engineer A / Consulting 75,546 116,334 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 68,292 87,027 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Director - Engineering 148,740 Entry Level - Graduate 62,909 82,779 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Professional Engineer 90,146 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 62,022 93,168 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD District Engineer 80,547 129,878 Engineer II 60,276 98,166 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD District Engineer 95,000 108,000 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Engineer Project 84,252 134,803 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 56,587 103,453 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 108,000 122,524 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 95,000 125,000 50,000 85,000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Eng Supervisor (40) 71,124 121,451 Senior(40) to Proncipal 54,488 106,302 WA0001 King County DNR Wastewater Engineer Yes 129,385 135,584 Wastewater Engineer Yes 90,653 123,558 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 69,655 110,058 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Staff Engineer 68,494 96,699 WI0002 Madison MSD 128,000 173,000 Project Engineer 59,000 95,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 66,968 93,732 Agencies Responding 43946 198789 Minimum 39,998 62,088 39,252 56,452 Maximum 183,420 299,104 166,418 203,348 Average 101,035 142,253 70,173 103,840 Median 91,135 132,271 65,497 96,699 324 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MECHANICAL ENGINEER ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities N/A N/A AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County 57,785 92,745 57,785 92,745 CA0002 Orange County SD All Engineer Yes 105,496 128,544 All Engineer Yes 105,496 128,544 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Associate Engr. Yes 119,184 144,084 Assistant Engr./Senior Yes 103,440 144,084 CA0006 East Bay MUD Jr -Sr. Electrical Eng Yes 81,480 146,988 Jr -Sr. Mechanical Eng Yes 81,480 146,988 CA0007 City of Riverside N/A N/A CA0008 Sacramento County Asst & Assoc Yes 73,977 114,672 Asst & Assoc Yes 73,977 114,672 CA0010 San Francisco PUD See Civil See Civil CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Engineer Associate I - 77,940 141,576 Engineer Associate 77,940 141,576 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes 62,244 90,142 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA N/A N/A CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Elec/I&C Eng 67,668 123,167 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Junior Engineer 63,540 81,104 CT0010 Town of Greenwich Maintenance Manager Yes 76,474 98,676 Maintenance Supervisor Yes 63,008 71,762 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 85,723 110,449 85,723 110,449 FL0002 Orange County Utilities N/A N/A FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 45,814 95,378 45,814 95,378 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Construction Rep 31,262 48,214 GIS Technician 36,213 55,890 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 67,623 N/A GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Engineer IV 58,642 91,620 Engineer IV 58,642 91,620 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 59,846 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 41,964 88,404 IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Utilities Electrical Eng 73,070 100,318 Utilities Process/ 66,248 91,000 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Assistant Electrical 68,590 139,686 Assistant Mechanical 68,590 139,686 IL0002 North Shore SD 60,000 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Engineer 79,281 120,645 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Electrical 66,643 101,254 Maintenance 66,643 101,254 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 60,881 85,876 60,881 85,876 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Engineer/Senior 43,777 106,433 Engineer/Senior 43,777 106,433 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Same as Civil Engineer 76,950 101,900 Same as Civil Engineer 76,950 101,900 MA0001 MWRA 58,022 104,222 58,022 104,222 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Technical Control Yes 62,960 80,335 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Yes 54,000 104,400 Yes 54,000 104,400 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 80,307 94,478 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD SALARY INFORMATION 325 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MECHANICAL ENGINEER ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 SPRINGFIELD PWD, SS DIV. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD N/A N/A NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 91,369 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NA NA NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas N/A N/A NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Associate Engineer 72,652 93,569 Assoicate Engineer 72,652 93,659 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Engineer 59,000 Engineer 59,000 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 54,184 69,721 54,184 69,721 OR0001 Clean Water Services Field Engineer 79,673 109,550 OR0002 City of Portland Yes 77,272 108,597 Yes 77,272 108,597 OR0005 City of Gresham N/A N/A OR0006 WES of Clackamus County N/A N/A OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Grad. Elec. Eng. - Elec. Yes 52,251 61,866 Grad. Mech. Eng. - Yes 52,251 61,866 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. N/A Principal 48,310 72,465 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Engineer 65,412 116,268 Engineer 75,346 TN0005 City of Johnson City 55,000 85,000 TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 68,292 87,027 68,292 87,027 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Maintenance 64,191 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Wastewater Engineer Yes 71,510 120,617 Wastewater Engineer Yes 71,510 117,675 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 69,655 110,058 Yes 69,655 110,058 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 70,000 95,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 77,765 110,388 Agencies Responding 12 37 35 11 34 32 Minimum 31,262 48,214 36,213 55,890 Maximum 119,184 146,988 105,496 146,988 Average 67,490 102,974 66,430 100,474 Median 67,668 101,900 65,220 98,316 326 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 PROCESS ENGINEER CUSTOMER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS ENGINEER 67,995 108,701 OFFICE ASSIST 29,370 54,434 AL0004 Daphne Utilities N/A 27,040 AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Info Tech Analyst I/Info AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD All Engineer Yes 105,496 128,544 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Control Sys. Engr. Yes 119,184 144,084 NA CA0006 East Bay MUD Assoc-Sr. Control Yes 104,328 146,988 CA0007 City of Riverside N/A N/A CA0008 Sacramento County Sr RTPC Systems Yes 75,480 96,336 CA0010 San Francisco PUD N/A Water Services Clerk Yes 62,712 83,720 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD N/A CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA N/A Senior Administrative Yes 47,212 68,126 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. O&M Eng 62,000 104,125 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich I&I Inspector Yes 54,945 62,589 Administrative Yes 57,111 82,464 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 78,400 100,982 59,323 76,442 FL0002 Orange County Utilities N/A Customer Service 28,571 32,621 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority 29,454 FL0027 Marion County Utilities Projects Coordinator 36,213 55,890 Billing & Account 25,834 55,890 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Process Control 77,618 37,154 47,879 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Engineer IV 58,642 91,620 36,601 48,648 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Staff Engineer/Sr 46,928 72,739 Customer Care Rep/ 25,383 59,134 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Customer Service Clerk 41,975 58,359 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Utilities Process 66,248 91,000 40,684 55,889 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Associate Process 75,282 126,149 N/A IL0002 North Shore SD 80,000 85,598 40,766 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD User Accounts 58,427 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 80,655 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 39,453 52,617 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 60,881 85,876 34,819 53,664 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Engineer/Senior 43,777 106,433 Customer Service Clerk 28,918 45,863 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Same as Civil Engineer 76,950 101,900 MA0001 MWRA 58,022 104,222 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes 43,749 47,337 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME CUSTOMER SERVICE Yes 43,555 45,801 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES no such title MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 86,532 101,800 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD SALARY INFORMATION 327 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION PROCESS ENGINEER CUSTOMER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD N/A N/A NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 119,361 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NA WRD Permit technician Yes 38,584 59,738 NV0003 City of Henderson Treatment Process 81,940 117,058 Customer Service Yes 50,015 67,348 NV0004 City of Las Vegas N/A Administrative Support Yes 41,312 58,131 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Chief of Technical 83,936 108,244 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 48,478 51,395 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. N/A 41,255 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 54,184 69,721 Yes 33,841 41,350 OR0001 Clean Water Services Operations Analyst 79,673 109,550 Yes 42,892 58,977 OR0002 City of Portland Senior Engineer 89,627 119,475 Cust. Accts Speci. I to Yes 37,336 93,413 OR0005 City of Gresham N/A OR0006 WES of Clackamus County N/A Customer Info Yes 35,103 44,834 OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Control Systems 39,925 109,180 35,599 65,877 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Customer Service 51,684 SC0003 Charleston Water System Operations Engineer 58,261 78,915 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 50,586 75,878 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Business Management 52,438 89,490 30,889 45,269 TN0005 City of Johnson City CSR Clerk 27,000 41,000 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Engineer C 79,893 121,160 Customer Service 47,029 54,246 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Entry Level - CSA; 31,011 42,375 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Project Engineer 96,451 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Secretary II 34,090 48,831 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Process Manager 73,263 117,221 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 54,552 90,921 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 121,311 138,752 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 54,000 103,000 37,000 77,500 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Wastewater Process Yes 68,205 117,675 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 70,000 95,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD WI0002 Madison MSD 51,000 69,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 67,964 75,530 63,105 88,326 Agencies Responding 63638 133733 Minimum 36,213 55,890 25,383 32,621 Maximum 121,311 146,988 62,712 93,413 Average 70,742 101,929 39,177 56,693 Median 69,103 102,450 37,336 54,246 328 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ACCOUNTANT/BOOKKEEPER BUDGET ANALYST ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS ACCOUNTANT 43,597 76,918 ACCOUNTANT 43,597 76,918 AL0004 Daphne Utilities Finance Manager 50,000 80,000 AR0001 City of Litte Rock Accountant 73,029 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Controller 51,345 62,420 AZ0001 City of Phoenix Accountant I/ Budget Analyst AZ0002 Pima County 60,323 86,275 CA0002 Orange County SD Accountant and Senior Yes 80,433 95,555 Financial Analyst Yes 80,433 95,555 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Accountant/Finance Yes 89,196 141,175 NA CA0006 East Bay MUD Principal Mgmt. Analyst 99,972 144,396 CA0007 City of Riverside N/A Sr. Admin Analyst 65,880 88,284 CA0008 Sacramento County Acct & Sr Acct Yes 61,325 89,387 CA0010 San Francisco PUD See Budget Analyst Same Class Used for Yes 65,728 133,250 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Accountant I - 62,904 112,008 78,132 97,068 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Accounting Technician 54,000 72,500 Management Analyst 81,500 109,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Accountant II 75,837 107,120 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Accounting Tech. to 72,935 147,713 CA0028 West County WWD Yes 64,372 97,708 CA0039 South Orange County WWA Sr Acct 79,539 101,504 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Deputy Director - Water Yes 110,799 143,316 Administrative Analyst Yes 73,050 96,560 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 92,825 109,553 CA0064 Central Marin SA Acct Tech 70,952 86,242 Fin Analyst 98,974 120,304 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 50,180 62,754 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Financial Acct 57,242 68,806 Budget Supv / Conn 84,802 84,802 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 70,098 85,495 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Admin/Bus Analyst/Fin 40,504 77,720 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich Accounting Clerk II Yes 51,251 74,001 Sewer Works Foreman Yes 63,008 71,762 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 71,515 110,305 104,241 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Utilities Accountant - Sr. 41,392 58,656 Sr. Financial Analyst 52,021 78,676 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 49,262 83,242 Yes 56,814 95,378 FL0020 Toho Water Authority Accountant I 37,269 FL0027 Marion County Utilities N/A N/A GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 52,265 60,974 N/A 75,087 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Business Manager 53,566 65,482 Financial Analyst 53,144 66,557 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 44,499 Financial Analyst 54,217 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Accountant/Principal/ 42,938 72,739 Fiscal Offi cer/SR 53,312 92,528 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames Accountant 53,106 76,689 Budget Offi cer 63,167 93,511 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Accounts Payable 42,723 58,677 Budget Analyst II 60,091 82,555 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Accounting Associate / 56,374 126,149 Budget & Management 68,590 139,686 IL0002 North Shore SD 69,470 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Accounting Assistant 61,526 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 33,300 80,200 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Finance Director 79,281 120,645 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 80,300 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Adminstrative Secretary 45,094 68,598 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 45,897 62,213 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Account Clerk II or III 31,667 50,312 Senior Management 51,880 95,424 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 49,800 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Program Coorinator 57,400 76,800 MA0001 MWRA 54,483 80,959 59,966 89,108 MA0005 Boston WSC Staff Accountant Yes 47,775 82,377 Financial Analyst Yes 47,775 82,377 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 55,000 55,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME GENERAL ACCOUNTING 37,700 56,600 FINANCIAL ANALYST 48,100 72,100 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 53,373 71,573 MN0002 MCES Business analyst- Yes 63,000 109,300 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Accountant I 46,100 68,100 Financial Analyst 56,300 83,300 SALARY INFORMATION 329 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION ACCOUNTANT/BOOKKEEPER BUDGET ANALYST ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD N/A N/A NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 43,497 72,649 59,770 NC0007 Orange WSA 36,520 52,671 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 87,291 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Fiscal Offi cer 63,024 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Accountant I Yes 48,568 87,776 Sr. Financial Analyst 52,395 102,378 NV0003 City of Henderson Sr Utility Business 72,488 96,651 NV0004 City of Las Vegas N/A Management Analyst 51,952 88,318 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Revenue Processor Yes 32,049 40,646 Sr Inventory Control Yes 48,524 61,540 NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes 44,653 65,532 Yes 44,653 77,653 OH0001 City of Akron Account Clerk II Yes 41,049 54,205 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 54,177 72,809 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Accountant 68,000 78,254 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Mgt Analyst 1&2 41,017 86,465 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Fiscal Control 58,469 68,640 OH0021 Montgomery County Financial Manager 83,616 107,598 OR0001 Clean Water Services Sr Accountant 63,738 87,640 Financial Analyst 63,738 87,640 OR0002 City of Portland Accountant I to Acct. Yes 41,995 81,765 Fin 63,419 110,448 OR0005 City of Gresham Accountant I & Sr. Yes 65,622 72,714 Sr. Mgmt. Analyst 70,710 82,416 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Accounting Specialist Yes 35,103 59,126 Accounant II -> Yes 50,967 80,934 OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Accountant Yes 46,447 52,251 Budget Analyst I-II Yes 51,729 58,198 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Staff Accountant / 39,925 72,465 Financial Analyst / 39,925 72,465 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Acct/Sr. Accountant 48,564 84,682 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 39,978 59,966 44,970 67,454 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Business Management 48,402 84,917 Business Management 41,600 71,582 TN0005 City of Johnson City Management Analyst 37,500 57,500 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Accountant Associate 42,203 53,352 Budget Analyst/Sr TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 44,928 59,799 49,420 62,221 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Entry Level - Staff 59,855 79,750 Entry Level - Financial 65,539 86,510 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Staff Accountant/ 56,135 68,768 52,463 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Acct. I-IV 33,717 95,970 Business Manager 50,291 86,957 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 48,984 66,535 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Accounting 39,409 66,681 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Staff Accountant 55,397 88,636 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 39,334 65,558 54,552 90,921 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 51,912 87,079 51,912 87,079 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 78,403 100,415 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 45,000 93,600 54,000 103,000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Princiap Acctnt (38) 41,740 71,278 WA0001 King County DNR Business & Finance Yes 78,436 108,173 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 67,087 86,798 Yes 79,030 86,798 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Accounting Specialist 44,720 63,128 Accounting Manager 75,982 107,286 WI0002 Madison MSD 56,000 74,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 74,319 86,828 66,968 93,732 Agencies Responding 19 77 76 13 60 55 Minimum 31,667 40,646 37,500 57,500 Maximum 110,799 147,713 99,972 144,396 Average 53,820 79,474 61,060 89,750 Median 50,180 74,001 59,120 87,079 330 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 OPERATOR (NON-SUPERINTENDENT) PLANT SUPERINTENDENT ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS TPO 34,050 54,434 CHIEF TPO 55,806 89,211 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 27,040 WRF Manager AR0001 City of Litte Rock Opr/Sr Opr 49,791 62,228 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 61,629 73,955 AZ0001 City of Phoenix O&M Technician Trainee/ Water Services AZ0002 Pima County 43,651 70,179 71,316 109,610 CA0002 Orange County SD OIT, Lead Plant Operator Yes 64,022 97,488 Director of Operations CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Plant Operator I/Shift Yes 77,330 134,400 Plant Operations Yes 125,136 151,344 CA0006 East Bay MUD Opr Trainee - Shift Supv Yes 66,864 126,804 WW Treatment Supt Yes 133,392 154,428 CA0007 City of Riverside Operator I-III Yes 53,616 75,444 Deputy PW Director 130,536 174,924 CA0008 Sacramento County WTP (I/II) Yes 62,306 99,888 TPO O & M MGr 2 Yes 128,558 157,434 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Stationary Engineer Yes 99,089 112,233 Treatment Plant Yes 161,200 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Assistant Treatment 58,992 96,828 Superintendent of WRP 115,080 142,980 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 54,000 72,500 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD O&M Tech I-V 49,254 105,893 Operations Manager 116,833 146,037 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD OIT to Sr. Op. 77,699 111,848 161,858 CA0028 West County WWD Yes 52,364 93,444 157,352 194,922 CA0039 South Orange County WWA Operator II 72,134 92,061 Director of Operations 136,011 173,597 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Wastewater Operator Yes 50,424 96,718 Wastewater Treatment Yes 90,666 117,686 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 73,093 106,383 129,378 129,378 CA0064 Central Marin SA (Operator Yes 59,336 135,299 Trmt Plt Mgr 149,676 181,932 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 61,995 88,879 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Plant Operator A 45,618 73,091 Treatment 99,258 99,258 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 39,145 65,280 82,289 100,591 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Operator/Sr Opr 69,672 73,421 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich Operator I (3) Yes 48,468 55,182 Operator II (4) Yes 57,548 65,520 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 62,129 96,566 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Plant Specialist Trainee - Yes 28,888 56,247 N/A FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 77,863 120,708 FL0020 Toho Water Authority W&S Operator C 33,132 Operations Supervisor 51,296 FL0027 Marion County Utilities 25,834 62,088 Operations Supervisor 43,826 69,680 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 49,400 60,808 N/A Wastewater 72,706 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Trades Coordinator 59,654 66,557 83,499 103,720 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 33,087 40,314 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Trainee/I/II/III?principal 28,575 66,555 53,312 82,634 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 46,848 58,080 88,308 146,916 IA0002 City of Ames Operator Yes 54,558 72,634 WPC Supt. 69,251 103,728 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF WPC Process Operator 48,838 60,694 WPC Plant Manager 80,537 110,635 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Treatment Plant 56,374 114,635 Assistant Director of 152,328 229,118 IL0002 North Shore SD Yes 53,676 67,573 94,844 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 59,394 70,637 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 40,000 57,750 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 64,938 64,938 78,403 104,542 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Operator 21,940 70,089 Chief Operator 64,344 89,622 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes 64,064 110,300 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 45,094 79,414 66,643 101,254 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 48,479 49,561 75,906 89,500 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Plant Operator 31,636 52,745 Division Manager 72,750 131,984 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 36,104 49,606 73,080 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes 38,900 52,200 MA0001 MWRA 51,180 102,457 153,159 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Foreman Yes 54,991 58,408 Collection 82,000 82,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME WASTEWATER PLANT Yes 43,555 45,801 CHIEF OPERATOR 56,100 84,200 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Utilities Operator Yes 43,397 58,096 Yes 84,326 107,613 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Operator I &II 35,741 53,570 Plant Superintendent 49,741 76,157 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 48,838 65,666 74,548 106,936 MN0002 MCES Yes 50,300 72,200 Business unit Yes 93,700 133,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 60,700 69,500 93,236 109,690 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 45,822 60,216 Operations Division 94,700 140,000 SALARY INFORMATION 331 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION OPERATOR (NON-SUPERINTENDENT) PLANT SUPERINTENDENT ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 33,700 46,443 Treatment Plant 54,770 68,462 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 35,165 62,466 63,152 112,181 NC0002 Charlotte Water 34,050 49,423 98,324 115,155 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 58,050 89,113 NC0007 Orange WSA 42,678 59,415 80,032 113,409 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 47,757 62,587 163,214 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Trt Plnt Opr 1/TPO4 Yes 37,606 55,058 Ops Maint Supt WR Yes 77,418 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. WRD WW Plant Yes 44,970 87,776 WRD Plant Operations 77,022 119,371 NV0003 City of Henderson Wastewater Facility Yes 53,854 73,146 Wastewater 94,878 135,540 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes 45,547 70,658 Plant Operations and 82,920 132,672 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Pollution Control Yes 45,146 57,257 Chief Operator 72,652 93,569 NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes 30,451 70,899 Chief Treatment Plant 76,496 113,974 OH0001 City of Akron Plant Operator Yes 42,401 51,730 60,694 92,352 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 50,420 52,369 79,840 107,784 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Wastewater Plant 53,484 115,511 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU WW Operator 1&2 48,027 86,465 Plant Mgr 80,995 121,472 OH0007 City of Canton Oper 2/Shift 29,578 49,774 100,377 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 38,875 55,744 62,712 75,400 OH0021 Montgomery County Yes 39,915 48,776 Water Rec Plant 72,363 93,100 OR0001 Clean Water Services Plant Operator Yes 52,640 72,380 Plant Manager 79,673 109,550 OR0002 City of Portland Wastewater Oper. Yes 39,811 69,014 WW Treatment Mgr. 95,888 129,917 OR0005 City of Gresham O&M Tech I?II Yes 47,424 69,139 Project Manager OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Wastewater Operator 41,972 62,123 Wastewater Treatment 64,198 86,668 OR0009 City of Albany Yes 43,788 56,928 68,148 86,340 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Water Treatment Plant Yes 38,725 41,043 Water Maintenance 62,781 70,622 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Operator I and 37,336 51,584 Operations Manager 66,169 116,706 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Trainee I & II 52,773 56,751 Foreman 66,384 SC0003 Charleston Water System Operator 42,619 47,004 Dir. Of Env. Resources 80,288 120,553 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 36,254 52,582 64,168 99,466 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Plant Technician 45,309 63,322 Supervisor 88,231 95,070 TN0005 City of Johnson City 28,000 63,000 52,000 81,000 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Treatment O&M Tech 42,869 68,536 Superintendent 88,171 93,579 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. 43,285 64,334 76,980 92,394 TX0009 San Antonio Water System Entry Level - Waste/ 28,979 56,852 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. 35,100 52,676 73,582 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Wastewater Treatment Yes 31,262 71,562 Reclamation Manager 78,027 135,058 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 41,746 56,895 63,710 90,201 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Treatment Operator 33,187 71,999 55,124 80,645 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Plant Operator I 36,000 44,470 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Operator Technician 36,995 88,636 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 45,138 75,228 73,826 123,043 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 35,213 67,239 61,681 87,079 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 69,378 70,884 144,000 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 37,000 70,400 65,200 85,200 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Sr Plant Oper (37) to 38,365 74,842 Plant Manager (42) 71,124 121,451 WA0001 King County DNR Yes 51,230 92,664 Yes 134,955 148,798 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WWTP Operator 44,720 86,986 Director of Operations 113,734 160,576 WI0002 Madison MSD 52,000 73,000 Director of Operations 98,000 133,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 36 102 101 11 79 85 Minimum 21,940 40,314 43,826 65,520 Maximum 99,089 135,299 161,858 229,118 Average 46,615 70,393 85,202 113,407 Median 45,142 66,555 78,403 109,550 332 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 BIOLOGIST, CHEMIST, LAB TECHNICIAN INDUSTRIAL WASTE INSPECTOR ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS LAB TECH 27,955 51,813 TPO 34,050 54,434 AL0004 Daphne Utilities Code Enforcement AR0001 City of Litte Rock Lab Tech I/Lab Tech II 39,052 48,993 Sample Tech 45,277 50,377 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Laboratory Supervisor 27,140 49,696 AZ0001 City of Phoenix Chemist I/Chemist III Sr. Water Quality AZ0002 Pima County 34,341 73,091 38,216 56,472 CA0002 Orange County SD Analyst/Scientist Yes 80,433 116,438 Yes 83,636 101,940 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Chemist I/Senior Yes 83,352 131,292 Environmental Yes 83,064 113,124 CA0006 East Bay MUD Chemist I - Sr. Chemist Yes 77,580 117,732 Control Insp I - Supv Yes 66,876 114,840 CA0007 City of Riverside Lab Analyst I-III Yes 48,636 71,904 Env. Compl. Inspector Yes 59,136 75,444 CA0008 Sacramento County Yes 56,271 81,201 Yes 63,684 77,423 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Biologists, Chemists, and Yes 72,098 119,123 N/A CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Biologist I - Senior 71,328 106,620 Industrial Waste 63,528 99,012 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 65,000 87,000 65,000 87,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD O&M Tech I-V 49,254 105,893 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Lab Tech. to Chem. III 84,962 112,852 97,706 112,852 CA0028 West County WWD Yes 77,896 95,966 Yes 77,896 95,966 CA0039 South Orange County WWA Lab II 72,134 92,061 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Laboratory Analyst Yes 61,987 85,035 Environmental Yes 55,848 88,285 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 48,704 112,820 Yes 80,544 102,564 CA0064 Central Marin SA Env Analyst Yes 81,997 104,652 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 65,135 111,124 65,957 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Lab Analyst 55,614 77,688 Industrial Waste 63,648 63,648 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 44,762 67,852 42,333 53,649 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Lab Ana/Sr Lab Ana/ 63,314 72,675 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Wastewater 60,439 73,463 CT0010 Town of Greenwich Lab Technician Yes 60,371 77,899 Supervisor - Lab Yes 64,763 83,565 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 79,508 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Chemist - Sr. Chemist 45,439 60,470 N/A FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 43,167 72,877 FL0020 Toho Water Authority Chemist 33,132 FL0027 Marion County Utilities Plant Technician II 31,262 48,214 N/A GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 42,297 64,675 Pollution Control 43,401 61,347 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Lab Tech 56,625 68,030 Trades Tech 46,812 73,554 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 36,522 42,355 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Lab Analyst/Tech/?Tech 36,555 66,555 WM Compliance Insp/ 36,555 77,686 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 41,964 81,756 36,468 65,736 IA0002 City of Ames Laboratory Analyst Yes 54,558 72,634 Env. Specialist 53,106 76,689 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF Lab Services Water 48,838 60,694 WPC Environmental 54,538 74,921 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Assistant Environmental 68,590 139,686 Environmental 75,282 139,686 IL0002 North Shore SD 57,670 85,807 76,051 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Analyst 56,378 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 46,900 53,200 64,600 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 39,452 52,617 47,244 63,003 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 55,152 89,622 Lab Technician 45,960 62,046 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes 64,064 80,500 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 52,229 79,414 Environmental Services 52,229 79,414 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 55,268 46,017 50,578 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Lab Tech/Environmental 33,130 70,604 Public Health 42,082 70,604 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 39,348 51,300 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC 40,800 54,800 Wastewater Serv Insp Yes 30,450 40,900 MA0001 MWRA 47,520 91,416 58,022 95,429 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 85,000 85,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME ENVIRONMENTAL Yes 54,974 57,803 ENVIRONMENTAL Yes 51,896 54,641 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes 41,719 56,639 Water Pollution Control Yes 48,802 64,671 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Chemist 41,150 53,570 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 53,373 71,573 MN0002 MCES Environmental Scientist- Yes 58,300 104,400 Yes 40,300 73,400 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 65,832 88,900 102,000 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 43,000 63,300 46,100 68,100 SALARY INFORMATION 333 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION BIOLOGIST, CHEMIST, LAB TECHNICIAN INDUSTRIAL WASTE INSPECTOR ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 33,700 48,765 N/A NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 40,708 72,313 NC0002 Charlotte Water Lab Analysts 45,908 79,115 Environmental 52,392 73,337 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 60,944 58,800 NC0007 Orange WSA 42,678 53,355 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 78,415 88,704 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Wtr Quality Lab Yes Pollution Prev Spec Yes 57,810 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. WRD Chemist Yes 48,568 87,776 WRD Pretreatment Yes 44,970 81,245 NV0003 City of Henderson Lab Asst/Sr Chemist 40,879 95,750 Pretreatment Inspector Yes 53,854 73,146 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes 47,824 79,825 Environmental Yes 54,029 76,023 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Environmental Yes 36,415 46,184 Industrial Waste Yes 38,969 49,422 NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes 32,616 46,794 Yes 40,402 59,669 OH0001 City of Akron Laboratory Analyst Yes 41,049 54,205 Engineering Technician 41,049 85,488 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 37,898 40,177 Yes 50,792 68,260 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Biologist/Chemist 61,741 Investigator 54,322 65,828 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Chemist 1&3 50,668 96,824 Pretreatment Analyst 51,438 96,824 OH0007 City of Canton Chemist/Chief 31,865 66,537 30,638 48,027 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 57,699 OH0021 Montgomery County 37,731 48,547 Yes 42,598 52,062 OR0001 Clean Water Services Lab Specialist Yes 52,640 72,380 Source Control Yes 58,489 80,423 OR0002 City of Portland Lab Analyst I to Lab Yes 47,029 84,323 Env Tech II to Env. Yes 55,973 86,798 OR0005 City of Gresham Lab Tech. I/II Yes 47,424 69,131 Environmental Yes 53,442 59,256 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Laboratory Analyst Yes 48,607 62,123 Source Control Yes 44,085 65,220 OR0009 City of Albany Yes 50,160 65,256 Yes 43,788 65,868 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Analytical Chemist I - Yes 43,153 80,457 I.W. Control Tech. I. - Yes 45,125 70,622 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Lab Technician / 41,459 59,186 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Lab Analyst II 53,437 Pretreatment Programs 72,853 SC0003 Charleston Water System Lab Tech/Chemist 52,448 54,579 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 39,978 59,966 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Lab Analyst 41,115 62,483 Program Tech 53,806 TN0005 City of Johnson City Lab Analyst 36,000 55,000 40,000 60,000 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Water Quality 46,467 85,197 Pretreatment 37,419 94,640 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 54,487 61,897 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Entry Level - Environ 55,555 77,368 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Chemist 48,921 59,987 Pre-Treatment Yes 39,000 57,117 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 48,984 67,405 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 48,328 75,177 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Lab Technician I 34,320 42,349 46,009 57,054 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Lab Technician 48,172 77,075 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 47,354 78,924 54,552 90,921 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 43,702 73,287 43,702 73,287 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 76,400 95,500 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 59,200 77,400 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Lab Tech (37) to 36,538 74,842 Pretreatment Manager 71,124 121,451 WA0001 King County DNR Process Lab Specialist Yes 60,578 84,427 Indstrl Wst Complnc Yes 66,606 104,516 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 50,654 82,267 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Laboratory 61,610 86,986 Pretreatment 61,610 86,986 WI0002 Madison MSD 50,000 80,000 Pretreatment 64,000 87,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 57,778 79,833 61,914 74,319 WI0002 Madison MSD 47,000 75,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 52,594 75,530 59,826 66,482 Agencies Responding 32 96 99 29 69 76 Minimum 27,140 40,177 30,450 40,900 Maximum 85,000 139,686 97,706 139,686 Average 50,748 74,690 53,563 75,431 Median 48,622 72,675 51,896 73,369 334 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 MECHANIC ELECTRICIAN ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 37,586 60,091 ELEC TECH 37,586 60,091 AL0004 Daphne Utilities N/A AR0001 City of Litte Rock Mechanic 37,294 62,951 Electrician 63,252 81,182 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff 30,018 35,947 39,215 47,057 AZ0001 City of Phoenix Heavy Duty Mechanic Electrician/Electrician AZ0002 Pima County WW Heavy Duty 40,931 62,734 Industrial Electrician 42,869 63,482 CA0002 Orange County SD Yes 68,952 88,254 Yes 76,128 97,448 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Maintenance Tech I/III Yes 79,212 110,496 Electrical Tech Yes 93,552 102,924 CA0006 East Bay MUD Plan Maint. Mech - Supv Yes 77,520 120,684 Elec. Worker I - Supv Yes 59,052 120,684 CA0007 City of Riverside WW. Maint. Mech Yes 40,104 62,100 Instrument Tech Yes 59,988 72,864 CA0008 Sacramento County MMT Yes 56,313 75,272 Yes 83,144 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes 95,342 96,112 Yes 87,386 133,666 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Stationary Mechanic 72,924 100,992 E+I - Senior 80,880 106,092 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 54,000 72,500 Electrical 74,000 99,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD O&M Tech I-V 49,254 105,893 O&M Tech I-V 49,254 105,893 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 77,699 103,419 87,791 106,227 CA0028 West County WWD Yes 52,364 94,666 Yes 78,182 96,330 CA0039 South Orange County WWA Mechanic I 56,493 72,134 Electrician 68,702 87,630 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Mechanical Technologist Yes 68,994 95,742 Electrical Technician Yes 80,163 96,554 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 75,650 110,342 Yes 101,563 111,719 CA0064 Central Marin SA Mech Tech Yes 59,899 101,349 Elec Inst Tech Yes 59,772 105,395 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 61,995 71,043 68,453 77,522 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. MIT 69,354 79,262 EIT 75,091 85,072 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 38,986 49,337 44,371 56,082 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich Mechanic II (2) Yes 50,632 57,657 Instrumentation Yes 57,548 65,520 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 65,107 75,958 68,149 79,508 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Industrial Mechanic I - Yes 40,352 40,518 Industrial Electrician I - Yes 42,016 46,446 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 46,959 68,618 Yes 51,691 75,534 FL0020 Toho Water Authority System Mechanic 36,724 40,310 FL0027 Marion County Utilities Maintenance Mechanic 25,834 58,999 Maintenance 36,213 55,890 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Plant Maintenance 47,166 56,477 46,161 64,994 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Maint Tech 39,994 62,864 44,724 51,865 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 36,522 42,355 42,355 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Ind Maint Tech/Sr 34,959 59,134 Electrician/ Sr 36,555 61,607 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 56,052 59,362 56,052 59,362 IA0002 City of Ames Maint. Tech II Yes 65,731 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF WPC Equipment 48,838 60,694 WPC Electrician II 50,731 63,003 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Fireman-Oiler / Yes 83,543 108,767 Electrical Mechanic Yes 94,935 119,219 IL0002 North Shore SD Yes 56,965 73,110 Yes 65,409 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 57,811 71,968 76,773 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 52,000 65,500 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 68,099 68,099 68,099 68,099 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Mechanic 21,939 70,088 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes 64,064 Yes 64,064 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 45,094 79,414 54,808 83,346 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 46,183 70,000 57,792 59,193 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Mechanic I, II, or III 30,252 55,302 Electrician I or II 34,739 55,302 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 36,928 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes 42,850 57,590 Yes 42,850 57,590 MA0001 MWRA 48,869 72,101 51,180 86,150 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes 60,000 60,000 Yes 70,000 70,000 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME TECH MAINTENANCE Yes 51,896 54,641 WASTEWATER Yes 41,080 43,201 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Utility Maintenance Yes 34,157 46,725 Yes 52,693 69,382 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Maintenance Mechanic 34,270 48,524 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 51,022 68,494 55,827 74,859 MN0002 MCES Auto Mechanic, Yes 68,300 74,500 Yes 33,100 90,500 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 65,832 71,552 66,851 69,513 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 52,562 63,374 SALARY INFORMATION 335 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION MECHANIC ELECTRICIAN ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD Pump Mechanic 37,155 46,443 39,012 48,765 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 33,490 62,467 36,293 63,362 NC0002 Charlotte Water Treatment Plant 39,016 47,736 Treatment Plant 47,152 52,391 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 51,316 56,798 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 74,384 81,385 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty UT Tech Helper/ Yes 36,650 56,160 55,806 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. WRD Mechanical Yes 44,970 81,245 Yes 48,568 81,245 NV0003 City of Henderson Mechanic Yes 53,107 74,171 Utility Svc Syste Yes 67,113 76,845 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Maintenace Mechanic Yes 47,824 74,191 Industrial Electrician Yes 51,456 74,191 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Station Mechanic Yes 34,191 43,362 Station Mechanic Yes 34,191 43,362 NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes 35,106 59,559 Yes 37,629 65,532 OH0001 City of Akron Watewater Plant Yes 42,401 51,730 Plant Electrician Yes 40,352 51,730 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 52,499 59,328 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Plant Maintenance 55,453 Electrical Instrument 63,274 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Plant elce 1&2 51,376 73,569 OH0007 City of Canton Elec Tech/Sr. Elec Tech 34,486 55,432 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 48,173 55,744 OH0021 Montgomery County Yes 43,992 53,726 Yes 50,731 61,921 OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes 58,489 80,423 OR0002 City of Portland Ind Maint Millwright Yes 39,811 69,014 Elect., reg. to Yes 71,074 84,573 OR0005 City of Gresham Vehicle Mechanic II Yes 53,442 59,256 Yes 70,710 82,416 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Wastewater Mechanic Yes 50,967 65,220 N/A OR0009 City of Albany Yes 43,368 56,316 Yes 44,364 78,468 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Maintenance Mechanic Yes 36,569 38,691 Electrician - Elec. Yes 46,415 49,476 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Mechanic I and 44,262 62,150 Electrician / Lead 47,382 73,736 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 59,014 62,483 SC0003 Charleston Water System Pump Mechanic 35,610 45,619 Instrum./Elec. Tech. 39,145 50,341 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 36,254 52,582 39,978 59,966 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board System Operations 52,430 71,085 System Operations 50,648 73,909 TN0005 City of Johnson City Auto Tech 30,000 47,000 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Treatment O&M Tech 50,856 78,603 AWU Electrician I/II 50,856 78,603 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 34,916 49,926 44,600 56,566 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Entry level - Journey 54,100 61,434 Entry level - Journey 49,695 61,966 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Mechanic/Sr. Mechanic 49,230 52,676 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Electrician I-IV Yes 34,154 56,597 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 62,275 84,875 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Journeyman 65,000 85,000 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Maint Operator 36,000 44,470 50,690 64,459 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Maintenance Tech 55,397 88,636 Control Systems Tech 55,397 88,636 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 45,138 75,229 45,138 75,229 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 35,213 67,239 41,865 73,287 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 56,000 94,000 51,000 95,400 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 40,500 93,600 44,500 93,600 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Plant MEchanic(36) 31,978 54,607 WA0001 King County DNR Industrial Maintenance Yes 59,158 83,135 Industrial Maintenance Yes 84,302 97,178 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 54,580 61,282 Yes 82,183 88,364 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 49,837 78,374 Electrical & 55,515 86,986 WI0002 Madison MSD 52,000 75,000 52,000 75,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 37 91 94 37 88 88 Minimum 21,939 35,947 33,100 43,201 Maximum 95,342 120,684 101,563 133,666 Average 49,240 68,084 55,617 74,880 Median 48,838 64,642 51,416 73,823 336 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 GENERAL LABORER FIELD CREW (PIPELINE MAINTENANCE) ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS PSW 27,955 49,317 PSW 27,955 49,317 AL0004 Daphne Utilities 24,960 27,040 AR0001 City of Litte Rock Mt Wkr/Foreman 34,304 57,802 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Utility Worker 23,587 33,280 AZ0001 City of Phoenix Utility Technician/Utility AZ0002 Pima County Mechanical Maintenance 33,653 54,957 Utility Maintenance 33,653 54,957 CA0002 Orange County SD Yes 67,308 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Utility Worker Yes 66,936 81,072 Maintenance Crew Yes 66,936 107,928 CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside General Service Worker Yes 23,232 34,344 WW Collection System Yes 40,104 59,136 CA0008 Sacramento County Maintenance Worker Yes 38,064 46,629 CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes 57,304 77,168 Sewer Service Worker, Yes 85,410 115,778 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Maintenance & 51,756 90,600 Maintenance & 51,756 90,600 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 49,000 66,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Utility Worker 31,512 39,395 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 74,204 Collections Sys. I to III 85,470 103,419 CA0028 West County WWD Yes 55,718 68,640 Yes 60,736 77,974 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Skilled Maintenance Yes 51,438 67,392 Utilities Systems Yes 48,090 73,133 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 69,613 76,748 Yes 66,979 91,374 CA0064 Central Marin SA Utility Work Yes 66,765 81,154 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 54,070 54,070 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Maintenance Worker 34,703 46,018 Interceptor System 38,293 45,427 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. 31,329 39,886 31,329 45,175 CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Wtr Util Tech 40,931 48,461 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich Asset Control Engineer Yes 64,763 83,565 Collection Systems Yes 51,779 58,968 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 44,387 59,278 65,341 FL0002 Orange County Utilities Maintenance Tech Yes 28,633 Field Specialist Trainee - Yes 27,438 44,985 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD Yes 28,258 39,073 Yes 25,162 33,768 FL0020 Toho Water Authority Utility 27,232 FL0027 Marion County Utilities N/A N/A GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Construction 32,630 Construction 32,630 49,120 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Maint Tech 39,994 62,864 Trades ASC 37,742 41,125 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 31,493 34,763 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Crew worker/ Sr/lead 25,383 56,660 Crew worker/ Sr/Lead 25,383 56,660 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 37,416 37,416 41,628 52,068 IA0002 City of Ames Laborer Yes 36,982 43,493 Maintenance Worker Yes 41,330 51,771 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF WPC Maintance Repair 45,489 56,160 38,334 46,987 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Maintenance Laborer Yes 53,050 85,207 Maintenance Laborer Yes 76,086 126,149 IL0002 North Shore SD Yes 50,940 Yes 56,534 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 65,011 70,709 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 46,075 48,547 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 21,939 54,813 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes 44,595 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 42,029 52,085 40,798 47,414 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Laborer 27,662 40,063 Sewer Line Technician 36,418 52,745 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 35,234 47,561 42,481 51,329 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 48,869 68,279 45,144 75,646 MA0005 Boston WSC Operations Service Yes 43,852 56,960 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Skilled Laborer Yes 38,664 41,835 Maint. Tech. Yes 44,045 47,657 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME WASTEWATER SYSTEM Yes 48,942 51,459 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Plant Assistant Yes 31,784 43,420 Collection System Asses Yes 43,397 58,096 MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES Painters, Pipefi tters Yes 39,800 85,800 Service Worker II Yes 50,100 68,200 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 49,774 53,164 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Treatment Plant 34,424 42,370 Collection Systems 44,075 54,600 SALARY INFORMATION 337 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION GENERAL LABORER FIELD CREW (PIPELINE MAINTENANCE) ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD N/A 30,567 42,125 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 23,801 38,349 NC0002 Charlotte Water 30,921 47,088 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 29,549 42,578 NC0007 Orange WSA 38,345 53,870 33,124 41,963 NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 48,626 76,908 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty General Svc Wrk Yes 33,134 UT Helper/Journeyman Yes 35,921 55,058 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 41,600 64,501 WRD Collection System Yes 44,970 81,245 NV0003 City of Henderson Mechanical Utility Serviceperson Yes 48,857 59,557 NV0004 City of Las Vegas Maintenance Worker Yes 38,397 54,029 Heavy Equipment Yes 50,216 70,658 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Pump&Process Yes 28,260 35,841 Maintenance Tech Yes 34,191 43,362 NY0020 Erie County DEP Yes 27,604 26,812 Yes 28,787 50,373 OH0001 City of Akron Utilities Maintenance Yes 33,342 38,854 Sewer Maintenance Yes 36,098 45,812 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 35,697 41,349 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Custodial Worker 38,771 Field Technician 47,237 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Swr Maint Worker & 40,414 77,188 OH0007 City of Canton Laborer 2 26,874 40,144 Util. Oper/Pipefi tter 3 29,099 47,840 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. General Laborer 38,875 48,859 38,875 55,744 OH0021 Montgomery County Yes 36,649 44,782 Yes 36,649 44,782 OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes 38,993 53,615 Field Construction/ Yes 52,640 72,380 OR0002 City of Portland Utility Worker I to Yes 44,491 58,864 OR0005 City of Gresham Public Utility Worker II Yes 48,246 56,292 Public Utility Worker II Yes 48,246 56,292 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County N/A Sanitary and Storm Yes 39,909 62,123 OR0009 City of Albany Yes 39,528 65,256 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Custodial Worker I-II Yes 30,510 34,967 Semi- Skilled Laborer, Yes 34,397 36,323 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. IM Operator / IM 41,459 72,465 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources I&I Tech I & II 35,437 54,003 SC0003 Charleston Water System General Maintenance 25,043 35,547 Collection System 35,610 41,763 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 29,973 43,451 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Construction 33,163 69,852 TN0005 City of Johnson City 23,000 33,000 27,000 43,000 TX0002 Austin Water Utility Treatment Plant 30,139 37,170 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 26,116 29,882 39,526 41,001 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Utility Tech (one level) 30,163 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes 28,600 53,290 Trainee - Lead Yes 32,198 54,850 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District 41,746 56,895 41,746 56,895 UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Collection Operator 33,187 71,999 UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises General Labor 31,673 50,677 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 32,702 54,505 39,334 65,558 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 30,933 43,702 35,213 67,239 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 46,000 78,000 49,000 78,300 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA 40,500 53,000 40,500 53,000 VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Utility Worker (34) 24,498 41,834 Sr Util Worker (35) 27,990 47,796 WA0001 King County DNR Utility Worker Yes 45,504 63,425 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 46,249 53,014 Yes 60,050 79,803 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 44,720 63,128 WI0002 Madison MSD 47,000 70,000 51,000 73,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 33 74 69 32 80 76 Minimum 21,939 26,812 23,587 33,280 Maximum 74,204 90,600 85,470 126,149 Average 39,685 53,039 41,653 59,748 Median 38,205 52,085 39,527 55,008 338 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 TRUCK DRIVER BACKHOE OPERATOR ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL AL0003 Mobile Area WSS EQUIP OPER 30,846 51,813 AL0004 Daphne Utilities N/A N/A AR0001 City of Litte Rock Eq Operator 46,896 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Equip Op. III*U2/Equip. AZ0002 Pima County WWTP Equipment 37,389 55,182 CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD NA NA CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside N/A N/A CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD Yes 70,226 89,414 Heavy Equipment Yes 98,228 119,392 CA0013 Los Angeles County SD DEO - Lead 60,912 75,672 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA Truck Driver II 62,296 79,539 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA N/A N/A CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes 84,615 84,615 CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. RRR Operator 56,185 70,429 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities Equipment Operator Yes 29,245 37,761 N/A FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities NA/ Backfl ow/Cross 38,064 58,999 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 38,729 40,902 43,695 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 34,763 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Equip Operator/Sr 28,575 49,239 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 50,160 50,160 IA0002 City of Ames Sr. Heavy Equip Yes 50,315 62,889 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 42,369 52,208 45,489 56,160 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Truck Driver / Truck Yes 74,906 81,666 N/A IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 40,798 42,793 45,232 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Equipment Operator I, 28,918 47,982 Equipment Operator I, 28,918 47,982 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 46,350 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes 29,000 38,980 MA0001 MWRA MA0005 Boston WSC Operations Service Yes 49,619 64,264 MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME EQUIPMENT Yes 43,555 45,801 MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Heavy Equipment 50,149 65,853 SALARY INFORMATION 339 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 SALARY INFORMATION TRUCK DRIVER BACKHOE OPERATOR ID MEMBER NAME TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL TITLE LABOR UNION ENTRY LEVEL SENIOR LEVEL MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD N/A N/A NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 28,930 46,613 NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 35,592 38,105 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Heavy Equip Opr Yes 44,782 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson Equipment Operator Yes 53,107 72,059 see Equipment NV0004 City of Las Vegas N/A N/A NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Motot Equipment Yes 28,260 35,841 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati Yes 41,956 44,682 Yes 48,592 50,547 OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. N/A N/A OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County Yes 37,731 48,547 Yes 37,731 48,547 OR0001 Clean Water Services OR0002 City of Portland Auto. Equip. Oper. II: Yes 47,861 57,616 OR0005 City of Gresham Public Utility Worker II Yes 48,246 56,292 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County Biosolids Application Yes 41,972 59,126 N/A OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Heavy Equipment Yes 40,789 43,333 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Heavy Motor 40,684 51,584 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 49,677 Heavy Equipment 56,953 SC0003 Charleston Water System Truck Operator 32,365 38,168 SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 29,973 43,451 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Heavy Equip Op Lead 52,790 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 33,079 37,510 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Entry Level - 35,412 50,779 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Solids Operator I 36,000 44,470 Solids Operator I 36,000 44,470 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 34,256 57,093 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. 38,399 54,191 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities Yes 62,514 65,730 Yes 66,398 66,398 WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 51,000 67,000 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding 14 36 32 8 18 19 Minimum 28,260 35,841 28,918 38,980 Maximum 84,615 89,414 98,228 119,392 Average 44,747 56,323 44,738 55,308 Median 41,377 53,200 40,793 50,779 340 APPENDIX D - STAFFING AND SALARIES SURVEY DATA A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 Page intentionally left blank 341A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS Appendix E Energy Use/Costs Materials Recovery Data 342 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ENERGY USE (KWH) COLLECTION SYSTEM (KWH) TOTAL PLANT (KWH)OTHER (KWH)OTHER DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS 19,462,584 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 16,466,817 3,271,573 12,480,924 714,320 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 106,535,000 4,270,000 102,265,000 Misc. and odor control, AZ0002 Pima County 59,250,000 3,300,000 55,950,000 CA0002 Orange County SD 145,736,011 4,142,436 141,593,575 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 27,558,000 2,804,000 24,311,000 443,000 CSO Facility, CA0006 East Bay MUD 37,301,000 34,689,930 2,611,070 Admin, CA0007 City of Riverside 26,515,088 1,366,511 25,148,577 CA0008 Sacramento County 117,005,673 9,961,675 104,344,394 2,699,604 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 288,749,000 11,393,000 277,356,000 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.17,343,000 17,343,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 12,612,505 1,729,461 10,883,044 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 5,707,000 5,707,000 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 15,638,914 15,638,914 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 38,725,000 0 38,725,000 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 5,909,000 5,909,000 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 2,993,601 168,000 2,782,224 43,377 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.98,735,649 2,530,550 96,205,099 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 3,429,160 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA 8,527,535 925,535 7,602,000 CT0010 Town of Greenwich 4,901,053 722,653 4,178,400 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.204,711,049 20,214,829 166,311,033 18,185,187 FL0002 Orange County Utilities 35,904,005 19,246,084 16,657,921 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 231,799,556 64,214,143 137,718,800 29,866,613 Co-Generation, FL0020 Toho Water Authority 26,856,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 213,257,528 213,257,528 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 86,093,000 86,093,000 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority 18,430,083 18,430,083 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu 65,645,684 IA0002 City of Ames 5,150,150 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 48,144,000 48,144,000 Natural Gass, ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 564,770,000 42,020,000 441,868,000 80,882,000 Solids Processing & Utilization, IL0002 North Shore SD 70,722,990 5,073,797 58,684,030 6,965,163 biosolids drying, IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 4,296,524 1,335,442 2,914,349 46,733 administration bldg, IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF 9,970,222 966,577 7,236,237 1,767,408 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD 17,494,000 630,000 16,864,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 11,682,500 11,682,500 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 10,952,997 10,952,997 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 17,947,834 3,749,434 14,198,400 0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD 28,383,831 28,383,831 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 112,729,546 19,185,393 93,544,152 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC 17,026,807 3,197,897 13,828,910 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids 2,030,866 21,159,143 MI0006 Oakland County WRC 23,915,997 23,915,997 3 plants (Electrical and Gas), MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 34,174,592 9,761,118 24,407,906 5,568 MN0002 MCES 183,327,000 17,297,000 166,030,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 16,457,424 16,457,424 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 148,598,186 148,598,186 ANNUAL ENERGY USE (KILOWATT HOURS, KWH) 343A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ANNUAL ENERGY USE (KILOWATT HOURS, KWH) ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ENERGY USE (KWH) COLLECTION SYSTEM (KWH)TOTAL PLANT (KWH)OTHER (KWH)OTHER DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD 3,402,725 86,025 3,316,700 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 47,366,540 NC0002 Charlotte Water 98,791,100 98,791,100 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 8,397,466 NC0007 Orange WSA 9,807,464 1,149,037 8,258,000 400,427 Biosolids Storage Site, NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty 28,165,171 28,165,171 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 43,961,155 7,256,765 36,704,390 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.98,131,647 2,347,398 93,489,129 2,295,120 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 48,361,257 127,762 38,884,594 9,348,901 Reuse Plants, NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES 78,870,603 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 21,273,203 15,526,011 5,747,192 Misc. facility operations, OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.223,881,191 11,082,036 223,881,191 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 78,466,503 78,466,503 OH0007 City of Canton 23,092,800 23,092,800 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County 17,740,524 1,634,916 16,105,608 OR0001 Clean Water Services 57,157,350 OR0002 City of Portland 38,251,343 14,264,308 23,987,035 OR0005 City of Gresham 6,169,299 499,082 5,670,217 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany 6,095,034 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.233,960,000 8,960,000 220,100,000 4,900,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.37,259,673 914,657 34,952,589 1,392,427 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 3,737,897 44,793,955 48,531,852 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 10,566,965 10,566,965 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board 148,919,987 148,919,987 TN0005 City of Johnson City 7,457,360 7,457,360 TX0002 Austin Water Utility 5,994,075 5,994,075 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 125,445,022 125,445,022 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.6,142,799 6,142,799 TX0009 San Antonio Water System 82,739,492 82,739,492 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.8,207,159 1,779 8,205,380 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD 5,375,328 96,756 5,214,068 64,504 Solids, UT0006 Timpanogos SSD 15,656,000 748,000 14,908,000 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 41,321,142 584,242 40,736,900 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 55,811,346 10,605,346 45,206,000 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.134,538,904 9,652,404 124,886,500 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 38,851,376 9,643,200 29,208,176 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.31,574,404 8,062,456 23,512,158 WA0001 King County DNR 200,194,607 38,350,527 161,844,079 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 41,351,823 563,462 24,587,134 16,201,227 All Other, WI0002 Madison MSD 34,093,677 7,669,387 24,820,300 1,603,990 rest of plant, WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 142,426,434 142,426,434 Agencies Responding (2) 79 51 84 24 Minimum 2,993,601 1,779 2,782,224 5,568 Maximum 564,770,000 64,214,143 441,868,000 80,882,000 Average 68,615,438 7,834,108 58,983,221 10,990,910 Median 35,904,005 3,300,000 24,984,439 2,655,337 Total 5,420,619,615 399,539,491 4,954,590,536 263,781,830NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 344 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ENERGY COST ($) COLLECTION SYSTEM ($)TOTAL PLANT ($)OTHER ($)OTHER DESCRIPTION AL0003 Mobile Area WSS $1,137,980 AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock $1,286,305 $291,829 $937,420 $57,056 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff $748,760 $248,658 $500,102 AZ0001 City of Phoenix $7,554,450 $568,340 $6,986,110 Misc. and odor control, AZ0002 Pima County $5,503,000 $356,000 $5,147,000 CA0002 Orange County SD $8,711,839 $538,176 $8,173,663 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD $3,779,000 $473,000 $3,231,000 $75,000 CSO Facility, CA0006 East Bay MUD $230,000 $230,000 Admin, CA0007 City of Riverside $3,048,292 $166,107 $2,882,185 CA0008 Sacramento County $11,714,862 $1,326,663 $10,074,677 $313,522 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD $13,916,000 $1,223,000 $12,693,000 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth.$899,000 $899,000 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD $1,126,175 $411,844 $714,331 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD $1,221,081 CA0028 West County WWD $316,000 $316,000 CA0039 South Orange County WWA $1,687,393 $1,687,393 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA $2,520,000 $0 $2,520,000 $0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA $179,000 $179,000 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA $347,778 $23,133 $306,374 $5,422 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist.$6,448,774 $254,096 $6,194,678 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO $274,071 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA $1,451,744 $178,521 $1,273,223 CT0010 Town of Greenwich $633,348 $157,868 $475,479 DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth.$15,514,003 $1,838,404 $11,978,611 $1,696,988 FL0002 Orange County Utilities $7,186,582 $2,085,544 $5,101,039 FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD $14,494,890 $5,911,568 $8,583,322 $0 Co-Generation, FL0020 Toho Water Authority $2,800,000 FL0027 Marion County Utilities $556,320 $185,103 $371,217 GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU $7,184,224 $7,184,224 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority $1,875,729 $428,574 $1,447,155 GA0013 Dekalb County PWD $1,175,387 $3,891 $1,171,496 HI0001 City & County of Honolulu $13,229,719 IA0002 City of Ames $3,461 $2,828,944 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF $3,294,676 $2,394,314 $900,362 Natural Gass, ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago $36,388,818 $2,181,448 $28,984,867 $5,222,503 Solids Processing & Utilization, IL0002 North Shore SD $4,867,314 $439,519 $3,914,225 $513,570 biosolids drying, IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD $294,627 $102,568 $188,832 $3,227 administration bldg, IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF $699,239 $96,014 $476,775 $126,450 IL0011 Greater Peoria SD $875,000 $63,000 $812,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD $983,761 $983,761 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD $449,182 $426,197 $22,985 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA $751,860 $751,860 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities $1,351,705 $422,049 $929,656 $0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD $4,802,494 $663,588 $4,125,134 $13,772 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD $2,115,053 $2,115,053 KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 $4,074,325 $1,694,870 $2,249,179 $130,276 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC $4,137,100 $1,803,000 $2,334,100 MA0001 MWRA $10,261,808 $2,851,602 $7,410,206 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC $2,198,453 $487,183 $1,711,270 ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids $224,000 $1,800,000 MI0006 Oakland County WRC $1,260,384 $1,260,384 3 plants (Electrical and Gas), MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD $2,945,275 $926,857 $2,017,567 $851 MN0002 MCES $14,569,000 $1,764,000 $12,805,000 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP $1,115,182 $1,115,182 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD $12,859,591 $12,859,591 ANNUAL ENERGY COST 345A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ANNUAL ENERGY COST ID MEMBER NAME TOTAL ENERGY COST ($) COLLECTION SYSTEM ($)TOTAL PLANT ($)OTHER ($)OTHER DESCRIPTION MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD $308,826 $10,323 $298,503 NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD $3,384,612 NC0002 Charlotte Water $5,519,060 $5,519,060 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County $649,340 $156,432 $492,908 NC0007 Orange WSA $616,092 $114,245 $471,267 $30,580 Biosolids Storage Site, NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty $1,911,895 $1,911,895 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty $2,204,240 $689,072 $1,515,168 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.$5,746,604 $212,301 $5,401,694 $132,609 NV0003 City of Henderson $2,621,383 $2,621,383 NV0004 City of Las Vegas $2,893,335 $12,792 $2,317,937 $562,606 Reuse Plants, NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES $5,287,264 NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron $961,982 $702,091 $259,890 Misc. facility operations, OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.$10,871,809 $538,151 $10,871,809 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU $7,367,649 $7,367,649 OH0007 City of Canton $1,936,329 $1,936,329 OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.$774,265 $774,265 OH0021 Montgomery County $1,048,250 $138,967 $909,283 OR0001 Clean Water Services $2,785,732 $41,642 $2,744,090 OR0002 City of Portland $3,187,800 $1,399,690 $1,788,110 OR0005 City of Gresham $102,305 $45,000 $57,305 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany $520,893 PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.$19,240,000 $840,000 $18,000,000 $400,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm.$3,285,703 $156,599 $2,968,371 $160,733 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources $434,691 $2,315,372 $27,750,063 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA $878,559 $878,559 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board $2,372,307 $2,372,307 TN0005 City of Johnson City $643,138 $643,138 TX0002 Austin Water Utility $870,627 $870,627 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities $7,535,220 $7,535,220 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth.$330,103 $330,103 TX0009 San Antonio Water System $5,472,525 $5,472,525 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist.$537,541 $1,742 $535,799 UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD $371,323 $13,619 $343,213 $28,111 Solids, UT0006 Timpanogos SSD $1,093,875 $61,660 $1,032,215 VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises $2,571,155 $36,353 $2,534,802 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP $3,643,442 $1,055,925 $2,587,517 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.$8,146,390 $907,326 $7,239,064 VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA $2,128,078 $846,400 $1,281,678 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.$2,273,869 $707,620 $1,566,249 WA0001 King County DNR $14,224,263 $3,502,968 $10,721,295 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water $2,408,772 $73,371 $1,625,209 $710,192 All Other, WI0002 Madison MSD $3,181,475 $1,125,266 $2,080,909 $134,303 rest of plant, WI0003 Milwaukee MSD $1,959,478 $1,959,478 Agencies Responding (2)89 61 93 27 Minimum $102,305 $1,742 $57,305 $0 Maximum $36,388,818 $5,911,568 $28,984,867 $27,750,063 Average $4,199,217 $727,644 $3,576,021 $1,605,200 Median $2,273,869 $422,049 $1,911,895 $134,303 Total $373,730,317 $44,386,260 $332,569,981 $43,340,399 Notes: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 346 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 HIGH EFFICIENCY PUMPS, VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES LOAD SHIFTING / EQUALIZATION BASINS PLANT PROCESS MODIFICATION ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Yes AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes 400,000 Yes Yes 2,000,000 AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes 3,000,000 CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes Yes 10 Yes Yes Yes 300 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept.Yes Yes Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes Yes 8,691,750 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes Yes IA0002 City of Ames Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD Yes Yes Yes 7,000,000 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes 1,400,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes Yes 6,132,000 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Yes Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes 3,511,008 Yes Yes 2,547,701 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes 1,000,000 Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes Yes Energy Conservation and cost reduction 347A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION HIGH EFFICIENCY PUMPS, VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES LOAD SHIFTING / EQUALIZATION BASINS PLANT PROCESS MODIFICATION ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty Yes Yes Yes NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept.Yes Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany Yes Yes Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept.Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist.Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util.Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist.Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util.Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 79 26 4 34 10 1 58 29 7 Minimum 78% 26% 10 34% 10% 1,000,000 57% 29% 300 Maximum 3,511,008 1,000,000 8,691,750 Average 1,327,755 1,000,000 4,195,964 Median 900,000 1,000,000 3,000,000 TOTAL 5,311,018 1,000,000 29,371,751 348 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 REDUCTION OF I/I USE OF SCADA OPTIMIZED PURCHASING ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff Yes Yes AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes Yes AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside Yes CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes Yes Yes 10 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes Yes Yes Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes Yes Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich Yes Yes DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority Yes Yes Yes FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes 5,224,583 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes Yes Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes Yes IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes Yes Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD Yes 1,170,000 IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Yes Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC Yes Yes MA0001 MWRA Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes Yes Yes 100,000 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION 349A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION REDUCTION OF I/I USE OF SCADA OPTIMIZED PURCHASING ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes Yes Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty Yes Yes Yes Yes NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas Yes NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes Yes Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes Yes Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes Yes Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes Yes UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes Yes Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD Yes Yes VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes Yes Yes Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 50 23 0 65 24 4 39 15 0 Minimum 50% 23% 64% 24% 10 39% 15% Maximum 5,224,583 Average 1,623,648 Median 635,000 TOTAL 6,494,593 350 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ELECTRICITY GENERATION (BIOGAS)ELECTRICTY GENERATION (NON-BIOGAS)HEAT RECOVERY ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS Yes AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix AZ0002 Pima County Yes CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County Yes 7,500,000 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes Yes CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes Yes CA0028 West County WWD Yes Yes Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes 300 Yes Yes 0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD Yes CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes Yes Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities Yes GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes 11,913,600 Yes 10,578,600 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes Yes IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes Yes Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes Yes 3,000,000 Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes 4,380,000 Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes Yes Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD Yes Yes KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes Yes MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes 18,000,000 Yes Yes Yes 20,000 MI0006 Oakland County WRC Yes MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes Yes Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes Yes ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION 351A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION ELECTRICITY GENERATION (BIOGAS)ELECTRICTY GENERATION (NON-BIOGAS)HEAT RECOVERY ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes 7,008,000 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty Yes Yes NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes Yes Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. Yes Yes 10,000 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes Yes OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes 35,000,000 Yes 330,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes 4,600,000 Yes Yes 27,239,230 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes Yes Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes 6,700,000 Yes Yes VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes Yes Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes 15,330,000 Yes 63,226 WI0002 Madison MSD Yes Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Agencies Responding 39 18 10 25 15 4 39 11 4 Minimum 39% 18% 300 25% 15% 10,000 39% 11% 0 Maximum 35,000,000 27,239,230 10,578,600 Average 10,593,190 8,769,808 2,665,457 Median 6,854,000 3,915,000 41,613 TOTAL 105,931,900 35,079,230 10,661,826 352 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 USE OF EFFICIENT LIGHTING, HVAC FOR BUILDINGS REDUCE ENERGY EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLE EQUIP.OTHER ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN DESCRIPTION / ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock Yes Yes AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix Yes Yes 300,000 Yes sale of biogas AZ0002 Pima County Yes Yes Power Factor Correction CA0002 Orange County SD Yes Yes 0 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD Yes Yes CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside Yes Yes CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD Yes Yes CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. Yes Yes CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD Yes Yes peak demand shaving using battery system CA0024 Delta Diablo SD Yes CA0028 West County WWD Yes CA0039 South Orange County WWA Yes Yes 25 Yes Yes 5 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA Yes Yes Yes High Strength Waste Recovery CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA Yes CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA Yes Yes CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. Yes Aeration Improvements / 5,770,000 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. Yes CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO Yes CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA Yes CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. Yes FL0002 Orange County Utilities Yes Yes FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW Yes 2,859,060 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU Yes GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority Yes GA0013 Dekalb County PWD Yes Yes HI0001 City & County of Honolulu Yes Yes IA0002 City of Ames Yes Yes IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago Yes IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD Yes IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF Yes IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD Yes Yes IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD Yes IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA Yes Yes IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities Yes KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD Yes Yes KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 Yes LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA Yes Yes 543,756 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC Yes ME0003 Portland Water District, ME Yes Yes MI0003 City of Grand Rapids Yes Yes 20,000 Yes Yes MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD Yes MN0002 MCES Yes Yes Yes Yes MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP Yes MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD Yes ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION 353A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ENERGY CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION USE OF EFFICIENT LIGHTING, HVAC FOR BUILDINGS REDUCE ENERGY EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLE EQUIP.OTHER ID MEMBER NAME IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) IMPL-EMENT PLAN DESCRIPTION / ENERGY REDUCTION (KWH/YEAR) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD Yes Yes NC0002 Charlotte Water Yes NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County Yes NC0007 Orange WSA Yes Yes NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty Yes Yes 17,875,319 NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty Yes NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES Yes Yes NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron Yes landfi ll gas / 5,365,300 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. Yes OH0004 City of Columbus DPU Yes OH0007 City of Canton Yes Yes OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. Yes OH0021 Montgomery County Yes Yes OR0001 Clean Water Services Yes Yes OR0002 City of Portland Yes Yes OR0005 City of Gresham Yes Yes OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany Yes PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. Yes RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. Yes 2,477,474 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources Yes SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. Yes SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA Yes TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board Yes Yes Yes TN0005 City of Johnson City Yes Yes Yes Yes TX0002 Austin Water Utility Yes TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities Yes Yes TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. Yes Yes no specifi c projects planned TX0009 San Antonio Water System Yes Yes Yes TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. Yes UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. Yes UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District Yes UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD Yes UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises Yes Yes VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP Yes Yes VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. Yes Yes SCADA for controlling Pump Stations) VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA Yes VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA Yes VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. Yes WA0001 King County DNR Yes Yes Yes WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water Yes Yes WI0002 Madison MSD Yes WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Yes Yes Yes Yes Water conservation, high strength waste program Agencies Responding 76 30 6 15 7 2 10 6 3 Minimum 75% 30% 25 15% 7% 0 10% 6% 5,365,300 Maximum 2,859,060 5 17,875,319 Average 1,033,386 3 9,670,206 Median 421,878 3 5,770,000 TOTAL 6,200,315 5 29,010,619 354 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME ANNUAL BIOGAS USE (THERMS/YR) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION UTILIZING BIOGAS (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION SOLAR, WIND, HYDRO-ELECTRIC, OR LANDFILL (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION OTHER NON-BIOGAS (MWH) PERCENT OF ENERGY NEEDS GENERATED ONSITE (%) ANNUAL O&M COSTS RELATED TO ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ($) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 556,370 5,685 45.6 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 413,301 0 0 0.0 0 AZ0002 Pima County 223,335 CA0002 Orange County SD 10,241,514 95,446 67.4 4,314,072 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 902,300 19,566 73.0 187,000 CA0006 East Bay MUD 6,135,070 49,117 136.0 CA0007 City of Riverside 600,337 7,237 29.3 CA0008 Sacramento County 4,917,910 CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 320,140 144,555 52.0 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. 1,254,000 13,315 83.0 CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 542,890 5,950 2,308 0 75.5 292,346 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 694,029 85.0 CA0028 West County WWD 32,837 3 1 45.0 CA0039 South Orange County WWA 140,850 25.0 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 1,015,000 10,960 583 0 34.0 576,990 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 649,000 5,504 93.0 220,000 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA 399,636 CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 30,421 36.0 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 0 0 150 4.0 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 92,505,600 67,188 26.0 FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 29,887 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW 2 GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU 1,109,538 4,533 8.0 65,000 GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 1,300 17.0 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF 593,575 ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 4,790,862 35,600 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 367,125 1,765 37.7 71,260 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD 241,500 IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD 10,451 0.0 IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 4,380 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 602,250 6,460 4 0 33.2 169,000 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 1,800 3.0 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 9,800,662 29,193 7,416 23.8 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC 0.0 MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD 1,350,000 MN0002 MCES 15,117,000 16,883 9.2 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 3,762 23.0 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 329,369 2,728 20.0 ONSITE ENERGY PRODUCTION 355A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ONSITE ENERGY PRODUCTION ID MEMBER NAME ANNUAL BIOGAS USE (THERMS/YR) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION UTILIZING BIOGAS (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION SOLAR, WIND, HYDRO-ELECTRIC, OR LANDFILL (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION OTHER NON-BIOGAS (MWH) PERCENT OF ENERGY NEEDS GENERATED ONSITE (%) ANNUAL O&M COSTS RELATED TO ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ($) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 0 0 0.0 NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 8,980 51.4 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 1,126,875 7,403 2,386 27.0 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist.10.1 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 193 6,807 0 17.9 143,207 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 2,006,870 8,388 5,365 65.0 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist.8,614 25.0 OH0004 City of Columbus DPU 1,444,960 OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. 1 OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 19 37.5 OR0002 City of Portland 2,189,198 11,911 33.2 OR0005 City of Gresham 512,967 5,946 430 112.0 170,000 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 5,300,000 30,000 5,350 13.0 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 309,675 6,868 19.0 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 2,960 5.0 105,000 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 0 0 2.0 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 5,222 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 3,150,240 26,529 42.7 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 0 0 0 0.0 0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 564,126 5,874 54.5 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 771,431 14 1.0 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP 7,200 0.1 VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 655,300 6,775 18.8 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 6,470,440 15,752 3 33.0 522,322 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water WI0002 Madison MSD 1,243,220 4,500 14.0 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 2,360,870 19,984 86.0 Agencies Responding (2)45 38 18 2 46 12 Minimum 2 1 1 8,614 0.1 65,000 Maximum 92,505,600 144,555 35,600 19,566 136.0 4,314,072 Average 4,088,218 17,701 5,508 14,090 37.9 569,683 Median 694,029 6,205 2,347 14,090 31.2 178,500 Total 183,969,825 672,645 99,149 28,180 6,836,197NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 356 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION SOLAR, WIND, OR HYDRO-ELECTRIC (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION SOLAR (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION WIND (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION HYDRO-ELECTRIC (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION LANDFILL (MWH) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 0000 AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 2,308 2,105 203 0 0 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 1 1 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 583 583 0 0 0 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 150 150 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago 35,600 35,600 IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 4 4 0 0 0 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 7,416 846 2,121 4,449 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 16,883 239 16,644 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD ONSITE ENERGY PRODUCTION 357A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS ONSITE ENERGY PRODUCTION ID MEMBER NAME ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION SOLAR, WIND, OR HYDRO-ELECTRIC (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION SOLAR (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION WIND (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION HYDRO-ELECTRIC (MWH) ANNUAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION LANDFILL (MWH) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD NC0002 Charlotte Water NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 8,980 8,980 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 2,386 2,386 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 1 1 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 6,807 6,807 0 0 0 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 5,365 5,365 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 0 OR0002 City of Portland OR0005 City of Gresham 430 430 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 5,350 350 5,000 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. 6,868 6,868 SC0002 Renewable Water Resources SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 0 0 0 0 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises 14 14 VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 3 3 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 0 WI0002 Madison MSD WI0003 Milwaukee MSD Agencies Responding (2)18 14 3 3 3 Minimum 112034,4495,000 Maximum 35,600 6,807 6,868 35,600 16,644 Average 5,508 994 3,064 16,343 9,003 Median 2,347 295 2,121 8,980 5,365 Total 99,149 13,919 9,192 49,029 27,009NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 358 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME IC ENGINE (MW)GAS TURBINE (MW)STEAM TURBINE (MW)MICRO-TURBINE (MW)FUEL CELL (MW)NON-BIOGAS (MW)OTHER (MW) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock 1.10 AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD 22.50 1.00 CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD 3.30 CA0006 East Bay MUD 6.45 4.60 CA0007 City of Riverside 3.30 1.40 CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD 27.00 4.00 CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 1.30 1.20 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD 0.80 CA0028 West County WWD CA0039 South Orange County WWA 1.40 CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 4.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA 0.75 CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. 6.00 CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 0.10 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. 12 FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD 13.00 FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames 0.70 IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD 6.60 IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD 0.28 IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA 6.57 IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 0.80 KS0001 Johnson County WWD 1.00 KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 54.00 19.00 13.10 86.10 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Water District, ME MI0003 City of Grand Rapids MI0006 Oakland County WRC MN0001 Western Lake Superior SD MN0002 MCES 5.75 MN0003 Rochester, Minn. WRP 2.00 MO0001 Kansas City Water MO0002 Metro St. Louis SD 0.67 POWER GENERATION CAPACITY (MW) 359A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Managment| FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS POWER GENERATION CAPACITY ID MEMBER NAME IC ENGINE (MW)GAS TURBINE (MW)STEAM TURBINE (MW)MICRO-TURBINE (MW)FUEL CELL (MW)NON-BIOGAS (MW)OTHER (MW) MO0005 Springfi eld PWD, SS Div. MO0011 Jeff erson City PWD NC0001 City of Raleigh PUD 9.00 NC0002 Charlotte Water 32.00 NC0003 MSD of Buncombe County 4.00 2.55 NC0007 Orange WSA NJ0002 JM of Essex & Union Cnty NJ0005 Passaic Valley Sew. Comm. NJ0017 Secaucus Municipal UA NM0001 Albuquerque-Bernalillo Cty 2.20 1.00 NV0002 Clark County San. Dist. 0.00 0.00 NV0003 City of Henderson NV0004 City of Las Vegas 1.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 NY0002 NYC Dept. of Env. Prot. NY0009 City of Monroe DES NY0020 Erie County DEP OH0001 City of Akron 1.80 OH0002 MSD of Greater Cincinnati OH0003 NE Ohio Reg. Sewer Dist. OH0004 City of Columbus DPU OH0007 City of Canton OH0008 City of Lima Util. Dept. OH0021 Montgomery County OR0001 Clean Water Services 2.10 0.50 OR0002 City of Portland 1.70 OR0005 City of Gresham 0.80 0.42 OR0006 WES of Clackamus County 0.25 OR0009 City of Albany PA0002 Philadelphia Water Dept. 5.67 RI0001 Narragansett Bay Comm. SC0002 Renewable Water Resources 0.08 SC0003 Charleston Water System SC0004 Greenwood Metro. Dist. SC0006 Beaufort Jasper WSA 15.00 TN0002 Knoxville Utilities Board TN0005 City of Johnson City TX0002 Austin Water Utility 0.85 TX0004 Dallas Water Utilities 4.20 TX0007 Gulf Coast Waste Disp. Auth. TX0009 San Antonio Water System 6.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.20 0.00 TX0016 Upper Trinity Reg. Water Dist. UT0001 Salt Lake City Public Util. 1.40 UT0003 Central Davis Sewer District UT0004 Snyderville Basin WRD UT0006 Timpanogos SSD VA0001 Alexandria Renew Enterprises VA0003 Fairfax County WWMP VA0005 Hampton Roads San. Dist. VA0006 Upper Occoquan SA 0.85 VA0007 Hopewell RWTF VA0010 Prince William County SA VA0011 Chesterfi eld County Util. WA0001 King County DNR 4.60 7.00 1.60 WA0006 Seattle Public Utilities WA0009 LOTT Wastewater Alliance WI0001 NEW Water 3.20 0.01 WI0002 Madison MSD 0.90 WI0003 Milwaukee MSD 5.22 28.80 Agencies Responding (2)41 7 5 0 1 11 1 Minimum 0.08 3.30 1.00 1.40 0.01 86.10 Maximum 54.00 28.80 19.00 1.40 13.10 86.10 Average 5.63 12.67 6.27 1.40 2.57 86.10 Median 2.00 7.00 4.00 1.40 1.00 86.10 Total 230.98 88.70 31.35 0.00 1.40 28.28 86.10NOTES: 1Values entered as ‘0’ were not used in either frequency response counts or summary statistics 2Agencies responding with values greater than zero. 360 APPENDIX E - ENERGY USE AND COSTS A National Survey of Clean Water Financing and Management | FINANCIAL SURVEY 2017 ID MEMBER NAME NON-BIOGAS POWER CAPACITY (MW)SOLAR POWER CAPACITY (MW)WIND POWER CAPACITY (MW) HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER CAPACITY (MW) LANDILL GAS POWER CAPACITY (MW) AL0003 Mobile Area WSS AL0004 Daphne Utilities AR0001 City of Litte Rock AR0002 City of Pine Bluff AZ0001 City of Phoenix 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 AZ0002 Pima County CA0002 Orange County SD CA0005 C. Contra Costa SD CA0006 East Bay MUD CA0007 City of Riverside CA0008 Sacramento County CA0010 San Francisco PUD CA0013 Los Angeles County SD CA0014 Encina Wastewater Auth. CA0022 Fairfi eld-Suisun SD 1.20 1.00 0.00 CA0024 Delta Diablo SD CA0028 West County WWD 1.00 CA0039 South Orange County WWA CA0048 Santa Rosa, City of, CA 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 CA0055 Vallejo Sanitation & FCD CA0064 Central Marin SA CA0074 Victor Valley WWRA CO0002 Metro Water Recl. Dist. CO0003 City of Pueblo WW Dept. CO0011 Aurora, City of, CO 0.10 CT0007 City of Norwalk WPCA CT0010 Town of Greenwich DC0001 DC Water and Sewer Auth. FL0002 Orange County Utilities FL0012 Miami-Dade County WSD FL0020 Toho Water Authority FL0027 Marion County Utilities GA0001 City of Atlanta DPW GA0002 Gwinnett County DPU GA0003 Columbus Water Works GA0004 Macon Water Authority GA0013 Dekalb County PWD HI0001 City & County of Honolulu IA0002 City of Ames IA0003 Cedar Rapids WPCF ID0005 City of Twin Falls IL0001 MWRD of Greater Chicago IL0002 North Shore SD IL0004 San. District of Decaur IL0005 Downers Grove SD IL0007 American Bottoms RWTF IL0011 Greater Peoria SD IL0012 Bloomington & Normal WRD IL0013 Thorn Creek Basin SD IL0017 Wheaton Sanitary District IL0021 Glenbard WWA IN0002 Fort Wayne City Utilities 0.00 KS0001 Johnson County WWD KS0002 City of Wichita WSD KS0003 Wyandotte County KY0002 Sanitation District #1 LA0002 East Baton Rouge SC MA0001 MWRA 13.10 MA0005 Boston WSC MA0007 Springfi eld WSC ME0003 Portland Wate